The Triumphal Arc (Ukrainian : Тріумфальна арка) was built in 1781 for the visit of Polish King Stanisław August Poniatowski to the historic city of Kamianets-Podilskyi in Khmelnytskyi Oblast (province) of western Ukraine. The arc was designed in the late Baroque style by city masters, and has survived till this day without any reconstructions. Restorations, have, however been conducted on the arc, in 1947-1948 and during the mid-1980s.
Ukrainian is an East Slavic language. It is the official state language of Ukraine and first of two principal languages of Ukrainians; it is one of the three official languages in the unrecognized state of Transnistria, the other two being Romanian and Russian. Written Ukrainian uses a variant of the Cyrillic script.
Poland, officially the Republic of Poland, is a country located in Central Europe. It is divided into 16 administrative subdivisions, covering an area of 312,696 square kilometres (120,733 sq mi), and has a largely temperate seasonal climate. With a population of approximately 38.5 million people, Poland is the sixth most populous member state of the European Union. Poland's capital and largest metropolis is Warsaw. Other major cities include Kraków, Łódź, Wrocław, Poznań, Gdańsk, and Szczecin.
Stanisław II Augustus, who reigned as King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania from 1764 to 1795, was the last monarch of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. He remains a controversial figure in Polish history. Recognized as a great patron of the arts and sciences and an initiator and firm supporter of progressive reforms, he is also remembered as the King of the Commonwealth whose election was marred by Russian intervention. He is criticized primarily for his failure to stand against the partitions, and thus to prevent the destruction of the Polish state.
The Triumphal Arc is covered in white stone, and leads visitors into the Ss. Peter and Paul Cathedral. Above the entrance, there is an inscription reading that King Stanisław Poniatowski walked through here on November 11, 1781. The arc's columns are of the Ionic order.
The Ionic order forms one of the three classical orders of classical architecture, the other two canonic orders being the Doric and the Corinthian. There are two lesser orders: the Tuscan, and the rich variant of Corinthian called the composite order, both added by 16th-century Italian architectural writers, based on Roman practice. Of the three canonic orders, the Ionic order has the narrowest columns.
Podolia or Podilia is a historic region in Eastern Europe, located in the west-central and south-western parts of Ukraine and in northeastern Moldova. The name derives from Old Slavic po, meaning "by/next to/along" and dol, "valley".
The year 1781 in architecture involved some significant architectural events and new buildings.
Kamianets-Podilskyi is a city on the Smotrych River in western Ukraine, to the north-east of Chernivtsi. Formerly the administrative center of the Khmelnytskyi Oblast, the city is now the administrative center of the Kamianets-Podilskyi Raion (district) within the Khmelnytskyi Oblast (province). The city itself is also designated as a separate district within the region.
Poniatowski is a prominent Polish family that was part of the nobility of Poland. A member of this family, Stanisław Poniatowski, was elected as King of Poland and reigned from 1764 until his abdication in 1795. Since Polish adjectives have different forms for the genders, Poniatowska is the equivalent name for a female member of this family.
FC Temp Shepetivka was a former Ukrainian football club from Shepetivka. In the winter of 1996 the club was dissolved and replaced with "artificial" team based on the Kamianets-Podilskyi sports school to finish the season.
Adam Stanisław Krasiński (1714–1800) was a Polish noble of Ślepowron coat of arms, bishop of Kamieniec (1757–1798), Great Crown Secretary, president of the Crown Tribunal in 1759 and one of the leaders of Bar Confederation (1768–1772).
National Nature Park "Podilski Tovtry" is a national park, located in the Horodok, Kamianets-Podilskyi, and the Chemerivtsi Raions (districts) of Khmelnytskyi Oblast (province) in southern region of the western Ukraine. It is the biggest nature conservation area in Ukraine.
The Kamianets-Podilskyi massacre was a World War II mass shooting of Jews carried out in the opening stages of Operation Barbarossa, by mobile killing squads of Nazi German Order Police Battalion 320 along with Jeckeln's Einsatzgruppen, the Hungarian soldiers, and the Ukrainian Auxiliary Police. The killings were conducted on August 27 and August 28, 1941, in the Soviet city of Kamianets-Podilskyi, occupied by German troops in the previous month on July 11, 1941. According to the Nazi German reports a total of 23,600 Jews were murdered, including 16,000 who had earlier been expelled from Hungary.
Zofia Potocka née Clavone was a Greek slave courtesan and a Russian agent, later a Polish noble. She was famous in contemporary Europe for her beauty and adventurous life. During the Russo-Turkish War (1787–92), she was the lover of the Russian commander prince Grigory Potemkin and acted as an agent in Russian service.
Kamianets-Podilskyi Castle is a former Ruthenian-Lithuanian castle and a later three-part Polish fortress located in the historic city of Kamianets-Podilskyi, Ukraine, in the historic region of Podolia in the western part of the country. Its name is attributed to the root word kamin', from the Slavic word for stone.
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Kamyanets-Podilskyi is a diocese of the Latin Rite of the Catholic Church in Ukraine. Maksymilian Leonid Dubrawski is the current bishop of the diocese. He was appointed to the See of Kamianets-Podilskyi in 2002.
The word Kamenets is a common Slavic toponym with the root kamen meaning "stone" and the suffix -ets. It usually denotes a rocky mountain or stony embankment of a river or stream.
Bilohiria Raion is a raion in Khmelnytskyi Oblast in Ukraine. Its administrative center is Bilohiria. Its population is 28 128 inhabitants (01.01.2011). It was established in 1923. 2 urban-type settlements and 72 villages are located in Bilohiria Raion.
The Holy Trinity Church is a church in the city of Kamianets-Podilskyi, Khmelnytskyi Oblast (province) of western Ukraine. The church is situated on Trinity Square near the entrance to the historic Old Town neighborhood of Kamianets-Podilskyi.
Kamianets-Podilskyi Raion is one of the 20 administrative raions of the Khmelnytskyi Oblast in western Ukraine. Its administrative center is located in the city of Kamianets-Podilskyi, even though the city itself is not under the raion's jurisdiction. Its population was 75,506 in the 2001 Ukrainian Census and 67,900 on September 9, 2012.
Dovzhok is a village in the Kamianets-Podilskyi Raion (district) of Khmelnytskyi Oblast in western Ukraine. The village's population was 4,263 as of the 2001 Ukrainian census. Dovzhok was the administrative center of the Dovzhok Raion until December 4, 1928, when its center was moved to Kamianets-Podilskyi.
Kolodiivka is a village in the Kamianets-Podilskyi Raion (district) of Khmelnytskyi Oblast in western Ukraine. The village's population was 1,042 as of the 2001 Ukrainian census.
The Ukrainian Catholic Eparchy of Kamyanets-Podilskyi is an eparchy of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church sui iuris in its homeland Ukraine.
The Sts. Peter and Paul Cathedral also called Kamianets-Podilskyi Cathedral is the name given to a religious building affiliated with the Catholic Church which is in the cathedral square in city of Kamianets-Podilskyi in Khmelnytskyi Oblast in the west part of the European country of Ukraine.
Petro Pilyanskyi was a Ukrainian Greek Catholic hierarch. He was the Eparchial Bishop of the Ruthenian Catholic Eparchy of Lviv, Halych and Kamianets-Podilskyi from 1798 to 1805.