Tsagaannuur, Khövsgöl

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Tsagaannuur District

Цагааннуур сум
ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨᠨᠠᠭᠤᠷᠰᠤᠮᠤ
Mongolia location map 2.svg
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Tsagaannuur District
Location in Mongolia
Coordinates: 51°21′16″N99°21′12″E / 51.35444°N 99.35333°E / 51.35444; 99.35333
Country Flag of Mongolia.svg Mongolia
Province Khövsgöl
Area
  Total2,090 sq mi (5,410 km2)
Population
 (2007)
  Total1,411
  Density0.7/sq mi (0.26/km2)
Time zone UTC+8

Tsagaannuur (Mongolian : Цагааннуур = white lake) is a sum of Khövsgöl aimag. The area is 5,410 km2. In 2000, Tsagaannuur had a population of 1,317 people, of which most identified themselves as Darkhad. There were 269 inhabitants who identified themselves as Tsaatan ethnicity. The sum center, officially named Gurvansaikhan (Mongolian : Гурвансайхан), is located at the shore of Dood Tsagaan nuur, 279 km north-north-east of Mörön and 1048 km from Ulaanbaatar.

Contents

History

The Tsagaannuur sum was split off from Renchinlkhümbe, Khövsgöl in 1985.

Economy

In 2004, there were about 8,000 heads of livestock, among them 2,400 goats, 2,100 sheep, 2,300 cattle and yaks, 1,100 horses, 6 camels, and 632 reindeer. [1] Tsagaannuur houses the only commercial fishing enterprise in Mongolia.

According to the statistics provided by the Tsagaan Nuur Sum government on November 13, 2014, in a general assembly with residents of the sum's Xarmai district, the total amount of domestic reindeer in both nearby West Taiga and in East Taiga is 1511. [2]

Notable places

This sum covers the north-western part of the Darkhad valley, a basin that is considered remote even by Mongolian standards. Both Tsaatan and Darkhad practice shamanism.

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Dood Tsagaan Lake

Dood Tsagaan Lake is a lake in northwestern Khövsgöl aimag, Mongolia, between the sums of Tsagaannuur and Renchinlkhümbe. It's sometimes divided into the Targan, Dund, and Kharmai lakes. Targan lake is 3.5 meters deep, Dund nuur 5 meters and Kharmai nuur 15 meters.

Darkhad Valley Valley in Mongolia

The Darkhad Valley is a large valley in northwestern Khövsgöl aimag, Mongolia. It is situated between the Ulaan Taiga and Khoridol Saridag ranges at an altitude of about 1600 m, about 160 km long and 40 km wide. The area is 4270 km². It was transferred from the People's Republic of Tannu Tuva to the Mongolian People's Republic in 1925 as a Soviet concession to the Mongolians, who had wanted to incorporate the territory of Tannu Uriankhai into their country.

Ulaan Taiga is a mountain range in north-western Khövsgöl, Mongolia, between the Darkhad Valley and Mongolia's border with Tuva, Russia. The range covers parts of the Ulaan-Uul, Tsagaannuur and Bayanzürkh sums. Notable peaks include Mt. Lam Taiga (2619m) and Mt. Belchir (3351m). The Shishged River and the Delgermörön have their sources in this area. A part of the area along the border with Tuva has been put under natural protection.

Sharga River is a river in Khövsgöl aimag of northern Mongolia. It runs through the eastern part of "East Taiga", the north eastern extension of the Darkhad valley. The river starts as a confluence of several smaller rivers in the Tsagaannuur sum near the Russian border and exits into Dood Tsagaan Lake in the Renchinlkhümbe sum as a tributary of the Little Yenisey.

Tengis River is a river in the Tsagaannuur sum of Khövsgöl aimag in northern Mongolia. It runs through the western part of "East Taiga", the northern extension of the Darkhad valley. The river starts near the Russian border, in the northernmost tip of Mongolia. It ends as a right hand tributary of the Little Yenisey.

References

  1. Mongolian National Statistical Office: Livestock Count 2004 (in Mongolian) Archived 2007-03-22 at the Wayback Machine
  2. Rasiulis, Nicolas, Freestyle Life: Improvising Livelihoods In The Taiga With Mongolian Dukhas And Other Beings With Whom They Co-Inhabit, MA Thesis, University of Ottawa, awaiting publication.

Nomadicare https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OTi20-Nojwo

Literature

M. Nyamaa, Khövsgöl aimgiin lavlakh toli, Ulaanbaatar 2001, p. 193f

Coordinates: 51°21′16″N99°21′12″E / 51.35444°N 99.35333°E / 51.35444; 99.35333