Trochilocharax ornatus

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Trochilocharax ornatus
Not evaluated (IUCN 3.1)
Scientific classification

Zarske, 2010
T. ornatus
Binomial name
Trochilocharax ornatus
Zarske, 2010

Trochilocharax ornatus (Hummingbird Tetra) is a species of characin endemic to Peru. [1] This species is the only member of its genus. [2]

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Characiformes Order of fishes

Characiformes is an order of ray-finned fish, comprising the characins and their allies. Grouped in 18 recognized families, more than 2000 different species are described, including the well-known piranha and tetras.

Characidae Family of fishes

Characidae, the characids or characins is a family of freshwater subtropical and tropical fish, belonging to the order Characiformes. The name "characins" is the historical one, but scientists today tend to prefer "characids" to reflect their status as a by and large monophyletic group at family rank. To arrive there, this family has undergone much systematic and taxonomic change. Among those fishes that remain in the Characidae for the time being are the tetras, comprising the very similar genera Hemigrammus and Hyphessobrycon, as well as a few related forms such as the cave and neon tetras. Fish of this family are important as food and also include popular aquarium fish species.

Black tetra Species of fish

The black tetra, also known as the black skirt tetra, petticoat tetra, high-fin black skirt tetra, black widow tetra and blackamoor, is a freshwater fish of the characin family (Characidae). It is native to the Paraguay River basin of south-central Brazil, Paraguay and northeast Argentina, but there are also populations in the upper Paraná and Paraíba do Sul Rivers that likely were introduced. It was formerly reported from the Guapore River, but this population is part of G. flaviolimai, which is found throughout the Madeira River basin and was described in 2015. The black tetra is often kept in aquariums.

<i>Hyphessobrycon</i> Genus of fishes

Hyphessobrycon is a genus of freshwater fish in the family Characidae. These species are among the fishes known as tetras. The genus is distributed in the Neotropical realm from southern Mexico to Río de la Plata in Argentina. Many of these species are native to South America; about six species are from Central America and a single species, H. compressus is from southern Mexico.

<i>Astyanax</i> (fish) Genus of fishes

Astyanax is a genus of freshwater fish in the family Characidae of the order Characiformes. Some of these fish, like many of their relatives, are kept as aquarium pets and known collectively as tetras. With around 150 described species and new ones being described yearly, this genus is among the largest of the entire order; Hyphessobrycon also has more than 145 species and which one is larger at any one time depends on whether more species have been recently described in one or the other. The blind and colorless cave tetra of Mexico is a famous member of the genus, but its taxonomic position is disputed: Some recognize it as part of the Mexican tetra and this is supported by phylogenetic evidence, but others recognize the cave form as a separate species, A. jordani.

Serpae tetra Species of fish

The Serpae tetra, also known as the Red Minor tetra, Jewel tetra or Callistus tetra, is a species of tetra, a tropical freshwater fish of the characin family of order Characiformes. It is native to the Amazon River drainage in Brazil, Peru, Paraguay, Bolivia and northern Argentina. The fish can be found in slow moving or still backwater including, ponds, small lakes, and streams. In the wild, it forms aggregations around vegetation and tree roots, and thrives when the water temperature is 22-27 °C (72-82 °F).

<i>Astyanax jordani</i> Species of fish

Astyanax jordani is a freshwater fish of the characin family of order Characiformes, native to Mexico. It is sometimes called the cave tetra, or by its local Spanish name tetra ciego.

<i>Thayeria boehlkei</i> Species of fish

Thayeria boehlkei is a species of characin fish endemic to the Amazon river basin and Araguaia river, in Peru and Brazil respectively. The species is popular with aquarium hobbyists where it is traded under a variety of common names including blackline penguinfish, blackline thayeria, hockey-stick tetra, penguin fish and penguin tetra.

Brycon insignis, the Tiete tetra, is a species of fish in the family Characidae. It is endemic to the Paraíba do Sul River basin in southeast Brazil. B. insignis migrates upstream to spawn and has traditionally been important to fisheries, but it is now a threatened species.

<i>Bryconops</i> Genus of fishes

Bryconops is a genus of fish in the family Characidae from South America.

The ruby tetra is a species of freshwater fish in the family Characidae. It is found in the Río Meta, Colombia, South America. In nature, it has a natural red colour, but this is somewhat lessened in captivity. Ruby tetras grow up to 4 cm (1.6 in) long.

<i>Moenkhausia</i> Genus of fishes

Moenkhausia is a genus of freshwater fish in the family Characidae native to tropical and subtropical South America. These are medium-sized tetras where the largest species only reach around 12 cm (4.7 in).

Knodus borki is a species of characin endemic to Peru, where it is found in the vicinity of Iquitos. It is found in a freshwater environment within a benthopelagic depth range. This species is native to a tropical environment. It lives in the habitats of rivers, streams, and tributaries.

<i>Gymnocorymbus</i> Genus of fishes

Gymnocorymbus is a genus of small characins from the Amazon, Paraguay, Orinoco, Courantyne, Gurupí and Parnaíba river basins in South America. These tetras are popular in the aquarium trade.

<i>Hemigrammus</i> Genus of fishes

Hemigrammus is a genus of freshwater fish in the family Characidae native to South America and commonly seen in the aquarium trade. These are medium-small tetras where the largest species reach up to around 11 cm (4.3 in).

Tyttocharax is a genus of characins found in tropical South America.

<i>Hyphessobrycon bentosi</i> Species of fish

Hyphessobrycon bentosi, the ornate tetra, is a species of characin fish found in sluggish tributaries at the Amazon Basin in Brazil and Peru. Occasionally, it makes its way into the aquarium trade. It has often been confused with the rosy tetra.

<i>Hyphessobrycon agulha</i> Species of fish

Hyphessobrycon agulha is a species of tetra in the family Characidae. As a freshwater fish, it inhabits the basin of the Madeira River in Brazil along with parts of Peru and Bolivia, and it reaches a maximum length of 4.3 centimetres. Though it is mainly found in the wild, it is occasionally kept by fishkeepers and is sometimes confused with the neon tetra. The fish is primarily an insectivore, though it does eat vegetable matter. It is considered to form a group with other species in Hyphessobrycon as they share a dark stripe running lengthwise.

Hyphessobrycon chiribiquete is a species of South American tetra, belonging to the family Characidae. It is green-gold in coloration. It has a black midlateral stripe running from the base of the caudal fin to the gills. The area of the caudal fin around the base in bright red in coloration, as is the anal fin. It is known to inhabit the Japurá and Ucayali River Basins. It was discovered in Chiribiquete Park in Colombia.

Hyphessobrycon clavatus is a species of South American tetra, belonging to the family Characidae. It is a pale golden green color, with its belly being even paler. It has an orange midlateral line. Below the midlateral line is a thick black stripe that fades around the gills. Their fins have white tips. They are known to reach about 3 centimeters in length. Its species name, clavatus, is derived from the Latin term clava lat, meaning club-shaped. Hyphessobrycon clavatus is known to inhabit the waters of Peru. As a pelagic fish, they swim near the surface of the water. They have seen limited use in the fish trade.


  1. "Trochilocharax ornatus – Hummingbird Tetra — Seriously Fish" . Retrieved 2020-11-07.
  2. Thomaz, A.T., Arcila, D., Ortí, G. & Malabarba, L.R. (2015): Molecular phylogeny of the subfamily Stevardiinae Gill, 1858 (Characiformes: Characidae): classification and the evolution of reproductive traits. BMC Evolutionary Biology, (2015) 15: 146.

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