Tsar Lazar Guard

Last updated
Tsar Lazar Guard
Formation2007
FounderAndrej Milić and Željko Vasiljević
DissolvedSeptember 9, 2010;10 years ago (2010-09-09)
TypeFar-right organization
Location
  • Serbia
Ideology
Ultranationalism
Right-wing populism
Christian right
Political position
Far-right

The St. Tsar Lazar Guard (Serbian : Гарда светог цара Лазара, romanized: Garda svetog cara Lazara), commonly known as Tsar Lazar Guard (Гарда цара Лазара) was an ultra-nationalistic organization led by Hadži Andrej Milić and Željko Vasiljević. It was formed by the Movement of Veterans of Serbia to fight against Kosovo independence from Serbia. [1] It is named after Prince Lazar of Serbia, who died in the Battle of Kosovo.

On 5 May 2007, the National Serbian Movement hosted a Serbian Assembly in the Lazarica Church in Kruševac where it swore in "the Saint Tsar Lazar Guard vowed to free Kosovo and Metohija." [1] Vasiljević stated it would be "the establishment of a first uniformed Christian militia squad, comprised of war veterans from all over Serbia." [1] Serbian police detained 27 people at the event. [2]

On 28 June 2007, the Guard took part in the Battle of Kosovo commemoration organized by the Serbian government. [3] UN officials reacted strongly to the Guard's presence, and international officials claimed that it was provocation and attempt to destabilize the situation. [3]

The United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) has prohibited the organization from entering Kosovo and deemed it illegal. It is considered a group of Serbian ultra-nationalists who utilize rhetorical statements that promote that Albanians be killed or expelled and opposing Serbs to be "dealt with". [4]

In mid-November 2007, the group said that war in Kosovo was inevitable, with Milić saying that "Just as Martić shelled Zagreb, we will do the same to Priština. Since the Šiptars have reproduced like rabbits, they will die like rabbits. There will be no survivors. God help the Serbian military and police if they try and get in our way. We will view them as the enemy, and we will do to them the same as we'll do to the Šiptars." [5] In late November, he was detained by Serbian police, but later released. [6] [7]

On 23 February 2008, the organization claimed responsibility for the burning of the border post at Rudnica. [8]

Milić was arrested on 9 September 2010, after threats against the year's Pride parade. [9] He claimed that he suffered a heart attack while imprisoned in Belgrade. [10]

Related Research Articles

Battle of Kosovo 1389 battle between Moravian Serbia and the Ottoman Sultanate

The Battle of Kosovo took place on 15 June 1389 between an army led by the Serbian Prince Lazar Hrebeljanović and an invading army of the Ottoman Empire under the command of Sultan Murad Hüdavendigâr. The battle was fought on the Kosovo field in the territory ruled by Serbian nobleman Vuk Branković, in what is today Kosovo, about 5 kilometers (3.1 mi) northwest of the modern city of Pristina. The army under Prince Lazar consisted of his own troops, a contingent led by Branković, and a contingent sent from Bosnia by King Tvrtko I, commanded by Vlatko Vuković. Prince Lazar was the ruler of Moravian Serbia and the most powerful among the Serbian regional lords of the time, while Branković ruled the District of Branković and other areas, recognizing Lazar as his overlord.

Lazar of Serbia medieval Serbian ruler

Prince Lazar Hrebeljanović was a medieval Serbian ruler who created the largest and most powerful state on the territory of the disintegrated Serbian Empire. Lazar's state, referred to by historians as Moravian Serbia, comprised the basins of the Great Morava, West Morava, and South Morava rivers. Lazar ruled Moravian Serbia from 1373 until his death in 1389. He sought to resurrect the Serbian Empire and place himself at its helm, claiming to be the direct successor of the Nemanjić dynasty, which went extinct in 1371 after ruling over Serbia for two centuries. Lazar's programme had the full support of the Serbian Orthodox Church, but the Serbian nobility did not recognize him as their supreme ruler. He is often referred to as Tsar Lazar Hrebeljanović ; however, he only held the title of prince.

Ivica Dačić Serbian politician

Ivica Dačić is a Serbian politician serving as the president of the National Assembly of Serbia since 2020 and as the leader of the Socialist Party of Serbia since 2003.

Serb Volunteer Guard

The Serb Volunteer Guard, also known as Arkan's Tigers or Arkan's men, was a Serbian volunteer paramilitary unit founded and led by Arkan that fought in Croatia (1991–93) and Bosnia (1992–95) during the Yugoslav Wars.

Ottoman Serbia

The territory of what is now the Republic of Serbia was part of the Ottoman Empire throughout the Early Modern period, especially Central Serbia, unlike Vojvodina which had passed to Habsburg rule starting from the end of the 17th century . Ottoman culture significantly influenced the region, in architecture, cuisine, language, and dress, especially in arts, and Islam.

Gazimestan

Gazimestan is the name of a memorial site and monument commemorating the Battle of Kosovo (1389), situated about 6-7 kilometres southeast of the actual battlefield, known as the Kosovo field. The name is a portmanteau derived from Arabic ghazi, meaning "hero" or "champion", and Serbian word mesto, meaning "place". Gazimestan is reached from the Pristina–Mitrovica highway, on a 50-metre hill above the plain, ca. 5 km north-west from Pristina. Every year, on Vidovdan, 28 June, a commemoration is held by the monument, which in later years is also covered by an image of Prince Lazar, who led the Serbian army at the battle.

Serbs are one of the constitutional peoples of North Macedonia. Numbering about 36,000 inhabitants, they are based on the medieval populations, as well as on the 20th century Yugoslav policy of serbianization, and on later relocation or migration of ethnic Serbs.

Suva Reka massacre

The Suva Reka massacre refers to the mass murder of Kosovo Albanian civilians committed by Serbian police officers on 26 March 1999 in Suva Reka, Kosovo, during the 1999 NATO bombings of Yugoslavia.

Albanian National Army

The Albanian National Army, is an Albanian paramilitary organization which operates in North Macedonia, Serbia and Kosovo. The group opposes the Ohrid Framework Agreement which ended the 2001 insurgency in Macedonia between members of the National Liberation Army and Macedonian security forces.

Kosovo–Serbia relations Diplomatic relations between Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia

Kosovo unilaterally declared independence from Serbia in 2008, a move which Serbia rejects. Serbia does not recognize Kosovo as an independent state and continues to claim it as the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija. Initially there were no relations between the two; however, in the following years there has been increased dialogue and cooperation between the two sides.

The Zemun Clan is one of the Belgrade clans of the Serbian mafia. It is named for the gang's base in Zemun, a municipality of Belgrade. The peak of the clan's power and influence occurred between 1999 and 2003 and they were considered to be one of the most powerful organisations in Southeast Europe.

Anti-Albanian sentiment or Albanophobia is discrimination or prejudice towards Albanians as an ethnic group, described in countries with large Albanian population as immigrants, especially Greece and Italy though in Greece the sentiment has existed mainly in the post-communist Albania era where many criminals escaped to Greece.

Church of St. Elijah, Podujevo Church in Podujevo, Kosovo

The Church of Saint Elijah, also known as Saint Andrew's Church, is а Serbian Orthodox church located on a small hill near the city of Podujevo, in Kosovo. The complex includes an Orthodox cemetery. It was built in 1929, and has been demolished several times, as of 2010, the church has been rebuilt and renovated five times.

Dubrava Prison massacre is the war time killing of at least 99 Kosovo Albanian prisoners and the wounding of around 200 prisoners in the Dubrava Prison, in north-western Kosovo between the dates of 22–24 May 1999.

Kosovo Myth

The Kosovo Myth, also known as the Kosovo Cult and the Kosovo Legend, is a Serbian nation-building myth based on legends about events related to the Battle of Kosovo (1389). It has been a subject in Serbian folklore and literary tradition and has been cultivated oral epic poetry and guslar poems. The final form of the legend was not created immediately after the battle but evolved from different originators into various versions. In its modern form it emerged in 19th-century Serbia and served as an important constitutive element of the national identity of modern Serbia and its politics, and in certain periods of other South Slavic nations.

Serbian Orthodox Seminary (Prizren) Public, provincial, spiritual school in Prizren, Kosovo

The Serbian Orthodox Seminary of Saints Cyril and Methodius, known as the Prizren Seminary, is a Serbian Orthodox theological school. The school has produced scholars and educators, though its main mission is to create clergymen. The seminary was the first cultural-educational and political center of the Serbs in Kosovo.

Kumanovo uprising

The Kumanovo uprising was an uprising organized by an assembly of chiefs of the districts of Kumanovo, Kriva Palanka, and Kratovo in the Vilayet of Kosovo in 1878. The movement sought to liberate the region from the hands of the Ottoman Empire and unify it with the Principality of Serbia, which was at war with the Ottomans at the time. Following the Serbian Army's liberation of Niš on 31 December 1877, the rebellion began on 20 January 1878 with guerrilla operations during the army's liberation of Vranje. The rebels received secret aid from the Serbian government. The uprising lasted four months until its suppression by the Ottomans on 20 May, during which the Ottomans retaliated with atrocities on the local population.

Oliver Ivanović

Oliver Ivanović was a Kosovo Serb politician.

St. Uroš Cathedral, Ferizaj

The Church of the Holy Emperor Uroš is a Serbian Orthodox church located in the center of Ferizaj in Kosovo. It belongs to the Eparchy of Raška and Prizren.

Cannabis in Serbia Use of cannabis in Serbia

Cannabis in Serbia is illegal. Possession is punishable by a fine or by imprisonment of up to 3 years. Sale and transport are punishable by imprisonment from 3 to 12 years. Cultivation is punishable by imprisonment from 6 months to 5 years. Penalties are higher for organized crime.

References

  1. 1 2 3 ""Tsar Lazar Guard" rounds up Kosovo volunteers". B92. 28 April 2007. Archived from the original on 4 November 2012.
  2. "Police detain 27 in "Tsar Lazar Guard" swearing-in ceremony". B92. 5 May 2007.
  3. 1 2 "Battle of Kosovo commemorated". B92. 28 June 2007.
  4. "Czar Lazar Guard: War is inevitable". B92. 16 November 2007. Archived from the original on 17 November 2007.
  5. "Czar Lazar Guard: War is inevitable". B92. Archived from the original on 2007-11-17.
  6. "MUP bans Guard gathering, arrests leader". B92. 28 November 2007.
  7. "Guard leader fined, released". B92. 29 November 2007. Archived from the original on 18 January 2008.
  8. "Гарда Цара Лазара преузела одговорност за паљење пункта Рудница". RTV. 2008-02-23.
  9. "Uhapšen komandant "Garde svetog cara Lazara"". Blic. 2010-09-21.
  10. "Hadži Andrej Milić: Osećam da me truju". Kurir.