|Khong Tayiji of the Dzungar Khanate|
|Predecessor||Galdan Boshugtu Khan|
|Alternative Chinese name|
|Second alternative Chinese name|
|Mongolian script||ᠼᠧᠸᠠᠩ ᠠᠷᠠᠪᠲᠠᠨ|
Tsewang Rabtan (from Tibetan :ཚེ་དབང་རབ་བརྟནTsewang Rapten;Chinese :策妄阿拉布坦;ᠼᠧᠸᠠᠩᠠᠷᠠᠪᠲᠠᠨ;1643–1727) was a Choros-Oirat prince and the Khong Tayiji of the Dzungar Khanate from 1697 (following the death of his uncle and rival Galdan Boshugtu Khan) until his death in 1727. He was married to Lha-bzang Khan's sister.
Tsewang Rabtan married his daughter,Boitalak (博託洛克),to Danjung (丹衷),the eldest son of Lha-bzang Khan in 1714. He used the occasion to destroy some of Lha-bzang's troops in preparation for an invasion of Tibet. He consolidated Dzungar power by 1715,and in 1717 sent one army of 300 into Amdo to retrieve the 7th Dalai Lama,planning to consolidate Tibetan support by bringing him to Lhasa,and another army of 6000,led by his brother Tseren Dondub,that successfully took Lhasa from the Khoshut and killed Lha-bzang Khan.
However,the first army failed to acquire the Dalai Lama,having been defeated by Qing troops at Kumbum. Dzungar troops went on the rampage through Lhasa and its environs,looting,raping and killing. Soon,the Tibetans were appealing to the Kangxi Emperor to rid them of the Dzungars. The Dzungar occupation of Tibet became more difficult to sustain as time passed and though they managed to defeat a poorly organized Chinese invasion at the Battle of the Salween River in 1718,Qing troops took Lhasa in 1720 during their second and larger expedition.
After Danjung died circa 1717,allegedly at the hands of Tsewang Rabtan,Boitalak married a taisha or prince of the Khoid,a section of the Dzungar people,and later gave birth to Amursana (1723–1757),who would grow up to be Khan of Dzungaria during the reign of the Qianlong Emperor.
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The Dzungar Khanate,also written as the Zunghar Khanate,was an Inner Asian khanate of Oirat Mongol origin. At its greatest extent,it covered an area from southern Siberia in the north to present-day Kyrgyzstan in the south,and from the Great Wall of China in the east to present-day Kazakhstan in the west. The core of the Dzungar Khanate is today part of northern Xinjiang,also called Dzungaria.
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Choros Erdeniin Galdan was a Dzungar-Oirat Khan of the Dzungar Khanate. As fourth son of Erdeni Batur,founder of the Dzungar Khanate,Galdan was a descendant of Esen Taishi,the powerful Oirat Khan of the Northern Yuan dynasty who united the western Mongols in the 15th century. Galdan's mother Yum Aga was a daughter of Güshi Khan,the first Khoshut-Oirat King of Tibet.
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Tibet under Qing rule refers to the Qing dynasty's relationship with Tibet from 1720 to 1912. During this period,Qing China regarded Tibet as a vassal state. Tibet considered itself an independent nation with only a "priest and patron" relationship with the Qing Dynasty. Scholars such as Melvyn Goldstein have considered Tibet to be a Qing protectorate.
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The 1720 Chinese expedition to Tibet or the Chinese conquest of Tibet in 1720 was a military expedition sent by the Qing dynasty to expel the invading forces of the Dzungar Khanate from Tibet and establish Qing rule over the region,which lasted until the empire's fall in 1912.