Tu Huo Qiang

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Tu Huo Qiang (Chinese: ; Pinyin: tūhuǒqiāng) was a precursor to guns invented in the 1250s. It consisted of a moso bamboo tube which had been partially hollowed out and loaded with gunpowder and a single projectile, called the zi kē (子窠).[ citation needed ] Chinese historian Fiang Jiasheng  [ zh ] in the 1950s first posited it as evidence of the first "occlusive bullet", whereby a "pellet wad" occluded the barrel. [1]

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  1. Sinvany, Benjamin Avichai Katz (17 May 2019). "Notes on the Invention of the First Gun: Conflict and Innovation in the Song Warring States Period (960-1279)" . Journal of Chinese Military History . 8 (1): 8. doi:10.1163/22127453-12341337. ISSN   2212-7453.