Trutnov

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Trutnov
Trutnov, Krakonosovo namesti.jpg
Krakonoš Square, the historic centre
Flag of Trutnov.svg
Trutnov CoA CZ.jpg
Relief Map of Czech Republic.png
Red pog.svg
Trutnov
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 50°33′38″N15°54′47″E / 50.56056°N 15.91306°E / 50.56056; 15.91306 Coordinates: 50°33′38″N15°54′47″E / 50.56056°N 15.91306°E / 50.56056; 15.91306
CountryFlag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic
Region Hradec Králové
District Trutnov
First mentioned1260
Government
  MayorMichal Rosa (ODS)
Area
  Total103.32 km2 (39.89 sq mi)
Elevation
414 m (1,358 ft)
Population
 (2021-01-01) [1]
  Total29,958
  Density290/km2 (750/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
541 01
Website www.trutnov.cz

Trutnov (Czech pronunciation: [ˈtrutnof] ; German : Trautenau) is a town in the Hradec Králové Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 30,000 inhabitants. The town centre is well preserved and is protected by law as an urban monument zone.

Contents

Administrative parts

General view with Nativity of Mary Church Trutnov, pohled na mesto.jpg
General view with Nativity of Mary Church

Trutnov is made up of town parts of Dolní Předměstí, Dolní Staré Město, Horní Předměstí, Horní Staré Město, Kryblice, Střední Předměstí and Vnitřní Město, and villages of Adamov, Babí, Bohuslavice, Bojiště, Lhota, Libeč, Nový Rokytník, Oblanov, Poříčí, Starý Rokytník, Střítež, Studenec, Volanov and Voletiny.

Geography

Trutnov lies the valley of the Úpa River. The northern part of the municipal territory is located in the Giant Mountains. The highest point is the mountain Vrchy with an elevation of 712 metres (2,336 ft).

History

The first written mention of Trutnov is from 1260. It was founded in around 1250 by the Švábenicové noble family and originally named Úpa after the eponymous river. In 1301, King Wenceslaus II bought the whole area, already called Trautenau, from which the modern name Trutnov is derived. From 1400 to 1599, Trutnov was a dowry town of the Bohemian queens. In 1421, the town was captured by Jan Žižka during the Hussite Wars. [2]

Trutnov was the site of the Battle of Trautenau in 1866 during the Austro-Prussian War.

During the World War II, the German occupiers operated three forced labour camps for Jewish women, located in Horní Staré Město, Poříčí and Libeč, which all became subcamps of the Gross-Rosen concentration camp in March 1944, [3] and a forced labour subcamp of the Stalag VIII-B/344 prisoner-of-war camp for Allied POWs in Libeč. [4] After the war, the remaining German population was expelled in 1945 in accordance with the Potsdam Agreement.

Demography

Historical population
YearPop.±%
186918,289    
188022,391+22.4%
189025,407+13.5%
190027,561+8.5%
191029,786+8.1%
YearPop.±%
192126,412−11.3%
193028,329+7.3%
195021,030−25.8%
196125,214+19.9%
197026,046+3.3%
YearPop.±%
198029,506+13.3%
199131,999+8.4%
200131,997−0.0%
201130,312−5.3%
202129,958−1.2%
Source: Historical lexicon of municipalities of the Czech Republic [5]

Economy

Main train station TrutnovNadrazi.jpg
Main train station

The largest employers based in the town are Vitesco Technologies Czech Republic and Tyco Electronics EC Trutnov, both manufacturers of electrical equipment for automotive industry. The largest non-industrial employer is the Trutnov hospital.

The Krakonoš Brewery was founded in 1582 and is one of the oldest breweries in the country. [6]

Sport

The ice hockey team HC Trutnov is based in the town.

Culture

Trutnov has hosted the Trutnov Open Air Music Festival since 1990 and, since 1999, has hosted Obscene Extreme.

Sights

Former Lutheran church Evangelicky kostel (Trutnov) (002).jpg
Former Lutheran church

The historic core comprises the area of Vnitřní Město part of Trutnov, with Krakonoš Square (Krakonošovo náměstí) in its centre. The area was delimited by town walls in the 14th century. Their fragments are preserved to this day. The landmark of the square is the neo-Gothic Old Town Hall, nowadays the tourist information centre. In the middle of the square are a statue of Joseph II, a stone fountain with statue of Krakonoš, and the baroque Holy Trinity Column from 1704. [7]

The most valuable buildings of Trutnov are the three churches. Nativity of Mary Church is a Neoclassical building with late Baroque elements from 1756–1782. The Church of Saint Wenceslaus in Horní Staré Město part of Trutnov is first documented already in 1313. In 1581, it was rebuilt in the Renaissance style, and a tower was added. The neo-Gothic Church of Saints Peter and Paul from 1897–1903 is located in Poříčí. [8]

The Bohuslav Martinů Concert Hall is located in the former Lutheran church, built in the neo-Gothic style in 1900. [8]

Twin towns – sister cities

Trutnov is twinned with: [9]

Notable people

In 1974, Václav Havel, the future president of Czechoslovakia and the Czech Republic, worked for nine months at the Krakonoš Brewery. [10]

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References

  1. "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2021". Czech Statistical Office. 2021-04-30.
  2. "Historie města" (in Czech). Město Trutnov. Retrieved 2021-09-20.
  3. "Subcamps of KL Gross- Rosen". Gross-Rosen Museum in Rogoźnica. Retrieved 13 November 2021.
  4. "Working Parties". Lamsdorf.com. Archived from the original on 29 October 2020. Retrieved 13 November 2021.
  5. "Historický lexikon obcí České republiky 1869–2011 – Okres Trutnov" (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. 2015-12-21. pp. 13–14.
  6. "Historie" (in Czech). Krakonoš Brewery. Retrieved 2021-09-20.
  7. "Trutnov – procházka historickým centrem" (in Czech). Informuji.cz. Retrieved 2021-09-20.
  8. 1 2 "Historické památky" (in Czech). Město Trutnov. Retrieved 2021-09-20.
  9. "Partnerská města" (in Czech). Město Trutnov. Retrieved 2021-09-20.
  10. Rissanen, Mika. "From the brewery to the presidency" . Retrieved 17 March 2018.