Tripoli Eyalet

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Tripoli Eyalet
Eyālet-i Ṭrāblus-ı Şām
طرابلس الشام
Eyalet of the Ottoman Empire
1579–1864
Ottoman Flag.svg
Flag
Tripoli Eyalet, Ottoman Empire (1609).png
The Tripoli Eyalet in 1609
Capital Tripoli [1]
Area
  Coordinates 34°26′N35°51′E / 34.433°N 35.850°E / 34.433; 35.850 Coordinates: 34°26′N35°51′E / 34.433°N 35.850°E / 34.433; 35.850
History 
 Established
1579
 Disestablished
1864
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Ottoman Flag.svg Damascus Eyalet
Ottoman Flag.svg Aleppo Eyalet
Beirut Vilayet Ottoman Flag.svg
Syria Vilayet Blank.png
Today part ofFlag of Lebanon.svg  Lebanon
Flag of Syria.svg  Syria

Tripoli Eyalet (Ottoman Turkish : ایالت طرابلس شام, romanized: Eyālet-i Ṭrāblus-ı Şām; [2] Arabic : طرابلس الشام) was an eyalet of the Ottoman Empire. The capital was in Tripoli. Its reported area in the 19th century was 1,629 square miles (4,220 km2). [3]

Contents

It extended along the coast, from the southern limits of the Amanus mountains in the north, to the gorge of Maameltein to the south, which separated it from the territory of the sanjak of Sidon-Beirut. [4]

Along with the chiefly Sunni Muslim and Maronite Christian coastal towns of Latakia, Jableh, Baniyas, Tartus, Tripoli, Batrun and Byblos, the eyalet included the Wadi al-Nasara valley (the Valley of the Christians), the An-Nusayriyah Mountains, inhabited by Alawites, as well as the northern reaches of the Lebanon range, where the majority of inhabitants were Maronite Christians. [4]

History

Ottoman rule in the region began in 1516, [5] but the eyalet wasn't established until 1579, when it was created from the north-western districts of the eyalets of Damascus and Aleppo. [6] Previously, it had been an eyalet for a few months in 1521. [4]

From the time of the Ottoman conquest in 1516 until 1579, the affairs of the sanjak were under the control of the Turkoman ‘Assaf emirs of Ghazir in Kisrawan. [4] When the eyalet was reconstituted in 1579, a new Turkoman family was put in charge, the Sayfas, and they held power until the death of the family's patriarch, Yusuf, in 1625. [4] The Sayfas were frequently dismissed as governors, mainly for failing to meet their financial obligations to the state, rather than for being rebellious. [4]

From 1800–08, 1810–20 and 1821–35 the governor of the eyalet was Mustafa Agha Barbar.

Administrative divisions

Eyalet consisted of five sanjaks between 1700 and 1740 as follows: [7]

  1. Tripoli Sanjak (Trablus-Şam : Paşa Sancağı, Tripoli)
  2. Hama Sanjak (Hama Sancağı, Hama)
  3. Homs Sanjak (Hums Sancağı, Homs)
  4. Salamieh Sanjak (Selemiyye Sancağı, Salamiyah)
  5. Jebella Sanjak or Jebellieh Sanjak (Cebeliyye Sancağı, Jableh)

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References

  1. Commercial statistics: A digest of the productive resources, commercial... By John Macgregor , p. 12, at Google Books
  2. "Some Provinces of the Ottoman Empire". Geonames.de. Retrieved 25 February 2013.
  3. The Popular encyclopedia: or, conversations lexicon. 6. Blackie. 1862. p. 698. Retrieved 2013-05-25.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Abdul Rahim Abu Husayn (2004). The View from Istanbul: Ottoman Lebanon and the Druze Emirate. I.B.Tauris. pp. 91–92. ISBN   978-1-86064-856-4 . Retrieved 2013-05-25.
  5. Gábor Ágoston; Bruce Alan Masters (2009-01-01). Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire. Infobase Publishing. p. 571. ISBN   978-1-4381-1025-7 . Retrieved 2013-05-25.
  6. The Shiites of Lebanon under Ottoman rule, 1516-1788 , p. 38, at Google Books By Stefan Winter
  7. Orhan Kılıç, XVII. Yüzyılın İlk Yarısında Osmanlı Devleti'nin Eyalet ve Sancak Teşkilatlanması, Osmanlı, Cilt 6: Teşkilât, Yeni Türkiye Yayınları, Ankara, 1999, ISBN   975-6782-09-9, p. 95. (in Turkish)