Trode Khangsar

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Trode Khangsar, the Temple dedicated to Dorje Shugden by the Fifth Dalai Lama Trode-outside.jpg
Trode Khangsar, the Temple dedicated to Dorje Shugden by the Fifth Dalai Lama
Trode Khangsar
Tibetan name
Tibetan སྤྲོ་བདེ་ཁང་གསར

Trode Khangsar (Tibetan : སྤྲོ་བདེ་ཁང་གསར, Wylie : spro bde khang gsar) is a temple (Tibetan : བཙན་ཁང, Wylie : btsan khang) located in Lhasa, Tibet Autonomous Region, China, that is over 300 years old. [1] The temple is dedicated to the protector Dorje Shugden and has been traditionally managed by the Gelug monastery Riwo Chöling, which is located in the Yarlung valley. [2]

Tibetan script abugida used to write the Tibetic languages and others

The Tibetan script is an abugida of Indic origin used to write the Tibetic languages such as Tibetan, as well as Dzongkha, Sikkimese, Ladakhi, and sometimes Balti. The printed form is called uchen script while the hand-written cursive form used in everyday writing is called umê script.

Wylie transliteration Method for transliterating Tibetan script

The Wylie transliteration system is a method for transliterating Tibetan script using only the letters available on a typical English language typewriter. It bears the name of American tibetologist Turrell V. Wylie, who described the scheme in an article, A Standard System of Tibetan Transcription, published in 1959. It has subsequently become a standard transliteration scheme in Tibetan studies, especially in the United States.

Lhasa District in Tibet, China

Lhasa or Chengguan is a district and administrative capital of Lhasa City in the Tibet Autonomous Region of China. The inner urban area of Lhasa City is equivalent to the administrative borders of Chengguan District, which is part of the wider prefectural Lhasa City.

Contents

Origin

Protector

Dorje Shugden is regarded by many practitioners as a dharmapala reincarnated from the lama Tulku Dragpa Gyaltsen (1619-1656), [3] a contemporary of the 5th Dalai Lama. After Tulku Dragpa Gyaltsen was killed, [4] the Fifth Dalai Lama tried to subjugate his angry spirit through various rituals which, according to one account, were unsuccessful. [5]

<i>Dharmapala</i> the gods who protect or defend Buddism or Taoism

A dharmapāla is a type of wrathful god in Buddhism. The name means "Dharma protector or defender" in Sanskrit, and the dharmapālas are also known as the Defenders of the Law (Dharma), or the Protectors of the Law.

Trülku Drakpa Gyeltsen (1619–1656) was an important Gelugpa lama and a contemporary of the 5th Dalai Lama (1617–1682). His Seat was the upper residence of Drepung Monastery, a famous Gelug gompa located near Lhasa.

5th Dalai Lama political and religious leader of Tibet

Ngawang Lobsang Gyatso was the 5th Dalai Lama and the first Dalai Lama to wield effective temporal and spiritual power over all Tibet. He is often referred to simply as the Great Fifth, being a key religious and temporal leader of Tibetan Buddhism and Tibet. Gyatso is credited with unifying all Tibet after a Mongol military intervention which ended a protracted era of civil wars. As an independent head of state, he established diplomatic relations with China and other regional countries and also met early European explorers. Gyatso also wrote 24 volumes' worth of scholarly and religious works on a wide range of subjects.

Function

In addition to being a shrine, Trode Khangsar housed monks from Riwo Choling and an oracle for invoking Dorje Shugden. It has been restored and reclaimed by Riwo Choling since the Cultural Revolution. [6]

Oracle in classical antiquity, person or agency considered to provide wise and insightful counsel or prophetic predictions or precognition of the future

An oracle is a person or agency considered to provide wise and insightful counsel or prophetic predictions or precognition of the future, inspired by the gods. As such it is a form of divination.

Cultural Revolution Maoist sociopolitical movement intended to strengthen Chinese Communism

The Cultural Revolution, formally the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, was a sociopolitical movement in the People's Republic of China from 1966 until 1976. Launched by Mao Zedong, then Chairman of the Communist Party of China, its stated goal was to preserve Chinese Communism by purging remnants of capitalist and traditional elements from Chinese society, and to re-impose Mao Zedong Thought as the dominant ideology in the Party. The Revolution marked Mao's return to a position of power after the failures of his Great Leap Forward. The movement paralyzed China politically and damaged its economy and society, and killed an estimated 500,000 to 2,000,000 people.

Inventory

A survey of Tibetan wood printing blocks in monasteries, conducted while Tagdrag (stag brag) Rinpoche was regent of Tibet (1941-1950), [7] lists Trode Khangsar having wood blocks for printing an extensive Dorje Shugden fulfilling ritual (chos skyong shugs ldan gyi bskang chog rgyas pa) which was authored by Ganden Jangtse Serkong Dorje Change (1856-1918), an earlier lineage holder of Kalachakra. Serkong Dorje Chang "served as dbu bla of the Bhutanese ruler o rgyan dbang phyug." [8]

A print of these woodblocks was published later in which Serkong Dorje Chang states he included parts of rituals written by Morchen Dorje Chang of the Sakya order and Dre'u Lhas, the recognized fourth reincarnation of Drukpa Kunleg, of the Drukpa Kagyu order. [9]

See also

Dorje Shugden

Notes

  1. Tibetan Heritage Fund database item #CA90, called http://www.tibetheritagefund.org/old_web/
  2. Alexander, Andre: "The Temples of Lhasa: Tibetan Architecture from the 7th to the 21st Centuries.", pages 195. Serindia Publications, Inc., 2005
  3. TBRC P1729 [ permanent dead link ]
  4. One source notes: "responsibility for the death of the lama rested with his brother-in-law nang so nor bu" see: TBRC P1729 [ permanent dead link ]
  5. Mumford, Stan. "Himalayan Dialogue: Tibetan lamas and Gurung shamans in Nepal", page 126. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1989.
  6. Alexander, Andre: "The Temples of Lhasa: Tibetan Architecture from the 7th to the 21st Centuries.", pages 195. Serindia Publications, Inc., 2005
  7. Three Karchacks. Gedan sungrab minyam gyunphel series, v. 13. page 238. New Delhi: 1970.
  8. http://www.tbrc.org Person RID: P243
  9. "'Jam mgon Bstan srung rgyal chen Rdo rje śugs ldan rtsal gyi be bum : the collected rituals for performing all tasks through the propitiation of the great protective deity of Tsong-kha-pa, Mañjuśrī reembodied, Rdo-rje-śugs-ldan.", page 546. New Delhi : Mongolian Lama Guru Deva, 1984

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