Tsumagoi, Gunma

Last updated
Tsumagoi

嬬恋村
Tsumagoi village office.JPG
Tsumagoi village office
Flag of Tsumagoi Gunma.JPG
Flag
Tsumagoi Gunma chapter.JPG
Seal
Tsumagoi in Gunma Prefecture Ja.svg
Location of Tsumagoi in Gunma Prefecture
Japan location map with side map of the Ryukyu Islands.svg
Red pog.svg
Tsumagoi
 
Coordinates: 36°31′0.6″N138°31′48.5″E / 36.516833°N 138.530139°E / 36.516833; 138.530139 Coordinates: 36°31′0.6″N138°31′48.5″E / 36.516833°N 138.530139°E / 36.516833; 138.530139
Country Japan
Region Kantō
Prefecture Gunma
District Agatsuma
Area
  Total337.58 km2 (130.34 sq mi)
Population
 (September 2020)
  Total9,546
  Density28/km2 (73/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- Tree Silver birch
- Flower Japanese Gentian
- Fish Oncorhynchus masou
Phone number0279-96-0511
Address110 Ōmae, Tsumagoi-mura, Agatsuma-gun, Gunma-ken 377-1692
Website Official website
Mount Shirane from Manza Onsen Bai Gen Shan  - panoramio (6).jpg
Mount Shirane from Manza Onsen

Tsumagoi (嬬恋村, Tsumagoi-mura) is a village located in Gunma Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 September 2020, the village had an estimated population of 9,546 in 3999 households, [1] and a population density of 28 persons per km². The total area of the village is 337.51 square kilometres (130.31 sq mi).

Contents

Geography

Tsumagoi is situated on the northwestern corner of Gunma Prefecture, touching Nagano Prefecture to the north, south, and west. Because of its elevated location and the ash deposits of Mount Asama, Tsumagoi is well known for growing cabbages. Parts of the village are within the borders of then Jōshin'etsu-kōgen National Park.

Surrounding municipalities

Gunma Prefecture

Nagano Prefecture

Climate

Tsumagoi has a Humid continental climate (Köppen DBf) characterized by warm summers and cold winters with heavy snowfall, due to the high elevation. Winters are cold, with a January 24-hour average temperature of −4.6 °C (23.7 °F), while summers are warm and wet, with a July 24-hour average temperature of 19.5 °C (67.1 °F). The average annual rainfall is 1345 mm with September as the wettest month. [2]

Climate data for Tsumagoi(Tashiro)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)11.5
(52.7)
15.2
(59.4)
19.0
(66.2)
24.8
(76.6)
27.7
(81.9)
29.3
(84.7)
30.2
(86.4)
29.9
(85.8)
28.0
(82.4)
24.3
(75.7)
19.3
(66.7)
15.0
(59.0)
30.2
(86.4)
Average high °C (°F)−0.6
(30.9)
0.1
(32.2)
4.0
(39.2)
11.5
(52.7)
16.6
(61.9)
19.6
(67.3)
23.3
(73.9)
24.2
(75.6)
19.6
(67.3)
14.1
(57.4)
8.7
(47.7)
2.9
(37.2)
12.1
(53.8)
Daily mean °C (°F)−4.6
(23.7)
−4.3
(24.3)
−0.9
(30.4)
5.7
(42.3)
10.9
(51.6)
14.7
(58.5)
18.6
(65.5)
19.5
(67.1)
15.3
(59.5)
9.1
(48.4)
3.6
(38.5)
−1.5
(29.3)
7.2
(45.0)
Average low °C (°F)−9.0
(15.8)
−9.1
(15.6)
−5.7
(21.7)
0.4
(32.7)
5.4
(41.7)
10.4
(50.7)
14.9
(58.8)
15.7
(60.3)
11.7
(53.1)
4.6
(40.3)
−0.9
(30.4)
−5.9
(21.4)
2.7
(36.9)
Record low °C (°F)−16.5
(2.3)
−17.2
(1.0)
−14.5
(5.9)
−10.0
(14.0)
−6.3
(20.7)
1.8
(35.2)
7.0
(44.6)
8.0
(46.4)
−0.1
(31.8)
−4.3
(24.3)
−10.4
(13.3)
−15.1
(4.8)
−17.2
(1.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches)49.0
(1.93)
60.9
(2.40)
102.5
(4.04)
106.9
(4.21)
138.7
(5.46)
180.8
(7.12)
208.7
(8.22)
175.9
(6.93)
232.3
(9.15)
133.8
(5.27)
74.5
(2.93)
42.6
(1.68)
1,506.6
(59.31)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 135.0152.0187.4202.2194.3142.5147.0150.5111.6135.3140.1134.91,832.2
Source 1: Japan Meteorological Agency [3]
Source 2: Japan Meteorological Agency [4]

Demographics

Per Japanese census data, [5] the population of Tsumagoi has remained relatively steady over the past 50 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 6,359    
1930 9,502+49.4%
1940 9,685+1.9%
1950 13,757+42.0%
1960 15,214+10.6%
1970 12,074−20.6%
1980 10,737−11.1%
1990 10,957+2.0%
2000 10,657−2.7%
2010 10,178−4.5%

History

Numerous Jōmon period remains have been found in Tsumagoi, although later Yayoi period artifacts are almost non-existent, as the area is not suitable for rice cultivation. During the Edo period, the area around Tsumagoi was part of the hatamoto-administered territory within Kōzuke Province.

With the creation of the modern municipalities system after the Meiji Restoration on April 1, 1889, the village of Tsumagoi was created within Agatsuma District of Gunma Prefecture.

Government

Tsumagoi has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral village council of 12 members. Tsumagoi collectively with the other municipalities in Agatsuma District, contributes two members to the Gunma Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the village is part of Gunma 5th district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Economy

Tsumagoi Cabbage and Mount Asama Tsumagoi Cabbage&Asamayama.JPG
Tsumagoi Cabbage and Mount Asama

The economy of Tsumagoi is primarily agricultural, with cabbage forming the most noted local crop. Seasonal tourism primarily in connection with its onsen hot spring resorts and ski resorts are also major contributors to the local economy.

Education

Tsumagoi has two public elementary schools and one public middle school operated by the town government, and one public high schools operated by the Gunma Prefectural Board of Education.

Senior high schools

Junior high schools

Elementary schools

Transportation

Railway

JR logo (east).svg JR EastAgatsuma Line

Highway

Local attractions

The main draw of tourists to Tsumagoi are the onsen (natural hot spring) resorts, some of which are also associated with ski resorts. There are two major hot spring resort areas within the town.

Noted people from Tsumagoi

Related Research Articles

Gunma Prefecture Prefecture of Japan

Gunma Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located in the Kantō region of Honshu. Gunma Prefecture has a population of 1,937,626 and has a geographic area of 6,362 km2. Gunma Prefecture borders Niigata Prefecture and Fukushima Prefecture to the north, Nagano Prefecture to the southwest, Saitama Prefecture to the south, Tochigi Prefecture to the east, and Fukushima Prefecture to the northeast.

Shibukawa, Gunma City in Kantō, Japan

Shibukawa is a city in Gunma Prefecture, Japan. As of 31 August 2020, the city had an estimated population of76,098 in 32,439 households, and a population density of 320 persons per km². The total area of the city is 240.27 square kilometres (92.77 sq mi)/ Shibukawa is the location of Ikaho Onsen, a popular hot spring resort.

Komoro, Nagano City in Chūbu, Japan

Komoro is a city located in Nagano Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 March 2019, the city had an estimated population of 42,489 in 18776 households, and a population density of 430 persons per km². Its total area is 98.55 square kilometres (38.05 sq mi).

Karuizawa, Nagano Town in Chūbu, Japan

Karuizawa is a town located in Nagano Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 October 2016, the town had an estimated population of 20,323 in 9897 households, and a population density of 130 persons per km². The total area of the town is 156.03 square kilometres (60.24 sq mi). Karuizawa is a popular summer resort area for the residents of Tokyo.

Takayama, Nagano Village in Chūbu, Japan

Takayama is a village located in Nagano Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 March 2019, the village had an estimated population of 7,101 in 2466 households, and a population density of 72 persons per km². The total area of the village is 98.56 square kilometres (38.05 sq mi). Takayama is listed as one of The Most Beautiful Villages in Japan.

Yamanouchi, Nagano Town in Chūbu, Japan

Yamanouchi is a town located in Shimotakai District in Nagano Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 April 2019, the town had an estimated population of 12,403 in 5020 households, and a population density of 47 persons per km². The total area of the town is 265.90 square kilometres (102.66 sq mi).

Nakanojō, Gunma Town in Kantō, Japan

Nakanojō is a town located in Gunma Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 August 2020, the town had an estimated population of 15,571 in 6737 households, and a population density of 35 persons per km². The total area of the town is 439.28 square kilometres (169.61 sq mi).

Naganohara, Gunma Town in Kantō, Japan

Naganohara is a town located in Gunma Prefecture, Japan. As of 31 January 2020, the town had an estimated population of 5,495 in 5630 households, and a population density of 41 persons per km². The total area of the town is 133.85 square kilometres (51.68 sq mi). The controversial Yanba Dam project is located within Naganohara.

Kusatsu, Gunma Town in Kantō, Japan

Kusatsu is a town located in Gunma Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 September 2020, the town had an estimated population of 6,255 in 3407 households, and a population density of 130 persons per km². The total area of the town is 249.75 square kilometres (96.43 sq mi). Kusatsu is one of the most famous hot springs resorts in Japan.

Kuni, Gunma dissolved municipality in Agatsuma district, Gunma prefecture, Japan

Kuni was a village located in Agatsuma District, Gunma Prefecture, Japan.

Katashina, Gunma Village in Kantō, Japan

Katashina is a village located in Gunma Prefecture, Japan. As of February 2015, the village had an estimated population of 4,458, and a population density of 11.4 persons per km2. Its total area is 391.76 km2. Much of the village is within the borders of Oze National Park.

Minakami, Gunma Town in Kantō, Japan

Minakami is a town located in Gunma Prefecture, Japan. As of February 2015, the town had an estimated population of 19,572, and a population density of 25.1 persons per km². Its total area is 781.08 km². Much of the town is within the borders of Jōshin'etsu-kōgen National Park.

Agatsuma Line railway line in Gunma prefecture, Japan

The Agatsuma Line is a local rail line in Gunma, Japan, and is part of the East Japan Railway Company network. Approximately following the Agatsuma River, it is 55.6 km between Shibukawa and Ōmae stations.

Jōshinetsu-kōgen National Park national park of Japan

Jōshin'etsu-kōgen National Park is a national park in the Chūbu region of the main island of Honshū, Japan formed around several active and dormant volcanoes. It spans the mountainous areas of Gunma, Nagano, and Niigata prefectures. The name refers to the two mountain ranges that make up the park. It was divided into two separate areas: the Southern Niigata/North Nagano Area and the East Nagano Area.

Higashiagatsuma, Gunma Town in Kantō, Japan

Higashiagatsuma is a town located in Gunma Prefecture, Japan. As of 31 July 2020, the town had an estimated population of 13,349 in 2467 households, and a population density of 53 persons per km². The total area of the town is 253.91 square kilometres (98.04 sq mi).

Ueda, Nagano City in Chūbu, Japan

Ueda is a city located in Nagano Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 April 2019, the city had an estimated population of 157,480 in 67,783 households, and a population density of 290 persons per km2. The total area of the city is 552.04 square kilometres (213.14 sq mi), which makes it the fifth largest city in Nagano Prefecture in terms of area.

Prince Hotels Japanese hotel chain

The Prince Hotels, Inc. is the name of a hotel chain company headquartered in Toshima-ku, Tokyo, Japan. It is a subsidiary of Seibu Holdings, Inc. Together with Seibu Railway, Prince Hotels is the core company of Seibu Group.

Agatsuma River japanese river

The Agatsuma River is a major river in the northern Kantō region of Japan. It is 76.22 kilometres (47.36 mi) in length and has a drainage area of 1,366 square kilometres (527 sq mi). Located entirely within Gunma Prefecture, it is one of the prefecture's major rivers. It is also a major tributary of the Tone River. The river is an important source of hydroelectric power, and 17 power plants are located on its banks.

Mount Azumaya mountain in Nagano Prefecture, Japan

Mount Azumaya is one of the 100 Famous Japanese Mountains. The 2,354-metre-high (7,723 ft) peak lies on the border of Nagano Prefecture and Gunma Prefecture. There exist alternative spellings of the mountain's name, like: 吾妻山 and 吾嬬山 which is read as "Agatsuma-yama". In the village Tsumagoi, the mountain is spelled 吾妻山.

Jōshinetsu region

The Jōshin'etsu region is a region on the main Japanese island of Honshu, comprising parts of Gunma, Nagano, and Niigata Prefectures. It is a mountainous area with a large national park and numerous hot springs and ski resorts. It has long been a transportation corridor between the Kantō plain and coastal areas on the Japan Sea side of the island.

References

  1. "Tsumagoi Village official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. Tsumagoi climate data
  3. "Japan Meteorological Agency" . Retrieved August 20, 2017.
  4. "田代 観測史上1~10位の値". Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved 2017-08-20.
  5. Higashiagatsuma population statistics