Last updated
Trnava john the baptist 02.jpg
Flag of Trnava (Slovakia).svg
Coat of Arms of Trnava.svg
Malý Rím (little Rome)
Trnava Region - physical map.png
Red pog.svg
Location of Trnava in the Trnava Region
Slovakia relief location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Location of Trnava in Slovakia
Coordinates: 48°22′39″N17°35′18″E / 48.37750°N 17.58833°E / 48.37750; 17.58833 Coordinates: 48°22′39″N17°35′18″E / 48.37750°N 17.58833°E / 48.37750; 17.58833
Country Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia
Region Trnava
District Trnava
First mentioned1211
  MayorPeter Bročka
  Total71.53 [1]  km2 (27.62 [1]  sq mi)
144 [2]  m (472 [2]  ft)
  Total63,194 [3]
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
917 00 [2]
Area code(s) +421 33 [2]
Car plate TT

Trnava (Slovak pronunciation:  [ˈtr̩naʋa] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ), German : Tyrnau; Hungarian : Nagyszombat, also known by other alternative names) is a city in western Slovakia, 47 km (29 mi) to the northeast of Bratislava, on the Trnávka river. It is the capital of a kraj (Trnava Region) and of an okres (Trnava District). It is the seat of a Roman Catholic archbishopric (1541–1820 and then again since 1977). The city has a historic center. Because of the many churches within its city walls, Trnava has often been called "Little Rome" (Slovak : Malý Rím, Latin : parva Roma), or more recently, the "Slovak Rome".


Names and etymology

The name of the city is derived from the name of the creek Trnava. It comes from the Old Slavic/Slovak word tŕň ("thornbush") [4] which characterized the river banks in the region. Many towns in Central Europe have a similar etymology including Trnovo in Slovakia as well as Tarnów (Poland), Tarnow (Germany), Veliko Tarnovo (Bulgaria), Trnavac (Serbia), and Tyrnavos (Greece) among others. In Hungarian, the original name had gradually evolved into Tyrna [lower-alpha 1] which influenced also later German and Latin forms. [5]

When it developed into an important market town, it received the Hungarian name of Nagyszombat (Sumbot 1211) [4] referring to the weekly market fairs held on Saturdays (Hungarian : szombat). However, this name was only used by the royal chamber, as is indicated by the adoption of the Slovak name rather than the Hungarian name by German newcomers after the Mongol invasion. [4]

The varieties of the name in different languages include German : Tyrnau; Hungarian : Nagyszombat (from the 14th century onward) [4] and Latin : Tyrnavia.


Square of the Holy Trinity Slovakia - Trnava - Trojicne namestie a mestska veza RB01.jpg
Square of the Holy Trinity

Permanent settlements on the city's territory are known from the Neolithic period onwards.

Middle Ages

During the Middle Ages, an important market settlement arose here at the junction of two important roads – from Bohemia to Hungary and from the Mediterranean to Poland.

The first written reference to Trnava dates from 1211. In 1238, Trnava was the first town in (present-day) Slovakia to be granted a town charter (civic privileges) by the king. The former agricultural center gradually became a center of manufacture, trade, and crafts. By the early 13th century, the king of Hungary had invited numerous Germans to settle in Trnava; this settlement increased after the Tatar invasion in 1242. At the turn of the 13th and 14th centuries, a part of Trnava was enclosed by very long city walls. The original Slovak market settlement and the Germans stayed behind this wall.

Trnava was also the place of many important negotiations: Charles I, the king of Hungary, signed here a currency agreement with the Czech King John of Luxemburg in 1327, and King Louis I (who often stayed in the town and died there in 1380) signed a friendship agreement with Emperor Charles IV there in 1360.

Hussites and Slovak majority

The temporary German majority in Trnava's population yielded in favour of the Slovaks during the campaigns undertaken by the Czech Hussites in the 15th century. In April 1430, the Hussites penetrated close to the town and defeated the Hungarian army in the Battle of Trnava. However, they suffered heavy losses and withdrew to Moravia. On 24 Jun 1432 a small group of Hussites masked as tradesmen entered the town, overcame the guards in the night and captured the town without a fight. [6] Then, they made Trnava the center of their campaigns in northwestern Kingdom of Hungary from 1432 to 1435.

16th-18th centuries

The town, along with the rest of the territory of present-day Slovakia, gained importance after the conquest of most of what is today Hungary by the Ottoman Empire in 1541, when Trnava became the see (15411820) of the Archbishopric of Esztergom (before 1541 and after 1820 the see was the town of Esztergom, which was conquered by the Ottoman Turks in 1543). The cathedrals of the archbishopric were the Saint John the Baptist Cathedral and the Saint Nicholas Cathedral in the town. Many ethnic Hungarians fleeing from the Turks moved to the town after 1541 from present-day Hungary, which remained under Ottoman rule until 1699.

In the 16th and especially the 17th century, Trnava was an important center of the Counter-Reformation in the Kingdom of Hungary (at the time largely identical with the territory of present-day Slovakia and a strip of western Hungary). The Archbishop Nicolas Oláh invited the Jesuits to Trnava in 1561 in order to develop the municipal school system. Subsequently, he had a seminary opened in 1566 and in 1577 Trnava's priest Nicolas Telegdi founded a book-printing house in the town. The first Catholic Bible translation into Hungarian (based on the Latin Vulgate) was also completed in the town by the Jesuit György Káldi who was born there in 1573. The 17th century was also characterized by many anti-Habsburg uprisings in the country these revolts of Stephen Bocskay, Gabriel Bethlen, George I Rákóczi, and Imre Thököly negatively affected Trnava's life. On 26 December 1704 Francis II Rákóczi's army suffered a decisive defeat against the Imperial Army, led by Sigbert Heister, near Trnava.

The Jesuit Trnava University (1635–1777), the only university of the Kingdom of Hungary at that time, was founded by Archbishop Péter Pázmány. Founded to support the Counter-Reformation, Trnava University soon became a center of Slovak education and literature, since most of the teachers, one half of the students and the majority of the town's inhabitants were Slovaks. Pázmány himself was instrumental in promoting the usage of Slovak instead of Czech and had his work "Isteni igazságra vezető kalauz" (Guide to the Truth of God) and several of his sermons translated into Slovak. From the late 18th century Trnava became a center of the literary and artistic Slovak National Revival. The first standard codification of Slovak (by the priest Anton Bernolák in 1787) was based on the Slovak dialect used in the region of Trnava.

19th century to Great War

During the Hungarian Revolution of 1848 Richard Guyon's army fought here with an Austrian army on 14 December, in 1848.

The importance of the town decreased in the early 19th century, when the university was moved to Buda (today: Eötvös Loránd University) and the see of the archbishopric moved back to Esztergom. It increased however partly again after 1844, when Trnava was connected with Bratislava through the first railway line in the Kingdom of Hungary, which was a horse railway (steam engines were used since 1872). The railway connection launched a modernization of the town, which started with the erection of a big sugar factory, a malt-house and of the Coburgh's factory (later referred to as Trnavské automobilové závody, i.e. "Trnava Car Factory"). The St. Adalbert Association  [ cs ] (Spolok sv. Vojtecha), founded in 1870 when the Slovak foundation (Matica slovenská) was prohibited by the Hungarian authorities, kept up the Slovak national conscience at a time of strong Magyarisation in Hungary. In the 19th but mainly in the early 20th century the town grew behind its city walls and a part of the wall was demolished in the 19th century, but most of it is still well-preserved.

Jewish history

Jews arrived into the area in the 11th century. [7] A presence in Trnava is documented from the 14th century. [8] In 1494, 14 Jews were brought to death by burning following a blood libel. [9] An 1503 account of the 1494 ritual murder trial introduces for the first time in history the notion that Jews as a collectivity were of feminine gender and had monthly bleedings, a libel which would become part of the repertoire of Christian antisemitism from then on. [10] After another blood libel, the Jews were expelled from the city in 1539 and only in 1783 were Jews allowed to return to the city.[ citation needed ] Until World War II, Trnava was home to a sizable Jewish minority.[ when? ] During the Holocaust, 82% of the Jews were sent to extermination camps in 1942.[ citation needed ]

After 1918

After the creation of Czechoslovakia in 1918, Trnava was one of the most industrialized cities of the country. During World War II, Trnava was occupied on 1 April 1945 by troops of the Soviet 2nd Ukrainian Front. In 1977, by a decision of Pope Paul VI, Trnava became the see of a separate Slovak archbishopric (although the seat moved to Bratislava in 2008, the city still remains a seat of its own archbishopric). With the establishment of this archbishopric, Slovakia became independent of Hungary again also in terms of church administration for the first time in centuries.

After the establishment of Slovakia (1993), Trnava became the capital of the newly created Trnava Region in 1996. The French car manufacturer PSA Peugeot Citroën began construction of a large automobile plant in Trnava in 2003.


Trnava lies at an altitude of 146 metres (479 ft) above sea level and covers an area of 71.535 square kilometres (27.6 sq mi). [11] It is located in the Danubian Lowland on the Trnávka river, around 45 kilometres (28 mi) north-east of Bratislava, 50 kilometres (31 mi) west of Nitra and around 70 kilometres (43 mi) from the Czech border. The closest mountain ranges are the Little Carpathians to the west and the Považský Inovec to the north-east of the city.


Trnava lies in the north temperate zone and has a continental climate with four distinct seasons. It is characterized by a significant variation between hot summers and cold winters.

Climate data for Trnava (observed at Piešťany)
Average high °C (°F)2
Average low °C (°F)−4
Average precipitation cm (inches)1.78
Source: MSN Weather [12]

Main sights

Town Hall Slovakia - Trnava - Radnica RB04.jpg
Town Hall
University of Trnava Slovakia - Trnava - Trnavska Univerzita RB05.jpg
University of Trnava
Anton Malatinsky Stadium CityArena.jpg
Anton Malatinský Stadium
Pedestrian zone Slovakia - Trnava - Pesia zona RB04.jpg
Pedestrian zone
Park of Belo IV Slovakia - Trnava - Parcik Bela IV - RB02.jpg
Park of Belo IV
Gothic church of St.Nicolas Gothic church of St. Nicolas in Trnava, Slovakia.jpg
Gothic church of St.Nicolas

As early as in the Middle Ages, Trnava was an important centre of Gothic religious and lay architecture – St. Nicolas's Church, St. Helen's Church and several church monastery complexes (Clarist, Franciscan and Dominican) were built in this period.

The Renaissance (16th century) added a town tower to Trnava's silhouette. Nicolas Oláh ordered the erection of the Seminary and Archbishop's Palace. Péter Bornemisza and Huszár Gál  [ hu ], the leading personalities of the Reformation in the Kingdom of Hungary, were active in Trnava for a short time. The town ramparts were rebuilt to a Renaissance fortification as a reaction to the approaching Turkish danger from the south.

The 17th century was characterized by the construction of the Paulinian Church that bears badges of Silesian Renaissance. Trnava was gradually redesigned to Baroque. The erection of the St. John the Baptist Church and of the university campus launched a building rush that continued with the reconstruction of the Franciscan and Clarist's complexes. Builders and artists called to build the university also participated in improvements of the burgher architecture. The Holy Trinity Statue and the group of statues of St. Joseph, the Ursulinian and Trinitarian Church and Monastery are of recent construction.

The District hospital was built 1824. The building of the theatre started in May 1831 and the first performance was played at Christmas. Both of the Trnava synagogues, historical structures with oriental motifs, date back to the 19th century. The Synagogue Status Quo Ante currently houses the Jána Koniareka art gallery.

Culture and sights



Renovated in 2010, the 19th-century Orthodox Synagogue which was falling into disrepair, was turned into a chic, modern cafe named Synagoga Cafe in 2016.

Critics view the business as an example of exploitative cultural appropriation in the wake of the Holocaust, where the former occupants were sent to concentration camps. Whereas, advocates argue that it reflects respect and nostalgia for Jews in addition to providing a vehicle for at least some preservation of the heritage site. [14]



The rise of Trnava is closely related to the "Latin Guests", newcomers speaking a Romance language, probably arriving from present-day Belgium (Walloons). [8] In 1238, the expansion of the town was supported by the decree about a free movement to Trnava. In the Middle Ages, "German Guests" played a main role in the social composition of the town and they dominated also in trade and town administration. [8] The decline of the German population and a permanent change of the ethnic composition dates back to the occupation of the town by the Hussite army (1432-1435). [8] Nevertheless, the continuity of the original Slovak population was not interrupted and the Slovaks have intensively tried to achieve representation in the town council. Repeated conflicts between Germans and Slovaks were resolved in 1486 by the king Matthias Corvinus. In this time, the dominant language in the town was already Slovak. [8] The medieval Hungarian population was represented only by several families, but more Hungarians settled in town after the Battle of Mohács of 1526 and the subsequent dissolution of the Hungarian kingdom which was split into three parts. [8] The ethnic new tensions had to be again resolved by the king. The Hungarians were made equal to the Slovaks and the Germans by Ferdinand I, who also ordered parity representation of all three nationalities in the administration (4 April 1551). The estimated size of the population in the 16th century was 2,000-3,000 citizens. At the end of the Middle Ages, the town was inhabited by cca 5,000 people including those living in suburbs behind the city walls. [8] A presence of the Jewish community is well documented from the 14th century. [8]


According to the last census from 2001, Trnava had 70,286 inhabitants, while according to the estimate from 2006, Trnava had 68,466 inhabitants with an average age of 37.3 years. In 2018, it had 65,207 inhabitants.

Nationality (2001 census):

Age: [15]


The current government structure has been in place since 1990, and is composed of a mayor (primátor) and of a city council (Mestské zastupiteľstvo), which in turn leads a city board (Mestská rada) and city commissions (Komisie mestského zastupiteľstva). The mayor is the city's top executive officer, elected for a four-year term; the current mayor is Peter Brocka, who is serving his first term and was inaugurated to function on 12 December 2014. [16] The city council is the highest legislative body of the city, represented by 31 councillors, elected to a concurrent term with the mayor's. Since 2002, Trnava is divided into six urban districts, with area and further sub-units in parentheses:

However, compared to the present-day total area of 71.53 km2, the city used to have a larger area. Its height was in the 1970s, when it annexed villages of Modranka, Biely Kostol and Hrnčiarovce nad Parnou, reaching an area of almost 90 km2. The latter two separated in 1993 and 1994, respectively. [17]


Aerial photography of Trnava Nagyszombat legifoto.jpg
Aerial photography of Trnava

Trnava is the seat of two universities: University of Trnava (present) with 7,159 students, including 446 doctoral students. [18] and of the University of Ss. Cyril and Methodius, with 6,833 students. [19] The city's system of primary education consists of nine public schools and one religious primary school with a total of 5,422 pupils enrolled in 2006. [20] Secondary education is represented by four gymnasia with 2,099 students, [21] 7 specialized high schools with 3,212 students, [22] and 6 vocational schools with 3,697 students. [23] [24]


The city lies at the crossroads of two roads of international importance; from the Czech Republic to southern Slovakia and from Bratislava to northern Slovakia. The D1 motorway connects the city to Bratislava, Trenčín and Žilina and the R1 expressway connects it to Nitra. A part of a planned bypass is currently under construction. The city also has an important station on the Bratislava–Žilina railway, with two tracks from Sereď and Kúty (near the Czech border) ending in the city. Although there is a small airstrip Letisko Boleráz to the north of the city, the closest international airports are in Bratislava and Vienna. The city also operates a public transport service, currently with 16 lines. [25]


Parks and open spaces

Park of Belo IV Trnava, Park Bela IV.jpg
Park of Belo IV
Recreation zone Strky Lesopark Strky, Trnava.jpg
Recreation zone Štrky

Notable residents

Town hall of Trnava Slovakia Trnava Town Hall.jpg
Town hall of Trnava

Twin towns — Sister cities

Trnava is twinned with: [26]

See also


  1. TrnavaTurnava (a vowel insertion) → Turnva (a vowel removal like in malinamálna) → TurnaTorna (a consonant removal like sventszent).

Related Research Articles

Slovakia Country in Central Europe

Slovakia, officially the Slovak Republic, is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It is bordered by Poland to the north, Ukraine to the east, Hungary to the south, Austria to the southwest, and the Czech Republic to the northwest. Slovakia's mostly mountainous territory spans about 49,000 square kilometres (19,000 sq mi), with a population of over 5.4 million. The capital and largest city is Bratislava, while the second largest city is Košice.

Košice City in Slovakia

Košice is the largest city in eastern Slovakia. It is situated on the river Hornád at the eastern reaches of the Slovak Ore Mountains, near the border with Hungary. With a population of approximately 230,000, Košice is the second-largest city in Slovakia, after the capital Bratislava.

Žilina City in Slovakia

Žilina is a city in north-western Slovakia, around 200 kilometres (120 mi) from the capital Bratislava, close to both the Czech and Polish borders. It is the fourth largest city of Slovakia with a population of approximately 80,000, an important industrial center, the largest city on the Váh river, and the seat of a kraj and of an okres. It belongs to the Upper Váh region of tourism.

Bratislava, currently the capital of Slovakia and the country's largest city, has existed for about a thousand years. Due to the city's strategic geographical location, it was an important European hub due to its proximity to the advanced cultures of the Mediterranean and the Orient as well as its link to the rest of Europe, which were possible by the Danube River.

Banská Bystrica City in Slovakia

Banská Bystrica is a city in central Slovakia located on the Hron River in a long and wide valley encircled by the mountain chains of the Low Tatras, the Veľká Fatra, and the Kremnica Mountains. With 76 000 inhabitants, Banská Bystrica is the sixth most populous municipality in Slovakia. The present town was founded by German settlers, however it was built upon a former Slavic settlement. It obtained the municipal privileges of a free royal town of the Kingdom of Hungary in 1255. The copper mining town acquired its present picturesque look in the Late Middle Ages when the prosperous burghers built its central churches, mansions, and fortifications. It is the capital of the kraj and the okres. It is also the home of Matej Bel University. As a historical city with an easy access to the surrounding mountains, Banská Bystrica is a popular winter and summer tourist destination.

Nitra City in Slovakia

Nitra is a city in western Slovakia, situated at the foot of Zobor Mountain in the valley of the river Nitra. With a population of about 78,353, it is the fifth largest city in Slovakia. Nitra is also one of the oldest cities in Slovakia; it was the political center of the Principality of Nitra. Today, it is a seat of a kraj, and an okres.

Poprad City in Slovakia

Poprad is a city in northern Slovakia at the foot of the High Tatra Mountains, famous for its picturesque historic centre and as a holiday resort. It is the biggest town of the Spiš region and the tenth largest city in Slovakia, with a population of approximately 50,000.

Trenčín City in Slovakia

Trenčín is a city in western Slovakia of the central Váh River valley near the Czech border, around 120 km (75 mi) from Bratislava. It has a population of more than 55,000, which makes it the eighth largest municipality of the country and is the seat of the Trenčín Region and the Trenčín District. It has a medieval castle, Trenčín Castle, on a rock above the city.

Prešov City in Slovakia

Prešov is a city in Eastern Slovakia. It is a seat of the administrative Prešov Region and Šariš as well as the historic Sáros County of the Kingdom of Hungary. With a population of approximately 90,000 for the city, and in total about 110,000 in the metropolitan area, it is the third-largest city in Slovakia. It belongs to the Košice-Prešov agglomeration and is the natural cultural, economic, transport and administrative center of the Šariš region. It lends its name to the Eperjes-Tokaj Hill-Chain which was considered as the geographic entity on the first map of Hungary from 1528. There are many tourist attractions in Prešov such as castles, pools and the old town.

Martin, Slovakia City in Slovakia

Martin is a city in northern Slovakia, situated on the Turiec river, between the Malá Fatra and Veľká Fatra mountains, near the city of Žilina. The population numbers approximately 54,000, which makes it the ninth-largest city in Slovakia. It is the center of the Turiec region and the District of Martin.

Modra Town in Slovakia

Modra is a city and municipality in the Bratislava Region in Slovakia. It has a population of 9,042 as of 2018. It nestles in the foothills of the Malé Karpaty and is an excellent centre of hiking.

Topoľčany Town in Slovakia

Topoľčany is a town in the Nitra Region of Slovakia. The population is around 25,000. The town's population is nicknamed Žochári.

Dunajská Streda Town in Slovakia

Dunajská Streda is a town located in southern Slovakia. Dunajská Streda is the most culturally significant town in the Žitný ostrov area. The town has a population of 22,730, with ethnic Hungarians forming the 72% majority.

Sereď Town in Slovakia

Sereď is a town in southern Slovakia near Trnava, on the right bank of the Váh River on the Danubian Lowland. It has approximately 15,500 inhabitants.

Anton Bernolák

Anton Dif Bernolák; Hungarian: Bernolák Antal; 3 October 1762 – 15 January 1813) was a Slovak linguist and Catholic priest, and the author of the first Slovak language standard.

Skalica Town in Slovakia

Skalica is the largest town in Skalica District in western Slovakia in the Záhorie region. Located near the Czech border, Skalica has a population of around 15,000.

Šamorín Town in Slovakia

Šamorín is a small town in western Slovakia, southeast of Bratislava.

Museums and galleries of Bratislava

Bratislava is the capital city and the cultural and economic centre of Slovakia. It is home to several museums and galleries, including the Slovak National Museum and the Slovak National Gallery.

Bratislava Capital of Slovakia

Bratislava is the capital and largest city of Slovakia. Officially, the population of the city is about 475,000; however, it is estimated to be more than 660,000 — approximately 150% of the official figures. Bratislava is in southwestern Slovakia at the foot of the Little Carpathians, occupying both banks of the River Danube and the left bank of the River Morava. Bordering Austria and Hungary, it is the only national capital that borders two sovereign states.

Battle of Trnava (1430)

The Battle of Trnava or Battle of Nagyszombat was a battle in the Hussite Wars between the Hussites and the Hungarian-Royalists-Serbian army near Trnava (Nagyszombat) in the Kingdom of Hungary. The battle was fought in three phases, on 23, 25 and 28 April 1430 and ended in Hussite victory.


  1. 1 2 "Hustota obyvateľstva - obce [om7014rr_ukaz: Rozloha (Štvorcový meter)]". (in Slovak). Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. 2022-03-31. Retrieved 2022-03-31.
  2. 1 2 3 4 "Základná charakteristika". (in Slovak). Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. 2015-04-17. Retrieved 2022-03-31.
  3. "Počet obyvateľov podľa pohlavia - obce (ročne)". (in Slovak). Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. 2022-03-31. Retrieved 2022-03-31.
  4. 1 2 3 4 Martin Štefánik – Ján Lukačka et al. 2010, Lexikón stredovekých miest na Slovensku, Historický ústav SAV, Bratislava, 2010, p. 523, ISBN   978-80-89396-11-5. Archived 2017-03-26 at the Wayback Machine
  5. Branislav, Varsik (1994). "Vznik Trnavy a rozvoj mesta v stredoveku". Kontnuita medzi veľkomoravskými Slovienmi a stredovekými severouhorskými Slovanmi (Slovákmi) (in Slovak). Veda. p. 65. ISBN   80-224-0175-7.
  6. Segeš, Vladimír; Šeďová, Božena, eds. (2013). Pramene k vojenským dejinám slovenska I/3 1387 – 1526 [The Sources for the Military History of Slovakia](PDF) (in Slovak). Bratislava: Vojenský historický ústav. p. 17. Retrieved 2 July 2017.
  7. Klein-Pejšová, Rebekah (2006). "An overview of the history of Jews in Slovakia". Synagoga Slovaca. Slovak Jewish Heritage Center. Archived from the original on June 17, 2007.
  8. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Martin Štefánik – Ján Lukačka et al. 2010, p. 532-534
  9. Montgomery, Ray; O'Dell, Bob (2019). 15th Century: Blood libel accusations (PDF). The LIST: Persecution of Jews by Christians Throughout History. Jerusalem: Root Source Press. p. 231. ISBN   978-965-7738-13-9 . Retrieved 23 December 2020.
  10. Johnson, Willis (1998). "The myth of Jewish male menses". Journal of Medieval History . Elsevier. 24 (24:3): 273–295. doi:10.1016/S0304-4181(98)00009-8 . Retrieved 12 December 2020.
  11. "Municipal Statistics". Statistical Office of the Slovak republic. Archived from the original on 2008-01-11. Retrieved 2008-01-21.
  12. "Monthly Averages for Trnava, Slovakia". MSN. Archived from the original on 18 January 2008. Retrieved 21 January 2008.
  13. E-GO, s.r.o. "Úvod - Galéria Jána Koniarka v Trnave".
  14. "Synagogues become nightclubs in Eastern Europe". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. 2018-06-01. Retrieved 2019-10-15.
  15. Mestská a obecná štatistika SR
  16. "Legal Studies Alumnus Brocka Elected Mayor in Slovakia".
  17. "Profile of the city of Trnava as of 31 December 2007" (PDF). City of Trnava. n.d. Retrieved May 11, 2008.
  18. "Trnavská univerzita" (PDF) (in Slovak). Ústav informácií a prognóz školstva. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-04-08. Retrieved 2008-03-03.
  19. "Univerzita sv. Cyrila a Metoda" (PDF) (in Slovak). Ústav informácií a prognóz školstva. Retrieved 2008-03-03.[ permanent dead link ]
  20. "Prehľad základných škôl v školskom roku 2006/2007" (PDF) (in Slovak). Ústav informácií a prognóz školstva. 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-04-08. Retrieved 2008-03-03.
  21. "Prehľad gymnázií v školskom roku 2006/2007" (PDF) (in Slovak). Ústav informácií a prognóz školstva. Retrieved 2008-03-03.
  22. "Prehľad stredných odborných škôl v školskom roku 2006/2007" (PDF) (in Slovak). Ústav informácií a prognóz školstva. Retrieved 2008-03-03.
  23. "Prehľad združených stredných škôl v školskom roku 2006/2007" (PDF) (in Slovak). Ústav informácií a prognóz školstva. Retrieved 2008-03-03.
  24. "Prehľad stredných odborných učilíšť a učilíšť v školskom roku 2006/2007" (PDF) (in Slovak). Ústav informácií a prognóz školstva. Retrieved 2008-03-03.
  25. "Trasy liniek mestskej hromadnej dopravy (Routes of the public transport lines)" (in Slovak). n.d. Retrieved May 11, 2008.
  26. "Partnerské mestá" (in Slovak). Trnava. Retrieved 2019-09-02.

Commons-logo.svg Media related to Trnava at Wikimedia Commons