Trzciano, Pomeranian Voivodeship

Last updated
Trzciano
Village

Kapliczka Trzciano.jpg

Shrine (built 1819) commemorating the 1629 battle with Sweden
Poland adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Trzciano
Coordinates: 53°48′2″N19°3′47″E / 53.80056°N 19.06306°E / 53.80056; 19.06306
Country Flag of Poland.svg Poland
Voivodeship Pomeranian
County Kwidzyn
Gmina Ryjewo
Population 440

Trzciano [ˈtʂt͡ɕanɔ] (German Honigfelde or Königfelde) is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Ryjewo, within Kwidzyn County, Pomeranian Voivodeship, in northern Poland. [1] It lies approximately 9 kilometres (6 mi) south-east of Ryjewo, 12 km (7 mi) north-east of Kwidzyn, and 69 km (43 mi) south-east of the regional capital Gdańsk. The village has a population of 440.

Village Small clustered human settlement smaller than a town

A village is a clustered human settlement or community, larger than a hamlet but smaller than a town, with a population ranging from a few hundred to a few thousand. Though villages are often located in rural areas, the term urban village is also applied to certain urban neighborhoods. Villages are normally permanent, with fixed dwellings; however, transient villages can occur. Further, the dwellings of a village are fairly close to one another, not scattered broadly over the landscape, as a dispersed settlement.

Gmina Ryjewo is a rural gmina in Kwidzyn County, Pomeranian Voivodeship, in northern Poland. Its seat is the village of Ryjewo, which lies approximately 13 kilometres (8 mi) north of Kwidzyn and 62 km (39 mi) south of the regional capital Gdańsk.

Kwidzyn County County in Pomeranian, Poland

Kwidzyn County is a unit of territorial administration and local government (powiat) in Pomeranian Voivodeship, northern Poland. It came into being on January 1, 1999, as a result of the Polish local government reforms passed in 1998. Its administrative seat and largest town is Kwidzyn, which lies 73 kilometres (45 mi) south of the regional capital Gdańsk. The only other town in the county is Prabuty, lying 18 km (11 mi) east of Kwidzyn.

Contents

History

Lake in Trzciano, legendary resting place of King Gustavus of Sweden's mace Trzciano lake.JPG
Lake in Trzciano, legendary resting place of King Gustavus of Sweden's mace

The village was created by the Teutonic Order in the mid-14th century. The first documentary evidence of the settlement is found in medieval books where it is referred to as Honigfelde (German, field of honey). Later, the name was unintentionally transcribed as Königfelde (German, field of kings). It appears on many old maps of Pomerania under these names, as well as in double-barrelled forms such as Honig feldt.

Teutonic Order Medieval military order

The Order of Brothers of the German House of Saint Mary in Jerusalem, commonly the Teutonic Order, is a Catholic religious order founded as a military order c. 1190 in Acre, Kingdom of Jerusalem.

German language West Germanic language

German is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe. It is the most widely spoken and official or co-official language in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, South Tyrol (Italy), the German-speaking Community of Belgium, and Liechtenstein. It is also one of the three official languages of Luxembourg and a co-official language in the Opole Voivodeship in Poland. The languages which are most similar to German are the other members of the West Germanic language branch: Afrikaans, Dutch, English, the Frisian languages, Low German/Low Saxon, Luxembourgish, and Yiddish. There are also strong similarities in vocabulary with Danish, Norwegian and Swedish, although those belong to the North Germanic group. German is the second most widely spoken Germanic language, after English.

Pomerania Place

Pomerania is a historical region on the southern shore of the Baltic Sea in Central Europe, split between Germany and Poland.

At the end of the Thirteen Years' War in 1466 Honigfelde became a part of Polish province Royal Prussia. At the beginning of the 16th century it became a possession of Brandt family.

Poland republic in Central Europe

Poland, officially the Republic of Poland, is a country located in Central Europe. It is divided into 16 administrative subdivisions, covering an area of 312,696 square kilometres (120,733 sq mi), and has a largely temperate seasonal climate. With a population of approximately 38.5 million people, Poland is the sixth most populous member state of the European Union. Poland's capital and largest metropolis is Warsaw. Other major cities include Kraków, Łódź, Wrocław, Poznań, Gdańsk, and Szczecin.

Royal Prussia former country

Royal Prussia or Polish Prussia was a region of the Kingdom of Poland from 1466 to 1772.

In the 17th century, during the Swedish occupation known as The Deluge, the village was witness to many important Polish and Swedish military engagements. In 1629 the Battle of Trzciana between these two countries ended in the victory of Polish hetman Stanisław Koniecpolski over Gustavus Adolphus. This defeat finally compelled the Swedish army to leave Poland and to retreat over the Baltic sea. A small shrine was built to commemorate Koniecpolski's victory, and there is also a memorial stone.

Sweden constitutional monarchy in Northern Europe

Sweden, officially the Kingdom of Sweden, is a Scandinavian Nordic country in Northern Europe. It borders Norway to the west and north and Finland to the east, and is connected to Denmark in the southwest by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund, a strait at the Swedish-Danish border. At 450,295 square kilometres (173,860 sq mi), Sweden is the largest country in Northern Europe, the third-largest country in the European Union and the fifth largest country in Europe by area. Sweden has a total population of 10.2 million of which 2.4 million has a foreign background. It has a low population density of 22 inhabitants per square kilometre (57/sq mi). The highest concentration is in the southern half of the country.

Battle of Trzciana 1629 battle of the Polish-Swedish wars

The Battle of Trzciana took place on 25 June 1629 and was one of the battles of the Polish-Swedish War (1626–1629) or Second Swedish-Polish War. The Polish forces were led by Crown Field Hetman Stanisław Koniecpolski and imperial troops under Hans Georg von Arnim-Boitzenburg, sent by emperor Ferdinand II to aid Sigismund III, met with troops commanded by Swedish King Gustav II Adolf, who supported the Protestant Lutherans of Germany and northern Europe. Gustav Adolf was almost killed or captured twice. Fighting in Prussia continued after the battle into July and August and ended with stalemate and finally a truce accepted by Sigismund III.

Stanisław Koniecpolski Polish nobleman

Stanisław Koniecpolski was a Polish military commander, regarded as one of the most talented and capable in the history of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. He was also a magnate, a royal official (starosta), a castellan, a member of the Polish nobility (szlachta), and the voivode (governor) of Sandomierz from 1625 until his death. He led many successful military campaigns against rebelling Cossacks and invading Tatars. From 1618 he held the rank of Field Crown Hetman before becoming the Grand Crown Hetman, the military commander second only to the King, in 1632.

A local legend tells that as the vanquished King Gustavus of Sweden fled in despair across a lake, he dropped his mace into the water, symbolically ending his reign. According to the legend, the mace remains to this day at the bottom of the lake.

Legend traditional story of heroic humans. (Use Mythology - Q9134 - for stories of Gods and fantastic creatures)

Legend is a genre of folklore that consists of a narrative featuring human actions perceived or believed both by teller and listeners to have taken place within human history. Narratives in this genre may demonstrate human values, and possess certain qualities that give the tale verisimilitude. Legend, for its active and passive participants, includes no happenings that are outside the realm of "possibility," but may include miracles. Legends may be transformed over time, in order to keep them fresh, vital, and realistic. Many legends operate within the realm of uncertainty, never being entirely believed by the participants, but also never being resolutely doubted.

Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden Swedish king 1611–32

Gustavus Adolphus, also known in English as Gustav II Adolf or Gustav II Adolph, was the King of Sweden from 1611 to 1632 who is credited for the founding of Sweden as a great power. He led Sweden to military supremacy during the Thirty Years' War, helping to determine the political as well as the religious balance of power in Europe. He was formally and posthumously given the name Gustavus Adolphus the Great by the Riksdag of the Estates in 1634.

Ceremonial mace

A ceremonial mace is a highly ornamented staff of metal or wood, carried before a sovereign or other high officials in civic ceremonies by a mace-bearer, intended to represent the official's authority. The mace, as used today, derives from the original mace used as a weapon. Processions often feature maces, as on parliamentary or formal academic occasions.

The battle is mentioned in Polish chronicles as bitwa pod Trzcianką (the battle in Trzcianka), "Trzcianka" being the name of Trzciano in use during the 17th and 18th centuries. That name evolved from the Polish word trzcina, which means reed. In Polish usage the name of the village changed to "Trzciana" and finally, in the 19th century, to its current form, Trzciano.

<i>Phragmites</i> genus of plants

Phragmites is a genus of four species of large perennial grasses found in wetlands throughout temperate and tropical regions of the world. The World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, maintained by Kew Garden in London, accepts the following four species:

  1. Phragmites australis(Cav.) Trin. ex Steud. – cosmopolitan
  2. Phragmites japonicusSteud. – Japan, Korea, Ryukyu Islands, Russian Far East
  3. Phragmites karka(Retz.) Trin. ex Steud. – tropical Africa, southern Asia, Australia, some Pacific Islands
  4. Phragmites mauritianusKunth – central + southern Africa, Madagascar, Mauritius

In 1772 during the First partition of Poland the area (Royal Prussia) became part of the Kingdom of Prussia in the newly created province of West Prussia. After World War I and the East Prussian plebiscite the town was part of Weimar Germany. After World War II the area returned to Poland.

Sports

Trzciano has its own football club, called Rodło Trzciano.

Related Research Articles

Trzcianka Place in Greater Poland, Poland

Trzcianka is a town in the Greater Poland region in Poland. Since 1999 it has belonged to Greater Poland Voivodeship and Czarnków-Trzcianka County. Previously it was located in Piła Voivodeship (1975–1998). Trzcianka has 17,131 inhabitants. From 1772 to 1945 the town was part of the German-speaking state of Prussia and its name was Schönlanke.

The Polish–Swedish Wars were a series of wars between the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and Sweden. Broadly construed, the term refers to a series of wars between 1563 and 1721. More narrowly, it refers to particular wars between 1600 and 1629. These are the wars included under the broader use of the term:

Truce of Altmark 1629 peace treaty of the Polish-Swedish war

The six-year Truce of Altmark was signed on 16 (O.S.)/26 (N.S.) September 1629 at the Altmark, near Danzig (Gdańsk) by Sweden and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth during Thirty Years' War, ending the Polish–Swedish War (1626–1629).

The Polish–Swedish War of 1626–1629 was the fourth stage in a series of conflicts between Sweden and Poland fought in the 17th century. It began in 1626 and ended four years later with the Truce of Altmark and later at Stuhmsdorf with the Treaty of Stuhmsdorf.

Barcice, Pomeranian Voivodeship Village in Pomeranian, Poland

Barcice is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Ryjewo, within Kwidzyn County, Pomeranian Voivodeship, in northern Poland. It lies approximately 4 kilometres (2 mi) north-west of Ryjewo, 16 km (10 mi) north of Kwidzyn, and 59 km (37 mi) south of the regional capital Gdańsk.

Benowo Village in Pomeranian, Poland

Benowo is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Ryjewo, within Kwidzyn County, Pomeranian Voivodeship, in northern Poland. It lies approximately 6 kilometres (4 mi) north of Ryjewo, 18 km (11 mi) north of Kwidzyn, and 56 km (35 mi) south of the regional capital Gdańsk.

Chojno, Kwidzyn County Settlement in Pomeranian, Poland

Chojno is a settlement in the administrative district of Gmina Ryjewo, within Kwidzyn County, Pomeranian Voivodeship, in northern Poland. It lies approximately 10 kilometres (6 mi) south-east of Ryjewo, 14 km (9 mi) north-east of Kwidzyn, and 70 km (43 mi) south-east of the regional capital Gdańsk.

Czarne Błoto, Pomeranian Voivodeship Settlement in Pomeranian, Poland

Czarne Błoto is a settlement in the administrative district of Gmina Ryjewo, within Kwidzyn County, Pomeranian Voivodeship, in northern Poland. It lies approximately 9 kilometres (6 mi) east of Ryjewo, 15 km (9 mi) north-east of Kwidzyn, and 68 km (42 mi) south-east of the regional capital Gdańsk.

Jarzębina, Pomeranian Voivodeship Village in Pomeranian, Poland

Jarzębina is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Ryjewo, within Kwidzyn County, Pomeranian Voivodeship, in northern Poland. It lies approximately 6 kilometres (4 mi) north-west of Ryjewo, 16 km (10 mi) north of Kwidzyn, and 58 km (36 mi) south of the regional capital Gdańsk.

Klecewko Village in Pomeranian, Poland

Klecewko is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Ryjewo, within Kwidzyn County, Pomeranian Voivodeship, in northern Poland. It lies approximately 4 kilometres (2 mi) east of Ryjewo, 13 km (8 mi) north-east of Kwidzyn, and 64 km (40 mi) south-east of the regional capital Gdańsk.

Mątki, Pomeranian Voivodeship Village in Pomeranian, Poland

Mątki is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Ryjewo, within Kwidzyn County, Pomeranian Voivodeship, in northern Poland. It lies approximately 3 kilometres (2 mi) east of Ryjewo, 14 km (9 mi) north of Kwidzyn, and 62 km (39 mi) south-east of the regional capital Gdańsk.

Pułkowice Village in Pomeranian, Poland

Pułkowice is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Ryjewo, within Kwidzyn County, Pomeranian Voivodeship, in northern Poland. It lies approximately 5 kilometres (3 mi) east of Ryjewo, 16 km (10 mi) north-east of Kwidzyn, and 63 km (39 mi) south-east of the regional capital Gdańsk.

Ryjewo Village in Pomeranian, Poland

Ryjewo is a village in Kwidzyn County, Pomeranian Voivodeship, in northern Poland. It is the seat of the gmina called Gmina Ryjewo. It lies approximately 13 kilometres (8 mi) north of Kwidzyn and 62 km (39 mi) south of the regional capital Gdańsk.

Straszewo, Pomeranian Voivodeship Village in Pomeranian, Poland

Straszewo is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Ryjewo, within Kwidzyn County, Pomeranian Voivodeship, in northern Poland. It lies approximately 6 kilometres (4 mi) south-east of Ryjewo, 12 km (7 mi) north-east of Kwidzyn, and 67 km (42 mi) south-east of the regional capital Gdańsk.

Tralewo, Kwidzyn County Village in Pomeranian, Poland

Tralewo is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Ryjewo, within Kwidzyn County, Pomeranian Voivodeship, in northern Poland. It lies approximately 7 kilometres (4 mi) north of Ryjewo, 19 km (12 mi) north of Kwidzyn, and 56 km (35 mi) south of the regional capital Gdańsk.

Watkowice Village in Pomeranian, Poland

Watkowice is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Ryjewo, within Kwidzyn County, Pomeranian Voivodeship, in northern Poland. It lies approximately 7 kilometres (4 mi) east of Ryjewo, 15 km (9 mi) north-east of Kwidzyn, and 66 km (41 mi) south-east of the regional capital Gdańsk.

Watkowice Małe Village in Pomeranian, Poland

Watkowice Małe is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Ryjewo, within Kwidzyn County, Pomeranian Voivodeship, in northern Poland. It lies approximately 7 kilometres (4 mi) east of Ryjewo, 15 km (9 mi) north-east of Kwidzyn, and 65 km (40 mi) south-east of the regional capital Gdańsk.

Wiszary Village in Pomeranian, Poland

Wiszary is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Ryjewo, within Kwidzyn County, Pomeranian Voivodeship, in northern Poland. It lies approximately 4 kilometres (2 mi) south-east of Ryjewo, 12 km (7 mi) north-east of Kwidzyn, and 65 km (40 mi) south of the regional capital Gdańsk.

References


Coordinates: 53°48′2″N19°3′47″E / 53.80056°N 19.06306°E / 53.80056; 19.06306