Trondheim Fjord

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Trondheimsfjorden
Trondheim Fjord
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Map of Trondheim Fjord and the Fosen peninsula
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Trondheimsfjorden
Location of the fjord
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Trondheimsfjorden
Trondheimsfjorden (Norway)
Location Trøndelag county, Norway
Coordinates 63°49′09″N11°06′28″E / 63.8192°N 11.1078°E / 63.8192; 11.1078 Coordinates: 63°49′09″N11°06′28″E / 63.8192°N 11.1078°E / 63.8192; 11.1078
Type Fjord
Basin  countries Norway
Max. length130 kilometres (81 mi)
Max. depth617 metres (2,024 ft)
Settlements Trondheim, Stjørdalshalsen, Levanger, Steinkjer

The Trondheim Fjord [1] [2] [3] or Trondheimsfjorden (pronounced  [ˈtrɔ̂nː(h)æɪmsˌfjuːɳ] ), an inlet of the Norwegian Sea, is Norway's third-longest fjord at 130 kilometres (81 mi) long. It is located in the west-central part of the country in Trøndelag county, and it stretches from the municipality of Ørland in the west to the municipality of Steinkjer in the north, passing the city of Trondheim on its way. Its maximum depth is 617 metres (2,024 ft), between Orkland and Indre Fosen.

Contents

The largest islands in the fjord are Ytterøya and Tautra; the small island of Munkholmen is located near the harbor of Trondheim; and there are several islands at the entrance of the fjord. The narrow Skarnsundet is crossed by the Skarnsund Bridge. The part of the fjord to the north of the strait is referred to as the Beitstadfjorden . The main part of the Trondheimsfjord is ice-free all year; only Verrasundet, a long and narrow fjord branch in the northern part of the fjord, might be ice covered in winter. The Beitstadfjorden might also freeze over in winter, but only for a few weeks.

The towns of Stjørdalshalsen, Levanger, and Steinkjer are found on the eastern and northeastern shores of the fjord. Aker Verdal in Verdal produces large offshore installations for the petroleum sector. A yard in Indre Fosen completed the luxurious apartment ship MS The World . Fiborgtangen is a peninsula along the eastern shore of the fjord where a large paper mill owned by Norske Skog is located.

The Trondheimsfjord has rich marine life, with both southern and northern species; at least 90 species of fish have been observed, and the fjord has the largest biological production among Norway's fjords. [4] In recent years, deep water corals ( Lophelia pertusa ) were discovered in the fjord, not far from the city of Trondheim. Several of the best salmon rivers in Norway empty into the fjord. Among these are the rivers Gaula (in Orkland just south of Trondheim), Orklaelva (also in Orkland), Stjørdalselva (in Stjørdal), and Verdalselva (in Verdal).

The lowland east and south of the fjord represents one of Norway's best agricultural areas. The more rugged and mountainous Fosen peninsula lies to the west and northwest, giving some shelter from the wind common to coastal areas.

The Trondheimsfjord was an important waterway in the Viking Age, as it is still today. In 1888, an undersea mudslide caused a tsunami that killed one person in Trondheim and ruptured three railway lines.

Four giant squid have been found in the fjord, which is among the highest concentrations in the world. [5]

Name

The fjord is named after the city of Trondheim, but originally the name of the fjord might have been just *Þrónd or *Þróund in Old Norse. A name like that would be related to the verb þróast, which means to 'thrive' or 'flourish' and the name Þrór, which means 'likeable' or 'stoutish' (and was one of Odin's nicknames).

If this is the case, then the people living around the fjord (the þrœndir; see Trøndelag) named themselves after the fjord. (Compare sygnir, which means 'the people living around the fjord Sogn'.)

See also

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Stjørnfjord

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Sør-Trøndelag Former county (fylke) of Norway

Sør-TrøndelagUrban East Norwegian: [ˈsø̂ːˌʈrœndəlɑːɡ](listen) was a county comprising the southern portion of the present-day Trøndelag county in Norway. It bordered the old Nord-Trøndelag county as well as the counties of Møre og Romsdal, Oppland, and Hedmark. To the west is the Norwegian Sea, and to the east is Jämtland in Sweden. The county was separated into a northern and southern part by the Trondheimsfjord. Slightly over 200,000 of the county's population lives in the city of Trondheim and its suburbs. The Norwegian dialect of the region is Trøndersk.

Nord-Trøndelag Former county (fylke) of Norway

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Agdenes Lighthouse

The Agdenes Lighthouse or Ringflua is a lighthouse on the Trondheimsfjord in the municipality of Orkland in Trøndelag county, Norway. The lighthouse sits just offshore at a 90 degree bend in the fjord which leads to the city of Trondheim. The old lighthouse sits on the shore, just a short distance from the present light. The lighthouse is only accessible by boat. It is located about 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) east of Vassbygda. About 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) across the fjord to the north is Brekstad in Ørland municipality and about 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) across the fjord to the southeast is the village of Hasselvika in Indre Fosen municipality.

Beitstadfjorden

Beitstadfjorden is the innermost arm of the Trondheimsfjord in Trøndelag county, Norway. It is located in the municipalities of Steinkjer, Inderøy, and a small part extends into Indre Fosen. The fjord has a length of 28 kilometres (17 mi) from southwest to northeast, and a width of about 6 to 8 kilometres.

Verrasundet

Verrasundet is a fjord in Trøndelag county, Norway. The 22-kilometre (14 mi) long fjord branches off of the northern part of the vast Trondheimsfjorden in the municipalities of Indre Fosen, Steinkjer, and Inderøy. It extends from Beitstadfjorden to the village of Verrabotn. The fjord is a maximum of 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) wide, but at Trongsundet, the fjord is barely 200 metres (660 ft) wide.

Indre Fosen Municipality in Trøndelag, Norway

Indre Fosen is a municipality in Trøndelag county, Norway. It is located in the traditional district of Fosen. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Årnset. Other villages in Indre Fosen include Askjem, Dalbygda, Hasselvika, Husbysjøen, Leira, Leksvik, Råkvåg, Rørvika, Seter, Stadsbygd, Verrabotn, and Vanvikan. The Norwegian County Road 755 runs through the municipality.

References

  1. Chippindale, Christopher; Taçon, Paul S. C. (1998). The Archaeology of Rock-Art. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 156.
  2. Thue, Stein (2008). On the Pilgrim Way to Trondheim. Trondheim: Tapir Academic Press. p. 27.
  3. Hamblin, Paul F.; Carmack, Eddy C. (1980). Freeland, Howard (ed.). "Mean Field Distributions of a Dissolved Substance in the Vicinity of Branches in a Fjord System". Fjord Oceanography. New York: Plenum: 371–376.
  4. Mork, J. Fisk og fiskerier i Trondheimsfjorden. Tapir Forlag. pp. 110–132.
  5. Eivindsen, TOve (21 January 2011). "Kjempene i karet". Forskning.no . Archived from the original on 22 January 2011. Retrieved 22 January 2011.

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