Trnava Region

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Trnava Region
Trnavský kraj
Trnavsky vlajka.svg
Coat of Arms of Trnava Region.svg
Trnavsky kraj in Slovakia.svg
CountrySlovakia
Capital Trnava
Government
  GovernorJozef Viskupič
Area
  Total4,145.00 km2 (1,600.39 sq mi)
Highest elevation
767 m (2,516 ft)
Lowest elevation
110 m (360 ft)
Population
 (2011 census)
  Total554,741
  Density130/km2 (350/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 code SK-TA
Website www.trnava-vuc.sk

The Trnava Region (Slovak : Trnavský kraj , pronounced  [ˈtr̩nawskiː ˈkraj] ; Hungarian : Nagyszombati kerület; German : Tyrnauer Landschaftsverband) is one of the eight Slovak administrative regions. It was established in 1996, before which date most of its districts were parts of Bratislava Region which was established on the founding of Czechoslovakia in 1923. It consists of 251 municipalities, from which 16 have a town status. It is the second most densely populated region in Slovakia.

Contents

Geography

In the lower, west part of Slovakia, the Trnava region forms a territorial band between the Bratislava Region and the rest of Slovakia, between Austrian and Czech borders in the north and north-west and the Hungarian border in the south. The part north of the Little Carpathians is part of the Záhorie Lowland, with its two subdivisions: hilly Chvojnická pahorkatina and flat Borská nížina. In addition to these, the Myjava Hills and the White Carpathians reach into the area. The fertile Danubian Lowland is located south of the Little Carpathians, again with two subdivisions: the Danubian Flat in the south, containing river island of Žitný ostrov (Rye Island) and the Danubian Hills in the north, where it also borders the Považský Inovec range app. on the line Hlohovec - Piešťany - border with the Trenčín Region. Major rivers are the Danube on the Hungarian border, with part of the Gabčíkovo Dam, Little Danube, which creates with Danube the island of Žitný ostrov, Váh in the east, Dudváh in the centre, and Morava River in the north-west, along the Austrian and Czech borders. The region borders: Austrian Lower Austria and Czech South Moravian Region in the north-west, Trenčín Region in the north, Nitra Region in the east, Hungarian Győr-Moson-Sopron county in the south and Bratislava Region in the west.

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1980526,906    
1991541,992+2.9%
2001551,003+1.7%
2011554,741+0.7%
2021566,008+2.0%
Source: [1]

In terms of population, the region is smallest of all Slovak regions. However, the population density is 136/km2 (350/sq mi) (2020-06-30/-07-01), [2] that is more than Slovak average (110 per km2). Largest towns are Trnava, Piešťany, Hlohovec, Dunajská Streda and Sereď. The level of urbanization is around 49%, represented by inhabitants living in 16 towns. According to the 2001 census, the region had 551,003 inhabitants, with Slovaks forming a majority (73.9%), but there is a significant Hungarian minority in the south (23.7%), forming a majority in the Dunajská Streda District (87%) and are notably represented in the Galanta District (41%). Other minorities are the Czechs and Roma (<1%). [3]

Economy

The region is quite productive in both industry and agriculture. The proximity to the capital city of Bratislava is an asset, as many Trnava residents travel daily to work there. Lately, multinational manufacturing companies such as Peugeot [4] or Samsung settled in the region.

Administrative division

The Trnava Region consists of 7 districts. There are 249 municipalities in the region of which 16 are towns.

See also

Related Research Articles

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Dunajské luhy Protected Landscape Area

Dunajské luhy Protected Landscape Area is one of the youngest of the 14 protected landscape areas in Slovakia. The Landscape Area consists of five separate parts in the Danube Lowland, stretching from Bratislava in the north west, following the Danube and the borders between Slovakia and Hungary to a river island called Veľkolélsky ostrov in Komárno District. The biggest part is Žitný ostrov, the largest river island in Europe.

References

Notes
  1. "SLOVAKIA: Regions and Major Cities". Citypopulation. Retrieved 22 January 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  2. "Statistic of Slovak places by Dušan Kreheľ – Export" . Retrieved 2021-07-05.
  3. "POPULATION AND HOUSING CENSUS 2001 - Tab. 3a". November 29, 2006. Archived from the original on November 29, 2006.
  4. a.s, Petit Press (January 24, 2012). "PSA Peugeot Trnava starts hiring 900 new employees". spectator.sme.sk.
Bibliography

Genealogical resources

The records for genealogical research are available at the state archive "Statny Archiv in Bratislava, Slovakia"