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Tsinghua Garden (traditional Chinese :清華園; simplified Chinese :清华园; pinyin :QīnghuáYuán) is an extensive garden in Haidian District,Beijing,China. Constructed during the reign of the Kangxi Emperor (r. 1661–1722) in the Qing dynasty,it was originally named "Xichun Garden" (熙春园;熙春園;Xīchūn Yuán). Later,it was divided into two gardens:Chunze Garden (春泽园;春澤園;ChūnzéYuán) and Hande Garden (涵德园;涵德園;HándéYuán). Chunze Garden and Hande Garden were later respectively renamed to "Jinchun Garden" (近春园;近春園;Jìnchūn Yuán) and "Xichun Garden" (its former name). In 1852,during the reign of the Xianfeng Emperor,the garden was renamed again to "Qinghua Garden" (or "Tsinghua Garden"). In the present-day,"Tsinghua Garden" generally refers to the locations of the Tsinghua University,such as Tsinghua Garden,Jinchun Garden,and other Qing dynasty gardens in the university.
Tsinghua Garden,originally the Xichun Garden,was granted as a gift by the Kangxi Emperor to his third son,Yinzhi (Prince Cheng). It was part of the Old Summer Palace and was called the "East Garden" (東園) because it was located to the east of the Old Summer Palace. The Kangxi Emperor visited the garden ten times when the garden was owned by Yinzhi,and celebrated eight of his birthdays at the garden,including his 60th birthday in 1713. He also wrote calligraphy for five plaques displayed all over the garden,one of which was the garden's name (Xichun Garden).
In 1821,the Daoguang Emperor divided the Xichun Garden into Chunze Garden (later renamed to Jinchun Garden) and Hande Garden (later renamed back to Xichun Garden),and granted them respectively to his brothers Mianxin (Prince Ruihuai 瑞懷親王) and Miankai (Prince Dunke 惇恪親王). After Miankai's death,Xichun Garden was inherited by his adopted son,Yicong (Prince Dun). As Yicong was actually the fifth son of the Daoguang Emperor,Xichun Garden was loosely referred to as the "Fifth Prince's Garden" (小五爺園).
In 1852,after the Xianfeng Emperor came to the throne,he renamed Xichun Garden to "Qinghua Garden" (or "Tsinghua Garden"). In 1860,during the Second Opium War,the Anglo-French forces destroyed Jinchun Garden while burning down the Old Summer Palace. Qinghua Garden sustained little or no damage. After Yicong's death,Qinghua Garden was inherited by his eldest son,Zailian.
In the aftermath of the 1900 Boxer Rebellion,Qinghua Garden was confiscated by the Qing imperial government because it had been used by Zailian's younger brother,Zaiyi (Prince Duan),as a meeting location with the Boxer rebels. The garden fell into disrepair for some years before the imperial government approved a request by the foreign affairs ministry to build a school on the land. The school,named "Qinghua School" (清華學堂),started operating in 1911. In 1913,the Qinghua School acquired the former Jinchun Garden and the surrounding areas,and gradually expanded over time to become the present-day Tsinghua University.
Tsinghua University is a national public research university in Beijing,China. The university is funded by the Ministry of Education. Tsinghua University is a member of the C9 League. It is also a member of Double First Class University Plan,Project 985 and Project 211. Since its establishment in 1911,it has produced many notable leaders in science,engineering,politics,business,academia,and culture.
Sushun,courtesy name Yuting,was a Manchu noble and politician of the Qing dynasty. He was born in the Aisin Gioro clan,the imperial clan of the Qing dynasty,as the sixth son of Ulgungga. Ulgungga was distantly related to the Qing dynasty emperors and was the 12th heir to the Prince Zheng line,one of the "iron-cap" princely peerages of the Qing dynasty. Since the line of Prince Zheng was in charge of the Bordered Blue Banner,Sushun was a member of this banner. Sushun was a supporter of Zeng Guofan and Li Hongzhang but also characterized by his firm policy against the West.
The Summer Palace is a vast ensemble of lakes,gardens and palaces in Beijing. It was an imperial garden in the Qing dynasty. Inside includes Longevity Hill Kunming Lake and Seventeen Hole Bridge. It covers an expanse of 2.9 square kilometres (1.1 sq mi),three-quarters of which is water.
The Old Summer Palace,also known as Yuanmingyuan or Yuanmingyuan Park,originally called the Imperial Gardens,and sometimes called the Winter Palace,was a complex of palaces and gardens in present-day Haidian District,Beijing,China. It is 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) northwest of the walls of the former Imperial City section of Beijing. Widely perceived as the pinnacle work of Chinese imperial garden and palace design,the Old Summer Palace was known for its extensive collection of gardens,its building architecture and numerous art and historical treasures. Constructed throughout the 18th and early 19th centuries,the Old Summer Palace was the main imperial residence of Qianlong Emperor of the Qing dynasty and his successors,and where they handled state affairs;the Forbidden City was used for formal ceremonies. It was reputed as the "Garden of Gardens" in its heyday.
The Daoguang Emperor,born Mianning, was the seventh Emperor of the Qing dynasty,and the sixth Qing emperor to rule over China proper,reigning from 1820 to 1850. His reign was marked by "external disaster and internal rebellion." These included the First Opium War and the beginning of the Taiping Rebellion which nearly brought down the dynasty. The historian Jonathan Spence characterizes the Daoguang Emperor as a "well meaning but ineffective man" who promoted officials who "presented a purist view even if they had nothing to say about the domestic and foreign problems surrounding the dynasty."
The Niohuru were a prominent Manchu clan during the Qing dynasty. The clan had inhabited the Changbai Mountains since as early as the Liao dynasty. The clan was well known during the Qing dynasty for producing a variety of consorts of all ranks for emperors,several of whom went on to become mothers to reigning emperors. Prominent people who belonged or trace heritage to the Niohuru clan including famed Manchu warrior Eidu,his son the high official Ebilun,the Empress Dowager Ci'an,the infamous corrupt official Heshen,the contemporary concert pianist Lang Lang and Lang Tsuyun,Taiwanese TV,movie and stage actress,singer and producer
Hešeri,is a clan of Manchu nobility with Jianzhou Jurchens roots,originally hailing from the area which is now the modern Chinese provinces of Jilin and Liaoning. It was once one of the most important and powerful noble families in the early Qing dynasty in China,second only to the royal House of Aisin Gioro,to whom they were closely related by marriage.
Yinzhi,also known as Yunzhi,was a Manchu prince of the Qing Dynasty.
Tsinghua University High School,or Tsinghua High School for short,is a high school in China,located in Beijing. Based on its current status,a more precise translation should be 'The secondary school affiliated to Tsinghua University'. In a 2016 ranking of Chinese high schools that send students to study in American universities,Tsinghua University High School ranked number 10 in mainland China in terms of the number of students entering top American universities.
Yu Garden or Yuyuan Garden is an extensive Chinese garden located beside the City God Temple in the northeast of the Old City of Shanghai at Huangpu District,Shanghai. It abuts the Yuyuan Tourist Mart,the Huxinting Teahouse and the Yu Garden Bazaar.
Yicong (23 July 1831 –18 February 1889),formally known as Prince Dun,was a Manchu prince of the Qing dynasty.
Xu Garden,also called Xihuayuan is a classical Chinese garden in Xuanwu District,Nanjing,Jiangsu,China. It is located on the west side of the Presidential Palace in Nanjing. It is also one of two prominent gardens in Nanjing alongside the Zhan Garden.
Jichang Garden is located inside Xihui Park,east side of Huishan,east side of western suburban of Wuxi,Jiangsu Province,China. It is close to Huishan Temple. Jichang Garden is a famed Chinese classical garden in South China,and it was claimed as a national protected location of historical and cultural relics on 13 January 1988. Xiequ Garden (谐趣园) inside the Summer Palace and Guo Ran Da Gong (廓然大公) in Yuanming Yuan in Beijing both imitated Jichang Garden.
Founded in 1911,the Tsinghua University is located on the site of Tsinghua Garden in Beijing,the former residence of Prince Yinzhi,the third son of the Kangxi Emperor of the Qing dynasty.
Records of Kangxi's Travel Incognito is a Chinese television series revolves around the Manchu-ruling Qing Empire monarch Kangxi Emperor and the corruption he faces as he tries to make the government run efficiently. The series was directed by Zhang Guoli and produced by Deng Jie. The series consists of a total of 144 episodes shot in high definition,each 45 minutes long. The series is based on the events in the Kangxi era of the reign of Kangxi Emperor during the Qing Dynasty. The series also features Kangxi Emperor's family member and entourage in prominent roles and storylines,most notably his Concubine Yi and eunuch Sandezi and Buddhist monk Fayin,and Concubine Yi's servant girl Xiao Taohong. The program originally aired from 1998 to 2007,spanning five seasons and 144 episodes. For the first four seasons,the show starred Zhang Guoli and Deng Jie as Kangxi Emperor and Concubine Yi respectively. In the last season,John Lone and Irene Wan became the stars.
Prince Dun of the First Rank,or simply Prince Dun,was the title of a princely peerage used in China during the Manchu-led Qing dynasty (1644–1912). As the Prince Dun peerage was not awarded "iron-cap" status,this meant that each successive bearer of the title would normally start off with a title downgraded by one rank vis-à-vis that held by his predecessor. However,the title would generally not be downgraded to any lower than a feng'en fuguo gong except under special circumstances.
Consort Xi,of the Manchu Plain Yellow Banner Cahala clan,was a consort of Xianfeng Emperor.
Gurun Princess Hejing,was a Chinese princess,the seventh daughter of the Qianlong Emperor and the first daughter and child of Empress Xiaoyichun.
Hitara,earlier known as Hitan,was a clan of Manchu nobility belonging to the Manchu Plain White Banner. Due to the marriage of Empress Xuan to the Jurchen chieftain Taksi,the clan was called "Old Maiden House". Their ancestral homes were located in the Changbai Mountains,Niyaman Mountains and Dong'e valley,from the beginning of Ming dynasty. After the demise of the Qing dynasty,descendants of this clan changed their surnames to Zhao (赵),Tu (图),Wen (文),Qi (齐/祁),Sun (孙),Zhu (祝),Xi (希/喜/奚),Liu (刘),Xian (线) and other names.
Aisin Gioro Yiwei was Qing dynasty imperial prince as Daoguang Emperor's first son. As the eldest emperor's son,he was an heir presumptive until his death. Though he was not granted a title of a crown prince,he was made the first Prince Yinzhi of the Second Rank. As the peerage was not granted iron-cap status,each subsequent successor would hold diminished ranks no lower than feng'en fuguo gong.