Transport in Panama

Last updated

Transport in Panama is fairly well developed. The majority of the trips are done by car while a great part is done in public transport. The public transportation system is in need of modernization and other improvements.

Contents

Railways

mules for the ship handling tracks along the Panama Canal locks 08-130 ESCLUSAS DE MIRAFLORES - Flickr - Anelita PunkRock (1).jpg
mules for the ship handling tracks along the Panama Canal locks

There are 76 km of railway track in Panama, as follows:

The first metro line in Panama City was opened in 2014 and the second line in 2019. The metro lines are standard gauge with 1500 V DC overhead electrification.

Road system

Panama has well developed highways by Central American standards, with four expressways, all of which are privately owned and require toll payment:

Furthermore, the Pan-American highway, has been upgraded to a 4-lane, dual carriageway highway from Panama City to Santiago de Veraguas, counting for 248 km of freeway. Also, a small section of the Pan-American highway from Tocumen to Pacora, counting for 18 km has been upgraded to freeway. The same accounts for the Pan-American stretch between David and Capacho, on the border with Costa Rica, adding 55 km of freeway, and for the newly built freeway between David and Bajo Boquete, that extends for 38 km, and for the Chitré - Las Tablas freeway that extends for 30 km.

Panama's roads, traffic and transportation systems are generally safe, but non-functioning traffic lights are not uncommon. Driving is often hazardous and demanding due to dense traffic, undisciplined driving habits, poorly maintained streets, and a lack of effective signs and traffic signals. On roads where poor lighting and driving conditions prevail, night driving is difficult. Night driving is particularly hazardous on the old Panama City – Colon highway. [2]

Buses and taxis are not always maintained in a safe operating condition due to lack of regulatory enforcement. Since 2007, auto insurance has been mandatory in Panama. [3] Traffic in Panama moves on the right, and Panamanian law requires that drivers and passengers wear seat belts, but airbags are not mandatory. [2]

Flooding during the April to December rainy season occasionally makes city streets unusable for most vehicles and washes out some roads in rural areas. In addition, rural areas are often poorly maintained and lack illumination at night. Such roads are generally less traveled and the availability of emergency roadside assistance is very limited. Road travel is more dangerous during the rainy season and in the interior from Carnival through Good Friday. Carnival starts the Saturday prior to Ash Wednesday and goes on for four days. [2]

Waterways

Mules maneuvering a ship through the Miraflores locks in the Panama Canal. Exclusa Miraflores Canal de Panama Panorama.jpg
Mules maneuvering a ship through the Miraflores locks in the Panama Canal.

There are 800 km of waterways navigable by shallow draft vessels. The Panama Canal is 82 km long.

Pipelines

The crude oil pipeline is 130 km long.

Ports and harbors

Atlantic Ocean

Pacific Ocean

Other

Merchant marine

Panama has an extensive international ship register, comprising 5,005 ships of 1,000  gross tonnage  (GT) or over, totaling 122,960,929  GT/183,615,337 tonnes deadweight (DWT). Most of the registered ships are foreign owned, with Panama being a flag of convenience.

As at June 2005, ships by type were estimated as:

The flag of convenience registry includes ships from 71 countries among which are (2005 update):

Foreign Owned Ships: 4,388

  • Andorra 1
  • Argentina 9
  • Australia 3
  • Bahamas 1
  • Belgium 14
  • Brazil 1
  • Canada 1
  • Chile 14
  • China 310
  • Colombia 5
  • Croatia 1
  • Cuba 9
  • Cyprus 7
  • Denmark 13
  • Egypt 15
  • France 7
  • Germany 23
  • Greece 546
  • Hong Kong 159
  • India 8
  • Indonesia 46
  • Ireland 1
  • Isle of Man 2
  • Israel 3
  • Italy 8
  • Japan 1814
  • Jordan 9
  • Latvia 2
  • Lithuania 5
  • Malaysia 11
  • Maldives 1
  • Malta 1
  • Mexico 4
  • Monaco 8
  • Netherlands 22
  • New Zealand 1
  • Nigeria 6
  • Norway 66
  • Pakistan 1
  • Peru 13
  • Philippines 15
  • Poland 19
  • Portugal 8
  • Romania 13
  • Russia 4
  • Saudi Arabia 4
  • Singapore 54
  • South Africa 3
  • South Korea 292
  • Spain 41
  • Sri Lanka 1
  • Sudan 1
  • Sweden 4
  • Switzerland 188
  • Syria 7
  • Taiwan 301
  • Thailand 10
  • Trinidad & Tobago 1
  • Tunisia 1
  • Turkey 18
  • Ukraine 9
  • UAE 83
  • United Kingdom 29
  • United States 88
  • Venezuela 20
  • Vietnam 2
  • Yemen 1

As at 2009, Panama dominated the ship registry scene with over 8,065 ships accounting for almost 23% of the world's DWT.

Airports

As at 2006, there were 117 airports in Panama.

Airports - with paved runways

53 airports had paved runways:

Airports - with unpaved runways

64 airports had unpaved runways:

See also

Related Research Articles

Transport infrastructure in Brazil is characterized by strong regional differences and lack of development of the national rail network. Brazil's fast-growing economy, and especially the growth in exports, will place increasing demands on the transport networks. However, sizeable new investments that are expected to address some of the issues are either planned or in progress.

Transport in Costa Rica

There are many modes of transport in Costa Rica but the country's infrastructure has suffered from a lack of maintenance and new investment. There is an extensive road system of more than 30,000 kilometers, although much of it is in disrepair; this also applies to ports, railways and water delivery systems. According to a 2016 U.S. government report, investment from China which attempted to improve the infrastructure found the "projects stalled by bureaucratic and legal concerns".

Transport in the Czech Republic

Transport in the Czech Republic relies on several main modes, including transport by road, rail, water and air.

Transport in Djibouti

Transport in Djibouti includes highways, airports, railways and seaports.

Transportation in Ecuador uses six transportation methods to transport passengers and freight. They are aviation, highways, pipelines, ports and harbors, railways, and waterways

Transport in El Salvador

El Salvador has transport links by road, rail, sea and air.

Transport in Eritrea

Transport in Eritrea includes highways, airports and seaports, in addition to various forms of public and private vehicular, maritime and aerial transportation.

Transport in Ethiopia is overseen by the Ministry of Transport and Communications. Over the last years, the Ethiopian federal authorities have significantly increased funding for rail and road construction to build an infrastructure, that allows better economic development.

Modes of transport in Gabon include rail, road, water, and air. The one rail link, the Trans-Gabon Railway, connects the port of Owendo with the inland town of Franceville. Most but not all of the country is connected to the road network, much of which is unpaved, and which centres on seven "national routes" identified as N1 to N7. The largest seaports are Port-Gentil and the newer Owendo, and 1,600 km of inland waterways are navigable. There are three international airports, eight other paved airports, and over 40 with unpaved runways. Nearly 300 km of pipelines carry petroleum products, mainly crude oil.

Transport in Guatemala

Transportation in Guatemala includes roads, waterways, and airports. It formerly included railways.

Transport in Honduras

Transport in Honduras refers to transport in Honduras, a country in Central America.

Transport in Hungary relies on several main modes, including transport by road, rail, air and water.

Transport in Lithuania relies mainly on road and rail networks.

Transport in Malaysia

Transportation in Malaysia started to develop during British colonial rule, and the country's transport network is now diverse and developed. Malaysia's road network is extensive, covering 144,403 kilometres, including 1,821 km of expressways. The main highway of the country extends over 800 km, reaching the Thai border from Singapore. Peninsular Malaysia has an extensive road network, whilst the road system in East Malaysia is not as well-developed. The main modes of transport in Peninsular Malaysia include buses, trains, cars and to an extent, commercial travel on airplanes.

This article is about transport in Oman.

The transport in Peru.

Transport in Suriname

The Republic of Suriname has a number of forms of transport.

This article deals with the system of transport in Syria, both public and private.

Transportation in North America is performed through a varied transportation system, whose quality ranges from being on par with a high-quality European motorway to an unpaved gravelled back road that can extend hundreds of miles. There is also an extensive transcontinental freight rail network, but passenger railway ridership is lower than in Europe and Asia.

References

  1. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-03-12. Retrieved 2006-07-01.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. 1 2 3 "Panama: Country-specific information" Archived 2013-12-04 at the Wayback Machine . U.S. Department of State (March 18, 2009). PD-icon.svgThis article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  3. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-09-28. Retrieved 2009-09-01.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. http://www.copaair.com/

Commons-logo.svg Media related to Transport in Panama at Wikimedia CommonsPD-icon.svg This article incorporates  public domain material from the CIA World Factbook website https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html .