True People's Party

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True People's Party
Права народна странка
Prava narodna stranka
Leader Jovan Plamenac
Mitar Martinović
Lazar Mijušković
Founder Lazar Mijušković
Founded1907 (1907)
Dissolved1918 (1918)
Succeeded by Montenegrin Greens
Montenegrin Federalists
(not legal successor)
Headquarters Cetinje
Ideology Conservatism
Royalism
Souverainism
Political position Right-wing
Party flag
Flag of Montenegro (1905-1918).svg

The True People's Party (Serbian : Права народна странка, romanized: Prava narodna stranka, abbr. ПНС/ PNS), also known as the Pravaši (Rightists), was a conservative and royalist political party in the Principality of Montenegro and the Kingdom of Montenegro, founded in 1907. The party represented the government, the rule of the Prince and later on the rule of King Nikola I. The True People's Party was led by Lazar Mijušković and notable party members included Jovan S. Plamenac, Marko Đukanović, Ivo Đurović, Sekula Drljević, Filip Jergović, Krsto Popović, Mitar Martinović and Milutin Vučinić. Montenegrin politics during the time of the party existence was deeply divided on the issue of supporting Nikola I's absolutist rule in order to retain the independence of Montenegro, and for advocating the unification of Montenegro and Serbia under the Karađorđević dynasty, as advocated by the opposition People's Party (NS).

Contents

History

The party was founded in 1907 by Prince Nikola I due to the People's Party boycott during the elections at the time, as a mark of protest against the bad relations the Montenegrin government had with Serbia. The pravaši supported Nikola's rule and proclaimed him the King in 1910. At the 1914 elections, both Montenegrin parties ran and the People's Party defeated the True People's Party, winning most of the parliamentary seats. In the wake of the forthcoming Great War, some members of the True People's Party rejoined the People's Party and subsequently altered the program of the party to include the unification of Montenegro and Serbia. The party was officially dissolved in 1918 after the Podgorica Assembly proclaimed the unification of Montenegro with Serbia.

Election results

ElectionSeatsChange Control Notes
1907
76 / 76
Increase2.svg 76absolute majority
Rightists + aligned independents
1911
53 / 62
Decrease2.svg 23absolute majority
Rightists + aligned independents
1914
6 / 62
Decrease2.svg 47opposition
Party dissolved in 1918

Sources

Related Research Articles

The history of Montenegro begins in the Early Middle Ages, into the former Roman province of Dalmatia that forms present-day Montenegro. In the 9th century, there were three principalities on the territory of Montenegro: Duklja, roughly corresponding to the southern half, Travunia, the west, and Rascia, the north. In 1042, Stefan Vojislav led a revolt that resulted in the independence of Duklja and the establishment of the Vojislavljević dynasty. Duklja reached its zenith under Vojislav's son, Mihailo (1046–81), and his grandson Bodin (1081–1101). By the 13th century, Zeta had replaced Duklja when referring to the realm. In the late 14th century, southern Montenegro (Zeta) came under the rule of the Balšić noble family, then the Crnojević noble family, and by the 15th century, Zeta was more often referred to as Crna Gora. Large portions fell under the control of the Ottoman Empire from 1496 to 1878. Parts were controlled by the Republic of Venice. From 1515 until 1851 the prince-bishops (vladikas) of Cetinje were the rulers. The House of Petrović-Njegoš ruled until 1918. From 1918, it was a part of Yugoslavia. On the basis of an independence referendum held on 21 May 2006, Montenegro declared independence on 3 June of that year.

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