|Died||28 January 2016 93) (aged|
|Alma mater||Hebrew University of Jerusalem|
|Sub-discipline||Bronze Age and Iron Age|
Trude Dothan (Hebrew :טרודהדותן;12 October 1922 –28 January 2016) was an Israeli archaeologist who focused on the Late Bronze and Iron Ages in the region,in particular in Philistine culture.
Trude Krakauer (later Dothan) was born in Vienna. She immigrated with her parents to Mandatory Palestine at the age of one. In Jerusalem,they joined the local community of intellectuals and artists,many of them German speakers.Her father,Leopold Krakauer (1890–1954),was an artist and architect who designed several Bauhaus-style buildings for Jerusalem's "garden city" of Rehavia;her mother Grete (née Wolf,1890–1970) was a painter. She attended the Rehavia Gymnasium for her high school education.
In 1951 she married Moshe Dothan (1919–1999),a fellow archaeologist with whom she shared interest in biblical archaeology and particularly the Philistine culture. They had two children together,one of them Dan was vocalist for the Israeli rock and new wave band HaClique.She died on 28 January 2016,aged 93.
A professor at Hebrew University of Jerusalem from 1977,she held the Eliezer Sukenik Chair of Archeology and headed the Berman Center of Biblical Archaeology. Her private collection of books is now in the Lanier Theological Library,Houston,Texas.
The Philistines were an ancient people who lived on the south coast of Canaan from the 12th century BC until 604 BC,when their polity,after having already been subjugated for centuries by the Neo-Assyrian Empire,was finally destroyed by King Nebuchadnezzar II of the Neo-Babylonian Empire. After becoming part of his empire and its successor,the Persian Empire,they lost their distinct ethnic identity and disappeared from the historical and archaeological record by the late 5th century BC. The Philistines are known for their biblical conflict with the Israelites. Though the primary source of information about the Philistines is the Hebrew Bible,they are first attested to in reliefs at the Temple of Ramses III at Medinet Habu,in which they are called Peleset;the parallel Assyrian term is Palastu,Pilišti,or Pilistu.
The Israelites were a confederation of Iron Age Semitic-speaking tribes of the ancient Near East,who inhabited a part of Canaan during the tribal and monarchic periods.
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem is a public research university based in Jerusalem,Israel. It is the second-oldest Israeli university,established in 1918,30 years before the establishment of the State of Israel. It opened officially in April 1925. The Hebrew University has three campuses in Jerusalem and one in Rehovot. The world's largest Jewish studies library,the National Library of Israel,is located on its Edmond J. Safra Givat Ram campus.
The city of Ekron,in the Hellenistic period known as Accaron was one of the five cities of the famed Philistine pentapolis,located in central Israel.
The archaeology of Israel is the study of the archaeology of the present-day Israel,stretching from prehistory through three millennia of documented history. The ancient Land of Israel was a geographical bridge between the political and cultural centers of Mesopotamia and Egypt. Despite the importance of the country to three major religions,serious archaeological research only began in the 15th century. Although he never travelled to the Levant,or even left the Netherlands,the first major work on the antiquities of Israel is considered to be Adriaan Reland's Antiquitates Sacrae veterum Hebraeorum, published in 1708. Edward Robinson,an American theologian who visited the country in 1838,published the first topographical studies. Lady Hester Stanhope performed the first modern excavation at Ashkelon in 1815. A Frenchman,Louis Felicien de Saucy,embarked on early "modern" excavations in 1850. Today,in Israel,there are some 30,000 sites of antiquity,the vast majority of which have never been excavated.
Amihai "Ami" Mazar is an Israeli archaeologist. Born in Haifa,Israel,he has been since 1994 a professor at the Institute of Archaeology of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem,holding the Eleazer Sukenik Chair in the Archaeology of Israel.
Israel Finkelstein is an Israeli archaeologist,professor emeritus at Tel Aviv University. Finkelstein is active in the archaeology of the Levant and is an applicant of archaeological data in reconstructing biblical history. He is also known for applying the exact and life sciences in archaeological and historical reconstruction. Finkelstein is the current excavator of Megiddo,a key site for the study of the Bronze and Iron Ages in the Levant.
Benjamin Mazar was a pioneering Israeli historian,recognized as the "dean" of biblical archaeologists. He shared the national passion for the archaeology of Israel that also attracts considerable international interest due to the region's biblical links. He is known for his excavations at the most significant biblical site in Israel:south and south west of the Temple Mount in Jerusalem. In 1932 he conducted the first archaeological excavation under Jewish auspices in Israel at Beit She'arim and in 1948 was the first archaeologist to receive a permit granted by the new State of Israel. Mazar was trained as an Assyriologist and was an expert on biblical history,authoring more than 100 publications on the subject. He developed the field of historical geography of Israel. For decades he served as the chairman of the Israel Exploration Society and of the Archaeological Council of Israel. Between 1951 and 1977,Mazar served as Professor of Biblical History and Archaeology at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. In 1952 he became Rector of the University and later its president for eight years commencing in 1953.
Deir al-Balah or Deir al Balah is a Palestinian city in the central Gaza Strip and the administrative capital of the Deir el-Balah Governorate. It is located over 14 kilometers (8.7 mi) south of Gaza City. The city had a population of 54,439 in 2007. The city is known for its date palms,after which it is named.
Israel Knohl is an Israeli Bible scholar and historian. He is the Yehezkel Kaufmann Professor of Biblical studies at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and a Senior Fellow at Shalom Hartman Institute in Jerusalem. His books deal with the integration of scientific and archaeological discoveries with the biblical account,early Israelite beliefs,a survey of Israelite cult,and how and where the Israelites originated.
Rehavia or Rechavia is an upscale Jerusalem neighborhood located between the city center and Talbiya.
Rehavia Gymnasium or the Jerusalem Rehavia Gymnasium,by its Hebrew name Gymnasia Rehavia,is a high school in the Rehavia neighborhood in West Jerusalem.
Jeffrey R. Chadwick is an American professional archaeologist and university professor. He serves as Jerusalem Center Professor of Archaeology and Near Eastern Studies at the Brigham Young University Jerusalem Center in Israel,and as Associate Professor of Religious Education at Brigham Young University in Utah,USA. He is also senior field archaeologist and director of excavations in Area F at the Tell es-Safi/Gath Archaeological Project in Israel.
The W. F. Albright Institute of Archaeological Research (AIAR),is an archaeological research institution located in East Jerusalem. It is the oldest American research center for ancient Near Eastern studies in the Middle East. Founded in 1900 as the American School of Oriental Research,it was renamed in 1970 after its most distinguished director and the father of Biblical archaeology,William F. Albright. Its mission is to develop and disseminate scholarly knowledge of the literature,history,and culture of the Near East,as well as the study of civilization from pre-history to the early Islamic period.
Seymour Gitin is an American archaeologist specializing in ancient Israel,known for his excavations at Tel Miqne-Ekron. He was the director of the Albright Institute of Archaeological Research (AIAR) in Jerusalem from 1980 to 2014.
The anthropoid ceramic coffins of the Late Bronze Age Levant are a unique burial practice that is a synthesis of Egyptian and Near Eastern ideologies. The coffins date from the 14th to 10th centuries BCE and have been found at Deir el-Balah,Beth Shean,Lachish,Tell el-Far’ah,Sahab,and most recently in the Jezreel Valley in 2013. The coffins show Egyptian influence in the Ancient Near East and exhibit many Egyptian qualities in the depictions on the face masks on the lids. The lids can be separated into two artistic categories,the natural and grotesque,and the bodies are separated into type A,tapered from the shoulders,and type B,cylindrical. The graves contain wealthy funerary offerings from a variety of origins from Cyprus,Mycenae,Egypt,Phoenicia,and Canaan. The graves appear to be originally reserved for Egyptian officials and then later became a part of Canaanite and Philistine culture.
Leopold Krakauer was an architect and a painter. He was one of the most prominent architects who worked in Israel in the mid-twenties. He was also a painter who presented drawings and paintings at exhibitions in Israel and all over the world. Krakauer lived in Israel from 1924 until his death.
Grete Wolf Krakauer née Wolf (1890-1970) was an Austrian-Israeli painter.
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