Transport in Saint Pierre and Miquelon

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Saint-Pierre harbour Saint-Pierre harbor.jpg
Saint-Pierre harbour

While Saint Pierre and Miquelon has no railway, it has 114 km (71 mi) of highways plus 45 km (28 mi) of unpaved roads. Its only major harbour is at Saint-Pierre although there is a smaller harbour at Miquelon. The dependency has no merchant marine but has two airports; the runway at Saint-Pierre Airport is 1,800 metres (5,910 ft) long, and at Miquelon Airport, 1,000 metres (3,280 ft).

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Water transport

A regular passenger ferry service is provided between Saint-Pierre and the Canadian town of Fortune, Newfoundland and Labrador. The ferry does not carry vehicles. [1]

In November 2017, a new ferry service opened up between Newfoundland and St. Pierre. The ferry can transport 15 cars and 3 tractor trailers. However, 3.5 million CAD in infrastructure improvements are needed on the Fortune, Newfoundland and Labrador end of the ferry route to allow for the loading and offloading of cars. [2]

From 2005 to 2009, Atlantic Jet provided a ferry service to the islands from Canada, operated privately by SPM Express SA. It was replaced by MV Arethusa, but the service was terminated in 2010 when the island opted to form a government-run ferry service.

Canada
Ferry Terminal
WaterwaySaint Pierre and Miquelon
Ferry Terminal
Ferry CompanyNotes

Newfoundland and Labrador–Saint Pierre et Miquelon

Fortune Fortune Bay Saint-Pierre Régie Transports MaritimesSeasonal: Mid-April to early November, using Le Cabestan. The 180 passengers only ferry arrived on the island in 2010. [3] Le Cabestan also operates year-round between Saint-Pierre and Miquelon, and serves Langlade seasonally. [4]

"Jeune France" is a smaller ferry serving seasonal local service between St. Pierre and Langlade. The ship arrived in 2012 replacing "Saint-George XII", but has been in dry dock since early 2015.

Several cruise ship lines visit Saint-Pierre. [5] They dock 2 km northeast of downtown, near the end of the coastal road. Boats also provide access to Ile aux Marins.

Saint-Pierre Airport St Pierre Airport.JPG
Saint-Pierre Airport
Miquelon Airport Miquelon Flight Airport.JPG
Miquelon Airport

Air transport

Air transport is provided by Air Saint-Pierre which connects Saint-Pierre with Miquelon and several Canadian cities.

Travel onto France involves transfer with other airlines via Montreal:

Travelers can also fly to France (Paris) with Air St. Pierre to Halifax International Airport and connect with Westjet (seasonal route). Air St. Pierre began a non-stop weekly route to Paris (seasonal) in 2018.

The Saint-Pierre - Miquelon route is one of the shortest scheduled airline routes in the world in terms of distance and flight duration.

Car transport

Saint Pierre and Miquelon uses standard French vehicle registration plates, rather than plates in the format of six inches (150 mm) high by twelve inches (300 mm) wide used by most other jurisdictions in North America. However, the islands do not follow the standard French numbering system. Until 1952, cars were simply numbered from 1 onwards, without any code to identify them as being from Saint Pierre and Miquelon. Beginning in 1952, they had serial numbers followed by the letters SPM, e.g. 9287 SPM. Since 2000, all numbers have begun with the letters SPM followed by a serial number and serial letter, e.g. SPM 1 A. [6] Vehicles are mainly French or European, although North American vehicles have become more common in recent years.

Road signs are in French and are European influenced.

See also

Related Research Articles

Saint Pierre and Miquelon Group of islands in the North Atlantic

Saint Pierre and Miquelon, officially the Territorial Collectivity of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon, is a self-governing territorial overseas collectivity of France in the northwestern Atlantic Ocean near the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. It is the only remaining part of New France in North America to retain French sovereignty, appellate jurisdiction and mineral rights. It is a full member of the National Assembly, contributes to the Senate and Presidential elections, and its people are guaranteed French citizenship. It covers 242 square kilometres (93 sq mi) of land and shores and has a population of 6,008 as of the March 2016 census.

Miquelon-Langlade Commune in Saint Pierre and Miquelon, France

Miquelon-Langlade is the larger and less populated of the two communes (municipalities) making up the French overseas collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon, located to the south of Newfoundland in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. It consists of three geological islands: Miquelon, Langlade and Le Cap, connected with tombolos. The communal seat is the settlement of Miquelon, on the northern tip, where the entire island's permanent population of 591 is located. Miquelon Airport provides flights to Montreal and to nearby Saint-Pierre.

Channel-Port aux Basques Town in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada

Channel-Port aux Basques is a town at the extreme southwestern tip of Newfoundland fronting on the western end of the Cabot Strait. A Marine Atlantic ferry terminal is located in the town which is the primary entry point onto the island of Newfoundland and the western terminus of the Newfoundland and Labrador Route 1 in the province. The town was incorporated in 1945 and its population in the 2016 census was 4,067.

Grand Bank Town in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada

Grand Bank, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada or 'Grand Banc' as the first French settlers pronounced it, is a small rural town with a population of 2,580. It is located on the southern tip or "toe" of the Burin Peninsula, 360 km from the province's capital of St. John's.

Air Saint-Pierre

Air Saint-Pierre is a French airline based in Saint-Pierre, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, a French overseas collectivity. The airline operates scheduled services between the islands of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon-Langlade and to Canada. Its main base is Saint-Pierre Airport, from which it serves six destinations. In addition to the collectivity's other airport, Miquelon Airport, it serves five airports in Canada. The airline operates a fleet of an ATR 42 for international services and a Reims-Cessna F406 on the inter-island service.

Saint-Pierre, Saint Pierre and Miquelon Commune in Saint Pierre and Miquelon, France

Saint-Pierre is the capital of the French overseas collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon, off the coast of Newfoundland in Canada. Saint-Pierre is the more populated of the two communes (municipalities) making up Saint Pierre and Miquelon.

Saint-Pierre Airport

Saint-Pierre Airport is a regional airport located 1 NM south of Saint-Pierre, in the French overseas collectivity of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon, off the east coast of Canada near Newfoundland.

Miquelon Airport

Miquelon Airport is a regional airport on Miquelon Island that the commune (municipality) of Miquelon-Langlade, in the French overseas community of Saint Pierre and Miquelon, off the eastern coast of North America at the edge of the Grand Banks of Newfoundland.

Burin Peninsula

The Burin Peninsula is a peninsula located on the south coast of the island of Newfoundland in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador.

The history of Saint Pierre and Miquelon is one of early settlement by Europeans taking advantage of the rich fishing grounds near Saint-Pierre and Miquelon, and is characterized by periods of conflict between the French and British.

Fortune, Newfoundland and Labrador Town in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada

Fortune is a Canadian town located in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador.

Green Island (Fortune), Newfoundland and Labrador

Green Island is a rocky island near the mouth of Fortune Bay, Newfoundland. It is located about 9.5 kilometres (5.9 mi) west of the Burin Peninsula of Newfoundland and 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) east of Langlade Island in Saint-Pierre and Miquelon.

Transportation in North America is performed through a varied transportation system, whose quality ranges from being on par with a high-quality European motorway to an unpaved gravelled back road that can extend hundreds of miles. There is also an extensive transcontinental freight rail network, but passenger railway ridership is lower than in Europe and Asia.

Outline of Saint Pierre and Miquelon Overview of and topical guide to Saint Pierre and Miquelon

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Saint Pierre and Miquelon:

Atlantic Jet

Atlantic Jet was a passenger ferry service which operated between Fortune, Newfoundland, Canada and St. Pierre and Miquelon, an overseas collectivity of France. The service was operated by SPM Express SA, and used a high speed catamaran. The service was discontinued in 2009 due to an engine problem and was replaced by a traditional passenger-only ferry, the MV Arethusa.

Saint Pierre Island

Saint Pierre Island is one of the three main islands of Saint Pierre and Miquelon. It contains the town of Saint-Pierre, which lies on the island's east coast and is the main population centre of the island group. It is part of an overseas collectivity of France, and is located near the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador.

Index of Saint Pierre and Miquelon–related articles Wikipedia index

The following is an alphabetical list of topics related to the French territorial collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon.

A.S. Îlienne Amateur

A.S. Ilienne Amateur is a Saint Pierre and Miquelon football club which currently competes in the Ligue SPM. The club plays its home fixtures at Stade John Girardin. With 28 League titles and 25 Coupe de l'Archipel titles the club is the most successful in the territory's history.

The Saint Pierre and Miquelon football league system, or league pyramid, refers to the hierarchically interconnected league system for association football in Saint Pierre and Miquelon.

COVID-19 pandemic in Saint Pierre and Miquelon Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in Saint Pierre and Miquelon

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached the French overseas collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon on 5 April 2020. Earlier, ferry service between Newfoundland and Saint Pierre and Miquelon had been suspended. Air and ferry service between the islands of St. Pierre and Miquelon have been reduced. The tourism sector is expected to be affected by the pandemic and related measures. The collectivity has been under lockdown since 17 March 2020.

References

  1. "Saint-Pierre & Miquelon - How to get there" . Retrieved 16 December 2014.
  2. Quinn, Mark. "New St-Pierre-Miquelon ferries hit a dead end in Fortune". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 26 June 2018.
  3. "SaltWire". Southerngazette.ca. Retrieved 2020-03-12.
  4. "Conseil Territorial de Saint-Pierre et Miquelon - Régie Transports Maritimes - Calendrier des rotations" (in French). Archived from the original on 17 December 2014. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
  5. "Saint-Pierre & Miquelon - Cruises" . Retrieved 17 December 2014.
  6. "French overseas possessions registrations". The Francoplaque License Plate Collectors site. Retrieved 9 December 2007.

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