Trepassey

Last updated
Trepassey

Trépassés (Dead Men)
Town
Nickname(s): 
Bay of Dead Men, Bay of Souls, River of Roses, The Golden Grove
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Trepassey
Location of Trepassey in Newfoundland
Coordinates: 46°44.2′N53°21.80′W / 46.7367°N 53.36333°W / 46.7367; -53.36333 Coordinates: 46°44.2′N53°21.80′W / 46.7367°N 53.36333°W / 46.7367; -53.36333
Country Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
Province Flag of Newfoundland and Labrador.svg  Newfoundland and Labrador
Settled1617
Area
  Total55.81 km2 (21.55 sq mi)
Population
(2016)
  Total481
  Density8.6/km2 (22/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-3:30 (Newfoundland Time)
  Summer (DST) UTC-2:30 (Newfoundland Daylight)
Area code(s) 709

Trepassey ( 46°44.2′N53°21.80′W / 46.7367°N 53.36333°W / 46.7367; -53.36333 ), is a small fishing community located in Trepassey Bay on the south eastern corner of the Avalon Peninsula of Newfoundland and Labrador. It was in Trepassey Harbour where the flight of the Friendship took off, with Amelia Earhart on board, the first woman to fly across the Atlantic Ocean.

Trepassey Bay bay in Newfoundland, Canada

Trepassey Bay is a natural bay located on the southeast end of the Avalon Peninsula of the island of Newfoundland, in the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador.

Avalon Peninsula peninsula on the island of Newfoundland

The Avalon Peninsula is a large peninsula that makes up the southeast portion of the island of Newfoundland. It is 9,220 square kilometres (3,560 sq mi) in size.

Newfoundland and Labrador Province of Canada

Newfoundland and Labrador is the most easterly province of Canada. Situated in the country's Atlantic region, it comprises the island of Newfoundland and mainland Labrador to the northwest, with a combined area of 405,212 square kilometres (156,500 sq mi). In 2018, the province's population was estimated at 525,073. About 92% of the province's population lives on the island of Newfoundland, of whom more than half live on the Avalon Peninsula.

Contents

Trepassey, 1869 ROSSER(1869) p0694 TREPASSEY BAY.jpg
Trepassey, 1869
U.S. Navy ships in Trepassey Bay, May 1919. US Navy ships Trepassey Bay c1919.jpg
U.S. Navy ships in Trepassey Bay, May 1919.

History

Trepassey originates from the French word trépassés (dead men), named after Baie des Trépassés on the Brittany coast of France. It is believed[ by whom? ] that it acquired this name due to the many shipwrecks that have occurred off its coast. Trepassey is the name of the harbour, the bay and the community. Later the translation was used as 'Dead Man's Bay' due to the tragic shipwrecks along the coast. Alternatively[ according to whom? ], the 'tre' element of the name could come from the Welsh word for 'town', explained by the Welsh influence of the Vaughan family.

Baie des Trépassés bay

Baie des Trépassés, or the Bay of the Dead, is a bay on Cap Sizun on the west coast of Finistère, in Brittany, France. The bay is located between Pointe du Raz and Pointe du Van, on the territory of the commune of Plogoff.

Welsh language Brythonic language spoken natively in Wales

Welsh or y Gymraeg is a member of the Brittonic branch of the Celtic languages. It is spoken natively in Wales, by some in England, and in Y Wladfa. Historically, it has also been known in English as "Cambrian", "Cambric" and "Cymric".

Wales Country in northwest Europe, part of the United Kingdom

Wales is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain. It is bordered by England to the east, the Irish Sea to the north and west, and the Bristol Channel to the south. It had a population in 2011 of 3,063,456 and has a total area of 20,779 km2 (8,023 sq mi). Wales has over 1,680 miles (2,700 km) of coastline and is largely mountainous, with its higher peaks in the north and central areas, including Snowdon, its highest summit. The country lies within the north temperate zone and has a changeable, maritime climate.

French explorer Jacques Cartier passed through Trepassey Bay during his second voyage of exploration in 1536. Later, French, Spanish and Portuguese lived and fished near the area. Early English settlement attempts failed, and it was not until the latter part of the 17th century that the French settled the area. In 1702, during The War of The Spanish Succession, Commodore John Leake of the Royal Navy entered the harbour as part of a large naval expedition aimed at raiding numerous French settlements. Leake captured many French fishing ships and attacked French fishing stations, destroying them and driving the French from Trepassey. Until the Treaty of Utretch was signed, Trepassey was the sole settlement where English and French borders in Newfoundland met. Later fishermen from the West Country of England arrived, to be followed by large numbers of Irish and by the 1770s the Irish formed the majority of the population.

In the decades following the Second World War, the fishing industry boomed in Trepassey, and the town became increasingly affluent and successful. However, the community's golden age came to an end in 1991 with the closing of the local fish plant, putting hundreds out of work, and forcing many families to move to other areas in search of employment. The fish plant's closure inflicted a bitter economic wound on the town from which it has still not recovered.

World War II 1939–1945 global war

World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.

Collapse of the Atlantic northwest cod fishery

In the summer of 1992, when the Northern Cod biomass fell to 1% of earlier levels, the Canadian Federal Minister of Fisheries and Oceans, John Crosbie, declared a moratorium on the Northern Cod fishery, which for the preceding 500 years had largely shaped the lives and communities of Canada's eastern coast. A major factor that contributed to the depletion of the cod stocks off the shores of Newfoundland was the introduction of equipment and technology that increased the volume of landed fish. From the 1950s onwards, new technology allowed fishermen to trawl a larger area, fish deeper and for a longer time. By the 1960s, powerful trawlers equipped with radar, electronic navigation systems and sonar allowed crews to pursue fish with unparalleled success, and Canadian catches peaked in the late 1970s and early 1980s. Cod stocks were effectively being depleted at a greater rate than could be replenished.

Sightseeing/Activities

Salmon and trout fishing in the bay, nearby lakes and rivers. Caribou and other wildlife are often sighted near town along the road. Trepassey features a museum with artifacts from Amelia Earhart's flight. Cape Race lighthouse is nearby. Capelin fish beach themselves yearly in mid-July, which is also a good time to spot whales feeding on the capelin. One can also collect capelin on the beach at this time.

Timeline

Jacques Cartier French explorer

Jacques Cartier was a Breton explorer who claimed what is now Canada for France. Jacques Cartier was the first European to describe and map the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the shores of the Saint Lawrence River, which he named "The Country of Canadas", after the Iroquois names for the two big settlements he saw at Stadacona and at Hochelaga.

Sir William Vaughan was a Welsh writer in English and Latin, who promoted colonization in Newfoundland.

Sir Richard Whitbourne was an English colonist, mariner and author.

See also

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References

  1. Botting, Douglas (1978). The Pirates. Alexandria, Virginia: Time-Life Books. pp. 164–165. ISBN   978-0809426508.