Tripp York

Last updated
Tripp York
Fred York
Academic background
Alma mater
Doctoral advisor D. Stephen Long
Other academic advisors Stanley Hauerwas [1]
Academic work
Discipline Religious studies
School or tradition Anabaptism
Website OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg [ dead link ]

Fred "Tripp" York is an American religious studies scholar and Mennonite writer (BA, Trevecca Nazarene University; MTS, Duke University; PhD, Garrett-Evangelical Theological Seminary). [2] [3] His writings span a wide range of genres and subjects including: animals, martyrdom, politics, violence, religious satire, and comics. [4] His most popular work is his satirical search for Satan in The Devil Wears Nada. [5]


He is the co-creator and co-editor of the Peaceable Kingdom Series. [6]

York belongs to the Mennonite tradition that has a 500-year history of Christian pacifism. [7] He has written extensively on the North American Christians' complicity with power and suggests a return to a more diasporic understanding of Christian practice. [8] He emphasizes the lives of Christian anarchists [9] such as Dorothy Day and Daniel and Philip Berrigan.

He is an adjunct faculty member at Virginia Wesleyan College [10] in Norfolk, Virginia. He previously taught at Elon University and Western Kentucky University. [4]


Related Research Articles

Satan Figure in Abrahamic religions

Satan, also known as the Devil, is an entity in the Abrahamic religions that seduces humans into sin or falsehood. In Christianity and Islam, he is usually seen as either a fallen angel or a genie, who used to possess great piety and beauty, but rebelled against God, who nevertheless allows him temporary power over the fallen world and a host of demons. In Judaism, Satan is typically regarded as a metaphor for the yetzer hara, or "evil inclination", or as an agent subservient to God.

Satanism Group of ideological and philosophical beliefs based on Satan

Satanism is a group of ideological and philosophical beliefs based on Satan. Contemporary religious practice of Satanism began with the founding of the Church of Satan in 1966, although a few historical precedents exist. Prior to the public practice, Satanism existed primarily as an accusation by various Christian groups toward perceived ideological opponents, rather than a self-identity. Satanism, and the concept of Satan, has also been used by artists and entertainers for symbolic expression.

Martyr Person who suffers persecution

A martyr is someone who suffers persecution and death for advocating, renouncing, refusing to renounce, or refusing to advocate a religious belief or cause as demanded by an external party. In the martyrdom narrative of the remembering community, this refusal to comply with the presented demands results in the punishment or execution of an actor by an alleged oppressor. Accordingly, the status of the 'martyr' can be considered a posthumous title as a reward for those who are considered worthy of the concept of martyrdom by the living, regardless of any attempts by the deceased to control how they will be remembered in advance. Insofar, the martyr is a relational figure of a society's boundary work that is produced by collective memory. Originally applied only to those who suffered for their religious beliefs, the term has come to be used in connection with people killed for a political cause.

Holiness movement Set of beliefs and practices which emerged from 19th-century Methodism

The Holiness movement involves a set of Christian beliefs and practices that emerged chiefly within 19th-century Methodism, and to a lesser extent other traditions such as Quakerism and Anabaptism. The movement is Wesleyan-Arminian in theology, and is defined by its emphasis on the doctrine of a second work of grace leading to Christian perfection. A number of evangelical Christian denominations, parachurch organizations, and movements emphasize those beliefs as central doctrine. As of 2015, Holiness movement churches had an estimated 12 million adherents.

Plain people

Plain people are Christian groups characterized by separation from the world and by simple living, including plain dressing in modest clothing that clearly identifies the wearer's gender. Many Plain people have an Anabaptist background. These denominations are largely of German, Swiss German, Dutch or other European ancestry. Conservative Friends are traditional Quakers who are also considered plain people; they come from a variety of different ethnic backgrounds.

Christian anarchism Belief that anarchism is inherent in Christianity and the Gospels

Christian anarchism is a Christian movement in political theology that claims anarchism is inherent in Christianity and the Gospels. It is grounded in the belief that there is only one source of authority to which Christians are ultimately answerable—the authority of God as embodied in the teachings of Jesus. It therefore rejects the idea that human governments have ultimate authority over human societies. Christian anarchists denounce the state, believing it is violent, deceitful and, when glorified, idolatrous.

Theology of Anabaptism

Theology of Anabaptism is the beliefs of the Anabaptist movement. Anabaptism has a reputation of de-emphasizing theology in deference to living righteously. The various branches of the Anabaptist movement take slightly different approaches to theology.

Elaine Pagels American religious historian

Elaine Pagels, née Hiesey, is an American religious historian. She is the Harrington Spear Paine Professor of Religion at Princeton University. Pagels has conducted extensive research into early Christianity and Gnosticism.

Elon University

Elon University is a private university in Elon, North Carolina, United States. Founded in 1889 as Elon College, Elon is organized into six schools, most of which offer bachelor's degrees and several of which offer master's degrees or professional doctorate degrees.

Christian martyr Person killed for their testimony of Jesus

A martyr refers to a person who, according to biblical stories, was killed because of their testimony of Jesus and God. In years of the early church, stories depict this often occurring through death by sawing, stoning, crucifixion, burning at the stake or other forms of torture and capital punishment. The word "martyr" comes from the Koine word -> μάρτυς, mártys, which means "witness" or "testimony".

Stanley Hauerwas

Stanley Martin Hauerwas is an American theologian, ethicist, and public intellectual. Hauerwas was a longtime professor at Duke University, serving as the Gilbert T. Rowe Professor of Theological Ethics at Duke Divinity School with a joint appointment at the Duke University School of Law. In the fall of 2014, he also assumed a chair in theological ethics at the University of Aberdeen. Before moving to Duke and the University of Aberdeen, Hauerwas taught at the University of Notre Dame. Hauerwas is considered by many to be one of the world's most influential living theologians and was named "America's Best Theologian" by Time magazine in 2001. He was also the first American theologian to deliver the prestigious Gifford Lectures at the University of St. Andrews in Scotland in over forty years. His work is frequently read and debated by scholars in fields outside of religion or ethics, such as political philosophy, sociology, history, and literary theory. Hauerwas has achieved notability outside of academia as a public intellectual, even appearing on The Oprah Winfrey Show.

Christian vegetarianism is the practice of keeping to a vegetarian lifestyle for reasons connected to or derived from the Christian faith. The three primary reasons are spiritual, nutritional, and ethical. The ethical reasons may include a concern for God's creation, a concern for animal rights and welfare, or both. Likewise, Christian veganism is the abstaining from the use of all animal products for reasons connected to or derived from the Christian faith.

The relationship between Christianity and politics is a historically complex subject and a frequent source of disagreement throughout the history of Christianity, as well as in modern politics between the Christian right and Christian left. There have been a wide variety of ways in which thinkers have conceived of the relationship between Christianity and politics, with many arguing that Christianity directly supports a particular political ideology or philosophy. Along these lines, various thinkers have argued for Christian communism, Christian socialism, Christian anarchism, Christian libertarianism, or Christian democracy. Others believe that Christians should have little interest or participation in politics or government.

Theistic Satanism Religion which worships Satan as an actual deity (as opposed to a mere symbol of human freedom)

Theistic Satanism, otherwise referred to as religious Satanism, spiritual Satanism, or traditional Satanism, is an umbrella term for religious groups that consider Satan to be an objectively existing deity, supernatural being, or force which is worthy of worship and supplication whom individuals may contact, convene with, and even praise, rather than just an archetype, a metaphor, a symbol, or an idea as in LaVeyan Satanism. The individuals and organizations which uphold this belief system and/or identify as theistic Satanists are most often very small, loosely affiliated, or independent groups and cabals, which have largely self-marginalized. Another prominent characteristic of theistic Satanism is the use of various types of magic.

Allen James Reimer (1942–2010) was a Canadian Mennonite theologian who held a dual academic appointment as Professor of Religious Studies and Christian Theology at Conrad Grebel University College, a member college of the University of Waterloo, and at the Toronto School of Theology, a consortium of divinity schools federated with the University of Toronto. At the University of Waterloo's fall 2008 convocation, he was named Distinguished Professor Emeritus, an honor seldom bestowed on retired faculty.

Alan Kreider was the American Professor Emeritus of Church History and Mission at the Anabaptist Mennonite Biblical Seminary in Elkhart, Indiana. His main interests were mission, worship, peace, and ecclesiastical history. Kreider continued to speak, write and publish in these areas of interest until his death in May 2017.

Christopher Kennedy Huebner is an associate professor of theology and philosophy at Canadian Mennonite University, as well as co-editor of Herald Press's Polyglossia series.

Anthony B. Bradley is an American author and professor of religion, theology and ethics at the King's College in New York City, where he also serves as the chair of the Religious and Theological Studies program and directs the Galsworthy Criminal Justice Reform Program. He is also a research fellow for The Acton Institute.

Christianity and animal rights Animal rights in Christianity

The relationship between Christianity and animal rights is complex, with different Christian communities coming to different conclusions about the status of animals. The topic is closely related to, but broader than, the practices of Christian vegetarians and the various Christian environmentalist movements.

Christian persecution complex is a belief, attitude or world view that Christian values and Christians are being oppressed by social groups and governments. This belief is promoted by certain American Protestant churches, and some Christian- or Bible-based cults in Europe. It has been called the "Evangelical", "American Christian" or "Christian right" persecution complex.


  1. Bergen, Jeremy M. (2010). "Review of Living on Hope While Living in Babylon: The Christian Anarchists of the Twentieth Century, by Tripp York". Direction. 39 (2): 295–296. Retrieved May 6, 2019.
  2. "Elon University - Department of Religious Studies". Retrieved 2009-01-11.
  3. "Tripp York, PhD". Tripp York, PhD. Archived from the original on 2016-04-18. Retrieved 2016-03-30.
  4. 1 2 reimaginingwithbrianniece (2017-01-30). "Reimagining Our Relationship with Animals, with Tripp York | Reimagining Podcast | Episode 16". Retrieved 2020-04-10.
  5. "The Devil Wears Nada: Satan Exposed". Amazon. Retrieved 2020-04-10.
  6. "Wipf and Stock Publishers". Archived from the original on 2020-04-10. Retrieved 2020-04-10.
  7. Justo L. Gonzalez,The Story of Christianity, Vol. II, (San Francisco: Harper, 1985).
  8. "Is the church narrating what it means to be an American or is America narrating what it means to be the church? Five Good Answers with Dr. Tripp York, Author of Third Way Allegiance". Matt Litton. 2011-07-08. Retrieved 2014-03-12.
  9. "Christian anarchists topic of book by Tripp York". Retrieved 2014-03-12.
  10. "Virginia Wesleyan College - A small Liberal Arts College located in Norfolk, Virginia". Archived from the original on 2013-11-11. Retrieved 2014-03-12.