Triumphal Arc, Kamianets-Podilskyi

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The 18th century Baroque Triumphal Arc in Kamianets-Podilskyi. Triumphal Arc, Kamianets-Podilskyi.JPG
The 18th century Baroque Triumphal Arc in Kamianets-Podilskyi.

The Triumphal Arc (Ukrainian : Тріумфальна арка) was built in 1781 for the visit of Polish King Stanisław August Poniatowski to the historic city of Kamianets-Podilskyi in Khmelnytskyi Oblast (province) of western Ukraine. The arc was designed in the late Baroque style by city masters, and has survived till this day without any reconstructions. [1] Restorations, have, however been conducted on the arc, in 1947-1948 and during the mid-1980s. [2]

Ukrainian language language member of the East Slavic subgroup of the Slavic languages

Ukrainian is an East Slavic language. It is the official state language of Ukraine and first of two principal languages of Ukrainians; it is one of the three official languages in the unrecognized state of Transnistria, the other two being Romanian and Russian. Written Ukrainian uses a variant of the Cyrillic script.

Poland republic in Central Europe

Poland, officially the Republic of Poland, is a country located in Central Europe. It is divided into 16 administrative subdivisions, covering an area of 312,696 square kilometres (120,733 sq mi), and has a largely temperate seasonal climate. With a population of approximately 38.5 million people, Poland is the sixth most populous member state of the European Union. Poland's capital and largest metropolis is Warsaw. Other major cities include Kraków, Łódź, Wrocław, Poznań, Gdańsk, and Szczecin.

Stanisław August Poniatowski King of Poland

Stanisław II Augustus, who reigned as King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania from 1764 to 1795, was the last monarch of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. He remains a controversial figure in Polish history. Recognized as a great patron of the arts and sciences and an initiator and firm supporter of progressive reforms, he is also remembered as the King of the Commonwealth whose election was marred by Russian intervention. He is criticized primarily for his failure to stand against the partitions, and thus to prevent the destruction of the Polish state.

The Triumphal Arc is covered in white stone, and leads visitors into the Ss. Peter and Paul Cathedral. Above the entrance, there is an inscription reading that King Stanisław Poniatowski walked through here on November 11, 1781. The arc's columns are of the Ionic order.

Ionic order Order of classical architecture characterized by the use of volutes in the capital and a base moulding on the columns

The Ionic order forms one of the three classical orders of classical architecture, the other two canonic orders being the Doric and the Corinthian. There are two lesser orders: the Tuscan, and the rich variant of Corinthian called the composite order, both added by 16th-century Italian architectural writers, based on Roman practice. Of the three canonic orders, the Ionic order has the narrowest columns.

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References

  1. Budzey, Oleh (2005). By the streets of Kamianets-Podilskyi. Lviv: Svit. p. 72. ISBN   966-603-274-0.
  2. Zharikov, N. L., ed. (1983–1986). "Petropavlovsky Cathedral Church Ensemble". Monuments of urban development and architecture in the Ukrainian SSR. 1-4 (in Russian). Kiev: Budivel'nyk. p. 172. LCCN   84179019 . Retrieved 2007-12-13.