Trutzeltz Castle

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Trutzeltz Castle
Burg Trutzeltz, Balduineltz, Baldeneltz, Neueltz
Wierschem
Burg Eltz und Burg Trutzeltz.jpg
Eltz (l) and Trutzeltz (r) castles
Rhineland-Palatinate location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Trutzeltz Castle
Germany adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Trutzeltz Castle
Coordinates 50°12′25″N7°20′11″E / 50.2070722°N 7.3363250°E / 50.2070722; 7.3363250 Coordinates: 50°12′25″N7°20′11″E / 50.2070722°N 7.3363250°E / 50.2070722; 7.3363250
Type hill castle
CodeDE-RP
Height360 m above  sea level (NN)
Site information
ConditionRuins, tower remains, foundation walls
Site history
Builtum 1336
Garrison information
Occupantsclergy

The ruins of Trutzeltz Castle (German : Burg Trutzeltz), also known as Balduineltz, Baldeneltz or Neueltz, are the remains of a hill castle in the valley of the Elz in the parish of Wierschem near the town of Münstermaifeld. It was built as a counter-castle during the medieval Eltz Feud in the Moselle region.

Contents

Geography

Trutzeltz stands just 230 metres north of Eltz Castle and 40 metres higher at an elevation of 360 m above  sea level (NN) on the rising hillslopes. The very small castle site measures just 30 × 25 metres. The ruins consist mainly of the still over 10 metre-high remains of the tower house and other foundation walls.

History

The castle was built by the Archbishop of Trier, Baldwin during the Eltz Feud (1331-1336/1337) as a siege castle to invest Eltz Castle. The Eltz Feud arose in connexion with Baldwin's territorial policy. During his reign, Baldwin sought to extend the influence of Trier along the Moselle. He repeatedly came up against resistance from knights who had refused to recognise their vassal (tenant) status, and 21 of them - the lords of Eltz, Waldeck, Schoneck and Ehrenberg - agreed a formal defensive alliance. Baldwin attempted a direct assault on Eltz which failed. In response, he had the siege castle of Trutzeltz built, probably in 1331. The castle was also referred to as Baldeneltz, probably after the archbishop. The following year he also erected the Rauschenburg as a counter castle to the three other castles allied with Eltz. That Baldeneltz was probably built in a very short time to put the lords of Eltz under pressure, can be seen inter alia from the building material used: mostly small pieces of broken stone from the vicinity of the siege castle itself. [1] It was held together with a strong clay mortar, which however cannot withstand a Central European climate in the long run. For a siege castle this was not important, but it is remarkable in that light that the continued existence of the castle was contractually assured in a subsequent peace treaty. [2]

Eltz Castle was bombarded from the siege castle with rock catapults (trebuchets), but was not able to be captured. In the course of the fighting, Baldwin also used an early form of cannon, the pot-de-fer, which has been determined from archaeological finds at Eltz.

The Lord of Eltz and the other warring knights finally had to agree to end hostilities in 1333. The feud was not officially ended, however, until 1336 by an "atonement" treaty (a Sühne). A certain John of Eltz continued the conflict. He had previously fought against Baldwin even before the Eltz Feud in the Kempenich Feud. [3] and was therefore not ready to enter into a peace treaty. Baldwin now displayed his negotiation skills and magnanimity in drawing his opponent onto his side: after Trutzeltz had been effectively "legitimised" by the peace treaty with the other knights and its survival secured by them, he transferred it in 1337 to John of von Eltz as a fief and made him a hereditary burgrave. [4]

On 9 January 1354 King Charles IV enfeoffed Archbishop Baldwin of Trier with Eltz Castle for his loyal service against Emperor Henry VII.

Citation:
"Hitherto the lords of Eltz were vassals of the Empire. On 9 January 1354 King Charles IV, out of recognition for his loyal service against Emperor Henry VII, enfeoffed Archbishop Baldwin of Trier and his successors with the fortress at Eltz near Münstermaifeld together with its estates and all goods that the commoners of Eltz had as fiefs from him and the Empire, so that the commoners of Eltz should have and receive all these goods in future from Trier. At the same time he said that after the receipt of this enfeoffment from Trier the oath to the Empire is null and void. With that the enfeoffment terms of Eltz were promised to Trier." [5]

Trutzeltz Castle soon lost its significance, was no longer maintained and was recorded in 1453 as derelict. In a 1453 deed, Trutzeltz Castle is described as "currently unoccupied and as a result deserted and run down ". [6]

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References

  1. Verbal report by castellan, Dieter Ritzenhofen, 26 January 2005
  2. Ingeborg Scholz: Erzbischof Balduin von Luxemburg (1307-1354) als Bauherr von Landesburgen im Erzstift Trier. Lit Verlag, Münster, 2004, p. 248.
  3. Friedrich Wilhelm Emil Roth: Geschichte der Herren und Grafen zu Eltz, unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Linie vom Goldenen Löwen zu Eltz. Vol. 2. Mainz, 1890, pp. 210 ff.
  4. Friedrich Wilhelm Emil Roth: Geschichte der Herren und Grafen zu Eltz, unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Linie vom Goldenen Löwen zu Eltz. Vol. 2. Mainz, 1889, p. 11 (online); Wilfrid Tittmann: Die Eltzer Büchsenpfeile von 1331-1333. In: Waffen- und Kostümkunde. Vol. 37, 1995, p. 54.
  5. Friedrich Wilhelm Emil Roth: Geschichte der Herren und Grafen zu Eltz, unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Linie vom Goldenen Löwen zu Eltz. Vol. 1. Mainz, 1889, p. 31
  6. EBIDAT - castle databank of the European Castle Institute; Castles on the Rhine and Danube

Literature