Tricolour Citizens' Movement

Last updated
Tricolour Citizens' Movement
Trikolóra hnutí občanů
AbbreviationTrikolóra
Leader Zuzana Majerová Zahradníková
Deputy Leaders Jan Tesař
Founder Václav Klaus Jr.
Founded25 June 2019 (2019-06-25)
Split from Civic Democratic Party
HeadquartersFreyova 82/27, Praha 9 – Vysočany
Think tank Center for Civil Liberties [1]
Membership (2020)1,774 [2]
Ideology National conservatism [3] [4]
Social conservatism
Fiscal conservatism [5]
Laissez-faire [6]
Klausism
Hard Euroscepticism [7]
Political position Right-wing [8]
National affiliationTrikolóra–SvobodníSoukromníci
Colours    Tricolour of white, red and blue
Chamber of Deputies
0 / 200
Senate
0 / 81
European Parliament
0 / 21
Regional councils
1 / 675
Governors of the regions
0 / 13
Local councils
1 / 61,892
Prague City Assembly
0 / 65
Website
www.volimtrikoloru.cz

The Tricolour Citizens' Movement (Czech : Trikolóra hnutí občanů, Trikolóra) is a hard Eurosceptic and national-conservative political party in the Czech Republic. [9] [10]

Contents

The founder and the former leader of the movement is Václav Klaus Jr., a former member of the Chamber of Deputies who was expelled from the Civic Democratic Party (ODS) on 16 March 2019. The movement's chief foreign policy adviser is his father Václav Klaus, an economist, politician, and former President and Prime Minister of the Czech Republic. Klaus Sr. was also the founder of ODS. [11] [12] [13] [14]

The party will contest the 2021 legislative elections as part of the Trikolora Svobodní Soukromníci electoral alliance.

History

Klaus Jr. said that he began considering the founding of a new party when he was expelled from the Civic Democratic Party (ODS) in March 2018. [15] In April 2019 he announced that he would present the name and ideology of the party in June 2019 after the European Parliament elections. His father Václav Klaus, former Czech Prime Minister and President, was said to be a member. [16] On 28 April 2019, Klaus Jr. called on his supporters on Facebook to help him choose the name of the party, pledging that he would buy a bottle for the winner. Many suggestions were satirical, such as Klaus Klaus Klan (a reference to the Ku Klux Klan), Party of Free Common Sense (Strana Svobodného Selského Rozumu – SSSR, a reference to the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) or Klaustrophobia. Serious suggestions included the Patriotic Coalition (whose Czech name "Vlastenecká koalice" would share Klaus's initials) or Nation Together. [17] In early June 2019 Klaus Jr. registered the name Tricolour Citizens' Movement. [18]

The party was presented at a press conference on 10 June 2019, with Klaus Jr. saying that Tricolour would "defend Conservative ideas of a normal world". The party had two MPs at that time, Klaus Jr. and Zuzana Zahradníková Majerová, who were both elected as candidates of ODS. Among the members of the new party were psychiatrist Jan Pirk, doctor and former MP Boris Šťastný, economist Markéta Šichtařová, former vice rector of the University of West Bohemia Ivo Budil and Jan Teplý Sr. [19] Klaus Jr. commented that there were approximately another 10 MPs who were considering joining Tricolour. [20] The press conference was attended by Civic Democratic Party senator Jaroslav Zeman, leading to speculation that he may also join Tricolour. [21]

The party held its founding assembly on 28 September 2019. [22] Klaus Jr. was elected new leader of Tricolour. He stated that the party would "fight its Marxist and Maoist enemies", and expressed the view that Tricolour was a party for young people, as "Conservatism is Punk for today." Tricolour was endorsed by some foreign politicians such as Nigel Farage of the Brexit Party (UK), Petr Bystron of Alternative for Germany, and Viktor Orbán of Fidesz (Hungary). [23] [24] [25] Some Czech media outlets have compared Klaus and Tricolour to Dutch politician Thierry Baudet and his Forum for Democracy party. [26] The party had registered 10,000 supporters at the time, who are intended to be converted into members of Tricolour. [27] The party got its third MP in July 2020 when Tereza Hyťhová (elected for Freedom and Direct Democracy) joined Tricolour. [28]

In March 2021, Klaus Jr. resigned as leader of the party for personal reasons. [29] Zuzana Majerová Zahradníková became acting leader of the party. [30] The party participated in the 2021 legislative election in an alliance with Svobodní and the Freeholder Party of the Czech Republic, known as Trikolora Svobodní Soukromníci, but failed to meet the 5% voting threshold. [31]

Ideology

The program of the party is based on three main "pillars": [32]

The party has since published further policies, under the slogan Let's give the people back their country. The policies include improving the Czech education system, simplifying the tax code, assistance for young people and the elderly, support for the Czech military and police forces, prioritising Czech law over European law, and opposing "mass and uncontrolled immigration". The party supports Czech membership of NATO, but wants to reduce the power of the European Union, and supports a Europe "based on cooperation between free, independent nation states as opposed to a power centralized around Brussels", stating that the Czech parliament must not be "just a subordinate body approving laws written elsewhere". [33]

Organisation

Membership

As of 28 September 2019, the party had 240 members and 10,000 registered supporters. [34]

Leaders

No.NamePhotoSinceUntil
- Václav Klaus Jr.
Konference - Media a moc - 2.3.2017 - Vaclav Klaus ml.png
25 June 201928 September 2019
1 Václav Klaus Jr.
Konference - Media a moc - 2.3.2017 - Vaclav Klaus ml.png
28 September 2019 23 March 2021
2 Zuzana Majerová Zahradníková 23 March 2021Incumbent

Election results

Chamber of Deputies

YearLeaderVoteVote %SeatsPlace
2021 Zuzana Majerová Zahradníková 148,4572.76%
0 / 200
8th
Part of Tricolour–SvobodníSoukromníci coalition, which won 0 seats in total

Related Research Articles

Civic Democratic Party (Czech Republic) Czech political party

The Civic Democratic Party is a liberal-conservative and eurosceptic political party in the Czech Republic. It holds 34 seats in the Chamber of Deputies, and is the second strongest party by number of seats following the 2021 election. It is the only political party in the Czech Republic that has always been represented in the Chamber of Deputies.

2018 Czech presidential election

Presidential elections were held in the Czech Republic in January 2018. The first round took place on 12 and 13 January. As no candidate won a majority, a run-off election between the top two candidates, Jiří Drahoš and President Miloš Zeman, was held on 26 and 27 January 2018.

2021 Czech legislative election Czech Republic election

Legislative elections were held in the Czech Republic on 8 and 9 October 2021. All 200 members of the Chamber of Deputies were elected and the leader of the resulting government is set to become the Prime Minister of the Czech Republic. Following the 2017 Czech legislative election, the country has been ruled by a minority government consisting of ANO 2011 (ANO), led by prime minister Andrej Babiš, and the Czech Social Democratic Party (ČSSD), led by interior minister Jan Hamáček, with confidence and supply support from the Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia (KSČM) until April 2021. The largest opposition party was the Civic Democratic Party (ODS), followed by the Czech Pirate Party. Other parties in the Chamber of Deputies included SPD, TOP 09, STAN, and KDU-ČSL.

2008 Civic Democratic Party leadership election

The Civic Democratic Party (ODS) leadership election of 2008 was a part of party's congress. It happened after ODS lost Senate election and regional elections. Incumbent leader and Prime Minister Mirek Topolánek faced Mayor of Prague Pavel Bém who was supported by President Václav Klaus.

Opinion polling for the 2021 Czech legislative election started immediately after the 2017 legislative election. Monthly party ratings are conducted by Sanep, TNS Kantar, STEM and CVVM.

Václav Klaus Jr. Czech teacher and politician

Václav Klaus Jr. is a Czech teacher and politician. He was a member of the Civic Democratic Party (ODS) until his expulsion in March 2019. Klaus was a Member of the Chamber of Deputies (MP) from 2017 to 2021.

Center for Civil Liberties

Center for Civil Liberties is a think-tank founded by Václav Klaus Jr. in January 2017, focused on civil liberties, economic issues, and education. Klaus said that his aim is for the institute to compete with the Václav Havel Library.

Klausism Political positions of Václav Klaus

In Czech politics, Klausism refers to the political positions of Václav Klaus, former prime minister and president of the Czech Republic. It was first used by Mirek Topolánek, who designated Klausism as the ideology of the Civic Democratic Party (ODS). This term was also used by former Prague mayor Jan Kasl. Klaus himself does not take issue with the term. The current usage of the term "Klausism" has become distanced from Klaus himself, leading to the phrase "Klausism without Klaus." The term 'Klausism' is also frequently used as a label for the neologisms invented by Klaus.

2018 Civic Democratic Party leadership election

The next Civic Democratic Party (ODS) leadership election was to have been held on 13 January 2018. The incumbent leader Petr Fiala seeks reelection. Shadow Minister of Education Václav Klaus Jr. was widely expected to run against Fiala. He is considered to be the most visible politician of the party. In December 2016, Czech bookmaker company Fortuna wrote a course for Klaus Jr. to replace Fiala on 20:1. Klaus Jr.. decided to not run against Fiala. Approximately 540 delegates were allowed to vote. Fiala received 451 votes and was elected for another term.

2014 Plzeň municipal election

Plzeň municipal election in 2014 was held as part of 2014 Czech municipal elections. It was held on 10 and 11 October 2014. ANO 2011 received the highest number of votes but Civic Democratic Party (ODS) and Czech Social Democratic Party (ČSSD) won the same number of seats in the City's assembly. Civic Democratic Party ruled in Plzeň more than 20 years but was expected to lose its positions and receive only 10% of votes. In an electoral upset, ODS received more than 17%. Leader of local Civic Democrats Martin Baxa said that he believes that ODS was the actual victor of the election. Voter turnout was 33.73%.

This is a list of notable individuals and organizations who voiced their endorsement for the office of the Czech president, including those who subsequently retracted or withheld their endorsement, of any candidate during 2018 Czech presidential election.

Next Czech presidential election

Presidential elections will be held in the Czech Republic no later than January 2023. The incumbent president Miloš Zeman is not eligible to run for another term, and the election will most likely be direct. There has been speculation that Zeman will not finish his second term.

2018 Czech Senate election

Senate elections were held in the Czech Republic on 5 and 6 October 2018 alongside municipal elections, with a second round held on 12 and 13 October 2018. The Conservative Civic Democratic Party (ODS) won the election with 10 seats. Governing parties ANO 2011 and the Czech Social Democratic Party were heavily defeated, winning only 1 seat each. The Communist Party lost its last seat in the Senate when Václav Homolka failed to be re-elected, meaning the party would be without representation in the Senate for the first time in the history of Czech Republic. The election was considered the first major win for the opposition to Andrej Babiš' Cabinet. Commentators including Josef Kopecký also noted ODS confirmed their position as the main opposition party, ahead of the Czech Pirate Party.

2019 European Parliament election in the Czech Republic 2019 election of members of the European parliament for the Czech Republic

The 2019 European Parliament election in the Czech Republic was held on 24 and 25 May 2019, electing the 21 members of the Czech delegation to the European Parliament as part of the European elections held across the European Union.

2019 Prague 9 by-election

A by-election for the Prague 9 Senate seat in the Czech Republic will be held on 5 and 6 April 2019. The incumbent Senator Zuzana Baudyšová, elected as a candidate of ANO 2011, announced her resignation on 29 January 2019 due to health problems. Jan Jarolím and David Smoljak advanced to the second round. Smoljak was eventually elected the new Senator.

2019 Tricolour Citizens Movement leadership election

A leadership election for the Tricolour Citizens' Movement was held on 28 September 2019. Václav Klaus Jr. the founder of the party was the only candidate. Election is held as party of party's founding assembly. Klaus received 185 votes of 188 and was elected the leader of Tricolour.

2020 Czech regional elections

Elections to regional councils in the Czech Republic in 13 regions were held on 2–3 October 2020.

Přísaha is an extra-parliamentary political party in the Czech Republic, founded in 2021 by Robert Šlachta.

References

  1. Fendrych, Martin (2019). "Klaus s otcem staví hnutí Trikolóra. Okamura, Sládek a Filip by se měli bát". Aktuálně.cz.
  2. Prima, F. T. V. "Která sněmovní strana má nejvíce členů?". cnn.iprima.cz (in Czech). Retrieved 9 July 2020.
  3. "Jsme národní konzervativci. Nepřijmeme z ciziny ani korunu". Lidovky.cz. 2 July 2019. Retrieved 2 July 2019.
  4. Klaus Jr., Vaclav (9 May 2019). "KOMENTÁŘ: Parodie na volby, parodie na demokracii, parodie na soud – Václav Klaus ml". Novinky.cz (in Czech). Retrieved June 10, 2019.
  5. Klaus Jr., Vaclav (11 July 2018). "Stenoprotokol 17. schůze, 11. července 2018". Parlament České republiky, Poslanecká sněmovna (in Czech). Retrieved June 10, 2019.
  6. Klaus Jr., Vaclav (28 August 2018). "KOMENTÁŘ: V Evropě nebude mlíko - Václav Klaus ml". Novinky.cz (in Czech). Retrieved June 10, 2019.
  7. Moláček, Jan (January 5, 2021). "Referendum o EU povinně při každých sněmovních volbách. Trikolóra trumfuje SPD". denikn.cz.
  8. "S mými názory se shoduje tak z 95 procent. Ultrapravicový politik Vandas pochválil Klausovo hnutí Trikolóra". Lidovky.cz . 13 June 2019.
  9. "Nové Klausovo hnutí si zaregistrovalo název Trikolóra". Novinky.cz . 4 June 2019.
  10. "Klaus mladší, kterého vyloučili z ODS, představuje svůj projekt Trikolóra". iDnes . 10 June 2019.
  11. "Exprezident Klaus po vyhazovu syna tvrdě zaryl do Fialy a ODS: Vyloučili ho ze strachu". Blesk . 17 March 2019.
  12. "prof. Ing. Václav Klaus, CSc". Institut Václava Klause.
  13. "Pětadvacet let ODS a této země". Týden . 24 April 2016.
  14. "Přišel čas vzít si naši zemi zpátky, řekl Klaus. Představil hnutí Trikolóra". iDnes . 10 June 2019.
  15. "Přirovnání bylo asi přepjaté, uznal Klaus. Zvažuje založení nové strany". iDNES.cz. 18 March 2019. Retrieved 29 September 2019.
  16. "Klaus mladší představí po volbách svou stranu, členem bude i exprezident". iDNES.cz. 10 April 2019. Retrieved 29 September 2019.
  17. "Klaus mladší hledá název nové strany. Padají i návrhy jako SSSR, KSČ a KKK". iDNES.cz. 28 April 2019. Retrieved 29 September 2019.
  18. "Centrum spjaté s Klausem ml. si zaregistrovalo značku Trikolóra hnutí občanů". iDNES.cz. 4 June 2019. Retrieved 29 September 2019.
  19. "Přišel čas vzít si naši zemi zpátky, řekl Klaus. Představil hnutí Trikolóra". iDNES.cz. 10 June 2019. Retrieved 29 September 2019.
  20. "Šanci vidí Klaus u více než deseti nespokojených poslanců napříč stranami". iDNES.cz. 11 June 2019. Retrieved 29 September 2019.
  21. "Senátor Zeman podpořil Trikoloru. Máme podobný postoj k migrantům, říká". iDNES.cz. 14 June 2019. Retrieved 29 September 2019.
  22. "Klausovo hnutí Trikolóra má ustavující sněm. Předcházel mu průvod mažoretek". iDNES.cz. 28 September 2019. Retrieved 29 September 2019.
  23. "Klaus vede Trikolóru a chce se utkat s neomarxistickými protivníky". iDNES.cz. 28 September 2019. Retrieved 29 September 2019.
  24. "Klaus ml. stanul v čele Trikolóry a vymezil se na všechny strany". www.novinky.cz. Retrieved 29 September 2019.
  25. "Trikolóra zahájila sněm mažoretkami, Klaus nemá vyzyvatele". novinky.cz. Retrieved 29 September 2019.
  26. "Volby 2021 | Václav Klaus mladší může ovládnout prostor rázné intelektuální pravice". Reflex.cz.
  27. "Předsedou Trikolóry byl v Brně zvolen Václav Klaus mladší". Reflex.cz (in Czech). Retrieved 29 September 2019.
  28. "Hyťhová opouští poslanecký klub SPD, bude spolupracovat s Trikolórou". iDNES.cz. 27 July 2020. Retrieved 27 July 2020.
  29. "Václav Klaus ml. končí v politice". novinky.cz. 23 March 2021. Retrieved 23 March 2021.
  30. "Trikolóru povede Majerová Zahradníková, Klaus ml. rezignoval". www.novinky.cz. Retrieved 23 March 2021.
  31. "Volby do Poslanecké sněmovny 2021". seznamzpravy.cz. Retrieved 23 October 2021.
  32. "Klaus ml. představil nové hnutí Trikolóra. Vezmeme si naši zemi zpátky, řekl | Aktuálně.cz". Aktuálně.cz - Víte, co se právě děje. June 10, 2019.
  33. "Trikolóra Hnutí Obcanu" . Retrieved 3 September 2020.
  34. "Pečinka: Trikolóra jako Babišův satelit?". Info.cz (in Czech). Retrieved 29 September 2019.