Troitsk, Chelyabinsk Oblast

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Troitsk
Троицк
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Troitsk, Chelyabinsk Oblast
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Troitsk
Location of Troitsk
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Troitsk
Troitsk (Chelyabinsk Oblast)
Coordinates: 54°05′00″N61°34′00″E / 54.08333°N 61.56667°E / 54.08333; 61.56667 Coordinates: 54°05′00″N61°34′00″E / 54.08333°N 61.56667°E / 54.08333; 61.56667
Country Russia
Federal subject Chelyabinsk Oblast
Founded1743
Government
  MayorAleksandr Vinogradov
Elevation
170 m (560 ft)
Population
  Total78,372
  Estimate 
(2018) [2]
73,911 (−5.7%)
  Rank 209th in 2010
  Subordinated to Town of Troitsk [3]
   Capital of Troitsky District [3] , Town of Troitsk [3]
  Urban okrugTroitsky Urban Okrug [3]
   Capital ofTroitsky Urban Okrug [3] , Troitsky Municipal District [3]
Time zone UTC+5 (MSK+2   OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg [4] )
Postal code(s) [5]
457100
Dialing code(s) +7 35163
OKTMO ID75752000001
Website troick.su

Troitsk (Russian : Тро́ицк) is a town in Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia, located 175 kilometers (109 mi) east of the southern Ural Mountains and approximately 110 kilometers (68 mi) south of Chelyabinsk on the border with Kazakhstan. It stands on the east-flowing Uy River, a branch of the Tobol River. Population: 78,372(2010 Census); [1] 83,862 (2002 Census); [6] 90,077(1989 Census). [7]

Contents

Geography and climate

The Uy and Uvelka Rivers merge within the town boundaries and form a water body which serves as a reservoir for the nearby power station.

The landscape around the town is flat, although river valleys are hilly. The town is situated on the border of a forest-steppe zone. The climate is continental. The average temperature in January is −14 °C (7 °F), and +20 °C (68 °F) in July.

History

Memorial plaque, with the founding date of Troitsk S1050015.jpg
Memorial plaque, with the founding date of Troitsk

Troitsk was founded in 1743 by Ivan Neplyuyev as a head fortress of the Orenburg Line of forts during the Bashkir War of 1735-1740 and to protect the southern borders of Russia. It played a major role in the rebellion of Pugachev, who besieged and captured the town in 1774.

Hotel "Central" was built by the merchant Basharov in 1907 Troitsk hotel.jpg
Hotel "Central" was built by the merchant Basharov in 1907

Gradually from a military settlement Troitsk has grown into a trading town with well-developed industry and nascent tourism.

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Troitsk serves as the administrative center of Troitsky District, even though it is not a part of it. [3] As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as the Town of Troitsk—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts. [3] As a municipal division, the Town of Troitsk is incorporated as Troitsky Urban Okrug. [3]

Economy

Troitsk serves as a railway junction and a supply and trading center for the southern Ural Mountains mining district. Through Troitsk trains pass to the Republic of Kazakhstan and further to the states of Central Asia. Other lines connect the Ural Mountains with the southern regions of Russia.

Near Troitsk are deposits of clay, sand, quartzite, granite, and rubble, used by the town's construction industry. The Russia-Kazakhstan border is immediately south of Troitsk (see photograph). Several large, cultivated field patterns (elongated, rectangular shapes) are visible through the snow-covered landscape, probably planted with spring wheat. Numerous circular, frozen lakes are scattered throughout the countryside around Troitsk.

The area in the Southern Urals has significant industrial potential. Capacity of the Troitsaya GRES coal-fired power station is around 2000 Megawatts. Additional units with capacity of 660 Megawatt are being built. There is an electromechanical plant which makes heat transfer devices for powerful electric machines, a manufacturer of rockwool plates for Danish firm "Rockwool", a meat-packing plant, ferro-concrete products and parquet, a garment factory, and the railway and motor transportation enterprises. Small-scale businesses employ more than 6000 people. [8]

Facilities

There are four higher educational institutions in Troitsk. Most significant of them is the Ural State Academy of Veterinary Medicine. About 5,000 students are trained there. Other higher educational institutions have branches in Troitsk.

Population

YearInhabitants
189723.299
193946.693
195976.325
197085.469
197987.500
198990.077
200283.862
201078.372
201278.089
201477.176
201576.453

Culture

Various festivals, competitions, and concerts take place during the year.

Tourism

Troitsk is one of the few places in the Ural region where the historical environment is well preserved. There are 948 cultural and historical monuments. The city of Troitsk has 4 architectural sites of federal importance: Cathedral of the Holy Trinity (1754), passage Yausheva brothers Bashkirov hotel and shopping arcades. [9]

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References

Notes

  1. 1 2 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  2. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Resolution #161
  4. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  5. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  6. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000](XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  7. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 via Demoscope Weekly.
  8. "О городе | Официальный сайт Троицкого городского округа Челябинской области" . Retrieved December 2, 2016.
  9. "Overview. This town" . Retrieved December 3, 2016.

Sources