Truman W. Brophy

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Truman W. Brophy
Truman William Brophy.jpg
Truman William Brophy

(1848-04-12)April 12, 1848
Will County, Illinois
DiedFebruary 4, 1928(1928-02-04) (aged 79)
Los Angeles, California
OccupationOral surgeon
Emma J. Mason
(m. 1873)
Signature of Truman William Brophy (1848-1928).png

Truman William Brophy (April 12, 1848 – February 4, 1928) was an American oral surgeon. He's known to be the founder of the Chicago College of Dental Surgery. He also served as the American President of the Fourteenth International Medical Congress in Madrid in 1903. He was known to create innovative techniques to correct cleft lip and cleft palate. [1] [2]



He was born to William and Amelia Brophy in Will County, Illinois on April 12, 1848. [3] He studied at Elgin Academy in his early years. Brophy went to California in 1852 for two years and upon his return to Illinois, he purchased a farm in Kane County, Illinois. In 1866, he studied in Dyrenfurths Business College when he was 19 years old. Dr. Brophy started working at a dental practice owned by Dr. J. O. Farnsworth. Upon the death of the owner of the practice, Brophy succeeded the practice of Farnsworth and started working there. The fire of 1871, destroyed his practice and Brophy became penniless. Instead of building a new practice, he decided to attend the Pennsylvania College of Dental Surgery and obtain his DDS there.

He married Emma J. Mason on May 8, 1873, and they had four children. [4]

He then returned to Chicago where he enrolled himself at Rush Medical School and obtained his Medical Degree in 1880. After graduating from Rush, Dr. Brophy became a faculty at the school and started teaching Dental Pathology and Surgery.

In 1882, Dr. Brophy became the founded the Chicago College of Dental Surgery. Brophy is known to develop tissue forceps which are often used in cleft palate surgeries. [5] Dr. Brophy also wrote a textbook on Oral Surgery in 1913. [6]

He died in Los Angeles on February 4, 1928. [7]

Awards and recognition

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  1. Koch, Charles Rudolph Edward; Thorpe, Burton Lee (January 1, 1909). History of Dental Surgery. National Art Publishing Company.
  2. Koch, Charles Rudolph Edward (January 1, 1909). History of Dental Surgery: History of the development of dentistry, operative dentistry, prosthetic dentistry, orthodontia, oral surgery, dental literature, dental journalism, dental education and dental colleges.- v. 2. Dental laws and legislation, dental societies and dental jurisprudence.- v. 3. Biographies of pioneer American dentists and their successors by B. L. Thorpe. National Art Publishing Company.
  3. Andreas, Alfred Theodore (1886). History of Chicago: From the Earliest Period to the Present Time. A. T. Andreas Company. pp. 542–543. Retrieved November 12, 2021 via Google Books.
  4. Campbell, John A., ed. (1902). A Biographical History With Portraits of Prominent Men of the Great West. Western Biographical and Engraving Co. pp. 83–84. Retrieved July 26, 2020 via Google Books.
  5. "Brophy Tissue Forceps, Serrated, 1x2 Teeth, Straight 8" - Tissue Forceps - Forceps | Sklar Surgical Instruments". Retrieved August 27, 2016.
  6. "Brophy's new book on oral surgery". International Journal of Orthodontia. 3 (3): 192. March 1, 1917. doi:10.1016/S1072-3471(17)90146-4.
  7. Kinsley, Philip (February 5, 1928). "Truman Brophy, Famous Chicago Surgeon, is Dead". Chicago Tribune . p. 5. Retrieved July 26, 2020 via