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Trauma in 2018
|Origin||San Francisco, California, United States|
|Genres||Heavy metal, thrash metal|
|Years active||1981–1985, 2011–present|
|Labels||Shrapnel Records, Metal Blade, Pure Steel Records, The Orchard/Sony, Rivet Records.|
|Associated acts||Metallica, Testament, St. Elmo's Fire, Moon Dog Mane, Black Sunday Dream, Mechanizm, Danzig, Deconstruct, Dublin Death Patrol|
|Past members|| Cliff Burton (bass)|
Michael Overton (rhythm guitar)
Ross Alexander (lead guitar)
Dennis Schaefer (drums)
George Lady (lead guitar)
Lucas Advicula (bass)
Kurt Fry guitars, Marcel Eaton bass
Trauma is a heavy metal band formed in 1981. It currently consist of members Donny Hillier, Kris Gustafson, Steve Robello, Joe Fraulob, and Greg Christian. The band is known today for its association with Cliff Burton, the second bassist of heavy metal band Metallica.
Heavy metal is a genre of rock music that developed in the late 1960s and early 1970s, largely in the United Kingdom. With roots in blues rock, psychedelic rock, and acid rock, the bands that created heavy metal developed a thick, massive sound, characterized by highly amplified distortion, extended guitar solos, emphatic beats, and overall loudness. The genre's lyrics and performance styles are sometimes associated with aggression and machismo.
Clifford Lee Burton was an American musician and songwriter, best known as the bass guitarist for the American band Metallica from December 1982 until his death in September 1986.
Metallica is an American heavy metal band. The band was formed in 1981 in Los Angeles, California by drummer Lars Ulrich and vocalist/guitarist James Hetfield, and has been based in San Francisco, California for most of its career. The group's fast tempos, instrumentals and aggressive musicianship made them one of the founding "big four" bands of thrash metal, alongside Megadeth, Anthrax and Slayer. Metallica's current lineup comprises founding members Hetfield and Ulrich, longtime lead guitarist Kirk Hammett and bassist Robert Trujillo. Guitarist Dave Mustaine and bassists Ron McGovney, Cliff Burton and Jason Newsted are former members of the band.
Gregory "Greg" Christian is the former bassist for the American thrash metal band Testament. He left the band in 1996, but rejoined in 2004 and left again in 2014. In addition to Testament, Christian has also played in HavocHate and Fallen Trinity, and is currently the bassist for Trauma.
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