Tromøya

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Tromøya / Tromøy
Historic: Tromø
Nickname: The pearl of Southern Norway
Norway - Tromoy.png
Location in southeastern Norway
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Tromøya
Location of the island
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Tromøya
Tromøya (Norway)
Geography
Location Agder, Norway
Coordinates 58°27′40″N8°53′36″E / 58.4612°N 08.8932°E / 58.4612; 08.8932 Coordinates: 58°27′40″N8°53′36″E / 58.4612°N 08.8932°E / 58.4612; 08.8932
Area28.6 km2 (11.0 sq mi)
Area rank 1st in Aust-Agder
Length12.5 km (7.77 mi)
Width3.8 km (2.36 mi)
Highest elevation94 m (308 ft)
Highest pointVardåsen
Administration
Norway
County Agder
Municipality Arendal
Demographics
Population5,300 (2015)
Pop. density185/km2 (479/sq mi)

Tromøya (Urban East Norwegian:  [ˈtrʊ̂mːœʏɑ] ) or Tromøy (Urban East Norwegian:  [ˈtrʊ̂mːœʏ] ) [1] (historic: Tromø) is the largest island in Southern Norway. The 28.6-square-kilometre (11.0 sq mi) island is entirely located in the municipality of Arendal in Agder county, Norway. The island has about 5,300 residents (in 2015) which gives it a population density of about 185 inhabitants per square kilometre (480/sq mi). The island is located directly across the harbor from the town of Arendal. The highest point on the island is the 95-metre (312 ft) tall Vardåsen. The island is separated from the mainland to the north by the Tromøysundet strait and it is separated from the island of Hisøya to the southwest by the Galtesundet strait.

Contents

The 400-metre (1,300 ft) long Tromøy Bridge (Norwegian : Tromøybroa) is the suspension bridge that has been the only road connection to the mainland since it was completed in 1961. There is also a passenger ferry that takes six minutes to transport riders from Skilsø to the town of Arendal. The company Aker Pusnes is located in Pusnes. It is a designer and supplier of all types of deck machinery and mooring systems for marine and offshore applications.

Historically, the island belonged to the municipality of Østre Moland until 1878. From 1878 until 1992, the island was part of the municipality of Tromøy. Since 1992, the island has been a part of the municipality of Arendal.

Name

The name of the island (originally the parish) historically was Tromø, but more recently it has been spelled Tromøy or Tromøya. These names come from the Old Norse word Þruma which means "rim", "edge", or "border". The suffix , øy, or -øya all mean "island". [2]

History

Viking era

Tromøya is known for having once hosted many Viking kings. According to the Ynglinga saga, Harald Granraude, the King of Agder, had his headquarters on Tromøya. It also says that his daughter, Queen Åsa Haraldsdatter, took her one-year-old son, Halfdan Svarte back to Tromøya after the death of Gudrød Veidekonge. There are several place names on Tromøya derived from the Viking era including Kongshamn and Hove.

Hove on Tromoy Hovefestivallocation.jpg
Hove on Tromøy

Hove Farm

Hove is an area located on the southwestern part of Tromøya which has easily cultivated due to its self-draining soil and it was therefore a convenient place for early agriculture. The first recorded cultivation of potatoes in Norway is believed of have occurred at the Hove farm (Hove gård) which was one of the most significant estates on Tromøya. In 1757, the owner, Nils Mathiasen Aalholm, observed in his garden diary (Nils Aalholms hagedagbok) that potatoes were being cultivated on his farm. [3] [4]

World War II

During the Occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany (1940-1945), the Germans had an anti-aircraft school on Tromøya called the Feld Flakartillerie-schule 50. This school operated from 1941-1944 at a camp built on the Hove farm. The camp was built for 1,500 men. There were three radars on the island and supposedly four 88 millimetres (3.5 in) anti-aircraft cannons. Construction of a 200-metre (660 ft) airstrip was begun, but never finished. Most of the camp's buildings, including the partially-completed airstrip, are still there today, along with a bunker (R618) with an unknown purpose. The bunker is currently undergoing restorations (in 2007) but work has been halted due to an ownership dispute. The German military used 75 buildings in the area, most of them built during the war. [5]

Attractions

Tromoy Church Arendal Tromoy krk a.JPG
Tromøy Church

Tromøy Church

Tromøy Church is the main church for all of the Tromøy parish in Arendal. The church is a medieval stone church from 1150. The foundation walls are 1.5 metres (4.9 feet) thick. It was converted into a cruciform church in 1748. The church has a restored brick Romanesque portal with two grotesque face masks on the wall on each side of the portal. The church was painted during the 1750s and decorated in rococo style. [6]

A 1750s-era model of Dronningen av Danmark, a frigate based in Copenhagen, hangs from the ceiling of the church's nave. The baptismal font made of soapstone dates from the medieval period. The altarpiece and pulpit are from 1725. [7] [8]

Businesses

The Arendal Herregaard Hotell was built in 1930 and it is one of the oldest hotels in the region. It stands about 250 metres (820 ft) from Spornes beach. There are also two camps on the island: Hove Leirsenter (Hove Camp) and the Hove Familie Camping (Hove Family Camping).

Hove Festival

From 2007 until 2014, the Hove Festival was Norway's largest festival venue, with a capacity of 20,000 people. Headliners for the first year included the American bands Slayer, The Killers, Queens of the Stone Age, and My Chemical Romance. In the fall of 2014, Festival Republic announced that Hove Festival would not return. [9]

Related Research Articles

Aust-Agder Former county (fylke) of Norway

Aust-Agder was a county (fylke) in Norway until 1 January 2020, when it was merged with Vest-Agder to form Agder county. In 2002, there were 102,945 inhabitants, which was 2.2% of Norway's population. Its area was 9,212 square kilometres (3,557 sq mi). The county's administrative center was the town of Arendal.

Arendal Municipality in Agder, Norway

Arendal is a municipality in Agder county in southeastern Norway. Arendal belongs to the region of Sørlandet. The administrative centre of the municipality is the city of Arendal. Some of the notable villages in Arendal include Rykene, Eydehavn, Færvik, Strengereid, Kongshavn, Kilsund, Brattekleiv, Torsbudalen, Longum, Saltrød, Staubø, Vrengen, and Kolbjørnsvik. The offices of UNEP/GRID-Arendal are also located in the city of Arendal.

Southern Norway Region of Norway

Southern Norway is the geographical region (landsdel) along the Skagerrak coast of southern Norway. The region is an informal description since it does not have any governmental function. It roughly corresponds to the old petty kingdom of Agder as well as the two former counties of Vest-Agder and Aust-Agder. From New Year 2020, the two counties have been merged into one county, Agder. The total combined area of Vest-Agder and Aust-Agder counties is 16,493 square kilometres (6,368 sq mi). The name is relatively new, having first been used in Norway around 1900.

Tromøy Former municipality in Aust-Agder, Norway

Tromøy is a former municipality in the old Aust-Agder county in Norway. The 30-square-kilometre (12 sq mi) municipality existed from 1878 until its dissolution in 1992. The municipal area is now part of the municipality of Arendal in Agder county. The administrative centre was the village of Brekka, where the historic Tromøy Church is located. The municipality encompassed all of the island of Tromøya as well as many smaller surrounding islands such as Merdø, Gjesøya, Skilsøy, and Tromlingene.

Pusnes may refer to:

Søren Hans Smith Sørensen was a Norwegian ship-owner and politician for the Conservative Party.

Tromøy Bridge

The Tromøy Bridge is a suspension bridge that crosses the Tromøysundet strait in the municipality of Arendal in Agder county, Norway. It connects the island of Tromøya with the mainland, about 3.5 kilometres (2.2 mi) northeast of the town of Arendal.

Brattekleiv Village in Southern Norway, Norway

Brattekleiv is a village in Arendal municipality in Agder county, Norway. The village is located along the Galtesundet strait on the southwestern shore of the island of Tromøy. The village lies about 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) southwest of the town of Arendal which is located across the strait. The smaller industrial village of Pusnes lies immediately north of Brattekleiv, the small village of Revesand lies just south of the village, and the village of Færvik lies a short distance to the east.

Færvik Village in Southern Norway, Norway

Færvik is a village in Arendal municipality in Agder county, Norway. The village is located on the southwestern part of the island of Tromøy. It sits east of Pusnes and Brattekleiv and north of Revesand. Færvik Church is located just southwest of the village. Færvik was the administrative centre of the old Tromøy municipality from 1878 until 1992.

Pusnes, Arendal Village in Southern Norway, Norway

Pusnes is a village in Arendal municipality in Agder county, Norway. The village is located on the southwestern edge of the island of Tromøy, just across the strait from the town of Arendal. There is a ferry that regularly crosses the strait from Pusnes to Arendal. Pusnes is primarily an industrial area.

Stokken Church Church in Agder, Norway

Stokken Church is a parish church of the Church of Norway in Arendal Municipality in Agder county, Norway. It is located in the village of Saltrød. It is one of the churches for the Moland parish which is part of the Arendal prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Agder og Telemark. The white, wooden church was built in a long church design in 1878 using plans drawn up by the architect Johan Christoff Friedrich Reuter. The church seats about 400 people.

Tromøy Church Church in Agder, Norway

Tromøy Church is a parish church of the Church of Norway in Arendal Municipality in Agder county, Norway. It is located in the village of Brekka on the east coast of the island of Tromøy. It is one of the churches for the Tromøy parish which is part of the Arendal prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Agder og Telemark. The white, stone church was built around the year 1150 using plans drawn up by an unknown architect. The church seats about 290 people. This was the main church for the municipality of Tromøy from 1878 until its dissolution in 1992.

Hove, Norway

Hove is a largely beach area on the island of Tromøy in the municipality of Arendal in Aust-Agder county, Norway.

Hove Farm

Hove Farm is an original undivided farm (matrikkelgård) on the southwest part of the island of Tromøy in the municipality of Arendal in Aust-Agder county, Norway. The farm is located on a headland, with the sea behind it to the southeast and facing Hove Bay (Hovekilen) to the northwest. Hove Bay is a protected marine area, accessible only to small vessels. The islands of Merdø and Gjesøya lies closest to Hove. Until 1942, Hove Farm had a single registration number and a single owner. The farm was purchased by the state in 1942, and was then used by the German occupation forces during the Second World War. Today the farm belongs to the municipality of Arendal.

Raet National Park

Raet National Park is a national park in Arendal, Tvedestrand and Grimstad in Agder, southeastern Norway. It is mostly a marine park, and includes some islands and coastal areas. Raet covers an area of 607 km2 (234 sq mi), of which 599 km2 (231 sq mi) is sea and 8 km2 (3 sq mi) is land. The park was established on 16 December 2016.

Færvik Church Church in Agder, Norway

Færvik Church is a parish church of the Church of Norway in Arendal Municipality in Agder county, Norway. It is located in the village of Færvik on the island of Tromøy. It is one of the churches for the Tromøy parish which is part of the Arendal prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Agder og Telemark. The white, wooden, neo-gothic church was built in a long church design in 1884 using plans drawn up by the architect Johan Christoff Friedrich Reuter. The church seats about 490 people.

Hisøya

Hisøya or Hisøy is an island in Agder county, Norway. The island has been part of the municipality of Arendal since 1992. The main village areas on the island are Kolbjørnsvik, His, Slåbervig, and Sandviga. The village of Kolbjørnsvik is located across the harbor from the town of Arendal. There are two bridges that connect Hisøya to the mainland: the Strøm Bridge on the northwest side of the island and the Vippa Bridge on the southwest side of the island. In 2015, the island was home to about 4,450 people giving it a population density of about 550 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,400/sq mi).

Vegårshei Church Church in Agder, Norway

Vegårshei Church is a parish church of the Church of Norway in Vegårshei Municipality in Agder county, Norway. It is located in the village of Myra. It is the church for the Vegårshei parish which is part of the Aust-Nedenes prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Agder og Telemark. The white, wooden church was built in a cruciform design in 1808 using plans drawn up by the architect Knud Torkildsen Skjerkholt. The church seats about 350 people.

References

  1. Berulfsen, Bjarne (1969). Norsk Uttaleordbok (in Norwegian). Oslo: H. Aschehoug & Co (W Nygaard). p. 335.
  2. Rygh, Oluf (1905). Norske gaardnavne: Nedenes amt (in Norwegian) (8 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 97.
  3. Vadum, Kristoffer. "Tromøypoteten" (in Norwegian). Aust-Agder kulturhistoriske senter. Retrieved 2017-11-26.
  4. "Hoves historie fra middelalder til i dag" (in Norwegian). Aust-Agder kulturhistoriske senter. Retrieved 2017-11-26.
  5. Bjørlin, Inge Manfred. "Hove leir - fra krig til rock" (in Norwegian). Aust-Agder kulturhistoriske senter. Retrieved 2017-11-26.
  6. Ekroll, Øystein (1997). Med kleber og kalk,Norsk steinbygging i mellomalderen 1050-1550 (in Norwegian). Gjøvik. ISBN   8252147542.
  7. "Tromøy kirke" (in Norwegian). Universitetet i Agder.
  8. "Maskene på Tromøy kirke" (in Norwegian). Aust-Agder kulturhistoriske senter. Retrieved 2017-11-26.
  9. "Hove festival will not take place in 2015".