Troll Cabal

Last updated

Troll Cabal (also written, especially on Twitter, as #TrollCabal) is an informal nonprofit advocacy group of Nigerians that use Twitter to try to bring about social change through what it defines as "harmless trolling," making mockery "of the drama that characterizes Nigeria's political space," providing a "counter-narrative that is non-violent/Harmless and at the same time humorous". [1] It has also been described as an online movement which irreverently parodies the happenings in the Nigerian State. [2] [3] [4] [5]

Advocacy groups use various forms of advocacy in order to influence public opinion and/or policy. They have played and continue to play an important part in the development of political and social systems.


Nigerians or the Nigerian people are citizens of Nigeria or people with ancestry from Nigeria. Nigeria is composed of multiple ethnic groups and cultures and the term Nigerian refers to a citizenship-based civic nationality. Nigerians derive from over 250 ethnic groups and languages. Though there are multiple ethnic groups in Nigeria, economic factors result in significant mobility of Nigerians of multiple ethnic and religious backgrounds to reside in territories in Nigeria that are outside their ethnic or religious background, resulting in the intermixing of the various ethnic and religious groups, especially in Nigeria's cities. The English language is the lingua franca of Nigerians. About 50 percent of Nigerians are Christians and the other 50 percent are Muslims.

Twitter micro-blogging Internet service

Twitter is an American online news and social networking service on which users post and interact with messages known as "tweets". Tweets were originally restricted to 140 characters, but on November 7, 2017, this limit was doubled for all languages except Chinese, Japanese, and Korean. Registered users can post, like, and retweet tweets, but unregistered users can only read them. Users access Twitter through its website interface, through Short Message Service (SMS) or its mobile-device application software ("app"). Twitter, Inc. is based in San Francisco, California, and has more than 25 offices around the world.


Troll cabal shares nothing in common with Internet trolling. [6] [7] [8] Internet trolls are disruptive, abusive and sow discord by posting inflammatory messages in online communities. [9] [10] Rather, the Troll Cabal promotes tolerance in Nigeria's (Twitter) online spaces through humour that is based on truth. [11] [12] The Troll cabal also aims at using satire to highlight serious issues without offending sensibilities. [13] [14]

In Internet slang, a troll is a person who starts quarrels or upsets people on the Internet to distract and sow discord by posting inflammatory and digressive, extraneous, or off-topic messages in an online community with the intent of provoking readers into displaying emotional responses and normalizing tangential discussion, whether for the troll's amusement or a specific gain.

Founding and constitution

According to Nwachukwu Egbunike, the second "Convener," the group was founded in 2014 in response to the prevailing attitude on Nigerian twitter where so-called "overlords" who spoke on behalf of politicians dominated and distorted discourse in favour of their candidates. "Twitter soon morphed from being simply a networked public square to a theater of political battle." [15]

It is made up of Nigerian Twitter users from diverse ethnic nationalities, political leanings and cultural sympathies [16] [17] and thrives on "the community’s mastery of sarcasm, wit, parody, and playful performance in the criticism of political, social, and cultural anomalies." [18]

The organisation has as its head a "Convener" elected to a one-year term by users on Twitter. [19]

The last elections were held on the week of March 24, 2017. [20]

Elections in Nigeria

Elections in Nigeria are forms of choosing representatives to the Nigerian federal government and the various states in Nigeria.


The founder and pioneering convener was Ikenna Okonkwo (@failedrift), a geologist, university lecturer, and blogger (2014-2015).

The second convener was Nwachukwu Egbunike (@feathersproject), a poet, social media scholar and publisher (2015-2016). [21] [22]

The third convener was also the first female to lead the #TrollCabal, Irene (@cremechic11) who resides in Nairobi, Kenya. [23] (2016-2017)

The fourth convener was Ose Anenih (@PapaDonkee) whose election also ushered in the position of a "Vice Convener" (now occupied by Yemi Adesanya: @toyosilagos) for the first time. [24] [25] (2017-2018)

The current Convener is Jaja(@jajaphd). [26]

Related Research Articles

Malam Nasir Ahmad El-Rufai is a Nigerian politician who is the incumbent Governor of Kaduna State, Nigeria. He was the former Director General of Bureau of Public Enterprises, the head of privatisation agency in Nigeria. He was the Minister of the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja from 16 July 2003 to 29 May 2007. He is a member of All Progressives Congress (APC) and was elected as the Executive Governor of Kaduna State during the 2015 general elections in Nigeria.

Ebuka Obi-Uchendu Nigerian lawyer

Chukwuebuka Obi-Uchendu is a Nigerian lawyer and media personality from Okija in Anambra State, Nigeria. He is known for hosting the reality show Big Brother Naija, the long running Rubbin' Minds talk show on Channels TV as well as co-hosting The Spot and Men's Corner on Ebonylife Television.

The 4 × 400 metres relay races at the 1984 Summer Olympics was contested as part of the athletics program.

The web brigades, also known as Russia's troll army, Russian bots, Putinbots, Kremlinbots, troll factory, or troll farms are state-sponsored anonymous Internet political commentators and trolls linked to the Russian government. Participants report that they are organized into teams and groups of commentators that participate in Russian and international political blogs and Internet forums using sockpuppets and large-scale orchestrated trolling and disinformation campaigns to promote pro-Putin and pro-Russian propaganda. It has also been found that articles on Russian Wikipedia concerning the MH17 crash and the 2014 Ukraine conflict were targeted by Russian internet propaganda outlets.


YNaija is a Nigerian news website and blog founded by Chude Jideonwo and Adebola Williams of Red Africa media group. YNaija launched in May 2010 with columnists and various news sources. It offers news, original content and covers politics, business, entertainment, environment, technology, popular media, lifestyle, culture, comedy and healthy living.

Tolu Oniru, popularly known as Toolz, is a Nigerian radio personality, talk show host, and presenter. She is best known for hosting The Midday Show on The Beat 99.9 FM.

Marie Lora-Mungai is a Media Entrepreneur, producer, writer and showrunner. She is the founder and CEO of Restless Global, a company focused on the development and production of African-inspired stories for an international audience. She also founded or co-founded talent agency Restless Talent Management, leading African VOD service, and production company Buni Media, now all under Restless Global.

Kizz Daniel

Oluwatobiloba Daniel Anidugbe, formerly known as Kiss Daniel, now “Kizz Daniel”, is a Nigerian recording artist, performer and entertainer best known for his chart-topping single "Woju" and his critically acclaimed song, Yeba. Formally signed to G-Worldwide Entertainment in 2013, he left the company in November 2017 to create his own record label, Fly Boy Inc. is a Nigerian digital media and news platform. It is ranked as the 7th overall most visited website in Nigeria by Alexa. is the biggest publisher on Facebook by the audience in ‘Media’ category. 

Kola Tubosun Nigerian writer, linguist, and teacher

Kọ́lá Túbọ̀sún is a Nigerian linguist, writer, scholar and cultural activist whose work and influence span the fields of education, technology, literature, journalism, and linguistics. He is a Fulbright Fellow and recipient of the 2016 Premio Ostana "Special Prize" for Writings in the Mother Tongue. for his work in language advocacy. He writes in Yoruba and English.

Temie Giwa-Tubosun founder of LifeBank, which improves access to blood transfusions in Nigeria

Temie Giwa-Tubosun is a Nigerian-American health manager, founder of LifeBank, a business enterprise in Nigeria working to improve access to blood transfusions in the country.

Carl Benjamin British YouTuber

Carl Benjamin is a British YouTuber, political commentator, anti-feminist and polemicist better known by his online alias Sargon of Akkad. Benjamin grew to prominence through the Gamergate controversy. Since Gamergate he has covered topics such as identity politics, the alt-right, Brexit, and political correctness.

Ohimai Amaize

Ohimai Godwin Amaize or Mr Fix Nigeria is a Nigerian media personality, political strategist and publisher. He served in the Nigerian government from 2011-2015.

Yemisi Aribisala Nigerian essayist, writer and food memoirist

Yemisi Aribisala is a Nigerian essayist, writer and food memoirist. She has been described as having a "fearless, witty, and unapologetic voice", and was named by Sarah Ladipo Manyika as one of seven bold and new international voices.

Uche Odoh is a Nigerian female photographer, content creator, filmmaker and model who became popular by joining the 2007 edition of the Amstel Malta Box Office Competition.

Kehinde Olorunyomi is a Nigerian actress and screenwriter, and filmmaker notable for her role in the defunct soap opera DOMINO and several screenplays.

Enyinna Nwigwe is a Nigerian actor and producer. He is best known for The Wedding Party, Black November, and Black Gold.

Adenrele Sonariwo is a Nigerian entrepreneur and art curator. She is the founder of the Rele Art Gallery on Military Street, Onikan, Lagos Island, Lagos, Nigeria. She was the lead curator of the first Nigerian pavilion at the 57th Venice Biennale in 2017.

Emmanuel Etim

Emmanuel Ishie Etim, is a clergy and Nigerian politician who was a Presidential Candidate in the 2019 Nigerian General Election. A member of the Change Nigeria Party (CNP), Etim decided to contest the Presidential election after the Not Too Young To Run Act was signed into law. On July 5, 2018, Etim declared his candidacy and picked up his nomination form on the New Progressive Movement (NPM)party platform, but hours to the party primaries,the party leadership called off the presidential primaries. Etim decided to run on the Change Nigeria Party platform and on October 5, 2018 after the party primaries was conducted, he emerged the winner and was announced as the Presidential Candidate for Change Nigeria Party (CNP).

Hamzat Lawal is an anti-corruption activist. He is the initiator of Follow The Money, and the founder of Connected Development, a non-profit organization that comprises data analysts, journalists, activists, and students.


  1. "#TrollCabal Redefines Trolling on Nigerian Twitter · Global Voices". Global Voices. 2016-03-23. Retrieved 2017-04-18.
  2. "Why #TrollCabal Is Trending On Twitter". The Brief. 2017-03-26. Retrieved 2017-04-19.
  3. "#Troll Cabal 2017 Convener: The debate, The Elections, and what it means for political satire in Nigeria". Breaking Times. Retrieved 2017-04-23.
  4. "NSF 2017: Trolling Nigeria into tolerance". The Sun Nigeria. 2017-10-06. Retrieved 2019-03-06.
  5. . Retrieved 2019-03-21.Missing or empty |title= (help)
  6. "Urban Dictionary: Internet Troll". Urban Dictionary. Retrieved 2019-03-06.
  7. "What is a troll?". Retrieved 2019-03-06.
  8. "Troubles with Trolls", The Internet, Warts and All, Cambridge University Press, pp. 196–227, ISBN   9781108381161 , retrieved 2019-03-06
  9. Toder, Matt. "Trolling: The Today Show Explores the Dark Side of the Internet". Gawker. Retrieved 2019-03-06.
  10. Phillips, Whitney. "This Is Why We Can't Have Nice Things: Mapping the Relationship between Online Trolling and Mainstream Culture". Retrieved 2019-03-06.
  11. "NSF 2017: Trolling Nigeria into tolerance". The Sun Nigeria. 2017-10-06. Retrieved 2019-03-06.
  12. "The Thread: "Disgraceful" | Troll cabal claps back at APC overlords » YNaija". YNaija. 2017-10-20. Retrieved 2019-03-06.
  13. "Organiser of Satire Festival sets Youth and Electoral' agenda for 2018". Vanguard News Nigeria. 2018-01-18. Retrieved 2019-03-06.
  14. "Is Satire in Nigeria Worth the Try?". Shayera Dark. Retrieved 2019-03-06.
  15. "#TrollCabal Redefines Trolling on Nigerian Twitter · Global Voices". Global Voices. 2016-03-23. Retrieved 2017-04-18.
  16. "It's 2017, What is #TrollCabal and why is it on #TwitterNG? | TechCity". Retrieved 2017-04-18.
  17. feathersproject (2015-06-24). "#TrollCabal and a New Conceptualization of Trolling". FEATHERS PROJECT. Retrieved 2017-04-18.
  18. "Opinion: The Internet of trolls | #TrollCabal and the Civic Commons - YNaija". YNaija. 2017-04-05. Retrieved 2017-04-18.
  19. "It's 2017, What the hell is TrollCabal and why is it on TwitterNG? - The latest technology news and reviews, covering computing, home entertainment systems, gadgets and more". The latest technology news and reviews, covering computing, home entertainment systems, gadgets and more. 2017-03-25. Retrieved 2017-04-23.
  20. "Why #TrollCabal Is Trending On Twitter". The Brief. 2017-03-26. Retrieved 2017-04-23.
  21. "#TrollCabal Redefines Trolling on Nigerian Twitter · Global Voices". Global Voices. 2016-03-23. Retrieved 2017-04-26.
  22. feathersproject (2015-06-24). "#TrollCabal and a New Conceptualization of Trolling". FEATHERS PROJECT. Retrieved 2017-04-26.
  23. "#TrollCabal Redefines Trolling on Nigerian Twitter · Global Voices". Global Voices. 2016-03-23. Retrieved 2017-04-18.
  24. Papadonkee (2017-03-18). "Abuja Politics: IF A TROLL BE WASHED AWAY BY THE SEA, THE CABAL IS THE LESS". Abuja Politics. Retrieved 2017-04-18.
  25. . Retrieved 2019-03-21.Missing or empty |title= (help)