Trojeručica

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Trojeručica
VergineTricherusa.jpg
The "third" hand, made of argent, in the bottom left corner, original icon from the Hilandar Monastery
Artist St John Damascene
Type Eastern Orthodox Icon
Location Hilandar

Bogorodica Trojeručica (Serbian Cyrillic: Богородица Тројеручица, Greek: Παναγία Τριχερούσα, Panagia Tricherousa, meaning "Three-handed Theotokos") or simply Trojeručica (Тројеручица, Three-handed) is a famous wonderworking icon in the Serbian Orthodox monastery of Hilandar on Mount Athos, Greece. It depicts Theotokos (Virgin Mary) with young Jesus in the hodegetria position, and is covered with a riza. It is the most important icon of the Serbian Orthodox Church. [1] On the back of the icon is the painting of St Nicholas. [1]

Contents

History

John of Damascus St john damascus.gif
John of Damascus

According to tradition, the icon was in the possession of John of Damascus in the early 8th century [2] and it is associated with his miraculous healing around the year 717. According to tradition, while he was serving as Vizier to caliph Al-Walid I, he was falsely accused of treachery and his hand was cut off. [2] [3] The accusation was, allegedly, made by Byzantine Iconoclast emperor Leo the Isaurian, who was indeed a great opponent of St John, and friend of Al-Walid I. [2] Upon praying in front of an icon of the Theotokos, allegedly, his hand was miraculously restored. In thanksgiving, he had a silver replica of his hand fashioned and attached it to the icon. [2] After this, the icon became known as "three-handed" (Tricherousa), because it had three hands (two of Theotokos plus one more). [2]

John Damascene became a monk at Mar Sabbas monastery outside of Jerusalem and gave the icon to the monastic community there. Later the icon was given as a present to St. Sava when he visited the monastery, together with another icon of Theothokos in the style of Nursing Madonna, and with the crosier of Sabbas the Sanctified, the founder of the monastery. [2] Sava brought the icon to Hilandar monastery where he lived. [2] It remained there until 1347 when it was taken by Dušan of Serbia during his visit to Hilandar and brought with him to Serbia. At the end of the 14th century, the icon was in the possession of the Studenica monastery. [2] In the early 15th century, Trojeručica was back in Hilandar.

Until very recently the icon was formally the abbot of Hilandar, with monks elected to serve as its deputy. [2] [4] This icon has two feast days: June 28 [ O.S. July 11] and July 12 [ O.S. July 25].

Art historians think the style of the icon is more likely from the 14th century, and that it may be a copy or re-painting of an earlier prototype. [5] Another version brought to Moscow in 1661 became famous, and resulted in many Russian copies. [6] [7]

See also

Related Research Articles

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Mount Athos Mountain and peninsula in northeastern Greece

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Hilandar Serbian Orthodox monastery, Mount Athos, Greece

The Hilandar Monastery is one of the twenty Eastern Orthodox monasteries in Mount Athos in Greece and the only Serbian monastery there. It was founded in 1198 by Stefan Nemanja and his son Saint Sava. St. Symeon was the former Grand Prince of Serbia (1166-1196) who upon relinquishing his throne took monastic vows and became an ordinary monk. He joined his son Saint Sava who was already in Mount Athos and who later became the first Archbishop of Serbia. Upon its foundation, the monastery became a focal point of the Serbian religious and cultural life, as well as "the first Serbian university". It is ranked fourth in the Athonite hierarchy of 20 sovereign monasteries. The Mother of God through her Icon of the Three Hands (Trojeručica), is considered the monastery's abbess.

Studenica Monastery Historic site in Kraljevo, Serbia

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June 28 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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July 12 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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January 12 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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October 12 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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References

  1. 1 2 Serbian Orthodox Municipality of Innsbruck: ЧУДОТВОРНА ИКОНА БОГОРОДИЦА ТРОЈЕРУЧИЦА Archived 2009-05-11 at the Wayback Machine (in Serbian)
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 "Ikona Presvete Bogorodice "Trojeručice"" [Icon of the Holy Theotokos "Trojeručica"]. Hilandar monastery official web site. Retrieved 8 January 2015.
  3. Three Handed Virgin Icon at CatholicMax.com
  4. Hilandar Research Library: "Hilandar 800&20" - Exhibit Catalog Archived 2011-04-10 at the Wayback Machine , 1998
  5. Kesich, Veselin; Kesich, Lydia W. (1985). Treasures of the Holy Land: A Visit to the Places of Christian Origins. St. Vladimir's Seminary Press. p. 9780881410457. ISBN   9780881410457.
  6. Ikon Copies: MOTHER OF GOD THREE HANDED Archived 2011-07-13 at the Wayback Machine
  7. Slava Gallery, LLC: Online Catalog