Trần Hanh

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Trần Hanh

Tran Hanh.jpg

Lieutenant General Trần Hanh in 1998
Born (1932-11-29) November 29, 1932 (age 85)
Mỹ Lộc, Nam Định, Vietnam
AllegianceFlag of Vietnam.svg  Vietnam
Service/branch Flag of the People's Army of Vietnam.svg Vietnam People's Air Force
Years of service 1949 - 2000
Rank Vietnam People's Air Force Lieutenant General.jpg Lieutenant General
Commands held Deputy Minister of Defence of Vietnam
Deputy Chief of the General Staff
Battles/wars Vietnam War
Awards Anhhunglucluongvutrang2.png Military Exploit Order.png

Lieutenant General Trần Hanh (born November 29, 1932) is a pilot of the Vietnam People's Air Force and later Deputy Minister of Defence of Vietnam. During the Vietnam War, Trần Hanh was a MIG-17 pilot and officer of the 921st Regiment, he shot down a F-105D in April 1965. After the war he became the Deputy Chief of the General Staff and later Deputy Minister of Defence of Vietnam before retired in 2000.

Vietnam Peoples Air Force Aerial warfare branch of Vietnams armed forces

The Vietnam People's Air Force is the air force of Vietnam. It is the successor of the former North Vietnamese Air Force and absorbed the Republic of Vietnam Air Force following the re-unification of Vietnam in 1975. The Vietnam People's Air Force (VPAF) is one of three main branches in the Vietnam People's Army which is a part of the Ministry of Defence. The main mission of the VPAF is the defence of Vietnamese airspace and the provision of air cover for operations of the People's Army of Vietnam.

Vietnam War 1955–1975 conflict in Vietnam

The Vietnam War, also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America or simply the American War, was an undeclared war in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975. It was the second of the Indochina Wars and was officially fought between North Vietnam and South Vietnam. North Vietnam was supported by the Soviet Union, China, and other communist allies; South Vietnam was supported by the United States, South Korea, the Philippines, Australia, Thailand and other anti-communist allies. The war is considered a Cold War-era proxy war from some US perspectives. It lasted some 19 years with direct U.S. involvement ending in 1973 following the Paris Peace Accords, and included the Laotian Civil War and the Cambodian Civil War, resulting in all three countries ridding themselves of colonial rule, establishing independent governments, and becoming communist states in 1975.

Contents

Early life

Trần Hanh, realname is Trần Huy Hanh, was born in 1932 to a poor family in Lộc Vượng commune, Mỹ Lộc, Nam Định. [1] He began to participate in Youth Union in December 1946 and the revolutionary movement in April 1947. [2]

Nam Định City in Vietnam

Nam Định is a city in the Red River Delta of northern Vietnam. It is the capital of Nam Định Province. The city of Nam Định is 90 km south-east of Vietnam's capital, Hanoi. From August 18–20 of each year, there is a festival held in Nam Định called the Co Trach. This celebration honors General Trần Hưng Đạo, a 13th-century national hero who led Vietnamese forces to victory over the invading Mongols. Nam Định is also the birthplace of Letran Student, Dominican Friar and Vietnamese Saint Vicente Liem de la Paz, O.P. De la Paz was canonized by Pope John Paul II on June 19, 1988.

Ho Chi Minh Communist Youth Union

The Ho Chi Minh Communist Youth Union is the largest social-political organisation of Vietnamese youth. The union is under the leadership of the Communist Party of Vietnam. The organization was founded in March 26, 1931 and was led and trained by Ho Chi Minh.

Career

Trần Hanh joined the Vietnam People's Army in September 1949 and became a student of the Lê Lợi School for Officers and later Nguyễn Huệ School in December 1950. In his early career, Trần Hanh often served as political commissar (chính trị viên) of various military units, he was appointed political commissar of the 23rd Company of 680th Battalion, 48th Regiment, 320th Division in February 1954 and afterwards deputy political commissar of the 680th Battalion in June 1954. [2]

In the military, a political commissar or political officer, is a supervisory officer responsible for the political education (ideology) and organization of the unit they are assigned to, and intended to ensure civilian control of the military.

In September 1956, Trần Hanh was chosen to study to fly the Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-17 in a school of People's Liberation Army Air Force in China. After four years studying, Trần Hanh became commander (đại đội trưởng) of the newly found 2nd Company of the Vietnam People's Air Force. In August 1964, Trần Hanh was appointed commander of the 1st Company, 921st Regiment (Sao Đỏ) of the Vietnam People's Air Force. [2] On April 4, 1965, Trần Hanh shot down the F-105D No. 59-1754 of the 355th Fighter Wing near Ham Rong Bridge. [3] Later this year, Trần Hanh participated in the formation of 4 MIG-17s that shot down a US helicopter over Hòa Bình in November. [4] Trần Hanh was promoted to deputy commander (trung đoàn phó) in May 1965 and commander (trung đoàn trưởng) of this regiment in October 1969. In March 1972, he became the Deputy Commander (Tư lệnh phó) of the Vietnam People's Air Force, or the 371st Division at that time, two years later Trần Hanh held the position of Commander of the 371st Division. [2]

Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-17 fighter aircraft family

The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-17 is a high-subsonic fighter aircraft produced in the USSR from 1952 and operated by numerous air forces in many variants. It is an advanced development of the very similar looking MiG-15 of the Korean War. The MiG-17 was license-built in China as the Shenyang J-5 and Poland as the PZL-Mielec Lim-6.

Peoples Liberation Army Air Force Air warfare branch of Chinas military

The People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) is the aerial warfare service branch of the People's Liberation Army, the armed forces of the People's Republic of China. The PLAAF was officially established on 11 November 1949. As of 2014, the PLAAF has a strength of around 398,000 personnel and is the largest air force in Asia.

China State in East Asia

China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around 1.404 billion. Covering approximately 9,600,000 square kilometers (3,700,000 sq mi), it is the third- or fourth-largest country by total area. Governed by the Communist Party of China, the state exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces, five autonomous regions, four direct-controlled municipalities, and the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau.

After the war, Trần Hanh was appointed Deputy Chief of Staff (Tham mưu phó) of the Vietnam People's Air Force in August 1976. In January 1977 Trần Hanh was sent by the Politburo of the Communist Party of Vietnam to be the Secretary (Bí thư) of the Ho Chi Minh Communist Youth Union for a short time before returned to the Air Force as Deputy Commander in June 1977. Trần Hanh became the Commander of the Air Force in March 1986 and Deputy Chief of the General Staff (Phó Tổng tham mưu trưởng) of the Vietnam People's Army from April 1989 to October 1996. From November 1996 to December 1999 Trần Hanh was appointed to the position of Deputy Minister of Defence of Vietnam before retired in 2000. He was also deputy of the National Assembly of Vietnam and member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam. [2] After retired, Trần Hanh was elected to the General Secretary (Tổng thư ký) of the Vietnam War Veterans Association (Hội cựu chiến binh Việt Nam). [5] [6]

Politburo of the Communist Party of Vietnam

The Political Bureau (Politburo) of the Central Committee Communist Party of Vietnam, formerly the Standing Committee of the Central Committee from 1930 to 1951, is the highest body of the Communist Party of Vietnam (CPV) between Central Committee meetings, which are held at least twice a year. According to Party rules, the Politburo directs the general orientation of the government and enacts policies which have been approved by either the National Party Congress or the Central Committee.

Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam

The Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam established 1930, is the highest authority within the Communist Party of Vietnam elected by the Party National Congresses. The current Central Committee has about 175 full members and 25 alternate members and nominally appoints the Politburo of the Communist Party of Vietnam.

Rank and decorations

Trần Hanh was promoted to Major General (thiếu tướng) in 1984 and Lieutenant General (trung tướng) in 1989. [2]

In 1967 Trần Hanh was awarded the prestigious title Hero of the People's Armed Forces (Anh hùng lực lượng vũ trang nhân dân). Besides, he was bestowed on various medals and decorations such as the 1st, 2nd and 3rd grade Military Exploit Order (Huân chương quân công), the 1st, 2nd and 3rd grade Medal of Glorious Soldier (Huân chương Chiến sỹ vẻ vang) or the Badge of Hồ Chí Minh (Huy hiệu Hồ Chí Minh). [2]

Notes

  1. Công Tâm (2009-12-22). "Vị tướng và trận không chiến" (in Vietnamese). Dantri.com.vn.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "Trần Hanh" (in Vietnamese). Museum of Military History of Vietnam.
  3. Toperczer, p. 32
  4. Toperczer, p. 89
  5. "Nguyên Thủ tướng Võ Văn Kiệt từ trần" (in Vietnamese). Thanhnien.com.vn. 2008-06-12.
  6. "SOCIAL IN BRIEF 21/8". Vietnamnet.vn. 2007-08-21.

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