Trøndelag Commuter Rail

Last updated

Trøndelag Commuter Rail
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Type76 Stjoerdal.jpg
Overview
Owner Norwegian Railway Directorate
Locale Trøndelag, Norway
Transit type Commuter rail
Number of lines2
Number of stations35
Daily ridership3,300
Operation
Began operation1 September 1993 (first section opened in 1864)
Operator(s) SJ Norge
Technical
System length290 km (180 mi)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in)
Electrification Diesel and Electric/Hybrid trains

The Trøndelag Commuter Rail (Norwegian : Trønderbanen, Urban East Norwegian:  [ˈtrœ̀ndərˌbɑːnn̩] ) is a commuter train service operating in Trøndelag county, Norway. It was operated by Vy (formerly Norwegian State Railways (NSB)) with Class 92 diesel multiple units, until 7 June 2020 when SJ Norge took over the contract until 2030. [1] [2] The service provides a commuter service connecting Trondheim to its suburbs, between towns in Innherred and as an airport rail link for Trondheim Airport, Værnes. Although passenger services have operated along the lines since 1864, the commuter train was created with an increase of service with existing rolling stock in 1993. In 2019, the system was used by 1.4 million passengers. [3]

Contents

The main service operates from Lerkendal in Trondheim via Trondheim Central Station and Trondheim Airport Station to Steinkjer on the Nordland Line. The service runs every hour, with additional rush-hour services, and reduced service in the evenings and on the weekend. A secondary service runs from Trondheim along the Dovre Line to Støren and along the Røros Line to Røros. The Mittnabotåget service operates twice a day from Trondheim along the Meråker Line and the Central Line in Sweden to Östersund Central Station.

Route

Trøndelag Commuter Rail
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2:25
Røros
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2:00
Ålen
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1:49
Haltdalen
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1:27
Singsås
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1:00
Støren
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0:49
Hovin
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0:43
Lundamo
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0:38
Ler
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0:32
Kvål
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0:24
Melhus
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0:15
Heimdal
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0:09
Selsbakk
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0:10
Lerkendal
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0:05
Marienborg
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0:02
Skansen
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0:00
Trondheim S
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0:01
Lademoen/Nedre Elvehavn
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0:02
Lilleby
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0:06
Leangen
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0:07
Rotvoll
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0:10
Ranheim
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0:15
Vikhammer
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0:25
Hommelvik
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0:33
Hell
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0:35
Trondheim Airport
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0:41
Stjørdal
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0:47
Skatval
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1:03
Åsen
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1:10
Ronglan
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1:15
Skogn
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1:25
Levanger
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1:26
HiNT Røstad
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1:34
Bergsgrav
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1:41
Verdal
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1:49
Røra
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1:54
Sparbu
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2:05
Steinkjer
Levanger Station, which serves the town of Levanger. Built in a combination of Medieval, Gothic and Romanesque style, it is one of several preserved stations along the system. Levanger stasjon.JPG
Levanger Station, which serves the town of Levanger. Built in a combination of Medieval, Gothic and Romanesque style, it is one of several preserved stations along the system.

The main hub for the commuter system is Trondheim Central Station (Trondheim S). It also serves as coach and bus station and the terminus of the intercity trains along the Dovre and Nordland Line. [5] The service runs north-eastwards through Trondheim, stopping at the stations Lademoen/Nedre Elvehavn (which serves a mixed residential and commercial area), Lilleby (which serves a residential area), Leangen and Rotvoll; the last two serve each their campus of Sør-Trøndelag University College. In Malvik, the line serves two stations: Vikhammer and Hommelvik. After entering Stjørdal, the first station is Hell, where the Meråker Line branches off from the Nordland Line. Northwards is first Trondheim Airport, Stjørdal (the main station to serve the town) and Skatval. [6] [7]

After entering Levanger, the line serves the villages of Åsen, Ronglan (limited services only) and Skogn. The line then enters the town center, where there are two stations: Levanger Station serves the town center and bus station and HiNT Røstad serves the campus of Nord-Trøndelag University College. The line continues to Verdal, where it serves the suburb at Bergsgrav before the town center at Verdal. Inderøy is served by the village station Røra, before the line enters Steinkjer, where it serves the village of Sparbu before terminating in the town center at Steinkjer. [7] [8]

South of Trondheim S, both the main service and the Røros service run along the Dovre Line, stopping at Skansen, where there is transfer to the Trondheim Tramway, and Marienborg, located beside St. Olavs University Hospital. After Marienborg, the main service branches off along the Stavne–Leangen Line to the terminus at Lerkendal, which serves the Gløshaugen campus of the Norwegian University of Science and Technology and Lerkendal Stadion, the home ground of Rosenborg BK. [7] [9] [10]

Asen Station serves the village of Asen Asen stasjon 1.jpg
Åsen Station serves the village of Åsen

The Røros service continues south, making two more stops within Trondheim: Selsbakk and Heimdal. It continues through Melhus, where it makes five stops, one in the town center at Melhus and then in the villages of Kvål, Ler, Lundamo and Hovin. In Midtre Gauldal, the service stops at Støren, where the Røros Line branches from the Dovre Line. The single daily service to Oppdal runs southwards, with an intermediate stop at Berkåk. The Røros service continues along the Røros Line, stopping at Singsås before entering Holtålen, where there are stops at Haltdalen and Ålen. The terminus is at Røros, where there is a transfer to regional rail services southwards. [7] [11]

Mittnabotåget start at Heimdal and operate northwards via Trondheim S to Hell, where they branch off and follow the Meråker Line. In Stjørdal, it serves Hegra before entering Meråker, where it serves the villages at Meråker and Kopperå before reaching the Swedish border at Storlien. Here the services continues along the Central Line, where stops are made at Enafors, Ånn, Duved, Åre, Undersåker, Järpen, Krokom, Östersund West and Östersund Central Station. [7] [12]

Service

The system became the first airport rail link in the Nordic Countries with the opening of Trondheim Airport Station in 1994 20210831Vaernes hpl.jpg
The system became the first airport rail link in the Nordic Countries with the opening of Trondheim Airport Station in 1994

The operating deficits are covered through subsidies by the Norwegian Ministry of Transport and Communications. [13] The track and other infrastructure is owned by the government agency Norwegian National Rail Administration, [14] while the rolling stock is owned and operated by the Norwegian State Railways (NSB). [7] Rolling stock maintenance is performed by NSB-owned Mantena. [15]

The Trondheim–Steinkjer service operates with a fixed, hourly, headway during the day with additional rush-hour services giving a half-hour headway. In the evenings and weekends, there is a two-hour headway. Travel time from Lerkendal to Trondheim S is 10 minutes; from Trondheim S travel time to Trondheim Airport is 35 minutes, to Stjørdal 41 minutes, to Levanger 1 hour and 25 minutes, to Verdal 1 hour and 41 minutes and to Steinkjer 2 hours and 5 minutes. The Trondheim–Røros service is provided five times per day in each direction. From Trondheim S, travel time to Melhus is 24 minutes, to Støren 1 hour and to Røros 2 hours and 25 minutes. A single morning one-direction service is offered from Oppdal to Trondheim S; this service takes 1 hour and 45 minutes. [7] The Mittnabotåget service to Östersund provides two round trips per day, with travel time from Trondheim S to Östersund C 3 hours and 46 minutes. This service is operated jointly between NSB and Veolia Transport. [12]

Rolling stock

Class 92

A Class 92 train at Levanger NSB type 92 at Levanger.jpg
A Class 92 train at Levanger

Most of the trains operated on the line are Class 92. They were built by Duewag in 1984 and 1985 and consist of two cars, giving a seating capacity of 168 people. A double-unit is 49.45 metres (162.2 ft) long and weighs 92 tonnes (91 long tons; 101 short tons), of which the motor car weighs 58 tonnes (57 long tons; 64 short tons). Only one car is powered, and is equipped with a Daimler-Benz OM424A prime mover which powers two electric motors, giving a power output of 714 kilowatts (957 hp). The trains are capable of 140 kilometres per hour (87 mph) and are equipped with vending machines. [16] [17]

Class 93

A number of Class 93 have been built by Bombardier. These mostly run regional services, to Mo i Rana / Bodø and Røros / Hamar and not much on the commuter rail.

Class 76

Starting in 2021 new Hybrid Electric trains from Stadler will replace all the Class 92s and will operate in sync with the class 93s.

Stations

The commuter rail system serves 39 railway stations, [7] most of which predate the commuter rail service. When the Røros, Meråker and Nordland Lines were built, stations buildings were built at all places with a passing loop, and most of these stations the buildings remain, although they are not necessarily open to travelers. [18] However, only Trondheim, [5] Stjørdal, [19] Steinkjer [20] and Røros are manned. [21] Several of the station and operation buildings along the line have been preserved by the Norwegian Directorate for Cultural Heritage. These include the stations at Singsås, [22] Hell, [23] Skatval, Langstein, Skogn and Levanger. [24] The system's depot is located at Marienborg, although trains also overnight at terminal stations. [15]

History

Class 92 train in the old livery at Ostersund Central Station Nabotag i Ostersund 2003.jpg
Class 92 train in the old livery at Östersund Central Station

The rearrangement of the train services in Trøndelag was made in 1993, when NSB announced the brand Trønderbanen. The concept was based on the Jæren Commuter Rail which had been established the previous year, operating between Stavanger and Egersund. The Trøndelag Commuter Rail would operate several services, north of Trondheim to Steinkjer and south to Oppdal and Tynset. The initial plans called to the continued use of the Class 92 rolling stock, but saw change in schedules and new upgraded platforms for 15 million kr. [25] This involved building a small platform house with a roof and glass walls, but a framework of wood, at each station. They were optimized to give good protection from various types weather. [26]

The service started on 1 September 1993. The changes to the schedule involved almost a doubling of the number of departures, particularly between Trondheim and Stjørdal, where a one-hour headway was introduced. [25] The service from Trondheim to Steinkjer had ten daily round trips. While local trains had existed previously north of Trondheim, the services south to Oppdal were all new in an area which was previously only served by intercity and night trains. The initial services consisted of four services from Trondheim—northwards along the Nordland Line to Steinkjer, east along the Meråker Line to Storlien, south along the Dovre Line to Oppdal and south-east along the Røros Line to Tynset. [27]

Trondheim Central Station acts as the center-point of the commuter rail Estacion central de FF.CC., Trondheim, Noruega, 2019-09-06, DD 152.jpg
Trondheim Central Station acts as the center-point of the commuter rail

After six months operation, the service had experienced a 40% traffic increase. [27] On 15 November 1994, the Trøndelag Commuter Rail became the first airport rail link in the Nordic Countries, when a new terminal and Trondheim Airport Station opened at Trondheim Airport, Værnes. NSB stated that their primary goal was not to compete with the four hourly airport coaches which operated to the hotels in Trondheim, but instead to provide services to communities in Nord-Trøndelag and south of Trondheim. [28] The investment at the airport cost 24 million kr. [29]

From January 1995, the frequency between Steinkjer and Melhus was increased slightly. [30] On 26 September 1995, the train station in Trondheim reopened as a renovated station that serves buses, coaches and trains. The investment cost NOK 50 million. [31] In 1997, NSB stated that the Trøndelag Commuter Rail was unprofitable and threatened to terminate it, along with an array of other services, if funding was not increased. [32] The same year, 750,000 people traveled on the commuter rail. [33] The 20% increase that year was in part due to the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships 1997 being held in Trondheim, and was the service in the country with the largest growth. [34]

HiNT Rostad opened in 2001 to serve the Rostad campus of Nord-Trondelag University College Rostad stasjon 1.jpg
HiNT Røstad opened in 2001 to serve the Røstad campus of Nord-Trøndelag University College

Following the Åsta accident on 4 January 2000, when a Class 92 was wrecked and taken out of service, NSB announced that they would terminate two of the commuter rail services south of Støren towards Oppdal. At the same time, the company announced a reduction in the number of services from Trondheim to Steinkjer. From 11 June 2000, all services on the Dovre Line south of Støren were terminated, leaving only intercity services. [35] At the same year, plans by local politicians and commerce were launched to halve the travel time between Trondheim and Steinkjer, under the motto "Trondheim to Steinkjer in one hour". NSB hoped to introduce a faster airport link, similar to the Airport Express Train in Oslo, which would allow the trains to operate from Trondheim to the airport in 20 minutes. The plans would have called for the termination of service at 17 of 21 stations and investments at about NOK 3.7 billion. [36] [37] [38]

In March 2000, NSB announced that they were considering reducing the number of stations on the commuter rail from the then 31 stations to between 15 and 20. NSB stated that 50% of the stations were responsible for only 2% of the traffic, and that a bus service – which would transport people to the closest railway station – would be more economic and reduce travel time for the remaining passengers. [39] NSB also stated that they intended to re-brand the service as part of the Puls brand used for the other commuter rail services. [40] Part of the reason for the change of service was that Nord-Trøndelag County Municipality had permitted TrønderBilene to double the number of services on their competing coach service along the route and the commuter rail needed to increase its speed to not lose customers to the coach. [41]

Skatval Station serves Skatval, a rural village in Stjordal Skatval stasjon 2.jpg
Skatval Station serves Skatval, a rural village in Stjørdal

From 7 January 2001, NSB made several major changes to the commuter rail. A fixed, hourly headway was introduced on the trains from Steinkjer to Trondheim; including extra rush-hour trains from Lerkendal to Stjørdal, giving 23 departures per day in each direction. South of Trondheim, the service was rerouted to terminate at Lerkendal. [42] Six stations were closed: Muruvik, Solbakken, Mære, Østborg, Rinnan and Elberg. At the same time, the station at Marienborg and Røstad opened. [43] NSB also introduced a fare zone system, which gave up to NOK 20 discount for single-fare travelers and about the same fares for month-pass holders. [44] Part of the reason for the expansion was that the delivery of the new Class 93 trains for regional services freed up more Class 92 units. [42] This also allowed NSB to operate some of services with double unit (four-car) trains in rush-hour. [45]

The restructuring also called for the reduction of four services on the Meråker Line and two services to Oppdal, [46] terminating all commuter train services on the lines. For the service to Oppdal, NSB had an operating deficit of NOK 1.7 million and 21,000 passengers in 1998. The Meråker Line had about twice the number of passengers. The National Rail Administration stated that if any private companies wanted to operate the routes without subsidies, they were free to do so. [47] As compensation, travelers between Trondheim and Rennebu and Oppdal with month passes were allowed to not pay for seat reservations on the intercity services. [48] Sør-Trøndelag County Municipality applied to the ministry to take over responsibility and purchase the commuter train services, so they could continue the service to Oppdal, but this was rejected by the ministry. [49]

The World Heritage Site town Roros is served by Roros Station, the southern terminus of the system. Roeros railway station.jpg
The World Heritage Site town Røros is served by Røros Station, the southern terminus of the system.

From June 2001, NSB introduced additional rush-hour trains between Trondheim and Steinkjer, giving a half-hour headway. [50] From 22 September 2002, NSB and the Public Transportation Authority in Jämtlands County started a cooperation that involved two daily round trips with a Class 92 trains between Trondheim and Östersund in Sweden. The trains were manned by NSB on the Norwegian side of the border, and by BK Tåg staff on the Swedish side, after the latter had won a public service obligation contract with the Swedish authority. [51] From 16 June 2003, NSB reintroduced commuter trains between Trondheim and Oppdal. [52] From 1 January 2004, the commuter rail service was reorganized. The brand Trønderbanen was abandoned and the administration was assimilated into the functional departments and partially moved to Oslo. [53] In 2005 and 2006, the Class 92 trains were renovated and received a new exterior and interior color. [16] On 8 January 2007, Lademoen/Nedre Elvehavn Station in Trondheim opened. [54] Previously, the former station known as Lademoen was renamed Lilleby so the new station serving Nedre Elvehavn could be named Lademoen. The name-change caused protests from historians and the municipal committee responsible for naming. [55] The 4.4-kilometer (2.7 mi) long Gevingåsen Tunnel opened on 15 August 2011, [56] shortening travel time between Hommelvik and Værnes by five minutes. [57] It also allows the number of trains on the line between Trondheim and Stjørdal to increase to eight trains per hour (both directions combined), which will free up sufficient capacity to allow additional commuter trains to run to Stjørdal. [58]

The Sykehuset Levanger Station was closed in 2011 for formal technical reasons. The station was located in a curve and within the signaling area of Levanger Station (600 m distance). Because of the adjacent Levanger Hospital, the station was one of the busiest on the system, with 90,000 annual riders. As compensation, a new pedestrian and bicycle path was constructed from Levanger Station to the hospital. [59]

Future

Norske Tog recently purchased new rolling stock from Stadler, which will service the line from 2021 together with the class 93s. These new Stadler FLIRTS are Bio-Modal, or Hybrid trains which means they have a small extra carriage in the middle of the train for the diesel motors. The trains will run on electric power where there are wires, but on diesel-electric power northwards, until electrification is complete. This electrification is scheduled to start in the coming months of 2020.

In the summer of 2020, SJ takes over as operator of all trains.

Related Research Articles

SJ AB

SJ is a government-owned passenger train operator in Sweden. SJ was created in 2001, out of the public transport division of Statens Järnvägar, when the former government agency was divided into six separate government-owned limited companies. In 2018 SJ carried 31.8 million passengers.

Vy (transport operator) Norwegian state-owned railway operator

Vygruppen, branded as Vy, formerly Norges Statsbaner AS and formerly branded internationally as the Norwegian State Railways, is a government-owned railway company which operates most passenger train services and many bus services in Norway. The company is owned by the Norwegian Ministry of Transport. Its sub-brands include Vy Buss coach services, CargoNet freight trains through and the Swedish train transport company Tågkompaniet. In 2009 NSB carried 52 million train passengers and 104 million bus passengers. On 24 April 2019, passenger train and bus services were rebranded by as Vy.

Dovre Line

The Dovre Line is a Norwegian railway line with three slightly different lines which all lead to the historic city of Trondheim.

Nordland Line

The Nordland Line is a 729-kilometer (453 mi) railway line between Trondheim and Bodø, Norway. It is the longest in Norway and lacks electrification. The route runs through the counties of Trøndelag and Nordland, carrying a combination of commuter, long-haul passenger and freight trains. From Trondheim Central Station to Steinkjer Station the line is most heavily used, with hourly services by the Trøndelag Commuter Rail. There are three branch lines—the Stavne–Leangen Line at Leangen Station, the Meråker Line at Hell Station and the Namsos Line at Grong Station.

Meråker Line Railway line in Trøndelag, Norway

The Meråker Line is a 72-kilometer (45 mi) railway line which runs through the district and valley of Stjørdalen in Trøndelag county, Norway. The line branches off from the Nordland Line at Hell Station and runs eastwards to the Norway–Sweden border, with Storlien Station acting as the border station. From there, the line continues as the Central Line. Traditionally, the Meråker Line was regarded as the whole line from Trondheim Central Station to the border, a distance of 102 kilometers (63 mi). There are two daily passenger train services operated by the Norwegian State Railways and a limited number of freight trains hauling lumber and wood chippings.

Norske Tog Class 92 Norske tog class of 15 diesel multiple units

Norske tog Class 92 is a class of 15 diesel multiple units built by Duewag for the Norwegian State Railways (NSB). The two-car trains were delivered in 1984 and 1985, and were put into service on the Røros Line and southern part of the Nordland Line—which later became the Trøndelag Commuter Rail. Later, they also entered service on the Meråker Line as part of the international Mittnabotåget service. Previously, the trains were also used on the Solør Line, further north on the Nordland Line and on the now electrified Arendal Line. In 2000, a unit was involved in the Åsta accident; which killed 19 people. The trains were refurbished in 2005 and 2006, and NSB plans to replace them by around 2019. Each twin unit seats 168 people, is 49.45 meters (162.2 ft) long and weighs 92 tonnes. The front car is powered with two electric motors, giving a power output of 714 kilowatts (957 hp) and a maximum speed of 140 kilometers per hour (87 mph).

TrønderBilene AS is a bus company operating in Trøndelag, Norway. As of 2009, it has 324 employees and 238 buses, and is owned by Torghatten ASA. The company operates both coach, bus, charter and school routes, as well as some truck and garage services. The areas of operation are Innherred, Namdalen, Fosen, Hitra and Frøya. TrønderBilene runs three town bus services: Buster in Steinkjer, Blåmann in Levanger and Verdalsøra, and Elgen in Namsos. The coach service from Namsos to Trondheim is part of NOR-WAY Bussekspress.

Trondheim Central Station Railway station in Trondheim, Norway

Trondheim Central Station or Trondheim S is the main railway station serving the city of Trondheim, Norway. Located at Brattøra in the north part of the city centre, it is the terminus of the Dovre Line, running southwards, and the Nordland Line, which runs north. The railway is electrified south of the station but not north of it, so through trains must change locomotives at the station.

Stavne–Leangen Line Railway line in Norway

The Stavne–Leangen Line is a 5.8-kilometer (3.6 mi) railway line between Stavne and Leangen in Trondheim, Norway. The line provides an alternative connection between the Dovre Line and Nordland Line, allowing trains to bypass Trondheim Central Station. The line includes the Stavne Bridge over the river of Nidelva, Lerkendal Station and the 2.7-kilometer (1.7 mi) long Tyholt Tunnel. Construction of the line started during the Second World War by the Wehrmacht, the German military occupying Norway, in an attempt to make the railway in Trondheim resistant to sabotage. Because of the long construction time of the tunnel, tracks were laid in the city streets, but neither route was completed before the end of the war. Construction was placed on hold and the Stavne–Leangen Line did not open until 2 June 1957. At first it was primarily used by freight trains. Since 1988, passenger services from the Dovre Line to Lerkendal Station have been provided, but they do not use the Tyholt Tunnel, instead taking a U-turn back across the Nidelva onto the Dovre Line.

Trondheim Airport Station Railway station in Trondheim Airport, Norway

Trondheim Airport Station, also known as Værnes Station, is a railway station located within the terminal complex of Trondheim Airport, Værnes in Stjørdal municipality in Trøndelag county, Norway. Situated on the Nordland Line, it serves both express trains and the Trøndelag Commuter Rail both operated by SJ Norge. The station was opened on 15 November 1994 along with a new terminal at the airport, making it the first airport rail link in the Nordic Countries. The station cost 24 million kr, and was built along the existing railway line. In each direction, the station handles one to two hourly commuter rail services, and three daily express services. Travel time to Trondheim is 38 minutes, while it is 9 hours and 5 minutes to Bodø. Access to the airport terminal is outdoors, but sheltered.

Lerkendal Station

Lerkendal Station is a railway station located at Lerkendal in Trondheim, Norway. The only station on the Stavne–Leangen Line proper, it acts as the southern terminus of the Trøndelag Commuter Rail. The station opened on 1 December 1988 and is located in the immediate vicinity of the Gløshaugen campus of the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, SINTEF and Rosenborg BK's home ground, Lerkendal Stadion.

Stjørdal Station

Stjørdal Station is a railway station located in the town of Stjørdalshalsen in the municipality of Stjørdal in Trøndelag county, Norway. The station is located along the Nordland Line. It is located just north of the intersection of the E14 and E6 highways. The station serves both local and express trains northbound to Innherred and Nordland and southbound to Trondheim. The Trøndelag Commuter Rail between Steinkjer and Trondheim stops here hourly.

Levanger Station

Levanger Station is a railway station located in the centre of the town of Levanger in the municipality of Levanger in Trøndelag county, Norway. The station is located along the Nordland Line. The station serves both local and express trains northbound through Innherred and to Nordland, and southbound to Trondheim. The Trøndelag Commuter Rail, which runs between Steinkjer and Trondheim, stops at Levanger, and operates at a one-hour intervals.

Hell–Sunnan Line Railway line in Norway

The Hell–Sunnan Line is a 105-kilometer-long (65 mi) railway line between Hell, Stjørdal and Sunnan, Steinkjer in Nord-Trøndelag, Norway. The name is no longer in official use and the line is now considered part of the Nordland Line. The Hell–Sunnan Line branches from the Meråker Line at Hell and runs on the east shore of the Trondheimsfjord passing through the municipalities of Stjørdal, Levanger, Verdal, Inderøy and Steinkjer.

Sykehuset Levanger Station

Sykehuset Levanger Station, previously Innherred Sykehus Station, was a railway station located in the town of Levanger in the municipality of Levanger in Trøndelag county, Norway. It was located on the Nordland Line. The station was located adjacent to Levanger Hospital. The station was served hourly by the Trøndelag Commuter Rail service operated by the Norwegian State Railways between Steinkjer and Trondheim using Class 92 trains. Until it closed on 11 December 2010, it was among the most used stations of the commuter rail.

Gevingåsen Tunnel Railroad tunnel in Trøndelag, Norway

Gevingåsen Tunnel is a 4.4-kilometer (2.7 mi) single track railway tunnel between the villages of Hommelvik and Hell in Trøndelag county, Norway. The tunnel is located along the Nordland Line. Blasting started in 2009, and the tunnel opened on 15 August 2011, having cost 635 million kr. Built by the Norwegian National Rail Administration, the tunnel has shortened travel time south of Stjørdal by five minutes and increased the capacity of the Trondheim–Stjørdal to four trains per hour in each direction.

Nord-Trøndelag Former county (fylke) of Norway

Nord-Trøndelag was a county constituting the northern part of the present-day Trøndelag county in Norway. The county was established in 1804 when the old Trondhjems amt was divided into two: Nordre Trondhjems amt and Søndre Trondhjems amt. In 2016, the two county councils voted to merge (back) into a single county on 1 January 2018.

Mære Station

Mære Station was a railway station on the Nordland Line at the village of Mære in the municipality of Steinkjer in Trøndelag, Norway. The station opened on 1 April 1917 and closed on 7 January 2001.

Trøndelag District Court

Trøndelag District Court is a district court located in Trøndelag county, Norway. This court is based at four different courthouses which are located in Brekstad, Namsos, Steinkjer, and Trondheim. The court serves the entire county which includes 38 municipalities: Flatanger, Frosta, Frøya, Grong, Heim, Hitra, Holtålen, Høylandet, Inderøy, Indre Fosen, Leka, Levanger, Lierne, Malvik, Melhus, Meråker, Midtre Gauldal, Namsos, Namsskogan, Nærøysund, Oppdal, Orkland, Osen, Overhalla, Rennebu, Rindal, Røros, Røyrvik, Selbu, Skaun, Snåsa, Steinkjer, Stjørdal, Trondheim, Tydal, Verdal, Ørland, and Åfjord. The court is subordinate to the Frostating Court of Appeal.

References

  1. Tendering begins for train services in northern Norway International Railway Journal
  2. SJ wins north Norway operating contract Railway Gazette International 17 June 2019
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Bibliography