Trưng Vương (school)

Last updated
Trung Vuong Junior High School
Trường Phổ thông Cơ sở Trưng Vương
Address
12 Ly Quoc Su Street
Van Thanh
Nha Trang , Khanh Hoa
Vietnam
Information
School type Junior High School
Established 1933
Founder Tran-Xuong-Sam (陳昌森), Phan-Tien-Cam (潘先錦) and Dang-Lap (鄧立)

Trưng Vương was a junior high school in Nha Trang, Viet Nam. This former school's academic program was accredited by the Republic of China and the Republic of Vietnam. Before 1975, it was known more Khaiminh, Khải Minh Nha Trang, or "Trường Tàu", because this school was built by overseas Chinese to supply Vietnamese - Chinese learning programs for their children.

Nha Trang City in Khánh Hòa Province, Vietnam

Nha Trang is a coastal city and capital of Khánh Hòa Province, on the South Central Coast of Vietnam. It is bounded on the north by Ninh Hoà district, on the south by Cam Ranh town and on the west by Diên Khánh District. The city has about 392,000 inhabitants, a number that is projected to increase to 560,000 by 2015 and 630,000 inhabitants by 2025. An area of 12.87 square kilometres (4.97 sq mi) of the western communes of Diên An and Diên Toàn is planned to be merged into Nha Trang which will make its new area 265.47 square kilometres (102.50 sq mi) based on the approval of the Prime Minister of Vietnam in September 2012.

Overseas Chinese are people of ethnic Chinese birth or descent who reside outside the territories of Mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan. Although a vast majority are Han Chinese, the group represents virtually all ethnic groups in China.

Contents

History

The development of Chinese groups in Nha Trang demanded an education for their children to keep the Chinese culture. In 1933, they joined capital to buy a 3500m2 area at North Nhatrang to build a small school named "Nha Trang Công lập Hoa kiều Học giáo" (Chinese:芽莊公立華僑學校). The formers are Tran-Xuong-Sam (陳昌森), Phan-Tien-Cam (潘先錦) and Dang-Lap (鄧立). Tran-Xuong-Sam was the first principal. [1]

Chinese language family of languages

Chinese is a group of related, but in many cases not mutually intelligible, language varieties, forming the Sinitic branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family. Chinese is spoken by the Han majority and many minority ethnic groups in China. About 1.2 billion people speak some form of Chinese as their first language.

In 1939, Mandarin Chinese textbooks with Republic of China's standards was used. [1]

Republic of China (1912–1949) 1912–1949 country in Asia, when the Republic of China governed mainland China

The Republic of China (ROC), as a region in East Asia, controlled Chinese mainland between 1912 and 1949. The state was established in January 1912 after the Xinhai Revolution, which overthrew the Qing dynasty, the last imperial dynasty of China. Its government fled to Taipei in 1949 due to the Kuomintang's defeat in the Chinese Civil War. The Republic of China's first president, Sun Yat-sen, served only briefly before handing over the position to Yuan Shikai, leader of the Beiyang Army. His party, then led by Song Jiaoren won the parliamentary election held in December 1912. Song Jiaoren was assassinated shortly after and the Beiyang Army led by Yuan Shikai maintained full control of the Beiyang government. Between late 1915 and early 1916, Yuan Shikai tried to reinstate the monarchy before abdicating due to popular unrest. After Yuan Shikai's death in 1916, members of cliques in the Beiyang Army claimed their autonomy and clashed with each other. During this period, the authority of the Beiyang government was weakened by a restoration of the Qing dynasty.

During World War II, it was delayed, devastated and occupied by Japanese forces. When French recaptured Nha Trang, the school was reopened and renamed "Hoa kiều Công lập Trung Hoa Học giáo" (Overseas Chinese Public School) (华侨 公立 中华 学校) to avoid the influence of the French - Vietnam conflicts. Su-Cam-Ba (史锦波) was appointed to be the principal. [1]

World War II 1939–1945 global war

World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.

First Indochina War 1946-1954 war between France and Ho Chi Minhs forces

The First Indochina War began in French Indochina on December 19, 1946, and lasted until July 20, 1954. Fighting between French forces and their Việt Minh opponents in the south dated from September 1945. The conflict pitted a range of forces, including the French Union's French Far East Expeditionary Corps, led by France and supported by Bảo Đại's Vietnamese National Army against the Việt Minh, led by Ho Chi Minh and the People's Army of Vietnam led by Võ Nguyên Giáp. Most of the fighting took place in Tonkin in northern Vietnam, although the conflict engulfed the entire country and also extended into the neighboring French Indochina protectorates of Laos and Cambodia.

In 1959, Republic of Vietnam's department of Education forced it to rename "Trường Khải Minh Nha Trang" (芽莊啟明學校, Nha Trang Khaiminh School) to avoid the word "Chinese".

Later 1975, it was requisitioned by new regime for using as a basis public education. Two years later, the school is named Khai Minh and taught 2 periods of Chinese weekly. However, due to problems of Sino-Vietnamese War and Boat people, the school was renamed "Trường Phổ thông Cơ sở Vạn Thạnh 2" (the 2nd Van Thanh Junior School), [2] and no longer focusing original Chinese students. [1]

A school period is a block of time allocated for lessons, classes in schools. They typically last between 39 and 60 minutes, with around 3-10 periods per school day. However, especially in higher education, there can be many more. Educators determine the number and length of these periods, and may even regulate how each period will be used. One common example of this practice is to designate at least one compulsory period a day for physical education.

Sino-Vietnamese War war between the Peoples Republic of China and Socialist Republic of Vietnam in 1979

The Sino-Vietnamese War, also known as the Third Indochina War, was a brief border war fought between China and Vietnam in early 1979. China launched an offensive in response to Vietnam's invasion and occupation of Cambodia in 1978.

By August 1995, it was Kim-Dong Primary School. An 8 years later, from August 2003 to this day, the school was Trung Vuong junior high school. [2]

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References

Coordinates: 12°15′15″N109°11′24″E / 12.2543°N 109.1899°E / 12.2543; 109.1899