|• Total||2,090 sq mi (5,410 km2)|
|• Density||0.7/sq mi (0.26/km2)|
Tsagaannuur (Mongolian : Цагааннуур = white lake) is a sum of Khövsgöl aimag. The area is 5,410 km2. In 2000, Tsagaannuur had a population of 1,317 people, of which most identified themselves as Darkhad. There were 269 inhabitants who identified themselves as Tsaatan ethnicity. The sum center, officially named Gurvansaikhan (Mongolian : Гурвансайхан), is located at the shore of Dood Tsagaan nuur, 279 km north-north-east of Mörön and 1048 km from Ulaanbaatar.
The Tsagaannuur sum was split off from Renchinlkhümbe, Khövsgöl in 1985.
In 2004, there were about 8,000 heads of livestock, among them 2,400 goats, 2,100 sheep, 2,300 cattle and yaks, 1,100 horses, 6 camels, and 632 reindeer.Tsagaannuur houses the only commercial fishing enterprise in Mongolia.
According to the statistics provided by the Tsagaan Nuur Sum government on November 13, 2014, in a general assembly with residents of the sum's Xarmai district, the total amount of domestic reindeer in both nearby West Taiga and in East Taiga is 1511.
This sum covers the north-western part of the Darkhad valley, a basin that is considered remote even by Mongolian standards. Both Tsaatan and Darkhad practice shamanism.
The Arkhangai Province or Arkhangai Aimag is one of the 21 aimags of Mongolia. It is located slightly west of the country's center, on the northern slopes of the Khangai Mountains.It is composed of 19 soums.
Khövsgöl is the northernmost of the 21 aimags (provinces) of Mongolia. The name is derived from Lake Khövsgöl.
Tosontsengel is a sum of Khövsgöl aimag. The area is 2,050 km², of which 1,800 km² are pasture and 11 km² are farmland. In 2000, Tosontsengel had a population of 4,161 people, including some Khotgoid. The sum center, officially named Tsengel, is located 64 km east-southeast of Mörön and 607 km from Ulaanbaatar.
The Dukha, Dukhans or Duhalar are a small Tuvan Turkic community of reindeer herders living in northern Khövsgöl Aimag of Mongolia.
Bürentogtokh is a sum (district) of Khövsgöl aimag. The area is about 3,760 km², of which 2,870 km² are pasture. In 2005, the sum had 4251 inhabitants, mainly Khalkha and Khotgoid. The center, officially named Bayan is situated on the banks of the Delgermörön river, 51 km west of Mörön and 722 kilometers from Ulaanbaatar.
Tsagaan-Üür is a sum of Khövsgöl aimag. The area is 8,730 km², of which only 1,140 km² are pasture. In 2000, Tsagaan-Üür had a population of 2,421 people, including Khalkha, Uriankhai, and Buriad. The sum center, officially named Bulgan, is located on the banks of the Üür River, 173 km north-east of Mörön and 844 km from Ulaanbaatar.
Alag-Erdene is a sum (district) of Khövsgöl aimag (province). The area is about 4,500 km², of which 1,460 km² are forest, and 2,760 km² are pasture. In 2005, the sum had 2992 inhabitants, including some Darkhad, Khotogoid, and Uriankhai. The center, officially named Mankhan is situated close to the road from Mörön to Khatgal, 62 km north of Mörön and 733 kilometers from Ulaanbaatar.
Arbulag is a sum of Khövsgöl aimag. The area is about 3,360 km², of which 3,120 km² are pasture. In 2000, the sum had 4478 inhabitants, mainly Khotgoid and Darkhad. The center, officially named Mandal is located 75 km northwest of Mörön and 742 kilometers from Ulaanbaatar.
Bayanzürkh is a sum (district) of Khövsgöl aimag (province) in Mongolia. The area is about 4,300 km2 (1,700 sq mi), of which 2,600 km2 (1,000 sq mi) are pasture. In 2000, the sum had 4202 inhabitants, mainly Darkhad. The center, officially named Altraga, is located at the confluence of the Altraga and Beltes rivers, near the Delgermörön river, 127 km northwest of Mörön and 798 kilometres (496 mi) from Ulaanbaatar.
Tsagaan-Uul is a sum of Khövsgöl aimag. The area is about 5,870 km², of which 5,190 km² are pasture. In 2005, the sum had 5145 inhabitants, mainly Khalkha and Khotgoid. The center officially named Sharga, is located 138 km west of Mörön and 840 kilometers from Ulaanbaatar.
Chandmani-Öndör is a sum of Khövsgöl aimag. The area is about 4,490 km². In 2000, the sum had 3036 inhabitants, including some Uriankhai. The center, officially named Khökhöö is located 190 km north-northeast of Mörön and 758 kilometers from Ulaanbaatar.
Khankh is a sum of Khövsgöl aimag. The area is about 5,500 km2 (2,100 sq mi). In 2000, the sum had a population of 2,140 inhabitants. The center, officially named Turt, is situated on the shore of Lake Khövsgöl, 280 km (170 mi) north of Mörön, 1,020 km (630 mi) from Ulaanbaatar, and 22 km (14 mi) from the Khankh/Mondy border crossing to Russia.
Jargalant is a sum of Khövsgöl aimag. The area is about 2,550 km², of which 1,470 km² are pasture. In 2000, the sum had 5,068 inhabitants, mainly Khalkha. The center, officially named Orgil, is situated close to the Ider river, 182 km south-southeast of Mörön and 886 kilometers from Ulaanbaatar.
Tünel is a sum of Khövsgöl aimag. The area is 3,580 km², of which about one third is forest. In 2000, Tünel had a population of 4,556 people, including some Khotgoid. The sum center, officially named Bulag, is located 46 km north-east of Mörön and 667 km from Ulaanbaatar.
Ulaan-Uul is a sum of Khövsgöl aimag. The area is close to 10,000 km². In 2000, Ulaan-Uul had a population of 3,726 people, mainly Darkhad. The sum center, officially named Tögöl, is located 171 km north-north-west of Mörön and 942 km from Ulaanbaatar.
Dood Tsagaan Lake is a lake in northwestern Khövsgöl aimag, Mongolia, between the sums of Tsagaannuur and Renchinlkhümbe. It's sometimes divided into the Targan, Dund, and Kharmai lakes. Targan lake is 3.5 meters deep, Dund nuur 5 meters and Kharmai nuur 15 meters.
The Darkhad Valley is a large valley in northwestern Khövsgöl aimag, Mongolia. It is situated between the Ulaan Taiga and Khoridol Saridag ranges at an altitude of about 1600 m, about 160 km long and 40 km wide. The area is 4270 km². It was transferred from the People's Republic of Tannu Tuva to the Mongolian People's Republic in 1925 as a Soviet concession to the Mongolians, who had wanted to incorporate the territory of Tannu Uriankhai into their country.
Ulaan Taiga is a mountain range in north-western Khövsgöl, Mongolia, between the Darkhad Valley and Mongolia's border with Tuva, Russia. The range covers parts of the Ulaan-Uul, Tsagaannuur and Bayanzürkh sums. Notable peaks include Mt. Lam Taiga (2619m) and Mt. Belchir (3351m). The Shishged River and the Delgermörön have their sources in this area. A part of the area along the border with Tuva has been put under natural protection.
Sharga River is a river in Khövsgöl aimag of northern Mongolia. It runs through the eastern part of "East Taiga", the north eastern extension of the Darkhad valley. The river starts as a confluence of several smaller rivers in the Tsagaannuur sum near the Russian border and exits into Dood Tsagaan Lake in the Renchinlkhümbe sum as a tributary of the Little Yenisey.
Tengis River is a river in the Tsagaannuur sum of Khövsgöl aimag in northern Mongolia. It runs through the western part of "East Taiga", the northern extension of the Darkhad valley. The river starts near the Russian border, in the northernmost tip of Mongolia. It ends as a right hand tributary of the Little Yenisey.
M. Nyamaa, Khövsgöl aimgiin lavlakh toli, Ulaanbaatar 2001, p. 193f