Trout Run (East Branch Fishing Creek tributary)

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Trout Run
Trout Run looking downstream.JPG
Trout Run looking downstream
Location
Physical characteristics
Source 
  locationplateau in Davidson Township, Sullivan County, Pennsylvania
  elevation2,240 to 2,260 feet (680 to 690 m)
Mouth  
  location
East Branch Fishing Creek in Davidson Township, Sullivan County, Pennsylvania
  elevation
1,112 ft (339 m)
Length1.5 mi (2.4 km)
Basin size0.62 sq mi (1.6 km2)
Discharge 
  average930 US gal/min (2.1 cu ft/s; 0.059 m3/s)
Basin features
ProgressionEast Branch Fishing Creek → Fishing CreekSusquehanna RiverChesapeake Bay

Trout Run is a tributary of East Branch Fishing Creek in Sullivan County, Pennsylvania, in the United States. It is approximately 1.5 miles (2.4 km) long and flows through Davidson Township. [1] The watershed of the stream has an area of 0.62 square miles (1.6 km2). The stream is acidic and is considered by the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection to be impaired by atmospheric deposition and metals. Rock formations in the watershed include the Catskill Formation and the Huntley Mountain Formation. Soils in the watershed include the Deep-Wellsboro-Oquaga and Oquaga soil associations.

East Branch Fishing Creek stream in Sullivan County, Pennsylvania

East Branch Fishing Creek is a tributary of Fishing Creek in Columbia County and Sullivan County, Pennsylvania, in the United States. It is 4.4 miles (7.1 km) long. The stream and its tributaries are acidic and contain aluminum. The area in the vicinity was first settled in the late 18th century.

Sullivan County, Pennsylvania U.S. county in Pennsylvania

Sullivan County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 6,428, making it the second-least populous county in Pennsylvania. Its county seat is Laporte. The county was created on March 15, 1847, from part of Lycoming County and named for Charles C. Sullivan, leader of the Pennsylvania Senate at that time.

Catskill Formation

The Devonian Catskill Formation or the Catskill Clastic wedge is a unit of mostly terrestrial sedimentary rock found in Pennsylvania and New York. Minor marine layers exist in this thick rock unit. It is equivalent to the Hampshire Formation of Maryland, West Virginia, and Virginia.

Contents

Course

Trout Run looking upstream Trout Run looking upstream.jpg
Trout Run looking upstream

Trout Run begins on a plateau in Davidson Township. It flows west-northwest for a short distance before turning southwest and entering a valley, which it flows through for some distance. At the end of the valley, the stream turns southwest and then south. After a short distance, it reaches its confluence with East Branch Fishing Creek. [1]

Plateau An area of a highland, usually of relatively flat terrain

In geology and physical geography, a plateau, also called a high plain or a tableland, is an area of a highland, usually consisting of relatively flat terrain, that is raised significantly above the surrounding area, often with one or more sides with steep slopes. Plateaus can be formed by a number of processes, including upwelling of volcanic magma, extrusion of lava, and erosion by water and glaciers. Plateaus are classified according to their surrounding environment as intermontane, piedmont, or continental.

Davidson Township, Sullivan County, Pennsylvania Township in Pennsylvania, United States

Davidson Township is a township in Sullivan County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 573 at the 2010 census.

Trout Run joins East Branch Fishing Creek 3.60 miles (5.79 km) upstream of its mouth. [2]

Tributaries

Trout Run has no named tributaries. [1] It does, however, have at least one small unnamed tributary. [3]

Hydrology

The average discharge of Trout Run is 930 gallons per minute. It sometimes runs dry. The concentration of aluminum in the stream is 9.9 milligrams per liter during average conditions. [3]

In hydrology, discharge is the volumetric flow rate of water that is transported through a given cross-sectional area. It includes any suspended solids (e.g. sediment), dissolved chemicals (e.g. CaCO3(aq)), or biologic material (e.g. diatoms) in addition to the water itself.

The pH of Trout Run is 5.29 during average conditions. The stream experiences episodic acidification. It requires an additional alkalinity load of 8 pounds (3.6 kg) per day to be restored to the standards laid out by the East Branch Fishing Creek Restoration Plan. [3]

pH measure of the acidity or basicity of an aqueous solution

In chemistry, pH is a scale used to specify how acidic or basic a water-based solution is. Acidic solutions have a lower pH, while basic solutions have a higher pH. At room temperature (25 °C), pure water is neither acidic nor basic and has a pH of 7.

Alkalinity The capacity of water to resist changes in pH that would make the water more acidic

Alkalinity is the capacity of water to resist changes in pH that would make the water more acidic. Alkalinity is the strength of a buffer solution composed of weak acids and their conjugate bases. It is measured by titrating the solution with a monoprotic acid such as HCl until its pH changes abruptly, or it reaches a known endpoint where that happens. Alkalinity is expressed in units of meq/L, which corresponds to the amount of monoprotic acid added as a titrant in millimoles per liter.

Trout Run is considered to have fair water quality. It could potentially improve the water quality of East Branch Fishing Creek, but not significantly. Proposed methods of increasing the alkalinity of Trout Run include road liming. The cost of road liming Trout Run along with the nearby Lead Run is estimated to be $120,000. [3]

A total of 1.8 miles (2.9 km) of streams in the watershed of Trout Run are considered by the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection to be impaired to do atmospheric deposition and metals. [4] [5]

Geography and geology

The elevation near the mouth of Trout Run is 1,112 feet (339 m) above sea level. [6] The elevation of the source of the stream is between 2,240 feet (680 m) and 2,260 feet (690 m). [1]

The lower reaches of Trout Run are over rock of the Catskill Formation. The stream's upper reaches lie over the Huntley Mountain Formation. [3]

The lower reaches of Trout Run lie over the Oquaga soil association, although the Deep-Wellsboro-Oquaga soil association also occurs nearby. The upper reaches of the stream have soils of the Oquaga soil association, as well as another soil association. There are also rock outcroppings near the stream. Most of the soil in the watershed is highly acidic. [3]

Watershed

The watershed of Trout Run has an area of 0.62 square miles (1.6 km2). [2] There are 1.8 miles (2.9 km) of streams in the watershed. [3]

Most of Trout Run is on private land. However, a number of forest trails run parallel to and cross the stream. [3]

History

The restoration of Trout Run, along with Lead Run, is the seventh phase of the East Branch Fishing Creek Restoration Plan. [3] The Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection has designated Trout Run to be used for aquatic life. The stream was listed as impaired in 2002. As of December 2011, a total maximum daily load is scheduled for it in 2015. [4]

See also

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Big Run (East Branch Fishing Creek tributary) tributary of East Branch Fishing Creek in Sullivan County, Pennsylvania

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Meeker Run is a tributary of Heberly Run in Sullivan County, Pennsylvania, in the United States. It is approximately 0.9 miles (1.4 km) long and flows through Davidson Township. Its watershed has an area of 0.41 square miles (1.1 km2). The stream has a low pH, although that could potentially be remedied. The main rock formations in the area are the Huntley Mountain Formation and the Burgoon Sandstone. The main soil associations in the vicinity of the stream are the Deep-Wellsboro-Oquaga association, the Wellsboro association, the Norwich association, and the Oquaga association.

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Pigeon Run is a tributary of Sullivan Branch in Sullivan County, Pennsylvania, in the United States. It is approximately 1.3 miles (2.1 km) long and flows through Davidson Township. Its watershed has an area of 0.78 square miles (2.0 km2). The stream has a low pH and sometimes has poor water quality, although that could potentially be remedied. The main rock formations in the area are the Catskill Formation, the Huntley Mountain Formation, and the Burgoon Sandstone. The main soil associations in the vicinity of the stream are the Deep-Wellsboro-Oquaga association, the Norwich association, the Morris association, and the Oquaga association.

Hunts Run is a tributary of Sullivan Branch in Sullivan County, Pennsylvania, in the United States. It is approximately 0.5 miles (0.80 km) long and flows through Davidson Township. Its watershed has an area of 0.40 square miles (1.0 km2). The stream has a low pH and poor water quality. The main rock formations in the area are the Huntley Mountain Formation, and the Burgoon Sandstone. The main soil associations in the vicinity of the stream are the Deep-Wellsboro-Oquaga association, the Morris association, and the Oquaga association.

Ore Run is a tributary of Sullivan Branch in Sullivan County, Pennsylvania, in the United States. It is approximately 0.9 miles (1.4 km) long and flows through Davidson Township. Its watershed has an area of 0.78 square miles (2.0 km2). The stream has a low pH and poor water quality. The main rock formations in the area are the Huntley Mountain Formation and the Burgoon Sandstone. The main soil associations in the vicinity of the stream are the Deep-Wellsboro-Oquaga association, and the Oquaga association.

Crooked Run (Catawissa Creek tributary) tributary of Catawissa Creek in Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania

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Peterman Run is a tributary of West Branch Fishing Creek in Sullivan County and Columbia County, in Pennsylvania, in the United States. It is approximately 1.7 miles (2.7 km) long and flows through Davidson Township in Sullivan County and Sugarloaf Township in Columbia County. The watershed of the stream has an area of 0.41 square miles (1.1 km2). Glacial till and bedrock consisting of shale and sandstone can be found along the stream. It is considered to be impaired by atmospheric deposition and metals.

Elk Run (West Branch Fishing Creek tributary) tributary of West Branch Fishing Creek in Sullivan and Columbia Counties, Pennsylvania

Elk Run is tributary of West Branch Fishing Creek in Sullivan County and Columbia County, in Pennsylvania, in the United States. It is approximately 4.8 miles (7.7 km) long and flows through Davidson Township in Sullivan County and Sugarloaf Township in Columbia County. The watershed of the stream has an area of 7.49 square miles (19.4 km2). The stream has three named tributaries: Gallows Run, Hog Run, and Long Run. Elk Run is considered to be an Exceptional Value stream and a Migratory Fishery. The forests surrounding it are deemed by the Sullivan County Natural Areas Inventory to be a "locally significant" area. The stream is named for an elk that was killed in it in the 1840s.

Painter Run tributary of West Branch Fishing Creek in Sullivan County, Pennsylvania

Painter Run is a tributary of West Branch Fishing Creek in Sullivan County, Pennsylvania, in the United States. It is approximately 4.5 miles (7.2 km) long and flows through Davidson Township. The watershed of the stream has an area of 5.20 square miles (13.5 km2). It has one named tributary, which is known as Oxhorn Run and one unnamed tributary. Painter Run is slightly acidic, with pH values ranging from 5.99 to 6.88. The stream is in a narrow valley with several ridges nearby. Sandstone of the Pocono Formation occurs near it. At least two bridges have been constructed over the stream. Its unnamed tributary is considered to be Class A Wild Trout Waters.

Long Run is a tributary of Elk Run in Sullivan County, Pennsylvania, in the United States. It is approximately 2.4 miles (3.9 km) long and flows through Davidson Township. The stream's watershed has an area of 1.92 square miles (5.0 km2). It has no named tributaries, but four unnamed tributaries. The stream is considered by the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection to be impaired by atmospheric deposition and metals. Wisconsinan Bouldery Till, Wisconsinan Till, and bedrock consisting of sandstone and shale occur in the vicinity of it.

Hog Run is a tributary of Elk Run in Sullivan County, Pennsylvania, in the United States. It is approximately 2.0 miles (3.2 km) long and flows through Davidson Township. The watershed of the stream has an area of 1.05 square miles (2.7 km2). The stream is considered to be impaired by atmospheric deposition and metals. Wisconsinan Ice-Contact Stratified Drift, Wisconsinan Till, and bedrock consisting of shale and sandstone occur in the stream's vicinity.

Oxhorn Run tributary of Painter Run in Sullivan County, Pennsylvania

Oxhorn Run is a tributary of Painter Run in Sullivan County, Pennsylvania, in the United States. It is approximately 1.8 miles (2.9 km) long and flows through Davidson Township. The watershed of the stream has an area of 0.87 square miles (2.3 km2). The stream is considered to be impaired by atmospheric deposition and pH. Wisconsinan Ice-Contact Stratified Drift, Wisconsinan Till, and bedrock consisting of sandstone and shale occur in its vicinity.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 United States Geological Survey, The National Map Viewer , retrieved August 25, 2014
  2. 1 2 Pennsylvania Gazetteer of Streams (PDF), November 2, 2001, retrieved August 25, 2014
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Water’s Edge Hydrology, Inc., EAST BRANCH FISHING CREEK WATERSHED ACID DEPOSITION ASSESSMENT AND RESTORATION PLAN COLUMBIA AND SULLIVAN COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA FINAL REPORT (PDF), archived from the original (PDF) on September 3, 2014, retrieved August 25, 2014
  4. 1 2 Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection (December 2011), EAST BRANCH FISHING CREEK WATERSHED ATMOSPHERIC DEPOSITION TMDL Sullivan and Columbia Counties (PDF), retrieved August 25, 2014
  5. Rod Morehart, Sullivan County's Implementation Plan For the Chesapeake Bay Tributary Strategy (PDF), archived from the original (PDF) on March 4, 2016, retrieved August 25, 2014
  6. Topographic Map Stream Features in Columbia County, Pennsylvania , retrieved August 25, 2014

Coordinates: 41°18′52″N76°20′53″W / 41.3145°N 76.3480°W / 41.3145; -76.3480