Tsalenjikha Municipality

Last updated
Tsalenjikha Municipality
enguris xeoba (G.N. 2010).jpg
Flag of Tsalenjikha Municipality.svg
COA of Tsalenjikha.svg
Tsalenjikha.png
Location of the municipality within Georgia
Coordinates: Coordinates: 42°40′12″N42°02′59″E / 42.67000°N 42.04972°E / 42.67000; 42.04972
CountryFlag of Georgia.svg  GEO
Region Samegrelo
Administrative centre Tsalenjikha
Government
  BodyTsalenjikha Municipal Assembly
  MayorGiorgi (Gia) Kharchilava [1]
Area
  Total646.7 km2 (249.7 sq mi)
Population
 (2014)
  Total26.158
  Density40.4/km2 (105/sq mi)
Population by ethnicity [2]
   Georgians 99,56  %
   Russians 0,27 %
   Ukrainians 0,08 %
Time zone UTC+4 (Georgian Standard Time)
Website tsalenjikha.gov.ge
Enguri Dam Enguridam.jpg
Enguri Dam
Jvari reservoir Jvari reservoir (Photo A. Muhranoff, 2011)-1.jpg
Jvari reservoir
Tsalenjikha Stadium Tsalenjikha Stadium.JPG
Tsalenjikha Stadium
Village of Potskho Etseri Potskhoetseri, Tsalenjikha Municipality, Georgia 10.jpg
Village of Potskho Etseri

Tsalenjikha (Georgian :წალენჯიხის მუნიციპალიტეტი, Ċalenjixis municiṗaliṫeṫi) is a district of Georgia, in the region of Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti. Its main town is Tsalenjikha. Tsalenjikha Municipality is located in the valleys of the Enguri and Chanistskali rivers, the area is 646.7 km2, the population is 26,158 people (2014). The municipality includes 14 administrative units, including 2 cities Tsalenjikha and Jvari.

Contents

History

Tsalenjikha, Megrelian "Tsendikha", Chanistskali Megrelian "Tsentskari" River and such names of the geographical point are confirmed by both Georgian and foreign sources. Tsalenjikha and its environs were the original settlement of western Georgian tribes.

It is known from historical sources that the territory of the municipality was inhabited even when people used stone and bronze tools. Western Georgian tribes have been living on the territory of Tsalenjikha since that time. This is indicated by the names of this point and the river "Chelenjikha", "Tsendikha" Tsalenjikha.

In the 10th and 11th centuries, Tsalenjikha was an important settlement, as evidenced by such a large and important church as the Church of the Transfiguration. From this time on, the importance of Tsalenjikha gradually increased so that by the 13th and 14th centuries it became the only residence of the Dadiani. Here they had a palace, utensils (treasures) and apparently a ancestral tomb as well. Such an increase in the importance of Tsalenjikha led to the relocation of one of the most important dioceses of Odisha to Tsalenjikha in the 14th century. The relocation of the episcopal center to Tsalenjikha led to large-scale construction, as well as the painting of the Tsalenjikha Church during the 14th century during the reign of Vamek Dadiani (1384–1396).

Ak. Simon Janashia undoubtedly believes that 'Tseni' or 'Tsani' 'was one of the tribes of the Chanuri-Megrelian branch and not their own Zani'. (Tsen-Dikha) and the river that flowed into the castle (Tsen-water).

Materials about Tsalenjikha's past are taken from Inga Lortkipanidze's book - Tsalenjikha Painting, by Simon Janashia and Shota Meskhia. [3]

In 2001, the village of Lia was the site of the Lia radiological accident. [4]

Historical sites

Kuakantsalia Rock Kuakantsalia.jpg
Kuakantsalia Rock
Tsalenjikha Cathedral Tsalenjikha Cathedral (rear).jpg
Tsalenjikha Cathedral

Politics

Tsalenjikha Municipal Assembly (Georgian: წალენჯიხის საკრებულო) is a representative body in Tsalenjikha Municipality. The council assembles into session regularly, to consider subject matters such as code changes, utilities, taxes, city budget, oversight of Municipal government and more. Tsalenjikha Sakrebulo is elected every four year. The last election was held in October 2021. [5]

Tsalenjikha was one of only seven municipalities where ruling Georgian Dream party failed to gain a majority. After several attempts, the opposition parties UNM, For Georgia and Lelo agreed on a chairman of the Sakrebulo, four weeks after neighboring municipality Chkhorotsqu did the same. [6]

PartySeats (27)Current Municipal Assembly
  Georgian Dream 11          
  UNM 11           
  For Georgia 3   
  Lelo 1 
 Independent *1 
* Split from For Georgia [7]

Results in local election

Municipal Assembly
PartyParty listConstituencyTotal
seats
+/–
Votes%SeatsVotes%Seats
United National Movement 5,43937.787411Increase2.svg 8
Georgian Dream 5,00834.797411Decrease2.svg 13
For Georgia 2,73018.96314New
Lelo 4823.3511New
European Georgia
3102.15Decrease2.svg 2
Alliance of Patriots of Georgia 1070.74Decrease2.svg 1
Georgian Labor Party 1020.71Steady2.svg
Third Power 950.66Steady2.svg
New Political Center — Girchi 750.52New
Other parties470.36000
Invalid/blank votes
Total14,39510018927
Registered voters/turnout28,73751.11
Source: CEC
Mayor
CandidatePartyFirst roundSecond round
Votes%Votes%
Giorgi Kharchilava United National Movement 5,65739.687,24851.10
Goga Gulordava Georgian Dream 5,45038.236,93748.90
Khvicha Mebonia For Georgia 2,72019.08
Tamari Belkania Lelo for Georgia 4293.01
Total14,256100.0014,185100.00
Registered voters/turnout28,73728,737
Source: CEC, CEC

Municipal Assembly 2017-2021

PartySeats (30)Current Municipal Assembly
  Georgian Dream 24                       
  UNM 3                        
  European Georgia 2                        
  Alliance of Patriots 1                        

Notable natives

See also

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References

  1. "მერი - წალენჯიხის მუნიციპალიტეტი" (in Georgian). Tsalenjikha.gov.ge. Retrieved 2021-06-19.
  2. "Ethnic composition of Georgia 2014". Pop-stat.mashke.org. Retrieved 2021-06-19.
  3. "Ისტორია".
  4. The radiological accident in Lia, Georgia. Vienna: International Atomic Energy Agency. 2014. ISBN   978-92-0-103614-8. OCLC   900016880.
  5. "Protocol elected municipal council members and mayors 2021" (PDF) (in Georgian). CESKO Central Election Commission. p. 67-68. Retrieved 2022-03-03.
  6. "Opposition Elects Chair in Hung Tsalenjikha Sakrebulo". Civil.ge. 2022-01-20. Retrieved 2022-01-20.
  7. "Two Sakrebulo Members Quit Gakharia's Party in Contested Municipalities". Civil.ge. 2021-10-29. Retrieved 2022-01-20.