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The Tsaidam Lake Coal Mine (Mongolian : Цайдам нуур, swampy lake) is a coal mine being developed in the Bayan sum of Töv aimag in central Mongolia.
The Mongolian languageMoŋɣol kele; in Mongolian Cyrillic: монгол хэл, mongol khel) is the official language of Mongolia and both the most widely-spoken and best-known member of the Mongolic language family. The number of speakers across all its dialects may be 5.2 million, including the vast majority of the residents of Mongolia and many of the Mongolian residents of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. In Mongolia, the Khalkha dialect, written in Cyrillic, is predominant, while in Inner Mongolia, the language is dialectally more diverse and is written in the traditional Mongolian script. In the discussion of grammar to follow, the variety of Mongolian treated is Standard Khalkha Mongolian, but much of what is to be said is also valid for vernacular (spoken) Khalkha and for other Mongolian dialects, especially Chakhar.
Coal is a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock, formed as rock strata called coal seams. Coal is mostly carbon with variable amounts of other elements; chiefly hydrogen, sulfur, oxygen, and nitrogen. Coal is formed if dead plant matter decays into peat and over millions of years the heat and pressure of deep burial converts the peat into coal.
Bayan is a sum of Töv Province in Mongolia.
The mine has coal reserves amounting to 6.8 billion tonnes of brown coal.
China National Highway 110 (G110) runs from Beijing to Yinchuan, via Hohhot and Baotou, in Inner Mongolia. It heads northwest from Beijing to Zhangjiakou then heads straight west, and runs to approximately 1,100 kilometres.
The Trans-Mongolian Railway follows an ancient tea-caravan route from China to Russia and connects Ulan-Ude, on the Trans-Baikal (Trans-Siberian) railway in Russia, with the Chinese city of Jining, by way of Ulaanbaatar in Mongolia.
Baganuur is one of nine düüregs (districts) of the Mongolian capital of Ulaanbaatar. It is subdivided into four khoroos (subdistricts).
Bökhmörön is a sum (district) of Uvs Province in western Mongolia.
China Coal Energy Co., Ltd., is a publicly traded company listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange and the Shanghai Stock Exchange.The chairman is Wang An.
Coal mining regions are significant resource extraction industries in many parts of the world. They provide a large amount of the fossil fuel energy in the world economy.
Chandgana Tal is a coal mine in the Mörön sum (district) of Khentii Province in eastern Mongolia.
China Shenhua Energy Company Limited known as Shenhua or China Shenhua or Shenhua Energy is the largest coal mining state-owned enterprise in Mainland China, and the largest coal mining enterprise in the world. It is a subsidiary of Shenhua Group. It is engaged in the production and sale of coal and the generation and sale of electric power in the PRC. It operates coal mines as well as an integrated railway network and a seaport that are primarily used to transport its coal. It also operates power plants in the PRC which are engaged in the generation and sales of coal-based power to provincial and regional electric companies.
Tavan Tolgoi is one of the world’s largest untapped coking and thermal coal deposits, located in the Ömnögovi Province in southern Mongolia. It has a total estimated resource of 6.4 billion tonnes, one quarter of which is high quality coking coal. It is divided into six sections: Tsankhi, Ukhaa Khudag, Bor tolgoi, Borteeg, and Southwest and Eastern coalfields. The Tsankhi section is the largest part, and is divided into East and West Tsankhi - these have had the most focus recently.
Eldev Coal Mine is in Dalanjargalan sum (district) of Dornogovi Province in South-Eastern Mongolia. This mine is 21 km N from sum center and 300 km SE of Mongolian capital Ulan Bator.
The Nariin Sukhait or Ovoot Tolgoi mining complex is located in the Gurvan tes sum (district) of Ömnögovi Province in Southern Mongolia. The site is 25 km SE from sum center and 56 km north of Shivee Khüren - Ceke crossing point on the Mongolian-Chinese border.
Rail transport in Mongolia is an important means of travel in the landlocked country of Mongolia, which has relatively few paved roads. According to official statistics, rail transport carried 93% of Mongolian freight and 43% of passenger turnover in 2007. The Mongolian rail system employs 12,500 people. The national operator is UBTZ, traditionally also known as Mongolian Railway. This can be a source of confusion, since MTZ is a distinct company established in 2008. The Mongolian Railway College is located in Ulaanbaatar.
Mining is important to the national economy of Mongolia. Coal, copper, and gold are the principal reserves mined in Mongolia. Several gold mines are located about 110 kilometres (68 mi) north of Ulaanbaatar, such as Boroo Gold Mine and Gatsuurt Gold Mine. Khotgor Coal Mine is an open-pit coal mining site about 120 kilometres (75 mi) west of Ulaangom. Ömnögovi Province in the south of Mongolia is home to large scale mining projects such as the Tavan Tolgoi coal mine and the Oyu Tolgoi copper mine. Oyu Tolgoi mine is reported to have the potential to boost the national economy by a third but is subject to dispute over how the profits should be shared. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has estimated that 71 percent of the income from the mine would go to Mongolia.
The Khushuut Coal Mine is a coal mine located in the Darvi sum in the Khovd aimag of western Mongolia.
The Övdög Khudag Coal Mine is a coal mine being developed in the Bayanjargalan sum of the Dundgovi in southern central Mongolia. The deposit has coal reserves amounting to projected 89 million tonnes of Lignite. Together with the "Ikh ulaan uul" deposit nearby it comprises the "Black Hills" development.
The Nuurst Khotgor Coal Mine is an open-pit coal mine, located about 80 km west of the Uvs Province capital Ulaangom and 25 km south of Üüreg Lake in Bökhmörön sum (district) of Uvs Province in western Mongolia.
The Aduunchuluun Coal Mine, also written as "Aduun Chuluun" coal mine is a coal mine located next to Choibalsan city in Dornod aimag of eastern Mongolia. The mine has coal reserves amounting to 423.8 million tonnes of coking coal, one of the largest coal reserves in Asia and the world. The mine has an annual production capacity of 0.6 million tonnes of coal. Owner is the Mongolyn Alt Corporation (MAK).
The Erds Coal Mine is a coal mine located in eastern Mongolia. The mine has coal reserves amounting to 807 million tonnes of coking coal, one of the largest coal reserves in Asia and the world. The mine has an annual production capacity of 0.1 million tonnes of coal.
Mongolia had a total primary energy supply (TPES) of 3.94 Mtoe in 2012. Electricity consumption was 4.49 TWh. Mongolia is a big producer of coal, which is mostly exported. Domestic consumption of coal accounts for about two thirds (66%) of Mongolia's primary energy and is the almost sole source of electricity, accounting for almost 95% of the domestic electricity production.