Trolleybuses in Cardiff

Last updated

Cardiff trolleybus system
Cardiff trolleybus 258 at Wood Street, Cardiff-geograph-6436525-by-Alan-Murray-Rust.jpg
Cardiff trolleybus in Central Square in 1966
Locale Cardiff, Wales
Open1 March 1942 (1942-03-01)
Close11 January 1970 (1970-01-11)
Operator(s) Cardiff Corporation Transport
Stock79 (maximum)

The Cardiff trolleybus system once served Cardiff, the capital city of Wales. Opened on 1 March 1942, [1] [2] it gradually replaced the Cardiff tramway network.


Trolleybuses are electric buses that draw power from dual overhead wires using spring-loaded trolley poles. By the standards of the other now-defunct trolleybus systems in the United Kingdom, the Cardiff system was medium-sized, with 14 routes and a maximum fleet of 79 trolleybuses. [2] It was closed on 11 January 1970. [1] [2]

Four Cardiff trolleybuses have been preserved. Nos. 243 and 262 are at the Cardiff & South Wales Trolleybus Project in eastern Cardiff, no. 215 is at the National Collections Centre of National Museum Wales, Nantgarw, and no. 203 is at the Trolleybus Museum at Sandtoft, Lincolnshire, England. [3]

See also

Related Research Articles

Bus transport in Cardiff

Bus transport in Cardiff, the capital and most populous city in Wales, forms the major part of the city's public transport network, which also includes water, air travel and an urban rail network. Cardiff is a major city of the United Kingdom and a centre of employment, retail, business, government, culture, media, sport and higher education.

Capital City Red Bus service in Cardiff

Capital City Red is the branding of bus services 17 and 18 in Cardiff. The route runs from the city centre to the west of the city, serving the Canton, Ely and Caerau districts.

Capital City Green

Capital City Green was the branding of the bus service 27 Cardiff, operated by Cardiff Bus. The route ran from the city centre to the north of the city, serving the Maindy, Heath, Birchgrove and Thornhill districts.

Trolleybuses in Bradford Wikipedia article

The Bradford trolleybus system served the city of Bradford, Yorkshire, England for much of the 20th century. It was one of the first two trolleybus systems to be opened in the United Kingdom, along with the Leeds system.

Trolleybuses in Portsmouth

The Portsmouth trolleybus system once served the city of Portsmouth, Hampshire, England. Opened on 4 August 1934, it gradually replaced the Portsmouth tramway network; the last trams ran on 10 November 1936.

Trolleybuses in Belfast

The Belfast trolleybus system served the city of Belfast, Northern Ireland. It was the only trolleybus system built in Ireland. Opened on 28 March 1938, it gradually replaced the city’s tramway network.

Trolleybuses in Maidstone

The Maidstone trolleybus system once served Maidstone, the county town of Kent, England. Opened on 1 May 1928, it gradually replaced the Maidstone tramway network.

Trolleybuses in Manchester

The trolleybus system in Manchester, England, opened on 1 March 1938, and gradually replaced certain routes of the Manchester tramway network. Manchester was a belated convert to trolleybuses having already started a programme of tram to diesel bus conversion in the mid-1930s and this, overall, continued to be the preferred option for tram conversion that was completed in 1949.

Trolleybuses in Ashton-under-Lyne

The Ashton-under-Lyne trolleybus system once served the market town of Ashton-under-Lyne, now in the Metropolitan Borough of Tameside, Greater Manchester, north west England.

The Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire trolleybus system once linked the city of Nottingham, in the county of Nottinghamshire, England, with Ripley, in the neighbouring county of Derbyshire. Opened on 7 January 1932, it replaced the Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire tramway, between the same termini.

Trolleybuses in Teesside

The Teesside trolleybus system once served the conurbation of Teesside, in the North East of England. Opened on 8 November 1919, it was unusual in being a completely new system that was not replacing any previously operating tramway network.

Trolleybuses in Bournemouth

The Bournemouth trolleybus system once served the town of Bournemouth, then in Hampshire, but now in Dorset, England. Opened on 13 May 1933, it gradually replaced the Bournemouth tramway network.

The Birmingham trolleybus system once served the city of Birmingham, in the West Midlands region of England. Opened on 27 November 1922, it supplemented Birmingham's original tramway network.

Trolleybuses in Hastings

The Hastings trolleybus system once served the town of Hastings, East Sussex, England. Opened on 1 April 1928, it gradually replaced the Hastings tramway network, with the first route to be converted that from the Fishmarket to Hollington, East Sussex and the last, the circular route. Tram replacement cost £1,383 per mile, but increased average speed from 7.5 to over 10 mph and cut costs from 13d to 10d per mile.

Trolleybuses in Darlington

The Darlington trolleybus system once served the town of Darlington, County Durham, England. Opened on 17 January 1926, it replaced the Darlington Corporation Light Railways tramway network.

Trolleybuses in Brighton

The Brighton trolleybus system formerly served the town of Brighton, East Sussex, England. Opened on 1 May 1939, it gradually replaced the Brighton Corporation Tramways network.

Cardiff Corporation Tramways

Cardiff Corporation Tramways was a company that operated an electric tramway service in Cardiff between 1902 and 1950.

Pontypridd Urban District Council Tramways operated a tramway service in Pontypridd between 1904 and 1931. Part of it used the route of the Pontypridd and Rhondda Valley Tramway Company's horse tramway. Between 1919 and 1927, it was the only system in Wales where through running onto a neighbouring system occurred. In 1930, part of the system was converted to use trolleybuses, and the former horse tramway section was replaced by motor buses in 1931, bringing the tramway era to an end. During the Second World War, a number of trolleybuses were borrowed from other systems, to cope with heavy traffic, but the use of electric vehicles ended in 1957. Most of the vehicles were sold on to other undertakings, and the system was the last in Britain to be run by an Urban District Council.



  1. 1 2 Joyce, J.; King, J. S.; and Newman, A. G. (1986). British Trolleybus Systems. London: Ian Allan Publishing. ISBN   0-7110-1647-X.
  2. 1 2 3 Short, Peter. "Former UK systems". British Trolleybus Society. Retrieved 19 March 2011.
  3. Zebedee, John (30 November 2010). "A List of Preserved Trolleybuses in the UK". British Trolleybus Society. Retrieved 19 March 2011.

Further reading

  • All Aboard. Cardiff, Wales, UK: Cardiff Bus. 2002.
  • Cardiff Trolleybus System. Cardiff, Wales, UK: Cardiff & South Wales Trolleybus Project. 2002.
  • Bowen, D G (1969). City of Cardiff--68 years of electric transport. Guildford, Surrey, UK: National Trolleybus Association, Publications Dept. ISBN   0-85024-001-8.
  • Bowen, D G; Callow, John (1969). The Cardiff Trolleybus (1942 to 1970). Guildford, Surrey, UK: National Trolleybus Association, Publications Dept. ISBN   0-85024-002-6.
  • Davies, Roger (2006). Streets of Cardiff. Hersham, Surrey, UK: Ian Allan Publishing. ISBN   978-0-7110-3098-5.
  • Lockwood, Stephen (2005). Cardiff Trolleybuses: A Capital City System. Midhurst, West Sussex, UK: Middleton Press. ISBN   978-1-904474-64-7.
  • Watts, John (2002). Air Despatch & Bruce Coachworks of Cardiff. Cardiff, Wales, UK: Cardiff Transport Preservation Group.

Commons-logo.svg Media related to Trolleybuses in Cardiff at Wikimedia Commons