Trinity Bay (Texas)

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Trinity Bay
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Galveston Bay with Trinity Bay at the top
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Trinity Bay
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Trinity Bay
Location Texas Gulf Coast
Coordinates 29°40′57″N94°47′31″W / 29.68250°N 94.79194°W / 29.68250; -94.79194 Coordinates: 29°40′57″N94°47′31″W / 29.68250°N 94.79194°W / 29.68250; -94.79194
Type Bay
River sources Trinity River
Ocean/sea sources Galveston Bay/Gulf of Mexico
Basin  countries United States
Settlements Anahuac, Greater Houston

Trinity Bay is the northeast portion of Galveston Bay, bordered by Chambers and Harris counties in Texas, United States. The bay, approximately 20 miles (32 km) long, heads at the mouth of the Trinity River. Trinity Bay is separated from the main part of Galveston Bay by the San Jacinto River, part of the Houston Ship Channel. [1]

Trinity Bay fronts on the vast network of Chambers County marshes and prairie land. The Trinity Basin contributes 54% of the total bay system inflow for the Galveston Bay complex. Near the head of the bay sits the town of Anahuac. Closer to the San Jacinto river lies the community of Beach City. The city of Baytown also lies near the bay although it does not actually reach its shores. Some smaller communities hug the shores of the bay as well. Much of the area near the shore is semi-rural or undeveloped, particularly the Anahuac National Wildlife Refuge which lies between Trinity Bay and East Bay, another segment of the Galveston Bay complex. [2]

On February 23, 2019, Atlas Air Flight 3591 crashed into Trinity Bay, and all three people (two crew members and one passenger) aboard the flight were killed as a result. [3]

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Clear Lake (region) region in Texas, United States

Clear Lake, or the Clear Lake Area, is a region in parts of Harris and Galveston County in Texas, United States. It is part of the Galveston Bay Area, which itself is a section of the Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land metropolitan area. The area is geographically characterized by the bodies of water in it and around it, including Clear Lake, Taylor Lake, Clear Creek, and Galveston Bay.

San Jacinto River (Texas)

The San Jacinto River runs from Lake Houston in Harris County, Texas, to Galveston Bay. In the past, it was home to the Karankawa and Akokisa tribes. It is named after Saint Hyacinth.

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Houston Ship Channel

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Anahuac National Wildlife Refuge

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History of the Galveston Bay Area

For a period of over 7000 years, humans have inhabited the Galveston Bay Area in what is now the United States. Through their history the communities in the region have been influenced by the once competing sister cities of Houston and Galveston, but still have their own distinct history. Though never truly a single, unified community, the histories of the Bay Area communities have had many common threads.

Lake Anahuac

Lake Anahuac is an artificial lake fed by the Trinity River, 45 miles (72 km) east of downtown Houston, Texas, United States in western Chambers County. The city of Anahuac lies on its eastern shores. It was constructed by the Burkhalter family in 1953.

East Bay (Texas)

East Bay also known as East Galveston Bay, is the eastern extension of Galveston Bay found in Chambers County, Texas. The bay is oriented northeast to southwest, and is approximately five miles wide and twenty miles in length. It covers the area north of the entire Bolivar Peninsula, and south of mainland Texas, including the small community of Smith Point at the western extreme. The bay's one extension is Rollover Bay, which is found to the extreme east near the town of Gilchrist.

Atlas Air Flight 3591 Cargo flight involved in 2019 crash

Atlas Air Flight 3591 was a scheduled domestic cargo flight operating for Amazon Air between Miami International Airport and George Bush Intercontinental Airport in Houston. On February 23, 2019, the Boeing 767-375ER(BCF) used for this flight crashed into Trinity Bay during approach into Houston, killing the two crew members and one passenger on board. The accident occurred near Anahuac, Texas, east of Houston, shortly before 12:45 CST (18:45 UTC). This was the first fatal crash of a Boeing 767 freighter.

Estuaries of Texas Estuaries on the Gulf coast of Texas

The U.S. state of Texas has a series of estuaries along its coast on the Gulf of Mexico, most of them bounded by the Texas barrier islands. Estuaries are coastal bodies of water in which freshwater from rivers mixes with saltwater from the sea. Twenty-one drainage basins terminate along the Texas coastline, forming a chain of seven major and five minor estuaries: listed from southwest to northeast, these are the Rio Grande Estuary, Laguna Madre, the Nueces Estuary, the Mission–Aransas Estuary, the Guadalupe Estuary, the Colorado–Lavaca Estuary, East Matagorda Bay, the San Bernard River and Cedar Lakes Estuary, the Brazos River Estuary, Christmas Bay, the Trinity–San Jacinto Estuary, and the Sabine–Neches Estuary. Each estuary is named for its one or two chief contributing rivers, excepting Laguna Madre, East Matagorda Bay, and Christmas Bay, which have no major river sources. The estuaries are also sometimes referred to by the names of their respective primary or central water bodies, though each also includes smaller secondary bays, inlets, or other marginal water bodies.

References

  1. Leatherwood, Art: Trinity Bay from the Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved 30 Oct 2009. Texas State Historical Association
  2. "Galveston Bay: Excerpts from 'A State of the Bay: A Characterization of the Galveston Bay Ecosystem' by the Galveston Bay National Estuary Program". Texas Space Grant Consortium. Retrieved 18 Jan 2010.
  3. Steve Almasy and Hollie Silverman. "Cargo jet with 3 aboard crashes in Texas". CNN.