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Trauma in 2018
|Origin||San Francisco, California, United States|
|Genres||Heavy metal, thrash metal|
|Years active||1981–1985, 2011–present|
|Labels||Shrapnel Records, Metal Blade, Pure Steel Records, The Orchard/Sony, Rivet Records.|
|Associated acts||Metallica, Testament, St. Elmo's Fire, Moon Dog Mane, Black Sunday Dream, Mechanizm, Danzig, Deconstruct, Dublin Death Patrol|
|Past members|| Cliff Burton (bass)|
Michael Overton (rhythm guitar)
Ross Alexander (lead guitar)
Dennis Schaefer (drums)
George Lady (lead guitar)
Lucas Advicula (bass)
Kurt Fry guitars, Marcel Eaton bass
Trauma is a heavy metal band formed in 1981. It currently consist of members Donny Hillier, Kris Gustafson, Steve Robello, Joe Fraulob, and Greg Christian. The band is known today for its association with Cliff Burton, the second bassist of heavy metal band Metallica.
Heavy metal is a genre of rock music that developed in the late 1960s and early 1970s, largely in the United Kingdom. With roots in blues rock, psychedelic rock, and acid rock, the bands that created heavy metal developed a thick, massive sound, characterized by highly amplified distortion, extended guitar solos, emphatic beats, and overall loudness. The genre's lyrics and performance styles are sometimes associated with aggression and machismo.
Clifford Lee Burton was an American musician and songwriter, best known as the bass guitarist for the American band Metallica from December 1982 until his death in September 1986.
Metallica is an American heavy metal band. The band was formed in 1981 in Los Angeles, California by drummer Lars Ulrich and vocalist/guitarist James Hetfield, and has been based in San Francisco, California for most of its career. The group's fast tempos, instrumentals and aggressive musicianship made them one of the founding "big four" bands of thrash metal, alongside Megadeth, Anthrax and Slayer. Metallica's current lineup comprises founding members Hetfield and Ulrich, longtime lead guitarist Kirk Hammett and bassist Robert Trujillo. Guitarist Dave Mustaine and bassists Ron McGovney, Cliff Burton and Jason Newsted are former members of the band.
Gregory "Greg" Christian is the former bassist for the American thrash metal band Testament. He left the band in 1996, but rejoined in 2004 and left again in 2014. In addition to Testament, Christian has also played in HavocHate and Fallen Trinity, and is currently the bassist for Trauma.
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Kill 'Em All is the debut studio album by the American heavy metal band Metallica, released on July 25, 1983, by the independent record label Megaforce Records. Kill 'Em All is regarded as a groundbreaking album for thrash metal because of its precise musicianship, which fuses new wave of British heavy metal riffs with hardcore punk tempos. The album's musical approach and lyrics were markedly different from rock's mainstream of the early 1980s and inspired a number of bands who followed in similar manner. The album did not enter the Billboard 200 until 1986, when it peaked at number 155, following Metallica's commercial success with its third studio album Master of Puppets; the 1988 Elektra reissue peaked at number 120. Kill 'Em All was critically praised at the time of its release and in retrospect, and was placed on a few publications' best album lists. It was certified 3× Platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) in 1999 for shipping three million copies in the United States. The album generated two singles, "Whiplash" and "Jump in the Fire".
Esoteric is a British funeral doom band from Birmingham founded in 1992. Releasing five studio albums, an extended play, and a demo, the band is widely regarded as among the first groups to develop the funeral doom style. The band has named a variety of groups as influences, such as metal bands Morbid Angel and My Dying Bride, more "trippy" artists such as Pink Floyd, Spacemen 3, and King Crimson, and the industrial and dark ambient genres.
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Consumed is an English punk rock band formed in 1994 in the outskirts of Nottingham. They were signed to Fat Wreck Chords, then moved to BYO Records and Golf Records shortly before the release of the album Pistols at Dawn. The band toured the UK, Europe, Scandinavia, the U.S. and Canada and were also regulars at surf and skate festivals in the mid- to late-1990s.
Infernäl Mäjesty is a Canadian heavy metal band, formed in 1986 and now based in Vancouver, British Columbia. They are best known for their debut album None Shall Defy, released in 1987. However, the 1998 re-issue by Displeased Records inspired the band to get back together and recorded a new album, followed by a European tour. They are still active.
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Icarus Witch is a heavy metal band from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, formed in 2003 by bassist Jason Myers. The band has 5 CDs on Cleopatra Records. They were founding members of the "New Wave of Traditional Metal" according to Metal Hammer U.K. Magazine and have since progressed into a melodic metal style merging influences of classic metal, AOR, goth and modern heavy rock. Icarus Witch have toured with bands such as Y&T, Trouble, White Wizzard and former Iron Maiden singer Paul Di'Anno, the latter of which they also performed as backing musicians for. Additionally they have opened played with Heaven and Hell at one of Ronnie James Dio's final performances. Icarus Witch have had notable guest stars on their albums including George Lynch, Joe Lynn Turner, Frank Aresti and Michael Romeo.
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