The Trophée des Gastlosen ("trophy of the Gastlosen") is a Swiss competition of ski mountaineering, which is carried out annually in the Gastlosen, near Jaun, since 1993.
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a country situated in western, central and southern Europe. It consists of 26 cantons, and the city of Bern is the seat of the federal authorities. The sovereign state is a federal republic bordered by Italy to the south, France to the west, Germany to the north, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east. Switzerland is a landlocked country geographically divided between the Alps, the Swiss Plateau and the Jura, spanning a total area of 41,285 km2 (15,940 sq mi). While the Alps occupy the greater part of the territory, the Swiss population of approximately 8.5 million people is concentrated mostly on the plateau, where the largest cities are to be found: among them are the two global cities and economic centres Zürich and Geneva.
Ski mountaineering is a skiing discipline that involves climbing mountains either on skis or carrying them, depending on the steepness of the ascent, and then descending on skis. There are two major categories of equipment used, free-heel Telemark skis and skis based on Alpine skis, where the heel is free for ascents, but is fixed during descent. The discipline may be practiced recreationally or as a competitive sport.
The Gastlosen are a mountain range of the Swiss Prealps, lying between the cantons of Fribourg, Bern and Vaud. They form a 12 km (7.5 mi) chain stretching from Jaun to Rougemont, culminating at the Dent de Savigny, elevation 2,252 m (7,388 ft), just south-west of the Dent de Ruth, where the three cantonal borders meet.
The history of the Trophée des Gastlosen goes back to 1987, when Erhard Loretan had the idea to carry out the Patrouille des Poyets. The Trophée des Gastlosen has been part of the Swiss cup of ski mountaineering (Coupe Suisse de Ski Alpinisme) since 1995, was also part of the World Cup of skimountaineering as well as part of the Trophée des Alpes in 2002.
Erhard Loretan was a Swiss mountain climber, often described as one of the greatest mountaineers of all times.
The long distance course A includes a total altitude difference (ascent) of 2,190 m and a total altitude difference for downhill skiing of 2,230 m.
|place||altitude||course A||course B|
|Jaun||980 m||starting point||-|
|Gratflue||1,920 m||check point||-|
|Abländschen||1,205 m||check and supply point||starting point|
|Wandflue||2,130 m||check point|
|Petit-Mont||1,400 m||check and supply point|
|Chalet du Soldat||1,752 m||check point|
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