Tripoli District, Libya

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Tripoli

طرابلس
Tripoli Municipal Beach Libya.JPG
Tripoli Municipal beach
Tripoli in Libya.svg
Map of Libya with Tripoli district highlighted
Coordinates: 32°39′N13°19′E / 32.650°N 13.317°E / 32.650; 13.317 Coordinates: 32°39′N13°19′E / 32.650°N 13.317°E / 32.650; 13.317
Country Libya
Capital Tripoli
Population
 (2006)
  Total1,065,405
  [1]

Tripoli District (Arabic : طرابلس عروس البحر, Aros Al baher Ṭarābulus) is one of the 22 first level subdivisions (بلدية) of Libya. Its capital and largest city is Tripoli, the national capital. Tripoli District is in the Tripolitania region of northwestern Libya. The district has a shoreline along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in the north (Gulf of Tripoli), Zawiya in the west, Jafara in the southwest, Jabal al Gharbi in the south and Murqub in the east.

Contents

Per the census estimates of 2012, the total population in the region was 157,747 with 150,353 Libyans. The average size of the household in the country was 6.9, while the average household size of non-Libyans being 3.7. There were totally 22,713 households in the district, with 20,907 Libyan ones. The population density of the district was 1,126 persons per sq. km.

Geography

The district has a shoreline along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in the north (Gulf of Tripoli). On land it borders the following districts, namely, Zawiya in the west, Jafara in the southwest, Jabal al Gharbi in the south and Murqub in the east. Tripoli district is a part of Triplotania geographical region of Libya that runs from north to south and has set of coastal oases, plains and limestone plateaus having an elevation of 2,000 ft (610 m) to 3,000 ft (910 m). The region receives an annual rainfall of 16 in (410 mm). There are no perennial rivers in the region, but the region is abundant with groundwater aquifers. [2] Libya has mostly a flat undulating plain and occasional plateau, with an average elevation of around 423 m (1,388 ft). Around 91 per cent of the land is covered by desert, with only 8.8 per cent agricultural land (with only 1% arable lands) and 0.1 per cent of forests. Along the coastal regions, the climate is Mediterranean, while it is desert climate in all other parts. Dust storms lasting four to eight days is pretty common during Spring. [3] Triplotania is the northwest region, while it is Cyrenacia in the east and Fezzen in southwest. [4]

Demographics

LibyaTripoli.png
Libyen Tarabulus.png
Between 1983-95 and from 2001-2007

Per the census estimates of 2012, the total population in the region was estimated to be 157,747 with 150,353 Libyans. The average size of the household in the country was 6.9, while the average household size of non-Libyans being 3.7. There were totally 22,713 households in the district, with 20,907 Libyan ones. The population density of the district was 1,126 persons per sq. km. Per 2006 census, there were totally 368,839 economically active people in the district. There were 139,656 government employees, 38,984 employers, 112,950 first level workers and 528 second level workers. There were 59,533 workers in state administration, 28,054 in agriculture, animal husbandry and forestry, 29,126 in agriculture & hunting, 59,328 in education, 43,820 in private enterprises, 12,548 in health & social work, 26,258 in production, 77,831 in technical work and 2,362 service workers. The total enrollment in schools was 323,733 and the number of people above secondary stage and less than graduation was 21,876. [5] As per the report from World Health Organization (WHO), there were one communicable disease centres, 124 dental clinics, four general clinics, 27 in-patient clinics, 126 out-patient clinics, 426 pharmacies, 96 PHC centres, 11 polyclinics, no rural clinics and 9 specialized clinics. [6]

Administration

From 2001 to 2007 the Tripoli District shabiya was smaller than formerly, including only the city of Tripoli and its immediate surroundings. In the 2007 administrative reorganization of Libya the earlier borders of the former Tripoli baladiya (1983–1995) were restored. The most populated places in the district are Castelverde, Qasr bin Ghashir and Tripoli. [7] Libya became independent in 1951 from the colonial empire and generally known for its oil rich resources. [8] As a part of decentralization in 2012, the country is administratively split into 13 regions from the original 25 municipalities, which were further divided in 1,500 communes. [9] As of 2016, there were 22 administrative divisions in the country in the form of districts. [3]

Related Research Articles

Sirte District District of Libya

Sirte District, is one of the districts of Libya. It lies in the north of the country and borders the Gulf of Sidra. Its capital is the city of Sirte. Al-Tahadi University is located in Sirte. To the north, Sirte District has a shoreline on the Mediterranean Sea and bordered Al Wahat in the east, Jufra in the south, Jabal al Gharbi in the west and Misrata in the northwest.

Jabal al Akhdar District of Libya

Jabal al Akhdar is one of the districts of Libya. It lies in the north east of the country. The capital is Bayda. In its territory, close to the city of Shahhat, can be found the remains of the old Greek colony of Cyrene, and the neighbouring city of Apollonia, a major port in the Mediterranean Sea in antiquity. On land, it borders Derna in east, Al Wahat in south and Marj in west.

Jufra District District of Libya

Jufra or Jofra is one of the districts of Libya. It is in the centre of the country. Its capital is Hun. Jufra was originally one of the 25 baladiya in the administrative system of Libya established in 1988. In 2001, it became a Shabiya, and its territorial extension was reduced. In 2007, under the new 22-shabiya system, its original boundaries were reintroduced. Jufra borders Sirte in the north, Al Wahat in northeast, Kufra in east, Murzuq in south, Sabha in southwest, Wadi al Shatii in west and Jabal al Gharbi in northwest.

Kufra District District of Libya

Kufra or Kofra, also spelled Cufra in Italian, is the largest district of Libya. Its capital is Al Jawf, one of the oases in Kufra basin. There is a very large oil refinery near the capital. In the late 15th century, Leo Africanus reported an oasis in the land of the Berdoa, visited by a caravan coming from Awjila. It is possible that this oasis was identical with either the Al Jawf or the Taiserbo oasis, and on early modern maps, the Al Kufra region was often labelled as Berdoa based on this report.

Nuqat al Khams District of Libya

Nuqat al Khams is one of the districts of Libya. It is in the northwest of the country, in what had been the historical region of Tripolitania. Its capital is Zuwara. Nuqat al Khams has a northern shoreline on the Mediterranean Sea. To the west, it borders the Medenine Governorate of Tunisia. Domestically, it borders the districts of Zawiya to the east, Jabal al Gharbi to the southeast, and Nalut to the southwest. Nuqat al Khams is a part of the Tripolitania geographical region of Libya.

Zawiya District District of Libya

Zawiya, officially Zawia, is one of the districts of Libya. It is located in the north western part of the country, in what had been the historical region of Tripolitania. Its capital is also named Zawia. Since the 2007 reorganization of Libyan districts, the former district of Sabratha Wa Surman has been part of Zawiya District. In the north, Zawiya has a shoreline bordering the Mediterranean Sea, while it borders Tripoli in east, Jafara in southeast, Jabal al Gharbi in south, Nuqat al Khams in the west.

Derna District District of Libya

Derna is one of the districts of Libya. It is in the northeast of the country, in the historical region of Cyrenaica. Its capital is Derna. In 2007 the district was enlarged to include what had been the Al Qubah District. In the north, Derna has a shoreline on the Mediterranean Sea. On land, it borders Butnan in the east, Jabal al Akhdar in the west and Al Wahat to the south.

Murzuq District District of Libya

Murzuq is one of the districts of Libya. It is in the south of the country. Its capital is Murzuk. The city was occupied by the Ottoman Empire in 1578 and served as the capital of Fezzan off and on until the Ottomans ceded Libya to Italy in 1912. It was not occupied by the Italians until 1914.

Sabha District District of Libya

Sabha is one of the districts of Libya. It is located near the center of the country, in the Fezzan region. The capital is the city of Sabha. Sabha District borders the following districts, namely, Wadi Al Shatii in the north, Al Jufrah in the east, Murzuq in the south and Wadi Al Hayaa in the west.

Tripolitania Historic region of Libya

Tripolitania is a historic region and former province of Libya.

Marj District District of Libya

Marj is an administrative division of northeastern Libya, lying on the Mediterranean Sea coast. Its administrative seat is the city of Marj, which was formerly known as Barca. Marj is situated on the Cyrenaica Plateau at the western edge of the Jebel Akhdar. In the 2007 administrative reorganization part of the territory formerly in Al Hizam al Akhdar District was transferred to Al Marj. In the north, Marj has a shoreline on the Mediterranean Sea. On land, it borders Jabal al Akhdar in the east, Al Wahat in south and Benghazi in the west.

Butnan District Coastal district in eastern Libya

Butnan sometimes called Tubruq District or Tobruk District from the former name, occasionally Marmarica, is an administrative district (shabiyah) in eastern Libya. Its capital city is Tobruk.

Murqub District District of Libya

Murqub, sometimes spelt Al Murgub or Al Marqab or al-Morqib, is one of the districts of Libya. The main city and capital is Khoms. The widely visited UNESCO World Heritage Site of Leptis Magna is also located in the district. In the north, Murqub has a shoreline on the Mediterranean Sea. On land, it borders Misrata to the east and south, Tripoli to the northwest and Jabal al Gharbi to the west.

Wadi al Hayaa District District of Libya

Wadi al Hayaa is one of the districts of Libya. Its capital is the city of Ubari. As of 2006, it had a population of 72,587, area of 31,890 square kilometres (12,310 sq mi) and a population density of 2.28 persons per square kilometer.

Wadi al Shatii District District of Libya

Wadi al Shati, sometimes referred to as Ashati, is one of the districts of Libya in the central-west part of the country. The area is mostly desert. Wadi al Shati District is named after the depression of the same name, Wadi Ashati.

Jafara District of Libya

Jafara or Al Jfara is one of the districts of Libya, in the historical region of Tripolitania. Its capital and largest city is 'Aziziya. Jafara borders Tripoli in northeast, Jabal al Gharbi in south and Zawiya in the west.

Ghat District District of Libya

Ghat is one of the districts of Libya. Its capital is Ghat. To the west, Ghat borders two provinces of Algeria: Tamanghasset in the far southwest, and Illizi Province. It also has a short border with the Agadez Department of Niger in the far south. Domestically, it borders Wadi Al Shatii in north, Wadi Al Hayaa in northeast and Murzuq in the east.

Nalut District District of Libya

Nalut is one of the districts of Libya. Its capital is the city of Nalut. The second most notable city is Ghadames. To the north and west, Nalut district borders Tunisia and Algeria. Domestically, it borders Nuqat al Khams - northeast, Jabal al Gharbi in the east and Wadi al Shatii in south. In 2007, Nalut District was enlarged to include the Ghadames District, while the eastern part of former Nalut was moved to Jabal al Gharbi.

Jabal al Gharbi District District of Libya

Jabal al Gharbi is one of the districts of Libya. It is named after the Nafusa Mountains. It was formed in 2007 from the former districts of Yafran, Gharyan and Mizda. From 1995 to 1998 Jabal al Gharbi also existed as a Baladiyah. Jabal al Gharbi borders Sirte and Misrata to the east, Murqub to the northeast, Jafara and Zawiya to the north, Nuqat al Khams to the northwest, Nalut to the west, Tripoli to the north, Wadi al Shatii to the south and Jufra to the southeast.

Misrata District District of Libya

Misrata, also spelt Misurata or Misratah, is a sha'biyah (district) in northwestern Libya. Its capital is the city of Misrata. In 2007 the district was enlarged to include what had been the Bani Walid District and the northernmost strip of coast of the Gulf of Sidra, that from 2001 to 2007 had been part of Sirte District. In the north and east, Misrata has a shoreline on the Mediterranean Sea. On land, it borders Sirte in south and east, Murqub in north and west and Jabal al Gharbi in south and west.

References

  1. "Districts of Libya". statoids.com. Retrieved 27 October 2009.
  2. McColl, R. W. (2014). Encyclopedia of World Geography, Volume 1. Infobase Publishing. p. 543. ISBN   9780816072293.
  3. 1 2 "Libya profile". 2016. Retrieved 23 November 2016.
  4. Otman, Waniss; Karlberg, Erling (2007). The Libyan Economy: Economic Diversification and International Repositioning. Springer Science & Business Media. pp. 1–3. ISBN   9783540464631.
  5. "Census of Libya". General Information Authority, Libya. 2012. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
  6. "Health statistics of Libya". World Health Organization (WHO). 2007. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
  7. Pal (2011). Politics of Convenience!: Upset the Balance of Power. AuthorHouse. p. 192. ISBN   9781463442927.
  8. "Libya profile - Timeline". BBC. 2 August 2016. Retrieved 20 November 2016.
  9. Great Socialist People's Libyan Arag Jamahiriya Public Administration and Country profile (PDF) (Report). Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA), United Nations. 2004. p. 9. Retrieved 17 November 2016.