Transitional Military Council (Chad)

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The Transitional Military Council (French : Conseil militaire de transition, CMT; Arabic : المجلس العسكري الانتقالي, al-Majlis al-‘askarī al-intiqālī) is the ruling military junta in Chad. It announced the death of former President Idriss Déby on 20 April 2021, and declared that it would take charge of the government of Chad and continue hostilities against FACT rebels in the north of the country. [1] It is chaired by Mahamat Idriss Déby, the son of the late President, making him the de facto President of Chad. [2] [3]

Contents

History

Announcement of formation

On 20 April 2021, the spokesman of the CMT, General Azem Bermandoa Agouna, announced its formation on state television, after the death of the former president Idriss Déby in combat against FACT rebels. [4] On the same day, Mahamat Idriss Déby named 15 generals, including himself who will be part of the Council and 14 others who were loyalists to his father. [5] [3] It said that the Council would take power for eighteen months, after which elections will be held. [6]

Reaction to formation

On 22 April 2021, the Union des syndicats du Tchad (Union of Trade Unions of Chad) called for a general strike. [7] It was also reported that some officers in the army were opposed to the coup. [8] The junta successfully suppressed protests. [9] Hostilities against the FACT continued, but the CMT said on 6 May that it had successfully repelled them. [10]

Transitional charter and government

Reuters reported that the Council has replaced the Constitution of Chad with a new charter, granting Mahamat the interim presidency and making him the leader of the armed forces. [11] On 27 April the CMT the formation of a transitional government led by the civilian politician Albert Pahimi Padacké. [12] France expressed its support for a 'civilian-military transition' on 23 April. [13]

The African Union's members were divided on sanctions: whilst its rules require them, other members expressed concerns because of Chad's importance in fighting terrorism. [14] Eventually the AU sent a delegation to Chad. [15] At a meeting held on 12 May, a report to the Peace and Security Council of the African Union proposed three options. [16] The first option was to fully support the CMT whilst sending an envoy to hold the military to its promise to hold elections within 18 months. The second was to demand equal power sharing with a civilian government. The third was to demand power should be handed over to a civilian government, with a military vice-president appointed for security matters. The report said that the transitional charter was ‘wholly inadequate’ and urged a redrafting of the constitution. It further proposed the demobilisation of rebel forces and their participation in talks; that prospect had previously been rejected by the CMT. The report was criticised by Delphine Djiraibé of the Public Interest Legal Centre, who criticised the delay in releasing the report and its failure to recommend sanctions. [17]

Members

The following are members of the CMT. [18]

See also

Related Research Articles

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References

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  2. Irfan, Muhammad. "Chad Sets Up Transitional Military Council Headed By Son Of Late President - Reports". Urdu Point. Urdu Point.
  3. 1 2 "Slain Chad leader Deby's son named 'president of the republic'". Al Jazeera . 21 April 2021. Retrieved 21 April 2021.
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  8. Chambraud, Tancrede (22 April 2021). "Tchad : l'armée divisée sur la question du CMT". africanews.
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  10. "Chad rebel group have been repelled, says defence minister". africanews. 6 May 2021.
  11. Ramadane, Madjiasra Nako, Mahamat (21 April 2021). "Chad in turmoil after Deby death as rebels, opposition challenge military". Reuters. Retrieved 21 April 2021.
  12. "Chad's new military rulers name prime minister, opposition cries foul". Reuters. Retrieved 27 April 2021.
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  14. "Tchad : l'Union africaine divisée sur d'éventuelles sanctions". Le Point. 4 May 2021.
  15. "Tchad : une mission de l'Union africaine à Ndjamena pour favoriser le dialogue". Radio France Internationale. 29 April 2021.
  16. "African Union mission urges return to 'constitutional order' in Chad". Reuters. 12 May 2021.
  17. Dariustone, Blaise (17 May 2021). "Tchad : la société civile dénonce l'attitude de l'UA". Deutsche Welle.
  18. "Chad's President Idriss Déby dies after clashes with rebels". BBC News. 20 April 2021. Retrieved 20 April 2021.