Tripolitanian Republic

Last updated
Tripolitanian Republic
الجمهورية الطرابلسية
Map of traditional provinces of Libye-en.svg
Tripolitanian Republic in Green
Capital ‘Aziziya
Common languages Arabic , Berber
Ramadan al-Suwayhili. Ahmad Tahir al-Murayyid [ citation needed ]
Historical era Interwar period
November 16 1918
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Italian Tripolitania
Italian Tripolitania Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg

Tripolitanian Republic (Arabic: الجمهورية الطرابلسية, al-Jumhuriyat at-Trabulsiya), was an Arab republic that declared the independence of Tripolitania from Italian Libya after World War I.



The proclamation of the Tripolitanian Republic in autumn 1918 was followed by a formal declaration of independence at the 1919 Paris Peace Conference. The idea began in the city of Misrata following a meeting of Sulayman al-Baruni, Ramadan Asswehly, Abdul Nabi Belkheir and Ahmad Almarid. This was the first formally declared republican form of government in Libya, but it gained little support from international powers and disintegrated by 1923.

Italy managed to establish full control over Libya by 1930. Originally administered as part of a single colony, Italian Tripolitania was a separate colony from 26 June 1927 to 3 December 1934, when it was merged into Libya.

Further reading

Related Research Articles

Cyrenaica Eastern coastal region of Libya

Cyrenaica is the eastern coastal region of Libya. Also known as Pentapolis in antiquity, it formed part of the Roman province of Crete and Cyrenaica, later divided into Libya Pentapolis and Libya Sicca. During the Islamic period, the area came to be known as Barqa, after the city of Barca.

Idris of Libya King of Libya

Idris was a Libyan political and religious leader who served as the Emir of Cyrenaica and then as the King of the United Kingdom of Libya from 1951 to 1969. He was the chief of the Senussi Muslim order.

Tripolitania Historic region of Libya

Tripolitania is a historic region and former province of Libya.

Subdivisions of Libya Historical subdivision of Libya

Subdivisions of Libya have varied significantly over the last two centuries. Initially Libya under Ottoman and Italian control was organized into three to four provinces, then into three governorates (muhafazah) and after World War II into twenty-five districts (baladiyah). Successively into thirty-two districts (shabiyat) with three administrative regions, and then into twenty-two districts (shabiyat). In 2012 the ruling General National Congress divided the country into governorates (muhafazat) and districts (baladiyat). While the districts have been created, the governorates have not.

Provinces of Libya Traditional administrative divisions of Libya

The Provinces of Libya were prescribed in 1934, during the last period of colonial Italian Libya, and continued through post-independence Libya until 1963 when the Governorates system was instituted.

Ottoman Tripolitania 1551–1912 Ottoman rule in modern Libya

The coastal region of what is today Libya was ruled by the Ottoman Empire from 1551 to 1912. First, from 1551 to 1864, as the Eyalet of Tripolitania or Bey and Subjects of Tripoli of Barbary, later, from 1864 to 1912, as the Vilayet of Tripolitania. It was also known as the Kingdom of Tripoli, even though it was not technically a kingdom, but an Ottoman province ruled by pashas (governors). The Karamanli dynasty ruled the province as a de facto hereditary monarchy from 1711 to 1835, despite remaining under nominal Ottoman rule and suzerainty from Constantinople.

Italian colonization of Libya Aspect of history

The Italian colonizationof Libya began in 1911 and it lasted until 1943. The country, which was previously an Ottoman possession, was occupied by Italy in 1911 after the Italo-Turkish War, which resulted in the establishment of two colonies: Italian Tripolitania and Italian Cyrenaica. In 1934, the two colonies were merged into one colony which was named the colony of Italian Libya. In 1937, this colony was divided into four provinces, and in 1939, the coastal provinces became a part of metropolitan Italy. The colonization lasted until Libya's occupation by Allied forces in 1943, but it was not until the 1947 Paris Peace Treaty that Italy officially renounced all of its claims to Libya's territory.

Postage stamps and postal history of Tripolitania

This is a survey of the postage stamps and postal history of Tripolitania, now part of Libya.

Tripolitanian lira Currency of the British Military Administration of Libya

The Tripolitanian lira, also known as the Military Authority Lira, was the currency of the British zone of occupation in Libya between 1943 and 1951, and of the province of Tripolitania until early 1952. It was issued by the "Military Authority in Tripolitania", known popularly as "MAL" and circulated together with the Italian lira at par. This situation reflected that of Italy, where the AM-lira was minted by the United States. The Tripolitanian and the Italian lira were replaced in early 1952 by the Libyan pound at a rate of 1 pound = 480 lire.

Sulayman al-Baruni

Sulayman al-Baruni was a Berber Ibadi scholar, poet, statesman and a prominent figure in the history of Libya.

Italian Libya 1934–1947 Italian possession in North Africa

Italian Libya was a colony of the Kingdom of Italy located in North Africa, in what is now modern Libya, between 1934 and 1943. It was formed from the unification of the colonies of Italian Cyrenaica and Italian Tripolitania, which had been Italian possessions since 1911.

Italian Tripolitania 1911–1934 Italian possession in North Africa

Italian Tripolitania was an Italian colony, located in present-day western Libya, that existed from 1911 to 1934. It was part of the territory conquered from the Ottoman Empire after the Italo-Turkish War in 1911. Italian Tripolitania included the western northern half of Libya, with Tripoli as its main city. In 1934, it was unified with Cyrenaica in the colony of Italian Libya.

Italian Cyrenaica 1911–1934 Italian possession in North Africa

Italian Cyrenaica was an Italian colony, located in present-day eastern Libya, that existed from 1911 to 1934. It was part of the territory conquered from the Ottoman Empire during the Italo-Turkish War of 1911, alongside Italian Tripolitania.

Judeo-Tripolitanian Arabic is a variety of Arabic spoken by Jews formerly living in Libya. Judeo-Tripolitanian Arabic differs from standard Libyan Arabic in that it closely resembles the original dialect of the sedentary population, whereas much of Libya's population now speaks Bedouin-influenced varieties of Arabic. A reference grammar is available.

Al-Khums Place in Tripolitania, Libya

Al-Khums or Khoms is a city, port and the de jure capital of the Murqub District on the Mediterranean coast of Libya with an estimated population of around 202,000. The population at the 1984 census was 38,174. Between 1983 and 1995 it was the administrative center of al-Khums District.

Postage stamps and postal history of Libya

This is a survey of the postage stamps and postal history of Libya. Libya is a country located in North Africa. Bordering the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Libya lies between Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad and Niger to the south, and Algeria and Tunisia to the west.

Allied administration of Libya

The Allied administration of Libya was the control of the ex-Italian colony of Italian Libya by the Allies from 13 May 1943 until Libyan independence was granted in 1951. It was divided into two parts:

Tripolitanian civil war

The Tripolitanian civil war was a conflict from 1793 to 1795 which occurred in what is today the country of Libya.

British Military Administration (Libya) 1942-1951 military administration in Northern Africa

The British Military Administration of Libya was the control of the regions of Cyrenaica and Tripolitania of the former Italian Libya by the British from 1943 until Libyan independence in 1951. It was part of the Allied administration of Libya.

Revenue stamps of Libya

Libya first issued revenue stamps when it was an Italian colony in 1913 and continues to do so to this day. The provinces of Cyrenaica, Tripolitania and Fezzan as well as the municipality of Tripoli also had separate revenue issues until the 1950s and 1960s.