Transport in Vatican City

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Mussolini demolished medieval housing and churches to create Via della Conciliazione leading into St. Peter's Square. St peters vat distance.jpg
Mussolini demolished medieval housing and churches to create Via della Conciliazione leading into St. Peter's Square.

The transportation system in Vatican City, a country 1.05 km (0.65 mi) long and 0.85 km (0.53 mi) wide, [1] is a small transportation system with no airports or highways. There is no public transport in the country. A heliport and a short railway is used for special occasions only. Most visitors will walk from a nearby Italian bus or train stop, or car parking. Given an average walking speed of 3.6 km/h (2.2 mph), [2] Vatican City can be crossed in 20 minutes or less. Thus, much of the infrastructure in the Vatican consists of St. Peter's Square itself, hallways and aisles in the basilica and surrounding buildings, and walkways behind and between the buildings. [1] The Vatican City Heliport is in the western corner of the city-state, and is used only for officials of the Holy See and official visitors. [3]

Airport location where aircraft take off and land

An airport is an aerodrome with extended facilities, mostly for commercial air transport. Airports often have facilities to store and maintain aircraft, and a control tower. An airport consists of a landing area, which comprises an aerially accessible open space including at least one operationally active surface such as a runway for a plane to take off or a helipad, and often includes adjacent utility buildings such as control towers, hangars and terminals. Larger airports may have airport aprons, taxiway bridges, air traffic control centres, passenger facilities such as restaurants and lounges, and emergency services. In some countries, the US in particular, they also typically have one or more fixed-base operators, serving general aviation.

Highway A public road or other public way on land

A highway is any public or private road or other public way on land. It is used for major roads, but also includes other public roads and public tracks: It is not an equivalent term to controlled-access highway, or a translation for autobahn, autoroute, etc.

Vatican City Independent city-state within Rome, Italy

Vatican City, officially Vatican City State, is an independent city-state enclaved within Rome, Italy. Established with the Lateran Treaty (1929), it is distinct from yet under "full ownership, exclusive dominion, and sovereign authority and jurisdiction" of the Holy See. With an area of 44 hectares, and a population of about 1,000, it is the smallest sovereign state in the world by both area and population.


Air transport

(Select to enlarge.) Map of Vatican City.jpg
(Select to enlarge.)

Vatican City is served by Vatican City Heliport, sometimes used by official visitors. There is no public airport and visitors may use the two airports of Rome: Ciampino and Fiumicino.

Vatican City Heliport

Vatican City Heliport consists of a 25 × 17 m (82 × 56 ft) rectangular concrete landing area linked with a circular parking area. It is used for short journeys from or to Vatican City by the pope and visiting heads of state.

Transport in Rome

Rome has an extensive internal transport system and is one of the most important road, rail and air hubs in Italy.

Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport international airport of Rome, in Fiumicino, Italy

Rome–Fiumicino International Airport "Leonardo da Vinci", is an international airport in Rome and the major airport in Italy. It is one of the busiest airports in Europe by passenger traffic with almost 43 million passengers served in 2018.


There is a short, 852-metre (2,795 ft), 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge railway that connects to surrounding Italy's network at the Saint Peter's station in the capital of Rome. Vatican City railway station was designed by architect Giuseppe Momo and was constructed during the reign of Pope Pius XI after the conclusion of the Lateran Treaties, opening in 1933. The railway was originally planned to transport pilgrims, but in the event has rarely transported passengers. Pope John XXIII was the first to travel on it, and Pope John Paul II was known to have used it, but rarely. The railway is mainly used to transport freight.

Italy republic in Southern Europe

Italy, officially the Italian Republic, is a European country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Italian Alps and surrounded by several islands. Located in the middle of the Mediterranean sea and traversed along its length by the Apennines, Italy has a largely temperate seasonal and Mediterranean climate. The country covers an area of 301,340 km2 (116,350 sq mi) and shares open land borders with France, Slovenia, Austria, Switzerland and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial exclave in Switzerland (Campione) and a maritime exclave in the Tunisian Sea (Lampedusa). With around 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the fourth-most populous member state of the European Union.

Roma San Pietro railway station italian railway station

Roma San Pietro railway station is a major station serving the city and comune of Rome, Italy. Opened in 1894, the station forms part of the Pisa–Livorno–Rome railway and the Rome–Capranica–Viterbo railway. It is also the junction for the short, single track Rome–Vatican City railway, which crosses into Vatican City after passing over a viaduct.

Rome Capital city and comune in Italy

Rome is the capital city and a special comune of Italy. Rome also serves as the capital of the Lazio region. With 2,872,800 residents in 1,285 km2 (496.1 sq mi), it is also the country's most populated comune. It is the fourth most populous city in the European Union by population within city limits. It is the centre of the Metropolitan City of Rome, which has a population of 4,355,725 residents, thus making it the most populous metropolitan city in Italy. Rome is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, within Lazio (Latium), along the shores of the Tiber. The Vatican City is an independent country inside the city boundaries of Rome, the only existing example of a country within a city: for this reason Rome has been often defined as capital of two states.

Rome Metro line A passes the Vatican at Ottaviano and Cipro-Musei Vaticani metro stations. Both stops are a ten-minute walk away from the city-state. [4]

Rome Metro Rapid transit system in Rome, Italy

The Rome Metro is a rapid transit system that operates in Rome, Italy. It started operation in 1955, making it the oldest in the country.

Ottaviano – San Pietro – Musei Vaticani (Rome Metro) Rome Metro station

Ottaviano–San Pietro–Musei Vaticani is a station on Line A of the Rome Metro.

Cipro (Rome Metro) Rome Metro station

Cipro is an underground station on Line A of the Rome Metro, inaugurated in 1999. The station is situated between Via Cipro and Via Angelo Emo.

Road vehicles

Vatican City railway station Citta del Vaticano (train station).jpg
Vatican City railway station

Vehicle registration plates of official road vehicles registered in Vatican City use the prefix SCV, an abbreviation of the Latin Status Civitatis Vaticanae, [5] followed by a series of digits, while vehicle registration plates of residential road vehicles registered in Vatican City use the prefix CV followed by a series of digits. The international identification plate/sticker is V. The Pope's car has usually carried the registration SCV 1 in red lettering. As there is more than one vehicle used to transport the Pope, multiple registered vehicles in Vatican City use the SCV 1 registration plate.

Vehicle registration plate Vehicle license plates

A vehicle registration plate, also known as a number plate or a license plate, is a metal or plastic plate attached to a motor vehicle or trailer for official identification purposes. All countries require registration plates for road vehicles such as cars, trucks, and motorcycles. Whether they are required for other vehicles, such as bicycles, boats, or tractors, may vary by jurisdiction. The registration identifier is a numeric or alphanumeric ID that uniquely identifies the vehicle owner within the issuing region's vehicle register. In some countries, the identifier is unique within the entire country, while in others it is unique within a state or province. Whether the identifier is associated with a vehicle or a person also varies by issuing agency. There are also electronic license plates.

A popemobile is a specially designed motor vehicle used by the Catholic Pope during public appearances. It is usually considered as the successor to the antiquated sedia gestatoria and was designed to allow the pope to be more visible when greeting large crowds.

Vehicle fleet

Pope Francis, who called for a more frugal lifestyle for the Catholic clergy in general, [6] downgraded the Papal vehicles (reminiscent of his preference for public transport as Archbishop). [7] He drives himself inside the Vatican in a small, 1984 Renault 4, [8] and has ditched the bulletproof Popemobile. [9] [10]

Pope Francis 266th and current pope

Pope Francis is the head of the Catholic Church and sovereign of the Vatican City State. Francis is the first Jesuit pope, the first from the Americas, the first from the Southern Hemisphere, the first to visit the Arabian Peninsula, and the first pope from outside Europe since the Syrian Gregory III, who reigned in the 8th century.

Renault 4 car model

The Renault 4, also known as the 4L, is a hatchback economy car produced by the French automaker Renault between 1961 and 1994. It was the first front-wheel drive family car produced by Renault.

See also

Related Research Articles

Australian vehicle registration plates or number plates are issued by state, territory, and Commonwealth governments, and the armed forces of Australia. The plates are associated with a vehicle and are generally intended to last for the time the vehicle remains registered in the state, though as they become unreadable they may be recalled or replaced with newer ones. Motor vehicle registration in Australia requires to be renewed annually with the payment of the registration fee.

SCV may refer to:

Vehicle registration plates of India India vehicle license plates

All motorised road vehicles in India are tagged with a registration or license number. The Vehicle registration plate number is issued by the district-level Regional Transport Office (RTO) of respective states — the main authority on road matters. The number plates are placed in the front and back of the vehicle. By law, all plates are required to be in modern Hindu-Arabic numerals with Latin letters. Other guidelines include having the plate lit up at night and the restriction of the fonts that could be used. In some states such as Sikkim, cars bearing outside plates are barred from entering restricted areas. The international vehicle registration code for India is IND.

Austrian car number plates are mandatory vehicle registration plates displaying the registration mark of motor vehicles in Austria. They are used to verify street legality, proof of a valid liability insurance and to identify and recognise the vehicle.

Vehicle registration plates of Hong Kong Hong Kong vehicle license plates

In Hong Kong, vehicle registration marks are managed by the Transport Department. The physical number plates are not provided by the government, but are made by garages to the order of the car owner.

In the United States, license plates are issued by a department of motor vehicles, an agency of the state or territorial government, or in the case of the District of Columbia, the district government. Some Native American tribes also issue plates. The U.S. federal government issues plates only for its own vehicle fleet and for vehicles owned by foreign diplomats. Until the 1980s, diplomatic plates were issued by the state in which the consulate or embassy was located.

Vehicle registration plates in Singapore are administered by the Land Transport Authority.

Vehicle registration plates of Norway Norway vehicle license plates

The registration plates of cars in Norway is maintained by the Norwegian Ministry of Transport and Communications. As in most countries, cars are identified only by number plates read visually. The plates are legal documents that both identifies the vehicle and permits its use, and shall be returned to the registration authority when the vehicle is no longer in use.

Vehicle registration plates of Malaysia Malaysia vehicle license plates

Malaysian registration plates are displayed at the front and rear of all private and commercial motorised vehicles in Malaysia, as required by law. The issuing of the number plates is regulated and administered by the Malaysian Road Transport Department or JPJ.

Rail transport in Vatican City railway system, railway company

The Vatican Railway was opened in 1934 to serve Vatican City and its only station, Vatican City. The main rail tracks are standard gauge and 300 metres (0.19 mi) long, with two freight sidings, making it the shortest national railway system in the world. Access to the Italian rail network is over a viaduct to Roma San Pietro railway station, and is guaranteed by the Lateran Treaty dating from 1929. The tracks and station were constructed during the reign of Pope Pius XI, shortly after the treaty.

Outline of Vatican City Overview of and topical guide to Vatican City

The following outline is provided as an overview of and introduction to Vatican City:

The vehicle registration plates of Cyprus are composed of three letters and three digits. A simple incremental numbering system is used; numbers run from 001 to 999 per letter sequence (alphabetic), so that, for example, the plate to be issued after MAA 999 would be MAB 001. However, registrants may be allowed to choose a number from available numbers in the extant letter sequence.

This is an index of Vatican City-related topics.

Vehicle registration plates of Vatican City Vatican City vehicle license plates

Vehicle registration plates of official road vehicles registered in Vatican City use the prefix SCV followed by a series of digits while vehicle registration plates of residential road vehicles registered in Vatican City use the prefix CV followed by a series of digits. The Pope's car carries the registration SCV 1 in red lettering and the rest of the cars that the Pope can be inside, carry also red letters.

The state of Western Australia requires its residents to register their motor vehicles and display vehicle registration plates. Current regular issue plates are to the standard Australian dimensions of 372 mm (14.6 in) in length by 134 mm (5.3 in) in height, and use standard Australian serial dies.


  1. 1 2 Documentation
  2. Walking speed
  3. Vatican City Archived 2005-12-22 at the Wayback Machine Tiscali retrieved November 27, 2006
  4. Vatican City State Railway Railways of the World retrieved August 8, 2006
  5. Alan Loughnane, "Here's why the licence plate on the Pope's car is SCV 1",, 2018
  6. "Frugal Pope Francis says no flashy car for me as he turns to second hand Fiat during visit". Retrieved 2017-06-19.
  7. "Quiet thunder in Argentina |". 2013-03-13. Retrieved 2017-06-19.
  8. "Pope Francis to drive his own 'popemobile' inside Vatican City". Reuters. September 12, 2013. Retrieved 2017-06-19.
  9. CNN, By Laura Smith-Spark. "Pope Francis ditches bulletproof Popemobile -". CNN. Retrieved 2017-06-19.
  10. "Pope Francis shuns bullet-proof vehicle for visit to Cairo despite recent terrorist attacks". The Telegraph. Retrieved 2017-06-19.

Coordinates: 41°54′3″N12°27′4″E / 41.90083°N 12.45111°E / 41.90083; 12.45111