Trọng Thủy or Zhong Shi (Chinese :仲始), full name Triệu Trọng Thủy or Zhao Zhongshi (Chinese :趙仲始), was a prince of Nanyue.
He was a son of the Chinese mandarin Zhao Tuo, was sent as an emissary to the king of Vietnam (then known as Âu Lạc), and was given the hand in marriage of Mỵ Châu, the only daughter of An Dương Vương.But she unwittingly betrayed her father to her husband's father, leading to the fall of Cổ Loa fortress to Triệu Đà. In legend. An Dương Vương fled with his daughter. When he reached a river, he called out to the Golden turtle for help, the turle surfaced and scolded him “The one on horse behind [you] is the enemy? Why not kill [that one]?” So he killed her. Prince Trọng Thủy arrives immediately afterward, and finding the body of his beloved wife and his father-in-law nowhere to be seen, he brought her body back to Cổ Loa for burial and later on drowned himself in the well where his wife once bathed.
Trọng Thủy and Mỵ Châu are a Romeo and Juliet motif in Vietnam's literature.
The Baiyue, Hundred Yue, or simply Yue, were various ethnic groups who inhabited the regions of Southern China and Northern Vietnam in the 1st millennium BC and 1st millennium AD. They were known for their short hair, body tattoos, fine swords, and naval prowess.
Zhao Tuo or Triệu Đà, was a Qin dynasty Chinese general and first king of Nanyue. He participated in the conquest of the Baiyue peoples of Guangdong, Guangxi and Northern Vietnam. After the fall of the Qin, he established the independent kingdom of Nanyue with its capital in Panyu in 204 BCE. Some traditional Vietnamese history scholars considered him an emperor of Vietnam and the founder of the Triệu dynasty, other historians contested that he was a foreign invader.
Nanyue or Nam Việt, was an ancient kingdom ruled by Chinese monarchs of the Triệu dynasty that covered the modern Chinese subdivisions of Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Hong Kong, and Macau, as well as parts of southern Fujian and northern Vietnam. Nanyue was established by Zhao Tuo, then Commander of Nanhai of Qin Empire, in 204 BC after the collapse of the Qin dynasty. At first, it consisted of the commanderies Nanhai, Guilin, and Xiang.
Zhao Mo was the grandson and successor of Zhao Tuo, and the second ruler of Nanyue, a kingdom encompassing parts of southern China and northern Vietnam. His rule began in 137 BC and ended with his death in 124 BC. In Chinese history, Nanyue is considered to be a Chinese kingdom; however in Vietnam, he is considered to be a ruler of the Triệu Dynasty and a king of Vietnam.
The Hồng Bàng period, also called the Hồng Bàng dynasty, was a legendary, semi-mythical period in Vietnamese historiography, spanning from the beginning of the rule of Kinh Dương Vương over the state of Văn Lang in 2879 BC until the conquest of the state by An Dương Vương in 258 BC.
The Triệu dynasty ruled the kingdom of Nanyue, which consisted of parts of southern China as well as northern Vietnam. Its capital was Panyu, in modern Guangzhou. The founder of the dynasty, called Zhao Tuo, was an ethnic Chinese from Hebei and served as a military governor for the Qin dynasty. He asserted his independence in 207 BC as the Qin dynasty was collapsing. The ruling elite included both Yue and immigrant Han peoples. Zhao Tuo conquered the Vietnamese state of Âu Lạc and led a coalition of Yuè states in a war against the Han dynasty, which had been expanding southward. Subsequent rulers were less successful in asserting their independence and the Han dynasty finally conquered the kingdom in 111 BC.
An Dương Vương was the king and the only ruler of the kingdom of Âu Lạc, a classical antiquity state centered in the Red River Delta. As the leader of the Âu Việt tribes, he defeated the last Hùng king of the state of Văn Lang and united its people – known as the Lạc Việt – with his people the Âu Việt. An Dương Vương fled and committed suicide after the war with Nanyue forces in 179 BCE.
The First Era of Northern Domination refers to the period of Vietnamese history during which present-day northern Vietnam first came under Han dynasty rule. It is considered the first of four periods of Vietnam under Chinese rule, the first three of which are almost continuous and referred to as Bắc thuộc.
Dương Triệu Vũpronunciation (help·info)(born January 1, 1984 in Cam Ranh, Vietnam) is the stage name of Tuấn Linh, a singer on the popular Vietnamese diaspora music show Paris By Night.
Cổ Loa Citadel is an important fortified settlement and archaeological site in present-day Hanoi's Dong Anh district, about 16 kilometers (10 mi) northeast of Hanoi city center. Various relics of the Bronze Age Phung Nguyen culture and Dong Son culture have been found in Cổ Loa, although it was later established as the capital of Âu Lạc Kingdom during the 3rd century BCE. It might be the first political center of the Vietnamese civilization. The settlement’s concentric walls resemble a snail’s shell; it had an outer embankment covering 600 hectares.
The Lạc Việt or Luoyue were an ancient conglomeration of Yue tribes that inhabited what is today Guangxi in Southern China and the lowland plains of Northern Vietnam, particularly the marshy, agriculturally rich areas of the Red River Delta. They are the owners of Bronze Age Đông Sơn culture in mainland Southeast Asia and is widely considered by the Vietnamese people to be their ancestors.
Âu Lạc (Hán tự: 甌貉/ 甌駱/ 甌雒; Chinese pinyin: ōu luò; Wade–Giles: Wu1-lo4) was an ancient kingdom that covered parts of modern-day Guangxi and northern Vietnam to Hoành Sơn Range. Founded in 257 BCE, it was a merger of the former states of Nam Cương (Âu Việt) and Văn Lang (Lạc Việt) but succumbed to the state of Nanyue in 180 BCE, which, itself was finally conquered by the Han dynasty. Its capital was in Cổ Loa, roughly 17 kilometers north of present-day Hanoi, in the upper plain north of the Hong River.
Cao Lỗ was a Vietnamese weaponry engineer and minister who helped King An Dương Vương build a crossbow, which he christened "Saintly Crossbow of the Supernaturally Golden Claw."
Kinh Dương Vương is a legendary ancient Vietnamese figure, mentioned in the 15th-century work Đại Việt sử ký toàn thư by having unified all the tribes within his territory into one state, and as the founder of the Hồng Bàng dynasty. He is considered the first king of the Vietnamese people, and was the father of Lạc Long Quân. He is reported to have lived 260 years.
Zhao Xing, was the second son of Zhao Yingqi and the fourth ruler of Nanyue. His rule began in 115 BC and ended with his death in 112 BC. In Vietnamese history, he is considered a king of Vietnam.
Zhao Jiande was the last king of Nanyue. His rule began in 112 BC and ended in the next year.
Vietnamese mythology comprises national myths of the Vietnamese people together with popular aspects of folk religion in Vietnam.
Tây Vu Vương, or "king of Tây Vu", is the title attributed by some Vietnamese historians to the leader of a popular revolt of the people of Giao Chỉ and Cửu Chân commanderies against the First Chinese domination from Western Han.
Army and warfare made their first appearance in Vietnamese history during the 3rd millennium BC. Throughout thousands of years, wars played a great role in shaping the identity and culture of people inhabited the land which is modern day Vietnam.