Trolley buses in Edmonton

Last updated
Edmonton trolley bus system
Edmonton BBC trolleybus 192.jpg
BBC trolley bus on 97th Street, September 2008.
Operation
Locale Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
OpenSeptember 24, 1939 (1939-09-24)
CloseMay 2, 2009 (2009-05-02)
Operator(s) Edmonton Transit System (ETS)
Infrastructure
Electrification 600 V DC
Website Edmonton Transit System (ETS)

The Edmonton trolley bus system formed part of the public transport network in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada between 1939 and 2009. Operated by Edmonton Transit System (ETS), the system had, at its peak, a fleet of 137 [1] [2] trolley buses, and a total route length of 127 km (79 mi).

Contents

History

Leyland trolley bus in front of Eaton's department store, ca 1940. Trolley bus at Eaton's 1940.jpg
Leyland trolley bus in front of Eaton's department store, ca 1940.

Trolley bus service in Edmonton started on September 24, 1939, operating on route 5 from 101 St/Jasper Ave to 95 St/111 Ave. By the end of October of that year, service had started on another route running to 99 St/Whyte Ave via the Low Level Bridge. In Edmonton, trolley buses were often referred to simply as "trolleys".

The trolley bus system used a mixture of Ohio Brass and K&M Elastic (Swiss) suspension for holding up the overhead wires.

The 49 vehicles remaining in use in 2008 were from an order of 100 manufactured in 1981–82 by Brown Boveri & Company (BBC), using bodies and chassis supplied to BBC by GM. [2] These 100 vehicles for Edmonton were the only trolley buses ever built with the GM "New Look" body, whereas more than 44,000 motor buses were built to that design. [2]

In 2007, a low-floor model of trolley bus was leased from Coast Mountain Bus Company, Vancouver's bus operating company, for a one-year period, for testing of possible benefits of low-floor trolley buses over hybrid diesel buses. During its time in Edmonton the bus was numbered 6000, but its Vancouver number, 2242, was restored when it returned to there. [3]

On June 18, 2008, city council voted 7 to 6 in favour of phasing out the trolley bus system in 2009 and 2010. [2] [4] However, city council decided in April 2009 that trolley bus service would be discontinued earlier than originally planned, in order to reduce the city's expected $35 million deficit in 2009. [5] The last day of service was May 2, 2009. [6] [7]

Fleet

Preserved CCF-Brill T48A trolley bus, September 2008. Edmonton CCF-Brill trolleybus 202.jpg
Preserved CCF-Brill T48A trolley bus, September 2008.
All-time list of Edmonton trolley buses
NumbersBuiltWithdrawnMakeModelNotes
101–10319391951 Associated Equipment Company (AEC) / English Electric 663T
104–10919391951 Leyland 663T
110–11219421962 Mack Truck Co. CR3S
113–12819441965 Pullman-Standard No. 116 has been preserved, renumbered 113, [1] by the City of Edmonton.
129–13019451965 American Car and Foundry-Brill TC44
131–1921947–481978 Canadian Car and Foundry (CCF)-BrillT44purchased secondhand from Regina Transit in 1966; No. 148 has been preserved by the City of Edmonton.
193–2021952–541978CCF-BrillT48ANo. 202 (built 1954) has been preserved by the City of Edmonton.
203–21219471978 Canadian Car and Foundry (CCF)-BrillT44purchased secondhand from Vancouver in 1962
213–2491974–761987 Flyer Industries E800 all sold to Mexico City's STE
100–1991981–822009 Brown, Boveri & Cie (BBC)HR150G109 and 110 sold to Dayton, Ohio, in 1994; 103/05–07/16–18/34/41/42/53/54/69/71/76/87/91/96 scrapped in 2005–07; 111/21/24/28/29/31/33/35/38/40/48/52/55/79/83/93/95/98 refurbished in 2004–07; 40 units leased to Toronto Transit Commission from 1989/90 until July 1993
600020072008 New Flyer E40LFR low-floor trolley bus; leased from Coast Mountain Bus Company (Vancouver) for one year in 2007–08, for evaluation

Depots

Preservation

City-owned trolley buses 148 and 113, and motor bus 59, on display at Churchill Square in 2008 Preserved Edmonton Transit buses on display in 2008 - Brill 148, Pullman 113 and Twin Coach 59.jpg
City-owned trolley buses 148 and 113, and motor bus 59, on display at Churchill Square in 2008

At least five of Edmonton's 1982 BBC HR150G trolley buses have been preserved by museums or museum-type groups. Those at museums are No. 125, at the Seashore Trolley Museum (in Kennebunkport, Maine, United States); No. 181, at the Illinois Railway Museum (in Union, Illinois, U.S.); and No. 189, at the Trolleybus Museum at Sandtoft (U.K.). [8] No. 132 has been preserved by the Transit Museum Society in Vancouver. [9] In addition, a BBC is expected to be added to the City of Edmonton's collection of historic vehicles, which already includes three vintage trolley buses: [7] Pullman 113 (ex-116) and CCF-Brills 148 and 202. No. 199 has been preserved by the Reynolds Alberta Museum in Wetaskiwin, Alberta. No. 152 was expected to be preserved for the future public transit museum in Sofia, Bulgaria. A group of enthusiasts managed to raise the $10,000 needed for its purchase, but the trolleybus had already been scrapped in early 2018. [10]

See also

Related Research Articles

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A trolleybus is an electric bus that draws power from dual overhead wires using spring-loaded trolley poles. Two wires, and two trolley poles, are required to complete the electrical circuit. This differs from a tram or streetcar, which normally uses the track as the return path, needing only one wire and one pole. They are also distinct from other kinds of electric buses, which usually rely on batteries. Power is most commonly supplied as 600-volt direct current, but there are exceptions.

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Coast Mountain Bus Company Bus transit services operator in Metro Vancouver

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Trolleybuses in Greater Boston

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High Level Bridge (Edmonton) Bridge in Edmonton, Canada

The High Level Bridge is a bridge that spans the North Saskatchewan River in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Located next to the Alberta Legislature Building, the bridge linked the separate communities of Edmonton and Strathcona, which became one city in 1912. It was designed from the outset to accommodate rail, streetcar, two-way automobile, and pedestrian traffic. The original bridge design included three tracks on the upper deck. The first CPR train operated on June 2, 1913, after which the bridge became a part of the Calgary-Edmonton main line. Streetcar service started on the west streetcar track of the bridge on August 11, 1913 with the east streetcar track opening by September of that year and automobile traffic after that. Automobile traffic did not begin at the same time as CPR and streetcar traffic as the lower deck had not been completed and the installation of galvanized iron under the tracks was still needed to prevent cinders dropping from steam trains onto traffic on the lower deck. Streetcars travelling northbound operated on the upstream side of the bridge, and southbound streetcars operated on the downstream side of the bridge; This left-hand operation was contrary to the right-hand driving on the lower traffic deck.

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Low Level Bridge

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References

  1. 1 2 Hatcher, Colin K. and Tom Schwarzkopf (1983). Edmonton's Electric Transit: The Story of Edmonton's Streetcars and Trolley Buses, pp. 179 and 195. Toronto: Railfare Enterprises Ltd. ISBN   0-919130-33-X.
  2. 1 2 3 4 Bramley, Rod (July–August 2009). "Edmonton Council Votes to Close System". Trolleybus Magazine No. 286, pp. 74–82. National Trolleybus Association (UK). ISSN   0266-7452.
  3. Edmonton Tests new Low Floor Trolley Bus
  4. "Trolleys reach end of the line". Edmonton Journal . June 19, 2008. Archived from the original on June 20, 2008. Retrieved October 2, 2009.
  5. Landry, Frank (April 16, 2009). "Mayor targets city honchos". Edmonton Sun . Retrieved February 5, 2010.
  6. "ETS Trolley Buses". City of Edmonton. Archived from the original on June 16, 2011. Retrieved October 3, 2011.
  7. 1 2 Trolleybus Magazine No. 286 (July–August 2009), pp. 87 and 89. National Trolleybus Association (UK).
  8. Isgar, Carl F. (Jan.-Feb. 2010). "Preservation Update". Trolleybus Magazine No. 289, p. 11.
  9. Trolleybus Magazine No. 294 (Nov.-Dec. 2010), pp. 134–136.
  10. http://trolleybus.bgtransport.org/gmc-bbc-hr150g/ [ dead link ]

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