Trousseau sign

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Trousseau sign is the name of two distinct phenomena observed in clinical medicine. Both are attributed to Armand Trousseau:

Armand Trousseau French physician

Armand Trousseau was a French internist. His contributions to medicine include Trousseau sign of malignancy, Trousseau sign of latent tetany, Trousseau–Lallemand bodies. He is sometimes credited with the quip "use new drugs quickly, while they still work", though Michel-Philippe Bouvart had said the same over 40 years earlier.

Trousseau sign of latent tetany symptom

Trousseau sign of latent tetany is a medical sign observed in patients with low calcium. From 1 to 4 percent of normal patients will test positive for Trousseau's sign of latent tetany. This sign may be positive before other manifestations of hypocalcemia such as hyperreflexia and tetany, as such it is generally believed to be more sensitive (94%) than the Chvostek sign (29%) for hypocalcemia.

The Trousseau sign of malignancy or Trousseau's syndrome is a medical sign involving episodes of vessel inflammation due to blood clot (thrombophlebitis) which are recurrent or appearing in different locations over time. The location of the clot is tender and the clot can be felt as a nodule under the skin. Trousseau's syndrome is a rare variant of venous thromboembolism (VTE) that is characterized by recurrent, migratory thrombosis in superficial veins and in uncommon sites, such as the chest wall and arms. This syndrome is particularly associated with pancreatic, gastric and lung cancer and Trousseau's syndrome can be an early sign of cancer sometimes appearing months to years before the tumor would be otherwise detected. Heparin therapy is recommended to prevent future clots. The Trousseau sign of malignancy should not be confused with the Trousseau sign of latent tetany caused by low levels of calcium in the blood.

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Trousseau (grape) varietal

Trousseau or Trousseau Noir, also known as Bastardo, is an old variety of red wine grape originating in eastern France. It is grown in small amounts in many parts of Western Europe; the largest plantations are today found in Portugal, where most famously it is used in port wine. It makes deep cherry red wines with high alcohol and high, sour candy acidity, and flavours of red berry fruits, often complemented - depending on production - by a jerky nose and an organic, mossy minerality.

Thrombophlebitis phlebitis that results from a blood clot in the vessel

Thrombophlebitis is a phlebitis related to a thrombus.

The Chvostek sign is a clinical sign of existing nerve hyperexcitability (tetany) seen in hypocalcemia. It refers to an abnormal reaction to the stimulation of the facial nerve. When the facial nerve is tapped in front of tragus the facial muscles on the same side of the face will contract momentarily (typically a twitch of the nose or lips) because of hypocalcemia (i.e. from hypoparathyroidism, pseudohypoparathyroidism, hypovitaminosis D) with resultant hyperexcitability of nerves. Though classically described in hypocalcemia, this sign may also be encountered in respiratory alkalosis, such as that seen in hyperventilation, which causes decreased serum Ca2+ with a normal calcium level due to a shift of Ca2+ from the blood to albumin which has become more negative in the alkalotic state.

Xu Zhonglin was a Chinese writer who lived in the Ming dynasty. He is best known as the author of the novel Fengshen Yanyi. He was born in Nanjing.

Jura wine

Jura wine is French wine produced in the Jura département. Located between Burgundy and Switzerland, this cool climate wine region produces wines with some similarity to Burgundy and Swiss wine. Jura wines are distinctive and unusual wines, the most famous being vin jaune, which is made by a similar process to Sherry, developing under a flor-like strain of yeast. This is made from the local Savagnin grape variety. Other grape varieties include Poulsard, Trousseau, and Chardonnay. Other wine styles found in Jura includes a vin de paille made from Chardonnay, Poulsard and Savagnin, a sparkling Crémant du Jura made from slightly unripe Chardonnay grapes, and a vin de liqueur known as Macvin du Jura made by adding marc to halt fermentation. The French chemist Louis Pasteur was born and raised in the Jura region and owned a vineyard near Arbois that is still producing wine today under the management of Jura's largest wine firms: Henri-Maire.

Trousseau gris

Trousseau Gris is a French grape variety made into white wine. It is occasionally found in eastern France and was once widely grown in California under the name Gray Riesling. In cool climates it can produce fresh aromatic wines. It needs gentle handling and careful winemaking to bring out its best.

Hope chest Chest (furniture) that women use to store dower items, including linens and baby clothes

A hope chest, also called dowry chest, cedar chest, trousseau chest or glory box is a piece of furniture traditionally used to collect items such as clothing and household linen, by unmarried young women in anticipation of married life.

Charles Las├Ęgue French psychiatrist

Ernest-Charles Lasègue was a French physician born in Paris.

Tetany or tetanic seizure is a medical sign consisting of the involuntary contraction of muscles, which may be caused by disease or other conditions that increase the action potential frequency of muscle cells or the nerves that innervate them. Notably, muscle cramps caused by the disease tetanus are not classified as tetany; rather, they are due to a lack of inhibition to the neurons that supply muscles. Tetanic contractions are a broad range of muscle contraction types, of which tetany is only one.

Peter Fanucchi is a Californian winegrower in the Russian River Valley AVA. His winery, Fanucchi Vineyards began using grapes from a plot of land bought by his father in 1972. Already planted with planted at the end of the 19th century Zinfandel, Fanucchi's father originally wanted to pull it out but Fanucchi retrained the vines and for nearly a decade it went into White Zinfandel for. In 1992, he started his own commercial brand and began producing red Zinfandel wine. He also produces white wine made from the Trousseau Gris grape which after his father died in 1984, and at the same time as he was personally farming and restoring the zinfandel field, Peter finished bringing into production. In 2010 Fanucchi farmed the last known block of Trousseau Gris.

Paris-Trousseau syndrome (PTS) is an inherited disorder characterized by mild hemorrhagic tendency associated with 11q chromosome deletion. It manifests as a granular defect within an individual's platelets. It is characterized by thrombocytes with defects in α-granule components which affects the cell's surface area and, consequently, its ability to spread when necessary.

Georges Phillipe Trousseau French physician

Georges Phillipe Trousseau was a French physician who became the royal doctor of the Kingdom of Hawaii, and engaged in a variety of agricultural ventures.

Adana Ethnography Museum

Adana Ethnography Museum,, exhibits the ethnographic works, the inscriptions of Adana's landmarks and epitaph and gravestones of Adana's leading figures. The museum was opened in 1983 at the former Greek Church after Archeological Museum moved to its new location. As of May 2012, the museum is closed temporarily and will move to its location in the newly built Museum Complex in 2016.

Bomkai Sari Handloom saree from Odisha, India.

Bomkai Sari is a handloom saree from Odisha, India. It is an origin of Bomkai, Ganjam district in the state and is primarily produced by the “Bhulia” community of Subarnapur district. Bomkai is one of the identified Geographical Indications of India. Sonepur handloom sarees, Sonepuri paatas and silk sarees are popular items displayed at various fashion shows.

Hermaphrodite (Nadar)

In 1860, French photographer Nadar took a series of photographs of a young intersex person, who had a male build and stature and who may have been female assigned, or self-identified as female. Possibly done on commission by Armand Trousseau, the nine photographs have been described as "probably the first medical photo-illustrations of a patient with intersex genitalia". They were originally restricted for scientific uses, and Nadar did not publish them. Further photographs of intersex subjects followed over the next several decades, although there is no evidence that the photographers knew of Nadar's work.

Flat Bastion Road

Flat Bastion Road is a road in Gibraltar, the British Overseas Territory at the southern end of the Iberian Peninsula. The road runs north-south, providing views of the city and Bay of Gibraltar. Previously known in Spanish as Senda del Moro, the traditional Llanito name for the road is Cuesta de Mr. Bourne.