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Location of Tsu in Mie Prefecture
|• -Mayor||Yasuyuki Maeba (since May 2011)|
|• Total||711.11 km2 (274.56 sq mi)|
|• Density||390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)|
|• Tree||Zelkova serrata|
|• Bird||Japanese bush warbler|
|Address||23-1 Nishi-Marunouchi, Tsu-shi, Mie-ken 514-8611|
Tsu (津市, Tsu-shi) is a city located in Mie Prefecture, Japan. As of 31 July 2021 [update] , the city had an estimated population of 274,879 in 127,273 households and a population density of 390 persons per km². The total area of the city is 711.11 square kilometres (274.56 sq mi). Although the second largest city in the prefecture in terms of population, the prefectural capital and a large concentration of national government offices and educational facilities, make the city the administrative and educational center of Mie Prefecture.
Tsu is located in east-central Kii Peninsula, in central Mie Prefecture. It is the largest city in Mie Prefecture in terms of area and stretches the width of Mie Prefecture, and is bordered by Ise Bay on the Pacific Ocean to the east, and Nara Prefecture to the west. Parts of the city are within the limits of the Murō-Akame-Aoyama Quasi-National Park.
Tsu has a Humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light to no snowfall. The average annual temperature in Tsu is 15.6 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1931 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 26.7 °C, and lowest in January, at around 5.0 °C. Precipitation is significant throughout the year, but is heaviest from May to September.
|Climate data for Tsu (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1889−present)|
|Record high °C (°F)||19.0|
|Average high °C (°F)||9.5|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||5.7|
|Average low °C (°F)||2.4|
|Record low °C (°F)||−7.8|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||48.5|
|Average snowfall cm (inches)||2|
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.5 mm)||6.4||7.5||10.5||9.8||10.9||12.8||12.3||9.8||12.3||10.1||6.8||6.5||115.7|
|Average relative humidity (%)||61||61||62||64||68||74||75||73||72||69||65||63||67|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||162.9||156.2||186.1||192.7||197.8||146.9||180.2||220.7||165.3||164.5||163.7||171.5||2,108.6|
|Source: Japan Meteorological Agency|
Per Japanese census data,the population of Tsu has been relatively stable over the past 40 years.
Tsu originally developed as a port town known as Anotsu (安濃津) in the Nara and Heian periods.
The port was destroyed by a tsunami in the 1498 Meiō Nankaidō earthquake.
The town was rebuilt as a castle town and a post station by the Tōdō clan, daimyō of Tsu Domain under the Tokugawa shogunate. During the Edo period, it became a popular stopping point for travelers to Ise Grand Shrine, about 40 km to the southeast.
Following the Meiji Restoration, Tsu became the capital of Mie Prefecture in 1871. With the establishment of then modern municipalities on April 1, 1889, Tsu was one of the original 31 cities to be proclaimed. The city borders gradually expanded, with Tsu annexing the neighboring villages of Tatebe and Tosa in 1909, Shinmachi in 1934, Fujimi in 1936, Takachaya in 1939 and Anto, Kanbe and Kushigata in 1943. During World War II, Allied air raids on July 24 and July 28, 1945, destroyed most of the city and killed 1,239 people. In 1953, Tsu annexed the neighboring villages of Kumozu in 1953, Isshinden, Shiratsuka, Kurima, and Katada in 1954 and Toyosato in 1973.
On January 1, 2006, the neighboring city of Hisai, the towns of Anō, Geinō and Kawage, and the village of Misato (all in Age District), the towns of Hakusan, Ichishi and Karasu, and the village of Misugi (all in Ichishi District) were merged into Tsu. As a result of the merger, the city became the second largest in Mie by population behind Yokkaichi, and the largest in Mie by area ahead of Matsusaka.
Tsu has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 34 members. Tsu contributes seven members to the Mie Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Mie 1st district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.
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Imuraya Confectionery, a confectionery company,and ZTV, a cable television operator, are headquartered in Tsu.
JR Tōkai – Kisei Main Line
JR Tōkai –Meishō Line
Kintetsu Railway -Nagoya Line
Kintetsu Railway -Osaka Line
Ise Railway - Ise Railway Ise Line
Tsu is famous for its Tōjin Odori (唐人踊り), a festival commemorating the arrival of the Joseon Tongsinsa delegation from Korea during the feudal period. There are two other cities that celebrate Tōjin Odori: Suzuka city in Mie Prefecture and Ushimado-chō in Okayama Prefecture.
The ruins of Tsu Castle have been made into a downtown city park.
Kitabatake Shrine and Yūki Shrine are notable local Shinto shrines.
Mie Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located in the Kansai region of Honshu. Mie Prefecture has a population of 1,781,948 and has a geographic area of 5,774 square kilometers (2,229 sq mi). Mie Prefecture borders Gifu Prefecture to the north, Shiga Prefecture and Kyoto Prefecture to the northwest, Nara Prefecture to the west, Wakayama Prefecture to the southwest, and Aichi Prefecture to the east.
Matsusaka is a city located in Mie Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 August 2021, the city had an estimated population of 157,235 in 66,018 households and a population density of 250 persons per km². The total area of the city is 623.64 square kilometres (240.79 sq mi). The city is famous for Matsusaka beef.
Iga Province was a province of Japan located in what is today part of western Mie Prefecture. Its abbreviated name was Ishū (伊州). Iga bordered on Ise, Ōmi, Yamato, and Yamashiro Provinces. It roughly coincides with the modern municipalities of Iga, Nabari and Yagyu, Nara.
Ise Province was a province of Japan in the area of Japan that is today includes most of modern Mie Prefecture. Ise bordered on Iga, Kii, Mino, Ōmi, Owari, Shima, and Yamato Provinces. Its abbreviated form name was Seishū (勢州).
Kawage was a town located in Age District, Mie Prefecture, Japan.
Geinō was a town located in Age District, Mie Prefecture, Japan.
Misato was a village located in Age District, Mie Prefecture, Japan.
Anō was a town located in Age District, Mie Prefecture, Japan.
Age District 安芸郡 was a district located in Mie Prefecture, Japan.
Karasu was a town located in Ichishi District, Mie Prefecture, Japan.
Ichishi was a town located in Ichishi District, Mie Prefecture, Japan.
Hakusan was a town located in Ichishi District, Mie Prefecture, Japan.
Misugi was a village located in Ichishi District, Mie Prefecture, Japan.
Ichishi was a district located in Mie Prefecture, Japan.
The Meishō Line is a rural, regional railway line of Central Japan Railway Company in Mie Prefecture, Japan, connecting Matsusaka station in Matsusaka and Ise-Okitsu station in Tsu.
Ise Electric Railway, usually abbreviated as Iseden (伊勢電), was a private railway company that operated mostly in Mie Prefecture, Japan, for 25 years from 1911 to 1936, when it was absorbed by Sangū Express Electric Railway. At its height, Iseden operated three train lines, two of which it planned and built, that serviced the cities of Yokkaichi, Tsu, Suzuka, Matsusaka, Ujiyamada, and Ōgaki. Much of the infrastructure of Iseden is now owned by Kintetsu and remains in use today.
Ichishi Stationis a passenger railway station in located in the city of Tsu, Mie Prefecture, Japan, operated by Central Japan Railway Company.
Ise-Okitsu Station is a passenger railway station in located in the city of Tsu, Mie Prefecture, Japan, operated by Central Japan Railway Company.
Nagano Castle was a Muromachi period "yamashiro"-style (castle located in the Misato neighborhood of the city of Tsu, Mie Prefecture, Japan. The ruins have been protected as a National Historic Site since 1982.
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