Trường ca

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The trường ca "long song", is a lyrical genre of Vietnamese song and poetry. The term trường ca in Vietnamese applies both to poetry - including the European epos, or Epic poem (vi:trường ca), but secondly also to a specific Vietnamese song genre (vi:Trường ca (âm nhạc)) which is a development of both European and traditional Vietnamese models. Notable exponents of the song genre include the three masters of the 1960s and 1970s, Văn Cao, Phạm Duy and Trịnh Công Sơn who wrote long lyrics with the intention not of poems to be read, but to be sung. [1] An example of French references is found in Trịnh Công Sơn's trường ca, using the image of a tireless sand crab, which draws on Camus' The Myth of Sisyphus to make a Vietnamese lament-ballad. [2] [3]

Văn Cao Vietnamese composer

Văn Cao was a Vietnamese composer whose works include "Tiến Quân Ca", which became the national anthem of Vietnam. He, along with Phạm Duy and Trịnh Công Sơn, is widely considered one of the three most salient figures of modern (non-classical) Vietnamese music. He was also a noted poet and a painter.

Phạm Duy Prolific Vietnamese songwriter

Phạm Duy was Vietnam's most prolific songwriter. With a musical career that spanned more than seven decades through some of the most turbulent periods of Vietnamese history and with more than one thousand songs to his credit, he is widely considered one of the three most salient and influential figures of modern Vietnamese music, along with Văn Cao and Trịnh Công Sơn. His music is noted for combining elements of traditional music with new methods, creating melodies that are both modern and traditional. A politically polarizing figure, his entire body of work was banned in North Vietnam during the Vietnam War and subsequently in unified Vietnam for more than 30 years until the government began to ease restrictions on some of his work upon his repatriation in 2005.

Trịnh Công Sơn was a famous Vietnamese, musician, songwriter, painter and poet. He, along with Phạm Duy and Văn Cao, is an important figure in modern (non-classical) Vietnamese music. Many of Trịnh's songs are love songs. Others are anti-war songs, written during and about the Vietnam War; some of them were censored by the southern Republic of Vietnam and later by the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. Many performing artists, most notably Khánh Ly and Hồng Nhung, have interpreted Trinh Cong Son's music.

Examples

Trường ca Sông Lô is a famous song of the Vietnamese musician Văn Cao. It was written after the deciseve Viet Minh victory on the Lô river at Đoan Hùng.

Đỗ Nhuận was a Vietnamese classical composer. He is known for the first homegrown Vietnamese opera - Cô Sao "Miss Sao." This and other more-or-less revolutionary themed musicals were premiered by the VNOB at the Hanoi Opera House. During the late 60s he was highly critical of the "pop" music of songwriters in the South such as Phạm Duy. He was later General Secretary of the Vietnam Musicians' Association. He was a recipient of the Hồ Chí Minh Prize.

Nguyễn Đình Thi was a Vietnamese writer and a composer.

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References

  1. Review of the book Thơ Kể: Tuyển Tập Thơ Tân Hình Thức Ẫn Bản Song Ngữ (Poetry Narrates: An Anthology of Vietnamese New Formalism Poetry)] W Noseworthy - 2011 - scholarspace.manoa.hawaii.edu "... style relayed and made easy to access. This is not to say that the poems are composed as traditional trường ca, but rather that their style is generally metered and can be very nearly sung when recited in a mellifluous fashion."
  2. JC Schafer - The Trịnh Công Sơn Phenomenon The Journal of Asian Studies, 2007 "In this long song (trường ca), clearly inspired by Camus' The Myth of Sisyphus, Sơn uses Vietnam's symbol of endless and futile labor, the sand crab, to present a view of life that is as bleak as Camus' though the work does suggest the possibility of salvation through love."
  3. vietbao Trịnh Công Sơn