Treviso

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Treviso

Trevixo  (Venetian)
Città di Treviso
Piazza dei Signori e Palazzo dei Trecento.jpg
Piazza dei Signori
Treviso-Stemma.svg
Coat of arms
Location of Treviso
Italy provincial location map 2016.svg
Red pog.svg
Treviso
Location of Treviso in Italy
Italy Veneto location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Treviso
Treviso (Veneto)
Coordinates: 45°40′N12°15′E / 45.667°N 12.250°E / 45.667; 12.250 Coordinates: 45°40′N12°15′E / 45.667°N 12.250°E / 45.667; 12.250
Country Italy
Region Veneto
Province Treviso (TV)
Frazioni Monigo, San Paolo, Santa Bona, San Pelajo, Santa Maria del Rovere, Selvana, Fiera, Sant'Antonino, San Lazzaro, Sant'Angelo, San Giuseppe, Canizzano
Government
  Mayor Mario Conte (Lega Nord)
Area
[1]
  Total55.5 km2 (21.4 sq mi)
Elevation
15 m (49 ft)
Population
 (30 September 2017) [2]
  Total84,669
  Density1,500/km2 (4,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Trevigiani or Trevisani
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
31100
Dialing code 0422
ISTAT code 026086
Patron saintSt. Liberalis
Saint day27 April
Website Official website

Treviso ( US: /trˈvz/ tray-VEE-zoh, [3] Italian:  [treˈviːzo] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ); Venetian : Trevixo) is a city and comune in the Veneto region of northern Italy. It is the capital of the province of Treviso and the municipality has 84,669 inhabitants (as of September 2017): [4] some 3,000 live within the Venetian walls (le Mura) or in the historical and monumental center, some 80,000 live in the urban center proper while the city hinterland has a population of approximately 170,000.[ citation needed ].

Contents

The city is home to the headquarters of clothing retailer Benetton, Sisley, Stefanel, Geox, Diadora and Lotto Sport Italia, appliance maker De'Longhi, and bicycle maker Pinarello.[ citation needed ]

Treviso is also known for being the original production area of Prosecco wine and radicchio, [5] [6] and is thought to have been the origin of the popular Italian dessert Tiramisù. [7]

History

Ancient era

Some believe that Treviso derived its name from the Celtic word "tarvos" mixed with the Latin ending "isium" forming "Tarvisium". Others believe it comes from a word from the language of a tribe who first came to Treviso. [8]

Tarvisium, then a city of the Veneti, became a municipium in 89 BCE after the Romans added Cisalpine Gaul to their dominions. Citizens were ascribed to the Roman tribe of Claudia. The city lay in proximity of the Via Postumia, which connected Opitergium to Aquileia, two major cities of Roman Venetia during Ancient and early medieval times. Treviso is rarely mentioned by ancient writers, although Pliny writes of the Silis, that is the Sile River, as flowing ex montibus Tarvisanis.[ citation needed ]

During the Roman period, Christianity spread to Treviso. Tradition records that St. Prosdocimus, a Greek who had been ordained bishop by St. Peter, brought the Catholic faith to Treviso and surrounding areas. By the 4th century, the Christian population grew sufficient to merit a resident bishop. The first documented bishop was John the Pious [9] who began his episcopacy in 396 AD.[ citation needed ]

Early Middle Ages

Treviso went through a demographic and economic decline similar to the rest of Italy after the fall of the Western Empire; however, it was spared by Attila the Hun, and thus, remained an important center during the 6th century. According to tradition, Treviso was the birthplace of Totila, the leader of Ostrogoths during the Gothic Wars. Immediately after the Gothic Wars, Treviso fell under the Byzantine Exarchate of Ravenna until 568 AD when it was taken by the Lombards, who made it one of 36 ducal seats and established an important mint. The latter was especially important during the reign of the last Lombard king, Desiderius, and continued to churn out coins when northern Italy was annexed to the Frankish Empire. People from the city also played a role in the founding of Venice.[ citation needed ]

Charlemagne made it the capital of a border march, i.e. the Marca Trevigiana, which lasted for several centuries.[ citation needed ]

Middle Ages

Treviso joined the Lombard League, and gained independence after the Peace of Constance (1183). [10] This lasted until the rise of seignories in northern Italy. Among the various families who ruled over Treviso, the Da Romano reigned from 1237 to 1260. Struggles between Guelph and Ghibelline factions followed, with the first triumphant in 1283 with Gherardo III da Camino, after which Treviso experienced significant economic and cultural growth which continued until 1312. Treviso and its satellite cities, including Castelfranco Veneto (founded by the Trevigiani in contraposition to Padua), had become attractive to neighbouring powers, including the da Carrara and Scaligeri. After the fall of the last Caminesi lord, Rizzardo IV, the Marca was the site of continuous struggles and ravages (1329–1388).

Treviso notary and physician Oliviero Forzetta was an avid collector of antiquities and drawings; the collection was published in a catalog in 1369, the earliest such catalog to survive to this day. [11]

Venetian rule

After a Scaliger domination in 1329–1339,[ citation needed ] the city gave itself to the Republic of Venice, [10] becoming the first notable mainland possession of the Serenissima.[ citation needed ] From 1318 it was also, for a short time, the seat of a university. Venetian rule brought innumerable benefits; however, Treviso necessarily became involved in the wars of Venice.[ citation needed ] From 1381–1384, the city was captured and ruled by the duke of Austria, and then by the Carraresi until 1388. Having returned to Venice, the city was fortified and given a massive line of walls and ramparts, still existing; these were renewed in the following century under the direction of Fra Giocondo, two of the gates being built by the Lombardi. The many waterways were exploited with several waterwheels which mainly powered mills for milling grain produced locally.[ citation needed ] The waterways were all navigable and "barconi" would arrive from Venice at the Port of Treviso (Porto de Fiera) pay duty and offload their merchandise and passengers along Riviera Santa Margherita. Fishermen were able to bring fresh catch every day to the Treviso fish market, which is held still today on an island connected to the rest of the city by two small bridges at either end.[ citation needed ]

Gate San Tomaso, with the Lion of Saint Mark, emblem of the Venetian Republic PortaSanTomaso3.JPG
Gate San Tomaso, with the Lion of Saint Mark, emblem of the Venetian Republic

French and Austrian rule

Treviso was taken in 1797 by the French under Mortier, who was made duke of Treviso. French domination lasted until the defeat of Napoleon, after which it passed to the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The citizens, still at heart loyal to the fallen Venetian Republic, were displeased with imperial rule and in March 1848, drove out the Austrian garrison. However, after the town was bombarded, the people were compelled to capitulate in the following 14 June. Austrian rule continued until Treviso was annexed with the rest of Veneto to the Kingdom of Italy in 1866. [12]

19th century and later

During World War I, Treviso held a strategic position close to the Austrian front. Just north, the Battle of Vittorio Veneto helped turn the tide of the War.[ citation needed ]

During World War II, one of several Italian concentration camps was established for Slovene and Croatian civilians from the Province of Ljubljana in Monigo, near Treviso. The camp was disbanded with the Italian capitulation in 1943.[ citation needed ]

The city suffered several bombing raids during World War II. [13] A large part of the medieval structures of the city center were destroyed—including part of the Palazzo dei Trecento, later rebuilt—causing the death of about 1,600 people. [14]

In January 2005, a bomb enclosed in a candy egg and attributed to the so-called Italian Unabomber detonated on a Treviso street. [15]

Geography

A bridge on the Sile river in Treviso Il Sile a Treviso.jpg
A bridge on the Sile river in Treviso

Treviso stands at the confluence of Botteniga with the Sile, [10] 30 kilometres (19 miles) north of Venice, 50 km (31 mi) east of Vicenza, 40 km (25 mi) north-east of Padua, and 120 km (75 mi) south of Cortina d'Ampezzo. The city is situated some 15 km (9 mi) south-west the right bank of the Piave River, on the plain between the Gulf of Venice and the Alps.[ citation needed ]

Climate

Climate in Treviso has mild differences between highs and lows, and has adequate rainfall year-round. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfb" (temperate oceanic climate). [16]

Climate data for Treviso, Italy
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)7
(44)
9
(48)
13
(56)
17
(63)
22
(72)
26
(78)
28
(83)
28
(82)
24
(76)
19
(66)
12
(54)
7
(45)
18
(64)
Average low °C (°F)−2
(29)
−1
(31)
3
(38)
7
(45)
12
(53)
16
(60)
17
(63)
17
(62)
14
(57)
9
(48)
3
(38)
−1
(31)
8
(47)
Average precipitation mm (inches)66
(2.6)
64
(2.5)
71
(2.8)
69
(2.7)
89
(3.5)
100
(4.1)
66
(2.6)
91
(3.6)
76
(3)
81
(3.2)
86
(3.4)
64
(2.5)
930
(36.5)
Average precipitation days6.36.27.18.69.69.46.97.36.26.47.46.587.9
Source: Weatherbase [17]

Government

Architecture

Parks and gardens

Sports

Treviso is home to several notable Italian sport teams, thanks to the presence of the Benetton family, who owns and sponsors:

The local football team, A.S.D. Treviso 2009, played for the first time in the Italian Serie A in 2005. Its home stadium is the Omobono Tenni.

Treviso is a popular stop on the professional cyclo-cross racing circuit and served as the site of the 2008 UCI Cyclo-cross World Championships.

Treviso is a popular area for cycling enthusiasts. From the city center there is an cycling path along the Sile river with connecting paths all the way to Jesolo, a seaside resort on the Adriatic sea. For road cyclists, Treviso is also a starting/finishing point for tours to the Montello hill and further into the hills of the area around Conegliano and Valdobbiadene.

Transportation

Treviso Centrale railway station has Trenitalia trains to Venice, Padua, Belluno, Portogruaro, Vicenza, Udine and Trieste.

Treviso Airport, west of the city, specializes in low cost airlines.

MOM is the major transport company in the city and provides for urban and suburban services in the Province of Treviso.

Notable people

International relations

Twin towns – Sister cities

Treviso is twinned with:

See also

Related Research Articles

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Da Camino Italian noble family

The da Camino were an Italian noble family whose fame is connected to the mediaeval history of the March of Treviso, a city of which they were lords for a while.

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<i>Minerva between Geometry and Arithmetic</i> painting by Paolo Veronese

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References

Wikisource-logo.svg This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Treviso". Encyclopædia Britannica . 27 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.

  1. "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. "Treviso". Merriam-Webster Dictionary . Retrieved 1 August 2019.
  4. "Data at Istat website". Archived from the original on 23 April 2011. Retrieved 15 May 2011.
  5. Kafka, Barbara (21 December 1988). "Radicchio: Tasty but So Misunderstood". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 24 October 2017. Retrieved 11 May 2017. The radicchio that Italians eat most often is Treviso.
  6. Pavan, Camillo (2013). Sull'origine del radicchio rosso di Treviso: La leggenda di Van den Borre e la scoperta di Tiziano Tempesta. Treviso. p. 6.
  7. online, Redazione. "Crisi, chiude il ristorante dove nacque la prima ricetta del "Tiramisù"". Corriere del Veneto (in Italian). Archived from the original on 20 September 2018. Retrieved 20 September 2018.
  8. "Storia di Treviso". Comune di Treviso. 17 August 2008. Archived from the original on 22 September 2018. Retrieved 22 September 2018.
  9. "Chronotaxis". Diocesi di Treviso (in Italian). Diocese of Treviso. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 15 September 2011.
  10. 1 2 3 Britannica 1910.
  11. Taylor, F. H. (1948). The Taste of Angels: a history of art collecting from Rameses to Napoleon Archived 11 April 2016 at the Wayback Machine . Boston: Little, Brown. p. 43. Retrieved 13 September 2014.
  12. See Wikipedia page Veneto
  13. Migliorini, Elio; Lavagnino, Emilio. "TREVISO". Enciclopedia Italiana di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti . Archived from the original on 20 September 2018. Retrieved 20 September 2018.
  14. La mostra Treviso il 7 aprile 1944
  15. Popham, Peter (27 January 2005). "Italian 'Unabomber' uses child's chocolate egg to hide explosive". The Independent. Archived from the original on 25 September 2015. Retrieved 13 September 2014.
  16. "Climate Summary for Treviso, Italy". Archived from the original on 22 September 2015. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
  17. "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013. Archived from the original on 23 October 2013. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
  18. 1 2 "comuni-italiani.it". Archived from the original on 14 June 2014. Retrieved 3 June 2014.
  19. "Câmara recebe delegação sul-coreana". CÂMARA MUNICIPAL CURITIBA (in Portuguese). Câmara Municipal de Curitiba. 24 July 2007. Archived from the original on 21 September 2018. Retrieved 21 September 2018.

Bibliography

"Treviso", Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.), New York, 1910, OCLC   14782424 via Internet Archive