Trinity—Spadina

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Trinity—Spadina
Flag of Ontario.svg Ontario electoral district
Trinity Spadina.png
Trinity—Spadina in relation to the other Toronto ridings (2003 boundaries)
Defunct federal electoral district
Legislature House of Commons
District created1987
District abolished2013
First contested 1988
Last contested2014 [1]
District webpage profile, map
Demographics
Population (2011) [2] 144,733
Electors (2011)96,793
Area (km²) [2] 18.55
Census division(s) Toronto
Census subdivision(s) Toronto
Map of Trinity-Spadina Trinity-Spadina (riding map).png
Map of Trinity-Spadina

Trinity—Spadina was a federal electoral district in Ontario, Canada, that was represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 1988 to 2015.

Contents

It generally encompassed the western portion of Downtown Toronto.

Its federal Member of Parliament (MP) was Olivia Chow of the New Democratic Party. She defeated Tony Ianno of the Liberal Party of Canada in the January 23, 2006 election. On March 12, 2014, Chow resigned from her seat in order to run for the 2014 Toronto mayoral election, and the seat was won by Adam Vaughan, in a by-election. The riding has long been a battle ground between the NDP and the Liberals, with the Liberals recently winning both federally and provincially.

Major landmarks within the riding included the western portion of the University of Toronto, the CN Tower, Rogers Centre (formerly Skydome), Air Canada Centre, the Canadian Broadcasting Centre, 299 Queen Street West, the Toronto Eaton Centre, the Metro Toronto Convention Centre, Toronto City Hall, Kensington Market, Chinatown, Christie Pits, Trinity Bellwoods Park, the southern portion of Bay Street and Palmerston Boulevard.

The riding contained Toronto's Chinatown, Koreatown, Little Italy, and Little Portugal. The northern section of the riding was the Annex district, while the eastern edge contained part of the University of Toronto and thousands of students.

Demographics

According to the Canada 2011 Census
Average household income (2010): $86,895
Median household income (2010): $60,659
Median income (2010): $34,761
Unemployment: 7.3%
Language, mother tongue (2011): English 61.2%, Chinese 13.0%, Portuguese 4.4%, French 2.8%, Spanish 2.1%, Italian 1.8%, Korean 1.4%, Arabic 1.4%
Religion (2011): Christian 42.9% (Catholic 24.4%, Anglican 3.6%, Christian Orthodox 2.5%, United Church 2.5%, Presbyterian 1.3%, Other 8.3%), Muslim 4.2%, Jewish 4.1%, Buddhist 3.4%, Hindu 1.8%, No religion 42.5%.
Ethnic groups (2011): White 61.8%, Chinese 16.0%, South Asian 5.1%, Black 3.6%, Korean 1.8%, Filipino 1.8%, Latin American 1.7%, Southeast Asian 1.7%, Arab 1.6%, West Asian 1.1%

Geography

It consists of the Toronto Islands and the part of the City of Toronto bounded on the south by Toronto Harbour, and on the west, north and east by a line drawn from the harbour north on Spencer Avenue, east along the Gardiner Expressway, north on Dufferin, east on Queen Street West, southeast along the Canadian Pacific Railway line, north along Dovercourt Road, east along Dundas Street West, north along Ossington Avenue, east along the Canadian Pacific Railway situated north of Dupont Street, south along Avenue Road and Queens Park Crescent West, east along College Street and south along Yonge Street to the Harbour.

These borders were somewhat changed in the 2004 redistribution. The northwestern corner, a somewhat pro-NDP area was lost to Davenport. A large, but mostly business area of Toronto Centre—Rosedale between University Avenue and Yonge St. was given to the riding. This region tends to support the Liberals. The Toronto Islands were also added to the riding from Toronto Centre—Rosedale. This area is very strongly NDP and has a highly activist population that provides many campaign workers for the New Democrats.

History

The riding was created in 1987 from Trinity and Spadina, and smaller parts of Toronto Centre—Rosedale and Parkdale—High Park.

It consisted initially of the part of the City of Toronto bounded on the south by Toronto Harbour, on the east by Avenue Road, Queen's Park Crescent West, University Avenue and York Street, and on the west and north by a line drawn from the harbour north along Spencer Avenue, east along the Gardiner Expressway, north along Atlantic Avenue, southeast along the Canadian National Railway line, north along Dovercourt Road, east along Bloor Street West, north along Ossington Avenue, and east along the Canadian Pacific Railway line to Avenue Road.

In 2003, it was given its current boundaries as described above.

As per 2012 federal electoral boundaries redistribution and the 2013 representation order, Trinity—Spadina was dissolved following the conclusion of the next general election to be called after May 1, 2014. Most of the riding's territory, covering the area south of Dundas Street, became the new riding of Spadina—Fort York. The area north of Dundas and west of a line following Bay Street and Front Street became part of the new seat of University—Rosedale, while the area east of Bay Street and north of Front Street became part of Toronto Centre. [3]

Trinity--Spadina from when it was first created to 1996 Trinity--Spadina, 1987.png
Trinity—Spadina from when it was first created to 1996
The boundaries in place from 1996 to 2003 Trinity--Spadina, 1996.png
The boundaries in place from 1996 to 2003

Members of Parliament

This riding has elected the following members of the House of Commons of Canada:

ParliamentYearsMemberParty
Trinity—Spadina
Riding created from Trinity, Spadina, Toronto Centre—Rosedale,
and Parkdale—High Park
34th  1988–1993   Dan Heap New Democratic
35th  1993–1997   Tony Ianno Liberal
36th  1997–2000
37th  2000–2004
38th  2004–2006
39th  2006–2008   Olivia Chow New Democratic
40th  2008–2011
41st  2011–2014
 2014–2015   Adam Vaughan Liberal
Riding dissolved into Spadina—Fort York,
University—Rosedale, and Toronto Centre

The seat became vacant on March 12, 2014, when Olivia Chow resigned in order to run in the Toronto mayoral election. [4]

Election results

2014 by-election

Canadian federal by-election, June 30, 2014
Resignation of Olivia Chow
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Adam Vaughan 18,54753.66+30.27
New Democratic Joe Cressy 11,80234.14−20.37
Conservative Benjamin Sharma2,0225.85−10.96
Green Camille Labchuk1,8805.43+1.05
Christian Heritage Linda Groce-Gibbons1740.50 
Independent John "The Engineer" Turmel 1410.41 
Total valid votes/expense limit 34,566 100.00  
Total rejected ballots 111 0.32 −0.12
Turnout 34,677 31.78 −37.02
Eligible voters 110,252
Liberal gain from New Democratic Swing +25.32
By-election due to the resignation of Olivia Chow to run in the 2014 Toronto mayoral election.
Source: Elections Canada [5]


2011 election

The 2011 election was not the expected close race between the incumbent NDP MP Olivia Chow and Liberal candidate, Toronto lawyer Christine Innes (wife of former MP Tony Ianno), that some observers predicted. The Liberals did not make gains here, which were anticipated by those who believed that the number of condominiums along the Toronto waterfront would bring in more centrist and right leaning voters.

2011 Canadian federal election
PartyCandidateVotes%±%Expenditures
New Democratic Olivia Chow 35,60154.51+13.67
Liberal Christine Innes15,27623.39-11.63
Conservative Gin Siow10,97616.81+3.03
Green Rachel Barney2,8614.38-4.67
Libertarian Chester Brown 4560.70-0.12
Marxist–Leninist Nick Lin1400.21
Total valid votes/expense limit65,310 100.00
Total rejected ballots 301 0.46
Turnout 65,611 68.80
Eligible voters 95,363
New Democratic hold Swing +12.65

2008 election

2008 Canadian federal election
PartyCandidateVotes%±%Expenditures
New Democratic Olivia Chow 24,44240.88−5.15$87,231
Liberal Christine Innes20,96735.06−5.08$68,343
Conservative Christine McGirr8,22013.75+4.74$53,815
Green Stephen LaFrenie5,3839.00+5.16$12,333
Libertarian Chester Brown 4900.82$0
Independent Carlos Santos Almeida1640.27$541
Independent Val Illie1300.22$580
Total valid votes/expense limit59,796 100.00$94,303
Total rejected ballots
Turnout

2006 election

A third battle between NDP challenger Olivia Chow and longtime Liberal incumbent Tony Ianno took place in the 2006 election. Ianno's narrow victory over Chow in 2004 had surprised most observers. Immediately after the writ was dropped for the federal election, Chow resigned her City Hall seat and vowed not to return to her previous job as municipal councillor. Chow ran a more disciplined campaign than in 2004, focusing on winning her own seat rather than lending her support to the national campaign of her husband, NDP leader Jack Layton. Ianno suffered from the broader decline in Liberal fortunes across Canada, ultimately losing to Chow by nearly six percentage points, the largest margin of victory in any of their three electoral encounters.

The strongest areas for the NDP were the Annex, Seaton Village, the University of Toronto area, Sussex-Ulster and Kensington Market. The Liberals narrowly carried Little Italy, and won the waterfront condo belt by a very wide margin.

2006 Canadian federal election
PartyCandidateVotes%±%Expenditures
New Democratic Olivia Chow 28,74846.03+3.99$78,702
Liberal Tony Ianno 25,06740.14−3.41$66,373
Conservative Sam Goldstein5,6259.01+0.36$22,879
Green Thom Chapman2,3983.84−0.40$165
Progressive Canadian Asif Hossain3920.63−0.37$257
Marxist–Leninist Nick Lin1380.22+0.03
Canadian Action John Riddell820.13−0.04$25
Total valid votes62,450100.00
Total rejected ballots2780.44−0.17
Turnout62,72870.9+7.2

2004 election

In the 2004 election, New Democrat city councillor Olivia Chow took on Tony Ianno again in what was expected to be a very competitive election. Additionally, Conservative David Watters, Green Anna Costa, Progressive Canadian Party Asif Hossain, Canadian Action Party Tristan Downe-Dewdney and Daniel Knezetic for the Popular Democratic Party contested the election.

The Popular Democratic Party was a social democratic and populist political party formed in 2003. It did not register as a political party with Elections Canada, and closed down after the 2004 election. The PDP proposed decentralization and community involvement in the political process through the creation of community councils to which any elected PDP representative would relinquish all decision making power. The party was anti-war, opposed globalization, was environmentalist, and supported full employment. Its only electoral activity was to run Daniel Knezetic, a University of Toronto student, in this election.

Unlike the 1997 battle between Chow and Ianno, this campaign largely remained civil.[ citation needed ] Chow was outside of the riding much of the time, campaigning in other ridings due to her national prestige. Many had pegged her to win because of her high profile as the wife of NDP leader Jack Layton. On election night, most were expecting Chow to win, but Ianno won a close but certain victory.

The results surprised many. Chow captured Little Italy, long Ianno's main bedrock of support and an area that polling and sign numbers showed as going strongly for Ianno. The reverse was true of the Annex which was expected to solidly vote for Chow but did so by a fairly small margin.

Ianno won on strong turnout from the waterfront condominiums that voted overwhelmingly in favour of him.

2004 Canadian federal election
PartyCandidateVotes%±%Expenditures
Liberal Tony Ianno 23,20243.55−3.86$68,821
New Democratic Olivia Chow 22,39742.04+3.87$77,070
Conservative David Watters4,6058.64−2.15$34,598
Green Mark Viitala2,2594.24+2.91$1,330
Progressive Canadian Asif Hossain5311.00$24
Marxist–Leninist Nick Lin1020.19−0.06$164
Canadian Action Tristan Alexander Downe-Dewdney910.17N/A
Independent Daniel Knezetic890.17$3,103
Total valid votes53,276100.00
Total rejected ballots3290.61
Turnout53,60563.7
Note: Conservative vote is compared to the total of the Canadian Alliance vote and Progressive Conservative vote in 2000 election.

Prior elections

2000 Canadian federal election
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Tony Ianno 19,04147.41+2.11
New Democratic Michael Valpy 15,33238.17-2.64
Progressive Conservative John E. Polko2,1995.47-1.48
Alliance Lee Monaco2,1355.32+1.22
Marijuana Paul Lewin6401.59
Green Matthew Hammond5331.33+0.36
Marxist–Leninist Nick Lin1010.25-0.10
Natural Law Ashley Deans960.24-0.24
Communist Jesse Benjamin880.22
Total valid votes 40,165
Note: Canadian Alliance vote is compared to the Reform vote in 1997 election.
1997 Canadian federal election
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Tony Ianno 18,21545.30−5.84
New Democratic Olivia Chow 16,41340.81+13.83
Progressive Conservative Danielle Wai Mascall2,7936.95−1.15
Reform Nolan Young1,6494.10−3.73
Green Sat Singh Khalsa3920.97−0.64
Natural Law Ashley Deans1940.48−0.53
Independent John Roderick Wilson1590.40
Marxist–Leninist J.-P. Bedard1400.35+0.16
Canadian Action Thomas P. Beckerle1300.32
Independent Roberto Verdecchia1290.32
Total valid votes 40,214100.00
1993 Canadian federal election
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Tony Ianno 19,76951.14+13.79
New Democratic Winnie Ng10,43026.98-11.57
Progressive Conservative Lee Monaco3,1298.09-13.25
Reform Peter Loftus3,0277.83
National Patrick Kutney8812.28
Green Chris Lea6231.61
Natural Law Ashley James Deans3911.01
Libertarian Paul Barker2830.73-0.49
Marxist–Leninist Fernand Deschamps740.19
Abolitionist Robert Martin520.13
Total valid votes38,659
1988 Canadian federal election
PartyCandidateVotes%
New Democratic Dan Heap 15,56538.55
Liberal Tony Ianno 15,08237.35
Progressive Conservative Joe Pimentel8,61821.34
Libertarian Paul Barker4941.22
Rhinoceros John Douglas4441.10
Independent Sukhdev S. Grewal1270.31
Independent Charles Shrybman490.12
Total valid votes40,379

See also

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References

Notes

Coordinates: 43°39′00″N79°24′22″W / 43.650°N 79.406°W / 43.650; -79.406