Truce of Łęczyca

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The Truce of Łęczyca was signed during the Polish–Teutonic War (1431–1435) between the Kingdom of Poland and the Teutonic Order in Łęczyca on 15 December 1433 [1] (this has also led some Polish historians to divide this Polish–Teutonic War into two wars, in 1431–1433 and in 1435). [2] The Teutonic Knights, pressured by the citizens of their lands, agreed to the 12-year-old truce [3] [4] to other Polish demands, including that the Order would cease support to Švitrigaila (a Lithuanian noble who attempted to break the Polish-Lithuanian union with the aid of the Order); in addition each side would control the territories it occupied until a peace would be signed (uti possidetis), and no party would seek mediation of foreign powers to change this truce. [5] [6] This marked the end of the war on Polish territories; the struggle on Lithuanian lands would continue for two more years [4] (as the truce with Poland did not extend to the Livonian Order). [5]

Kingdom of Poland (1385–1569) Jagiellon kingdom of Poland, 1385–1569

The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania joined in a personal union established by the Union of Krewo (1385). The union was transformed into a closer one by the Union of Lublin in 1569, which was shortly followed by the end of the Jagiellon dynasty, which had ruled Poland for two centuries.

Teutonic Order Medieval military order

The Order of Brothers of the German House of Saint Mary in Jerusalem, commonly the Teutonic Order, is a Catholic religious order founded as a military order c. 1190 in Acre, Kingdom of Jerusalem.

Łęczyca Place in Łódź Voivodeship, Poland

Łęczyca is a town of 14,362 inhabitants in central Poland. Situated in the Łódź Voivodeship, it is the county seat of the Łęczyca County.

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References

  1. Rynarzewski, Maciej. "Polish – Bohemian expedition to Nowa Marchia and Pomorze Gdańskie in year 1433" (PDF). Polskie Towarzystwo Historyczne Oddział w Olsztynie. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 6, 2009. Retrieved 2008-07-03.
  2. Giertych, Jędrzej; Brazilla Carroll (1958). Poland and Germany: A Reply to Congressman B. Carrol Reece of Tennessee. Jędrzej Giertych. p. 37. OCLC   4169234.
  3. Prochaska, Antoni (1908). Król Władysław Jagiełło (in Polish). Kraków: Akademia Umiejętności. p. 267. OCLC   13016756.
  4. 1 2 "Wojny polsko-krzyżackie" (in Polish). Encyklopedia WIEM . Retrieved 2008-07-03.
  5. 1 2 Koneczny, Feliks (1903). Dzieje polski za Jagiellonow (in Polish). Kraków: Nakładem Krakowskiego Towarzystwa Oświaty Ludowej. p. 123. OCLC   123147077.
  6. Rogalski, Leon (1846). Dzieje Krzyżaków: oraz ich stosunki z Polska̜, Litwa̜ i Prussami (in Polish). II. Warsaw: Nakł. i drukiem S. Orgelbranda. p. 21. OCLC   38718035.